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Al-muntakhab fi tafsir al-Qur'an al-Karim

as-Saffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers)
as rendered by [Al-Muntakhab]
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Al-muntakhab fi tafsir al-Qur'an al-Karim rendition of Surah Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks, The Rangers(as-Saffat)
37:1 By those angels. who draw up in ranks arranged in even rows.
37:2 And by those who take a firm stand against evil and bring it into reproach to be a reproach to the wrongdoer.
37:3 And by those who recite the Quran to hear the voice of Allah expressing his will
37:4 Allah your creator is but One and only.
37:5 Creator and Sovereign of the heavens and the earth and of all that lies between and He is their Supreme controlling power. He is the Sovereign of all eastern cardinal points near which the sun rises in its apparent passage through the signs of the zodiac.
37:6 We have embellished the vault of the lowermost heaven with the brilliancy and splendour of the inlaid stars,
37:7 That are posted to serve also as sentinels against every bold satanic and a lawless and wicked spirit,
37:8 Who peers inquisitively into the realm making an effort to hear what is discussed in the August Assembly, but they are debarred, being assailed with flames on every side,
37:9 Fiery discharges forcing them back, that is besides what awaits them of an eternal suffering induced by the lasting torment laid upon the damned.
37:10 And he who ventures upon catching whatever comes to his hearing of the secrets or future events is pursued by a piercing flame which does not miss.
37:11 Therefore, ask them O Muhammad: Are they the more difficult to bring into being or the others of Our inanimate created beings We created them -mankind- from coherent clay!
37:12 And there, you Muhammad are filled with Admiration and wonder at Allah's infinite power to create what He will and you marvel at His Omnipotence to restore the dead to life Hereafter while they mock the issue and laugh it to scorn.
37:13 And when exhorted to acknowledge Allah's Oneness, Uniqueness, Omnipotence and Omniscience, they pay no heed.
37:14 And when they see a sign attesting to these attributes they look at it as an occasion of derision.
37:15 And they express their thoughts in words, thus: "This is nothing but sorcery made evident to the eye and the mind".
37:16 Maintaining the false dictum, they add: "How can we be raised after death and be restored to life after we have been reduced to dust and disintegrated bones!"
37:17 "And does this", they say, also apply to our forefathers who have long been disintegrated and strewed upon the surface of the earth!
37:18 Say to them O Muhammad: "Yes indeed, and you shall be incensed with multiplied wrongs and humiliation.
37:19 All it takes is only one single loud call inciting to action and there they get up and rise from bed and be able to look around.
37:20 And there, they -the infidels- will exclaim thus: "Woe betide us, this is the promised Day of Judgement".
37:21 There and then they will be told: "This is the Day of Judgement and final decision, the Day on which the faithful are segregated from the infidels, this is the Day you have always denied!
37:22 "Throng all the wrongful of actions together with their wives who habited in falsehood and with those they revered and adored with appropriate acts and rites".
37:23 Who regarded their false gods with extreme devotion besides Allah. Guide them all O angels toward the path leading directly into the abysm of Hell.
37:24 But stop them here for now they have much to answer for.
37:25 They are asked: "How is it that you do not help one another Hereafter as you did her below!"
37:26 But they are at a disadvantage in this Day of Judgement, they give themselves up into Allah's power and they resign themselves to His command.
37:27 They will convey their thoughts reciprocally in talk, holding discourse of the why and the wherefore and of the how and when of life and past events relative to their actions, their responses, their reactions and their fate.
37:28 Those who yielded to external influence will recriminate those who led them by the nose into error, they will say: "You had always approached us from the right-hand side which we presumed to be the way of moral rightness and spiritual salvation".
37:29 "But", the accused will say: "You yourselves were a people whose hearts never reflected the image of religious and spiritual virtues nor were you receptive of the truth".
37:30 "Nor did we have authority over you or impose on you an edict or edicts; the fact is that you played the tyrant and were people given to transgression".
