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O believers! Fulfil (your) promises. The quadrupeds (i.e., cattle) have been made lawful for you except those (animals) that will be announced to you afterwards. (But) when clad in ihram (the Pilgrim’s sacred dress), do not presume hunting lawful. Surely, Allah ordains what He wills
O believers! Do not denigrate the signs of Allah, nor the sacred (and venerable) month (i.e., any one of Dhu al-Qa‘da, Dhu al-Hijja, Muharram and Rajab), nor the sacrificial animals sent to the Sacred House—the Ka‘ba—nor the animals brought to Mecca with ritual straps around their necks. Also do not violate the sanctity (of life and property, and honour and dignity) of those resorting to the Sacred House, the Ka‘ba, (for they are the ones) seeking bounty and pleasure of their Lord. And when you take off ihram (the Pilgrim’s garb), then you are allowed to hunt. And never let the enmity of a people incite you to aggression (against them) since they barred you from the Sacred House (i.e., visiting the Ka‘ba). And always support one another in (the works of) righteousness and piety, but do not become accomplices in (works of) sin and transgression. And fear Allah persistently. Indeed, Allah awards severe punishment (to those who disobey and defy)
Forbidden to you is carrion (the animal that dies and is not slaughtered according to Islamic law) and (the discharged) blood and pork and that (animal) on which the name of someone other than Allah has been invoked whilst slaughtering and (the animal) that dies by strangling or by a violent blow (not by any sharp instrument) or by falling from a height or the one that has been gored to death or which has been ripped apart and gnawed by a wild beast, save the one which you slaughter (before it dies), and (that animal too is forbidden) which has been slaughtered on idolatrous altars (dedicated to false gods). And this (is also unlawful) that you learn your fortune through divining (with arrows or divide shares by such means). All these works are sins. This day, the disbelievers have lost all hopes of (their heinous designs because) your Din ([Religion] has prevailed). So, (O believers,) fear them not and always fear Me alone. Today I have perfected your Din (Religion) for you, and have completed My Blessing upon you, and have chosen for you Islam (as) Din (a complete code of life). Then if someone gets into a survival situation (and is forced by) ravenous hunger (and intense thirst i.e., driven by dire necessity, provided) he is not prone to sinning (i.e., eats what is forbidden without being wilfully inclined to sin), then Allah is indeed Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
People ask you what has been made lawful for them. Say (to them): ‘The pure provisions are declared lawful for you.’ And the hunting animals that you have tamed running after game and, this way, teach them (the methods of hunting) which Allah has taught you; so eat (also) of that (prey) which the hunting animals hold on for you (after hunting). And pronounce the Name of Allah over that (hunting beast when you unleash it for hunting). And keep fearing Allah. Indeed, Allah is Swift in calling to account
This day, good and pure things have been made lawful for you. And the sacrificed animal of those given the (Revealed) Book is (also) lawful for you, whilst your sacrificed animal is lawful for them. And (likewise) chaste Muslim women as well as chaste women from amongst those given the Book before you (are lawful for you) when you have paid them their dower, (provided) you marry them for a conjugal life (adhering to chasteness and decency), and not for open lasciviousness (merely satisfying your lust), nor for secret love affairs. The one who denies faith (in the commandments of Allah), all his work is ruined, and he will (also) be amongst the losers in the Hereafter
O believers! When (you intend) to stand for Prayer, then, (for ablution,) wash your faces and hands up to the elbows, and pass your wet hands over your heads and (also wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if you are in a state of obligation for total ablution, purify yourselves well (by bathing). Should you be ill or on a journey, or someone of you comes (after) defecation, or you have had sexual contact with women and then you do not find water, (in these cases,) perform tayammum with clean soil. So, it is wiping your faces and (full) hands with it (i.e., clean soil). Allah does not want to make things hard for you, but He wants to purify you, and complete the bestowal of His favour upon you so that you may become grateful
And call to mind the favour of Allah (conferred) upon you, and (also recall) the promise which He took from you (under affirmation) when you declared (agreeing): ‘We heard (Allah’s command) and we obeyed (it).’ And always fear Allah. Verily, Allah knows best (the secrets of) hearts
O believers! Holding fast to the cause of Allah, bear witness based on justice. And let not (even) the extreme hostility against a people provoke you into abstaining from justice (in their case). Always do justice, (for) it is closer to piousness. And fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is Well Aware of your works
Allah has promised forgiveness and a mighty reward for those who believe and persist in piety and righteous actions
But those who disbelieve and deny Our Revelations, they are the people who will be (on fire) in Hell
O believers! Call to mind the favour of Allah (which) was bestowed upon you when a people (who disbelieved) resolved to stretch out their hands against you (for killing and destruction) but Allah held back their hands from you. And always fear Allah; and the believers must always rely on Allah alone
