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as-Saffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers)
as rendered by N J Dawood 2014
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N J Dawood (2014) rendition of Surah Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers(as-Saffat)
37:1 BY THOSE who range themselves in ranks;
37:2 by those who cast out demons;¹
37:3 and by those who recite an Admonition:
37:4 your God is One:
37:5 the Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them: the Lord of the Eastern Regions.
37:6 We have decked the lower heaven with constellations,
37:7 guarding it against every rebellious demon,
37:8 so that they may not listen in to those on high. Meteors are hurled at them from every side;
37:9 then, driven away, they are consigned to an eternal scourge.
37:10 Eavesdroppers are pursued by fiery comets.
37:11 Ask them if they deem themselves of a nobler make than the rest of Our creation. Of coarse clay We created them.
37:12 You marvel, while they scoff.
37:13 When they are warned they heed no warning.
37:14 When they are shown a sign they mock at it
37:15 and say: ‘This is but sorcery manifest.
37:16 What! When we have died and turned to dust and bones, shall we be raised to life,
37:17 we and our forefathers?‘
37:18 Say: ‘Yes. And you shall be utterly humbled.‘
37:19 One blast will sound, and they shall see it all.
37:20 Woe betide us!‘ they will say. ‘This is the Day of Reckoning;
37:21 this is the Judgement-day which you denied.‘
37:22 But We shall say: ‘Herd up the sinners, their spouses, and the deities they worshipped
37:23 besides God, and lead them to the path of Hell.
37:24 Hold them there for questioning.
37:25 What has come over you that you cannot help each other?‘
37:26 But on that day they will submit.
37:27 They will reproach each other,
37:28 saying: ‘You have imposed upon us!‘―
37:29 ‘No! It was you who would not be believers.
37:30 We had no power over you: you were sinners all.
37:31 Just is the verdict Our Lord has passed upon us; we shall surely taste the scourge.
37:32 We seduced you, but we ourselves have been seduced.‘
37:33 On that day they will all share in the torment.
37:34 Thus shall We deal with the wrongdoers,
37:35 for when they were told: ‘There is no deity but God,‘ they said with scorn:
37:36 ‘Are we to renounce our gods for the sake of a mad poet?‘
37:37 Surely he has brought the Truth, confirming those who were sent before.
37:38 You shall all taste the grievous torment:
37:39 you shall be requited only according to your deeds.
37:40 But God‘s true servants
37:41 shall be well provided for,
37:42 feasting on fruit, and honoured
37:43 in the Gardens of Delight.
37:44 Reclining face to face upon soft couches,
37:45 there shall be passed among them a goblet filled at a gushing fountain,
37:46 white, and delicious to those who drink it.
37:47 It will neither dull their senses nor befuddle them.
37:48 They shall sit with bashful, dark-eyed virgins,
37:49 as chaste as hidden pearls.¹
37:50 With questions they will approach each other.
37:51 One will say: ‘I had a friend who used to say:
37:52 "Do you really believe?
37:53 When we have died and turned to dust and bones, shall we ever be brought to judgement?"‘
37:54 And he will say: ‘Come, will you look down.‘
37:55 He will look down and see his friend in the very midst of Hell.
37:56 By the Lord,‘ he will say, ‘you almost ruined me!
37:57 But for the grace of my Lord I should have surely been summoned myself.
37:58 Shall we never die again,
37:59 having died once, and shall we never be scourged at all?‘
37:60 Surely that is the supreme triumph.
37:61 To this end let everyone labour.
37:62 Is this not a better welcome than the Zaqqūm tree?
37:63 We have made this tree a scourge for the unjust.
37:64 It grows in the nethermost part of Hell,
37:65 bearing fruit like demons‘ heads:
37:66 on it they shall feed, and with it they shall cram their bellies,
37:67 together with draughts of scalding water.
37:68 Then to Hell shall they surely return.
37:69 They found their fathers erring,
37:70 yet they eagerly followed in their footsteps.
37:71 Most of the ancients went astray before them,
37:72 though We had sent emissaries to give them warning.
37:73 So consider the fate of those who had been warned:
37:74 except God‘s true servants.
37:75 Noah called to Us, and he was graciously answered.
37:76 We delivered him, and his household, from the great calamity,
37:77 and made his descendants the sole survivors.
37:78 We bestowed on him the praise of later generations:
37:79 Peace be on Noah among all mankind!‘
37:80 Thus do We reward the righteous:
37:81 he was one of Our believing servants.
37:82 The others We peremptorily drowned.
37:83 Of the self-same faith was Abraham,
37:84 who came to his Lord with a pure heart.
37:85 He said to his father and to his people: ‘What are these that you worship?
37:86 Would you serve false deities instead of God?
37:87 What think you of the Lord of the Universe?‘
37:88 He lifted up his eyes to the stars
37:89 and said: ‘I am sick!‘
37:90 And his people turned their backs and went off.
