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as-Saffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers)
as rendered by John Medows Rodwell
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John Medows Rodwell rendition of Surah Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers(as-Saffat)
37:1 By the angels ranged in order for Songs of Praise,
37:2 And by those who repel demons,
37:3 And by those who recite the Koran for warning,
37:4 Truly your God is but one,
37:5 Lord of the Heavens and of the Earth, and of all that is between them, and Lord of the East.
37:6 We have adorned the lower heaven with the adornment of the stars.
37:7 They serve also as a guard against every rebellious Satan,
37:8 That they overhear not what passeth in the assembly on high, for they are darted at from every side,
37:9 Driven off and consigned to a lasting torment;
37:10 While, if one steal a word by stealth, a glistening flame pursueth him.
37:11 Ask the Meccans then, Are they, or the angels whom we have made, the stronger creation? Aye, of coarse clay have we created them.
37:12 But while thou marvellest they mock;
37:13 When they are warned, no warning do they take;
37:14 And when they see a sign, they fall to mocking,
37:15 And say, "This is no other than clear sorcery:
37:16 What! when dead, and turned to dust and bones, shall we indeed be raised?
37:17 Our sires also of olden times?"
37:18 Say, Yes; and ye shall be covered with disgrace.
37:19 For, one blast only, and lo! they shall gaze around them,
37:20 And shall say, "Oh! woe to us! this is the day of reckoning;
37:21 This is the day of decision which ye gainsaid as an untruth."
37:22 Gather together those who have acted unjustly, and their consorts, and the gods whom they adored
37:23 Beside God; and guide them to the road for Hell.
37:24 Set them forth: they shall be questioned.
37:25 "How now, that ye help not one another?"
37:26 But on this day they shall submit themselves to God,
37:27 And shall address one another with mutual reproaches.
37:28 They shall say, "In sooth, ye came to us in well-omened sort:"
37:29 But they will answer, "Nay, it was ye who would not believe;
37:30 and we had no power whatever over you. Nay, ye were people given to transgress;
37:31 Just, therefore, is the doom which our Lord hath passed upon us. We shall surely taste it:
37:32 We made you err, for we had erred ourselves."
37:33 Partners therefore shall they be in punishment on that day.
37:34 Truly, thus will we deal with the wicked,
37:35 Because when it was said to them, There is no God but God, they swelled with pride,
37:36 And said, "Shall we then abandon our gods for a crazed poet?"
37:37 Nay, he cometh with truth and confirmeth the Sent Ones of old.
37:38 Ye shall surely taste the painful punishment,
37:39 And ye shall not be rewarded but as ye have wrought,
37:40 Save the sincere servants of God!
37:41 A stated banquet shall they have
37:42 Of fruits; and honoured shall they be
37:43 In the gardens of delight,
37:44 Upon couches face to face.
37:45 A cup shall be borne round among them from a fountain,
37:46 Limpid, delicious to those who drink;
37:47 It shall not oppress the sense, nor shall they therewith be drunken.
37:48 And with them are the large-eyed ones with modest refraining glances,
37:49 fair like the sheltered egg.
37:50 And they shall address one another with mutual questions.
37:51 Saith one of them, "I truly had a bosom friend,
37:52 Who said, 'Art thou of those who credit it?
37:53 What! when we shall have died, and become dust and bones, shall we indeed be judged?"'
37:54 He shall say to those around him, "Will ye look?"
37:55 And he shall look and see him in the midst of Hell.
37:56 And he shall say to him, "By God, thou hadst almost caused me to perish;
37:57 And, but for the favour of my Lord, I had surely been of those who have been brought with thee into torment."
37:58 "But do we not die," say the blessed,
37:59 "Any other than our first death? and have we escaped the torment?"
37:60 This truly is the great felicity!
37:61 For the like of this should the travailers travail!
37:62 Is this the better repast or the tree Ez-zakkoum?
37:63 Verily, we have made it for a subject of discord to the wicked.
37:64 It is a tree which cometh up from the bottom of hell;
37:65 Its fruits is as it were the heads of Satans;
37:66 And, lo! the damned shall surely eat of it and fill their bellies with it:
37:67 Then shall they have, thereon, a mixture of boiling water:
37:68 Then shall they return to hell.
37:69 They found their fathers erring,
37:70 And they hastened on in their footsteps.
37:71 Also before them the greater number of the ancients had erred.
37:72 Though we had sent warners among them.
37:73 But see what was the end of these warned ones,
37:74 Except of God's true servants.
37:75 Noah called on us of old, and right prompt were we to hear him,
37:76 And we saved him and his family out of the great distress,
37:77 And we made his offspring the survivors;
37:78 And we left for him with posterity,
37:79 "Peace be on Noah throughout the worlds!"
37:80 Thus do we reward the well-doers,
37:81 For he was one of our believing servants; -
37:82 And the rest we drowned.
37:83 And truly, of his faith was Abraham,
37:84 When he brought to his Lord a perfect heart,
37:85 When he said to his father and to his people, "What is this ye worship?
37:86 Prefer ye with falsehood gods to God?
37:87 And what deem ye of the Lord of the worlds?"
