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as-Saffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers)
as rendered by George Sale
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George Sale rendition of Surah Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers(as-Saffat)
37:1 By the angels, who rank themselves in order;
37:2 and by those who drive forward and dispel the clouds;
37:3 and by those who read the Koran for an admonition;
37:4 verily your God is one:
37:5 The Lord of heaven and earth, and of whatever is between them, and the Lord of the east.
37:6 We have adorned the lower heaven with the ornament of the stars:
37:7 And We have placed therein a guard, against every rebellious devil;
37:8 that they may not listen to the discourse of the exalted princes, -- for they are darted at from every side,
37:9 to repel them, and a lasting torment is prepared for them; --
37:10 except him who catcheth a word by stealth, and is pursued by a shining flame.
37:11 Ask the Meccans therefore, whether they be stronger by nature, or the angels whom We have created? We have surely created them of stiff clay.
37:12 Thou wondrest at God's power and their obstinacy; but they mock at the arguments urged to convince them:
37:13 When they are warned, they do not take warning;
37:14 and when they see any sign, they scoff thereat,
37:15 and say, this is no other than manifest sorcery:
37:16 After we shall be dead, and become dust and bones, shall we really be raised to life,
37:17 and our fore-fathers also?
37:18 Answer, yea: And ye shall then be despicable.
37:19 There shall be but one blast of the trumpet, and they shall see themselves raised:
37:20 And they shall say, alas for us! This is the day of judgment;
37:21 this is the day of distinction between the righteous and the wicked, which ye rejected as a falsehood.
37:22 Gather together those who have acted unjustly, and their comrades, and the idols which they worshipped
37:23 besides God, and direct them in the way to hell:
37:24 And set them before God's tribunal; for they shall be called to account.
37:25 What aileth you that ye defend not one another?
37:26 But on this day they shall submit themselves to the judgment of God:
37:27 And they shall draw nigh unto one another, and shall dispute among themselves.
37:28 And the seduced shall say unto those who seduced them, verily ye came unto us with presages of prosperity;
37:29 and the seducers shall answer, nay, rather ye were not true believers:
37:30 For we had no power over you to compel you; but ye were people who voluntarily transgressed:
37:31 Wherefore the sentence of our Lord hath been justly pronounced against us, and we shall surely taste his vengeance.
37:32 We seduced you; but we also erred ourselves.
37:33 They shall both thereof be made partakers of the same punishment on that day.
37:34 Thus will We deal with the wicked:
37:35 Because when it is said unto them, there is no god besides the true God, they swell with arrogance,
37:36 and say, shall we abandon our gods for a distracted poet?
37:37 Nay; he cometh with the truth, and beareth witness to the former apostles.
37:38 Ye shall surely taste the painful torment of hell;
37:39 and ye shall not be rewarded, but according to your works.
37:40 But as for the sincere servants of God,
37:41 they shall have a certain provision in paradise,
37:42 namely, delicious fruits: And they shall be honoured:
37:43 They shall be placed in gardens of pleasure,
37:44 leaning on couches, opposite to one another:
37:45 A cup shall be carried round unto them, filled from a limpid fountain,
37:46 for the delight of those who drink:
37:47 It shall not oppress the understanding, neither shall they be inebriated therewith.
37:48 And near them shall lie the virgins of paradise, refraining their looks from beholding any besides their spouses, having large black eyes,
37:49 and resembling the eggs of an ostrich covered with feathers from the dust.
37:50 And they shall turn the one unto the other, and shall ask one another questions.
37:51 And one of them shall say, verily I had an intimate friend while I lived in the world,
37:52 who said unto me, art thou one of those who assertest the truth of the resurrection?
37:53 After we shall be dead, and reduced to dust and bones, shall we surely be judged?
37:54 Then he shall say to his companions, will ye look down?