37:31 "And the word of Allah", they Will add, "which was predicted beforehand is being fulfilled, and now will all of us experience the taste of the punishment falling to us as our lot and making us bewail at the day we were born".
37:32 And they will say in addition: "We made you depart from the path of righteousness for we ourselves were holders of mistaken and false beliefs".
37:33 Wherefore shall all those who denied Allah and incorporated with Him other deities go shares in what falls to their lot in Day of Judgement of the torment laid upon the damned from hence forever.
37:34 For thus do We requite the sinful who grow daily more and more wicked.
37:35 When they were told in life: "There is no supreme being but Allah", they responded with extravagance in their accounts of themselves and displayed inordinate self-esteem.
37:36 And they expressed their thoughts in words, thus: "shall we" they said, "forsake our gods on account of what has been said by whom we hold certainly a demoniac!".
37:37 When to the contrary, he presented to them the spirit of truth that guides into all truth, confirming the divine message related to the people by the Messengers who were sent before him.
37:38 Then they, will be told: You -infidels- shall certainly experience the taste of the torment laid upon the damned.
37:39 And you shall be requited with what is commensurate with your deeds.
37:40 But excluded from punishment in the abysm of Hell shall be those who were faithful to Allah and sincerely conformed to His system of faith and worship.
37:41 Such persons shall be provisioned with what Allah has mercifully reserved for them of expected grace and of what is replete with choice of all delights,
37:42 They are presented with fruits, and they will be bearing their honours thick upon them and treated with honour,
37:43 In the beatitude of heaven in the gardens of supreme blessedness and happiness,
37:44 Seated on thrones of dignity facing each other.
37:45 Attended upon and served with a drink in the cup of Joy procured from a spring flowing like a fountain,
37:46 Clear white procuring alacrity to those who drink it,
37:47 Free from intoxicants and not exhaustive to the faculties of the brain,
37:48 Companioned with beautiful women of modest gaze and gleaming eyes radiating splendour,
37:49 Beauties who look as though they were clear pure white eggs affording keen pleasure to the eye, guarded under the shadow of a gracious wing.
37:50 And there shall the faithful convey their thoughts reciprocally in talk holding discourse of the why and the wherefore of past events in life below.
37:51 One of them (a representative) will say: "I had a companion in life below".
37:52 Who used to say to me: Do you honestly believe in resurrection and its aftermath?".
37:53 "Do you mean, that after we die and be reduced to dust and disintegrated bones, we will be restored to life and have much to answer for?"
37:54 Then he will say to those around: "Do you see those who made their abode in Hell?"
37:55 And he looks, only to see him -his companion in life- in the abyss of Hell.
37:56 And there, he will exclaim against his companion: "Good gracious, you almost succeeded in making of me a child of perdition and an inheritor of Hell".
37:57 "Had it not been", he will say, "for Allah's mercy and grace l would have been among those dragged and hauled over the flames in the pit of Hell".
37:58 And he will ask himself wondering thus: "is it then that having paid nature its debt we suffer no death!",
37:59 "Other than that first death we suffered in the world below and we live from hence to forever exempt from heavens high jurisdiction and punishment!"
37:60 "This is indeed great", he will say, "and triumph supreme!"
37:61 For the accomplishment of a like exalted end Hereafter shall endeavour those who aspire to attain it.
37:62 Now is this honoured end affording happiness and delightful provision better or the entertainment which provides the evil fruit plucked from the obnoxious tree of zaqqum!
37:63 The tree We caused to grow especially for the trial in sharp tribulation and misery of the wrongful of actions,
37:64 It is a tree springing up from the pit in the abysm of Hell,
37:65 A tree whose branches are full of spadicies looking as though they were the abhorrent heads of the devils.
37:66 It is the source of aliment the infidels shall eat and fill their bellies.
37:67 And their thirst shall be quenched with a mixture of repulsive ingredients dissolved in boiling water.
37:68 Having drunk the cup of misery they are cast back into the abysm of Hell.
37:69 They found their fathers treading the wrong path leading to the loss in the maze of error.