37:88 So gazing he gazed towards the stars,
37:89 And said, "In sooth I am ill:
37:90 And they turned their back on him and departed.
37:91 He went aside to their gods and said, "Do ye not eat?
37:92 What aileth you that ye do not speak?"
37:93 He broke out upon them, with the right hand striking:
37:94 When his tribesmen came back to him with hasty steps
37:95 He said, "Worship ye what ye carve,
37:96 When God hath created you, and that ye make?"
37:97 They said, "Build up a pyre for him and cast him into the glowing flame."
37:98 Fain would they plot against him, but we brought them low.
37:99 And he said, "Verily, I repair to my Lord who will guide me:
37:100 O Lord give me a son, of the righteous."
37:101 We announced to him a youth of meekness.
37:102 And when he became a full-grown youth, His father said to him, "My son, I have seen in a dream that I should sacrifice thee; therefore, consider what thou seest right." He said, "My father, do what thou art bidden; of the patient, if God please, shalt thou find me."
37:103 And when they had surrendered them to the will of God, he laid him down upon his forehead:
37:104 We cried unto him, "O Abraham!
37:105 Now hast thou satisfied the vision." See how we recompense the righteous.
37:106 This was indeed a decisive test.
37:107 And we ransomed his son with a costly victim,
37:108 And we left this for him among posterity,
37:110 Thus do we reward the well-doers,
37:111 For he was of our believing servants.
37:112 And we announced Isaac to him - a righteous Prophet -
37:113 And on him and on Isaac we bestowed our blessing. And among their offspring were well-doers, and others, to their own hurt undoubted sinners.
37:114 And of old, to Moses and to Aaron shewed we favours:
37:115 And both of them, and their people, we rescued from the great distress:
37:116 And we succoured them, and they became the conquerors:
37:117 And we gave them (Moses and Aaron) each the lucid book:
37:118 And we guided them each into the right way:
37:119 And we left this for each among posterity,
37:121 Thus do we reward the well-doers,
37:122 For they were two of our believing servants.
37:123 And Elias truly was of our Sent Ones,
37:124 When he said to his people, "Fear ye not God?
37:125 Invoke ye Baal and forsake ye the most skilful Creator?
37:126 God is your Lord, and the Lord of your sires of old?"
37:127 But they treated him as a liar, and shall therefore be consigned to punishment,
37:128 Except God's faithful servants.
37:129 And we left this for him among posterity,
37:131 Thus do we reward the well-doers,
37:132 For he was one of our believing servants.
37:133 And Lot truly was of our Sent Ones,
37:134 When we rescued him and all his family,
37:135 Save an aged woman among those who tarried.
37:136 Afterward we destroyed the others.
37:137 And ye indeed pass by their ruined dwellings at morn
37:138 And night: will ye not then reflect?
37:139 Jonas, too, was one of the Apostles,
37:140 When he fled unto the laden ship,
37:141 And lots were cast, and he was doomed,
37:142 And the fish swallowed him, for he was blameworthy.
37:143 But had he not been of those who praise Us,
37:144 In its belly had he surely remained, till the day of resurrection.
37:145 And we cast him on the bare shore - and he was sick; -
37:146 And we caused a gourd-plant to grow up over him,
37:147 And we sent him to a hundred thousand persons, or even more,
37:148 And because they believed, we continued their enjoyments for a season.
37:149 Inquire then of the Meccans whether thy Lord hath daughters, and they, sons?
37:150 Have we created the angels females? and did they witness it?
37:151 Is it not a falsehood of their own devising, when they say,
37:152 "God hath begotten"? They are indeed liars.
37:153 Would he have preferred daughters to sons?
37:154 What reason have ye for thus judging?
37:155 Will ye not then receive this warning?
37:156 Have ye a clear proof for them?
37:157 Produce your Book if ye speak truth.
37:158 And they make him to be of kin with the Djinn: but the Djinn have long known that these idolaters shall be brought up before God.
37:159 Far be the glory of God from what they impute to him.
37:160 "His faithful servants do not thus.
37:161 Moreover, ye and what ye worship
37:162 Shall not stir up any against God,
37:163 Save him who shall burn in Hell.
37:164 And verily each one of us hath his appointed place,
37:165 And we range ourselves in order,
37:166 And we celebrate His praises."
37:167 And if those infidels say,
37:168 "Had we a revelation transmitted to us from those of old,
37:169 We had surely been God's faithful servants."
37:170 Yet they believe not the Koran. But they shall know its truth at last.
37:171 Our word came of old to our servants the apostles,
37:172 That they should surely be the succoured,
37:173 And that our armies should procure the victory for them.
37:174 Turn aside therefore from them for a time,
37:175 And behold them, for they too shall in the end behold their doom.
37:176 Would they then hasten our vengeance?
37:177 But when it shall come down into their courts, an evil morning shall it be to those who have had their warning.
37:178 Turn aside from them therefore for a time.
37:179 And behold; for they too shall in the end behold their doom.
37:180 Far be the glory of thy Lord, the Lord of all greatness, from what they impute to him,
37:181 And peace be on his Apostles!
37:182 And praise be to God the Lord of the worlds.


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