37:55 And he shall look down, and shall see him in the midst of hell:
37:56 And he shall say unto him, by God, it wanted little but thou hadst drawn me into ruin;
37:57 and had it not been for the grace of my Lord, I had surely been one of those who have been delivered up to eternal torment.
37:58 Shall we die any other
37:59 than our first death; or do we suffer any punishment?
37:60 Verily this is great felicity:
37:61 For the obtaining a felicity like this let the labourers labour.
37:62 Is this a better entertainment, or the tree of Al Zakkum?
37:63 Verily We have designed the same for an occasion of dispute unto the unjust.
37:64 It is a tree which issueth from the bottom of hell:
37:65 The fruit thereof resembleth the heads of devils;
37:66 and the damned shall eat of the same, and shall fill their bellies therewith;
37:67 and there shall be given them thereon a mixture of filthy and boiling water to drink:
37:68 Afterwards shall they return into hell.
37:69 They found their fathers going astray,
37:70 and they trod hastily in their footsteps:
37:71 For the greater part of the ancients erred before them.
37:72 And We sent warners unto them heretofore:
37:73 And see how miserable was the end of those who were warned;
37:74 except the sincere servants of God.
37:75 Noah called on Us in former days, and We heard him graciously:
37:76 And We delivered him and his family out of the great distress;
37:77 and We caused his off-spring to be those who survived to people the earth:
37:78 And We left the following salutation to be bestowed on him by the latest posterity,
37:79 namely, peace be on Noah among all creatures!
37:80 Thus do We reward the righteous;
37:81 for he was one of our servants the true believers.
37:82 Afterwards We drowned the others.
37:83 Abraham also was of his religion:
37:84 When he came unto his Lord with a perfect heart.
37:85 When he said unto his father and his people, what do ye worship?
37:86 Do ye choose false gods preferably to the true God?
37:87 What therefore is your opinion of the Lord of all creatures?
37:88 And he looked and observed the stars,
37:89 and said, verily I shall be sick, and shall not assist at your sacrifices:
37:90 And they turned their backs and departed from him.
37:91 And Abraham went privately to their gods, and said scoffingly unto them, do ye not eat of the meat which is set before you?
37:92 What aileth you that ye speak not?
37:93 And he turned upon them, and struck them with his right hand, and demolished them.
37:94 And the people came hastily unto him:
37:95 And he said, do ye worship the images which ye carve?
37:96 Whereas God hath created you, and also that which ye make.
37:97 They said, build a pile for him, and cast him into the glowing fire.
37:98 And they devised a plot against him; but We made them the inferior, and delivered him.
37:99 And Abraham said, verily I am going unto my Lord, who will direct me.
37:100 O Lord, grant me a righteous issue.
37:101 Wherefore We acquainted him that he should have a son, who should be a meek youth.
37:102 And when he had attained to years of discretion, and could join in acts of religion with him; Abraham said unto him, O my son, verily I saw in a dream that I should offer thee in sacrifice: Consider therefore what thou art of opinion I should do. He answered, O my father, do what thou art commanded: Thou shalt find me, if God please, a patient person.
37:103 And when they had submitted themselves to the divine will, and Abraham had laid his son prostrate on his face,
37:104 We cried unto him, O Abraham,
37:105 now hast thou verified the vision. Thus do We reward the righteous.
37:106 Verily this was a manifest trial.
37:107 And We ransomed him with a noble victim.
37:108 And We left the following salutation to be bestowed on him by the latest posterity,
37:109 namely, peace be on Abraham!
37:110 Thus do We reward the righteous:
37:111 For he was one of our faithful servants.
37:112 And We rejoiced him with the promise of Isaac, a righteous prophet;
37:113 and We blessed him and Isaac: And of their off-spring were some righteous doers, and others who manifestly injured their own souls.
37:114 We were also gracious unto Moses and Aaron, heretofore:
37:115 And We delivered them and their people from a great distress.
37:116 And We assisted them against the Egyptians, and they became the conquerors.