37:70 And with their hearts' ears closed and with their minds' eyes blind they insisted on walking in their fathers' footsteps.
37:71 Similarly behaved long before them most of those of old; they insisted on treading the path of error,
37:72 Notwithstanding that We did send to them Messengers as spectacles and warnings.
37:73 And there you can see the fatal consequence of those whom We exhorted -but they counselled deaf-.
37:74 But excluded from that ill-fate were those votaries faithful to Allah and sincere in mind and spirit.
37:75 Nuh invoked Us appealing for aid and how excellent was the divine response!
37:76 And We delivered him together with his family excluding his son and the few of his people who followed him from the distressful event exhaustive to the mind.
37:77 And We destined his posterity to be the survivors who inhabit the earth.
37:78 And We praised his name to fame that he be honoured by those to come of future and later generations.
37:79 Peace be unto Nuh and hailed shall he be with reverential salutations among succeeding generations,
37:80 For thus do We requite those who perfect their illustrious toils and turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence and imprint their deeds with wisdom and piety.
37:81 He was one of Our votaries whose purpose was the heart of Our purpose.
37:82 And We drowned the others who were at variance with Our system of faith and worship.
37:83 And among those who followed his doctrine which mirrored Allah's will and His religious principles was Ibrahim,
37:84 Who presented himself to Allah, his Creator, with a pure, undefiled and sound heart.
37:85 He questioned the truth of his peoples' system of faith and worship. He said to his father and to his people: "What is it that you worship?"
37:86 "Do you choose", he said, "to revere false gods besides Allah, the Creator, and adore them with appropriate acts and rites". Is this what you boldly deem the right path to tread and you insist on brewing falsehood and thinking falsehood?"
37:87 He asked, "What do you think then of Allah Creator of the worlds, past, present and those to come!"
37:88 He took a look and directed his attention to the stars.
37:89 And there, he exclaimed: "I feel really sick at heart of such irreverent society".
37:90 They -his people- turned their backs upon him and they went away.
37:91 Then he turned to their false gods (food was set before them) and asked them, thus: "Do you not eat!"
37:92 "Are you mute" he asked "what ails you that you do not talk nor do you say something to the purpose!"
37:93 Secluded from observation he kept striking them right and left with the right hand.
37:94 But when the damage was noticed, his people came back rushing.
37:95 And there said Ibrahim to them: "Do you worship the stones and the material you carve with your own hands"
37:96 "When it is Allah Who brought you Into being together with all the elements you use in your handiwork!"
37:97 Offended as they seemed, they decided to get rid of him and so they said: "Build for him a chamber full of combustibles and cast him into the blazing fire".
37:98 And they thought of contriving against him but We made them the losers who lost the most.
37:99 And there decided Ibrahim to emigrate? soul and body, spiritually and physically. He said: "I am quitting my home land and will settle where I can best serve Allah, my Creator, Who will guide me to His path of righteousness."
37:100 And he prayed, thus: "I pray and beseech You O Allah, my Creator, to grace me with a son invested with wisdom and piety".
37:101 And there, We intimated to him the birth of a son vested with the virtue of patience and with the attribute of nobleness which would teach him forbearance from so foul a wrong.
37:102 And when the son attained maturity and was able to participate in his father's divine service the father intimated to him his mystical vision. He said: "my son I saw in my dream that I offer you up to Allah as a sacrifice and so, see what you think and what you have to say". But the son said: " O father do what you have been commanded, you shall find me with patience, Allah willing, bearing your act."
37:103 And when they both had given themselves up to the course of action imposed by Allah and Ibrahim positioned his son's forehead downwards.
37:104 "We forthwith called upon him: "O Ibrahim", We said,
37:105 "Allah's command and your inspired vision have been thus accorded". For thus do We requite those who faithfully and sincerely give up themselves to Allah's command -the redemption by an offerings-
37:106 This was indeed a severe but a sure test of action and reaction echoing the true belief and the prevalent inclination.