37:91 He stole away to their idols and said: ‘Will you not eat?
37:92 Why do you not speak?‘
37:93 With that he fell upon them, striking them down with his right hand.
37:94 The people came running to the scene.
37:95 ‘Would you worship that which you have carved with your own hands,‘ he said,
37:96 ‘when it was God who created you and all that you have made?‘
37:97 They said: ‘Build up a pyre and cast him into the blazing hell.‘
37:98 Thus did they scheme against him: but We abased them all.
37:99 He said: ‘I will take refuge with my Lord; He will give me guidance.
37:100 Lord, grant me a righteous son.‘
37:101 We gave him joyful tidings of a gentle son.
37:102 And when he reached the age when he could work with him, his father said to him: ‘My son, I dreamt that I was sacrificing you. Tell me what you think.‘ He said: ‘Father, do as you are bidden. God willing, you shall find me steadfast.‘
37:103 And when they had both submitted, and he had laid him down upon his brow,
37:104 We called out to him, saying: ‘Abraham,
37:105 you have confirmed the vision.‘ Thus do We reward the righteous.
37:106 That was indeed the veritable test.
37:107 We ransomed him with a noble sacrifice
37:108 and left for him the praise of later generations.
37:109 ‘Peace be on Abraham!‘
37:110 Thus do We reward the righteous.
37:111 He was one of Our believing servants.
37:112 We gladdened him with news of Isaac, a saintly prophet,
37:113 and blessed him and Isaac. Among their descendants were some who did good works and some who clearly sinned against their souls.
37:114 We showed favour to Moses and to Aaron
37:115 and delivered them both, with their people, from the great calamity.
37:116 We succoured them, and it was they who were the victors.
37:117 We gave them the Illuminating Book
37:118 and guided them to the straight path.
37:119 We left for them both the praise of later generations:
37:120 Peace be on Moses and Aaron!‘
37:121 Thus do We reward the righteous.
37:122 They were two of Our believing servants.
37:123 Elias¹ also was one of those sent forth.
37:124 He said to his people: ‘Have you no fear?
37:125 Have you no fear? Would you invoke Baal and forsake the most gracious of creators?
37:126 God is your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers.‘
37:127 But they rejected him, and will thus be called to account.
37:128 Not so God‘s true servants.
37:129 We bestowed on him the praise of later generations:
37:130 Peace be on Elias!‘
37:131 Thus do We reward the righteous.
37:132 He was one of Our believing servants.
37:133 Lot also was one of those sent forth.
37:134 We delivered him and his kindred all,
37:135 except for an old woman who stayed behind,
37:136 and utterly destroyed the others.
37:137 You pass by their ruins in the morning
37:138 and at night: have you no sense?
37:139 Jonah was also one of those sent forth.
37:140 He fled to the laden ship,
37:141 cast lots, and was condemned.
37:142 The whale swallowed him, for he had sinned;
37:143 and had he not devoutly praised the Lord
37:144 he would have stayed in its belly till the Day of Resurrection.
37:145 We cast him, gravely ill, upon a desolate shore
37:146 and caused a gourd-tree to grow over him.
37:147 We sent him to a hundred thousand, or even more;
37:148 they believed in him, and We let them live in ease for a certain time.
37:149 Ask them if it be true that your Lord has daughters, and they sons.
37:150 Or did We create the angels females; and were they witnesses?
37:151 Surely they lie when they assert:
37:152 God has given birth.‘
37:153 Would He choose daughters, rather than sons?
37:154 What has come over you that you should so judge?
37:155 Will you not take thought?
37:156 Have you a veritable proof?
37:157 Bring us your scripture, if what you say be true!
37:158 They assert kinship between Him and the jinn. But the jinn well know that they will be called up to account.
37:159 Exalted be God above their imputations!
37:160 Not so God‘s true servants.
37:161 Neither you nor your idols
37:162 shall deceive any about God
37:163 save him who is destined to be burnt in Hell.
37:164 We¹ each have our appointed place.
37:165 It is we who range ourselves in ranks,
37:166 and we are they that give glory.
37:167 And they say:
37:168 Had we received an Admonition from the ancients,
37:169 we would have become God‘s true servants.‘
37:170 Yet they disbelieve; and they shall learn.
37:171 Before then We promised Our servants who were sent forth
37:172 they would be helped
37:173 and Our armies would surely be the victors.
37:174 So pay no heed to them awhile:
37:175 you will surely see their downfall as they shall see your triumph.
37:176 Do they wish to hurry on Our scourge?
37:177 Evil shall be that morning when it smites them in their courtyards, forewarned though they have been.
37:178 So pay no heed to them awhile.
37:179 You will surely see their downfall as they shall see your triumph.
37:180 Exalted be your Lord, the Lord of Glory, above their imputations!
37:181 And peace be on those who were sent forth,
37:182 and praise to God, Lord of the Universe!


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