37:117 And We gave them the perspicuous book of the law,
37:118 and We directed them into the right way:
37:119 And We left the following salutation to be bestowed on them by the latest posterity,
37:120 namely, peace be on Moses and Aaron!
37:121 Thus do We reward the righteous;
37:122 for they were two of our faithful servants.
37:123 And Elias was also one of those who were sent by Us.
37:124 When he said unto his people, do ye not fear God?
37:125 Do ye invoke Baal, and forsake the most excellent creator?
37:126 God is your Lord, and the Lord of your forefathers.
37:127 But they accused him of imposture: Wherefore they shall be delivered up to eternal punishment;
37:128 except the sincere servants of God.
37:129 And We left the following salutation to be bestowed on him by the latest posterity,
37:130 namely, peace be on Ilyasin!
37:131 Thus do We reward the righteous:
37:132 For he was one of our faithful servants.
37:133 And Lot was also one of those who were sent by Us.
37:134 When We delivered him and his whole family,
37:135 except an old woman, his wife, who perished among those that remained behind:
37:136 Afterwards We destroyed the others.
37:137 And ye, O people of Mecca, pass by the places where they once dwelt, as ye journey in the morning,
37:138 and by night: Will ye not therefore understand?
37:139 Jonas was also one of those who were sent by Us.
37:140 When he fled into the loaded ship;
37:141 and those who were on board cast lots among themselves, and he was condemned:
37:142 And the fish swallowed him; for he was worthy of reprehension.
37:143 And if he had not been one of those who praised God,
37:144 verily he had remained in the belly thereof until the day of resurrection.
37:145 And We cast him on the naked shore, and he was sick:
37:146 And We caused a plant of a gourd to grow up over him;
37:147 and We sent him to an hundred thousand persons, or they were a greater number,
37:148 and they believed: Wherefore We granted them to enjoy this life, for a season.
37:149 Inquire of the Meccans whether thy Lord hath daughters, and they sons?
37:150 Have We created the angels of the female sex? And were they witnesses thereof?
37:151 Do they not say of their own false invention,
37:152 God hath begotten issue? And are they not really liars?
37:153 Hath he chosen daughters preferably to sons?
37:154 Ye have no reason to judge thus.
37:155 Will ye not therefore be admonished?
37:156 Or have ye a manifest proof of what ye say?
37:157 Produce now your book of revelations, if ye speak truth.
37:158 And they make Him to be of kin unto the genii; whereas the genii know that they who affirm such things, shall be delivered up to eternal punishment;
37:159 -- far be that from God, which they affirm of him! --
37:160 Except the sincere servants of God.
37:161 Moreover ye and that which ye worship
37:162 shall not seduce any concerning God,
37:163 except him who is destined to be burned in hell.
37:164 There is none of us, but hath an appointed place:
37:165 We range ourselves in order, attending the commands of God;
37:166 and we celebrate the divine praise.
37:167 The infidels said,
37:168 if we had been favoured with a book of divine revelations, of those which were delivered to the ancients,
37:169 we had surely been sincere servants of God:
37:170 Yet now the Koran is revealed, they believe not therein; but hereafter shall they know the consequence of their unbelief.
37:171 Our word hath formerly been given unto our servants the apostles;
37:172 that they should certainly be assisted against the infidels,
37:173 and that our armies should surely be the conquerors.
37:174 Turn aside therefore from them, for a season:
37:175 And see the calamities which shall afflict them; for they shall see thy future success and prosperity.
37:176 Do they therefore seek to hasten our vengeance?
37:177 Verily when it shall descend into their courts, an evil morning shall it be unto those who were warned in vain.
37:178 Turn aside from them therefore for a season;
37:179 and see: Hereafter shall they see thy success and their punishment.
37:180 Praise be unto thy Lord, the Lord who is far exalted above what they affirm of Him!
37:181 And peace be on his apostles!
37:182 And praise be unto God, the Lord of all creatures!


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