37:107 And We redeemed him -the son- with a great sacrifice. the slaughter of an animal -the ram- as an offering to Allah .
37:108 And We praised his name to fame that he be honoured by those to come of future and later generations.
37:109 Peace be unto Ibrahim from Allah and His angels and from succeeding generations.
37:110 Thus do We requite those who perfect their illustrious toils and turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence and imprint their deeds with wisdom and piety.
37:111 He was one of Our votaries whose purpose was the heart of Our purpose.
37:112 And We intimated to him the birth of Ishaq (Isaac) who would be chosen as a Prophet invested with wisdom and piety.
37:113 And We blessed him together with Ishaq. And of their progeny were those whose deeds were imprinted with wisdom and piety as well as those who were wrongful of actions.
37:114 And We made Our sufficient grace (which renders the soul capable of performing a supernatural act, Allah willing) and Our efficacious grace (which effects the end for which it is given) abound in Mussa and Harun.
37:115 And We saved them and delivered them together with their people from the distressful event which was really exhaustive to the mind.
37:116 And We made victory sit on their helm and by consequence were they the victors.
37:117 And We entrusted them with the Book AL-Tawrah (the Torah) of enlightenment and illumination, The Book distinctly expressing all that was meant leaving nothing merely implied .
37:118 And We guided them to the path of righteousness.
37:119 And We praised their names to fame that they be honoured by those to come of future and later generations.
37:120 Peace be unto Mussa and Harun from Allah and His angels and from succeeding generations.
37:121 For thus do We requite those who perfect their illustrious toils and turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence and imprint their deeds with wisdom and piety.
37:122 They were among Our votaries whose purpose was the heart of Our purpose.
37:123 And Elias (Elijah) whom We chose to be a spectacle and a warning and We entrusted with Our divine message,
37:124 He urged his people by words to laudable conduct and said to them: "Will you not keep in awe of Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him!"
37:125 "Do you invoke the idol Ba'l (Baal), he asked, "and neglect the Supreme Creator!"
37:126 "Who is Allah, your Creator and the Creator of your forefathers!"
37:127 But they counselled deaf and accused him of falsehood and by consequence they shall have much to answer for in Day of Judgement.
37:128 But excluded from that ill-fate shall be Allah's votaries who were faithful to Him and sincere in mind and spirit.
37:129 And We praised his name to fame that he be honoured by those to come of future and later generations.
37:130 Peace be unto Eliaseen -from Allah and His angels- and hailed shall he be with reverential salutations among succeeding generations.
37:131 For, thus do We requite those who perfect their illustrious toils and turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence and imprint their deeds with wisdom and piety.
37:132 He was one of Our votaries whose purpose was the heart of Our purpose.
37:133 And We chose Lut and We sent him to his people as a spectacle and a warning and entrusted him with Our divine message.
37:134 We saved him and delivered him together with his family and those of his people who fell into line with him and from the irretrievable disaster,
37:135 Except an old woman -his wife- who was left behind to perish in the general ruin.
37:136 And We reduced all the others to a useless form.
37:137 And you -people- go by their ruined dwellings and you evidence the fatal consequence by day.
37:138 And you do evidence them also by night and so can you not reflect!
37:139 And so was Yunus; he was one of Our Messengers whom We entrusted with Our divine message.
37:140 He withdrew from his people, -with whom he grew impatient- and without Allah's instructions, he hurriedly fled them and went aboard a fully laden ship.
37:141 He participated in casting lots and the lot fell on him and he was the one rejected and thrown overboard
37:142 And there he was swallowed by the fish and it was him who had incurred the blame.
37:143 Had he not been one of those who in lowliest plight repentant stood and constantly praised Allah and extolled His glorious attributes
37:144 He would have remained burried in that grave -the belly of the fish- till Resurrection
37:145 And We made the fish regurgitate him in the open on the desert shore feeble and sickly.
37:146 We caused a tree to grow over him for protection, a tree which grew decumbently and straggingly to a considerable length so as to rest upon the ground (possibly some kind of pumpkin).
37:147 And when recovered We sent him as a spectacle and a warning to a people who numbered one hundred thousand or more.
37:148 And his mission was accepted with the consenting minds of the whole who conformed their will to Allah's will and by consequence We made them enjoy life up to a predetermined point of time.
37:149 And now ask them -the infidels- O Muhammad and question the truth of their dictum: "Has Allah chosen as they irreverently alleged the females and left for them the males!"
37:150 Or did We create the angels females and they bore witness to their creation and therefore they have ground for their belief!
37:151 Indeed their perversion of facts and their intentional assertion of falsehood induced them to falsify the words, wittingly, endeavouring to attain their blasphemous and irreverent object, namely:
37:152 "Allah has begotten a son" and make it seem divine which is not. They are indeed pathological liars who lie in their teeth and commit errors at the grossness of which common sense revolts.
37:153 Did He exercise choice and He preferred daughters to sons!
37:154 What ails you - people - that you deviate from sense! How could your minds assent to such proposition and induce you to judge and defend this belief!
37:155 Can you not deviate into sense and turn your thoughts upon the truth!
37:156 Or do you have a divine authorization to sanction this belief that you speak like a book!
37:157 (If so) then produce your Sacred Writ that has been issued by Providence if indeed you are declaring the truth.
37:158 And they -the infidels- go further and fare worse; they ascribe to Him affinity to the Jinn when the Jinn themselves do know that they shall be thronged before Him for Judgement.
37:159 Glory be to Him and extolled are His glorious attributes. He is infinitely far above what they ascribe to Him.
37:160 Excluded are those (of the Jinn and mankind) who are sincere in mind and spirit and free of that intended mischief that is wrought by want of thought.
37:161 And you -infidels- together with those you revere and adore besides Allah.
37:162 Shall not be able to influence any to deviate from sense,
37:163 Except him who has already been justly predestined to suffer the blazes and Hell asserts him as her own.
37:164 "And none of us say the angels but has a place in a certain rank"
37:165 And the angels add "we draw up ourselves in ranks arranged in even rows to engage in the act of worship and in divine service."
37:166 "And it is We who constantly celebrate the praises of Allah and adore His Eternal Name, express our feelings of warm adoration and extol His glorious attributes".
37:167 Notwithstanding that before the Prophet's mission there were those* who habited in falsehood and expressed their thoughts in words, thus:
37:168 "Had we received a Book", they said, "like the Scriptures of those of old,
37:169 We would have been of Allah's votaries who are sincere in mind and spirit".
37:170 And when the Quran was revealed to them they denied its divine nature and rejected it, but they shall come to know that
37:171 However, Our word was already proclaimed beforehand to Our Messengers whom We sent as spectacles and warnings
37:172 That they shall certainly be afforded help
37:173 And that Our forces shall in the end and at the right time be the winners and victory shall sit on their helm.
37:174 Therefore keep away from them O Muhammad for a while.
37:175 But keep a vigilant eye upon them for they will be firm and vigilant, anxious to see what falls to your lot and what can happen to them in this life.
37:176 Do they wish Our punishment be hastened on as a challenge to the truth of the measure and its wisdom.
37:177 But when it hits their court-yard, what an evil morning shall it be for those who were warned and counselled deaf!
37:178 Stay away from them O Muhammad or a while
37:179 And keep a vigilant eye upon them for they will be firm and vigilant, anxious to see what falls to your lot and what can happen to them in this life.
37:180 Glory be to Allah, your Creators the Fountain -Head of glory and honour whose divine and eternal nature exclude Him and absolutely exempt Him from the attributes they ascribe to Him.
37:181 And peace be extended from Allah and His angels to all Messengers whom He entrusted with His divine message to relate to their people.
37:182 And by consequence impel -you people- yourselves to the feeling of gratitude and gratefulness and express your praying in words, thus: "Our bosoms surge up and answer thanks to Allah, Creator of the worlds, past, present and those to come".


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