And indeed, Allah took a firm promise from the Children of Israel, and We appointed amongst them twelve chieftains (for its fulfilment, enforcement and protection). And Allah said (to the Children of Israel): ‘I am with you (i.e., My special support and reinforcement will escort you).’ If you establish Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) consistently, and (always) adhere to believing in My Messengers, and furnish persistent support to their (Prophetic Mission), and lend Allah a handsome loan (for the financial support, promotion and prevalence of His Din [Religion]), I will certainly remove your sins from you, and will assuredly admit you to the Gardens with streams flowing beneath. Then, later, whoever from amongst you rejects faith (i.e., violates the promise) indeed strays from the straight path
Then We laid Our curse on them because of their breach of promise (i.e., they were deprived of Our mercy), and We made their hearts callous (i.e., they were deprived of guidance and susceptibility. So,) they change the Words (of Allah’s Book) from their (right) places, and have forgotten a (major) portion of that (guidance) which they were urged upon. And you will continue being informed about one or the other of their treachery, except a few of them (who have embraced faith). So pardon them and forbear. Indeed, Allah loves the benefactors
And We (also) took a (similar) promise from those who say: ‘We are Christians.’ Then they (too) forgot a (major) portion of that (guidance) which they were urged upon. So, (owing to this breach of promise,) We infected them with mutual hostility and spite till the Day of Resurrection. And Allah will soon unveil to them (the reality of the acts) which they used to perpetrate
O People of the Book! Indeed, there has come to you Our Messenger who (clearly) unfolds to you many such things from the Book as you have been concealing and who overlooks many of (your) wrongs (too). There has indeed come to you a light from Allah (i.e., Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]) and an Enlightening Book (i.e., the Holy Qur’an)
By this Allah guides those who seek His pleasure to the paths to peace (and security), and takes them out of darkness (of ignorance and disbelief) by His command, and leads them to the light (of faith and guidance), and directs them towards the straight road
They have indeed committed disbelief who say: ‘Verily, Allah is (but) the Messiah, the son of Maryam (Mary).’ Say: ‘Who is then (the one) who can possess a bit (of the will) of Allah if He should so decide as to destroy Messiah, the son of Maryam, and his mother, and all that are on earth (who can save them against His will)?’ And the sovereignty of the heavens, the earth and (the universe) that exists between them, (all) belongs to Allah alone. He creates what He wills and Allah has absolute power over everything
And the Jews and the Christians say: ‘We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones.’ Say: ‘(If your statement is correct) then why does He punish you for your sins?’ Rather (the truth is that) from amongst all (the Creation) Allah has brought into being, you (too) are (but) human beings (i.e., just like other human species). He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He wills. And the sovereignty of the heavens, the earth and (the universe) that exists between them, (all) belongs to Allah alone and to Him (everyone) has to return
O People of the Book! Indeed, Our (Last) Prophet has come to you (at the juncture) when (the chain of) Messengers’ succession is breaking off, and he expounds to you (Our commands and injunctions) with ample clarity, (because) you may (by way of excuse) say: ‘There has come to us no Bearer of good news or a Warner.’ (Now this excuse of yours has also lost ground because) undoubtedly, (the Final) Bearer of glad tidings and Warner has come to you, and Allah has absolute power over everything
And (recall) when Musa (Moses) said to his people: ‘O my people! Recollect the blessing Allah (bestowed) upon you when He raised Prophets from amongst you, and made you kings and gave (so) much to you as He had not given to anyone else in all the worlds (in your contemporary period)
O my people! Enter the holy land (of Syria or Bayt al-Maqdis [Jerusalem]) which Allah has decreed for you, and do not turn back (in retreat), or you will turn back as losers.
They said (in reply): ‘O Musa (Moses)! There are mighty (i.e., tyrant) people (living) therein, and we shall never enter this (land) until they leave it. So, if they depart from here, then we will certainly enter it.
Two men from amongst (a few) who feared (Allah) and whom Allah had favoured with His Blessing (said to their folk:) ‘Enter the gate (of the city invading) these people (dauntlessly). Once you enter this (gate), you will certainly be victorious. And put your trust in Allah alone, provided you are people of faith.
They said: ‘O Musa (Moses)! Never shall we enter this (land) so long as they are in it. So you (along with) your Lord go and fight; we are sitting right here.
(Musa [Moses]) submitted: ‘My Lord! I have no control (over anyone) except for myself and my brother (Harun [Aaron]). So put us apart from (these) wicked people (by Your command).
(The Lord) said: ‘So this (land) is forbidden to these (rebels) for forty years. (Anguished,) they will continue wandering around the earth in distraction. So grieve not, (O Musa [Moses],) over the (warning plight) of these disobedient and unruly people.
(O Most Esteemed Messenger!) Relate to these people the account of the two sons of Adam (Habil and Qabil [Abel and Cain]) which is absolutely true. When both of them made offering (one each to Allah), the offering from one of them (Habil [Abel]) was accepted, whilst that from the other (Qabil [Cain]) was not accepted. Thereupon, he (Qabil) said to Habil (out of jealousy and vengeance): ‘I will surely kill you.’ He (Habil) said (in reply): ‘Indeed, Allah accepts (offering) only from the people of piety
If you stretch forth your hand against me to kill me, (even then) I shall not stretch out my hand against you in order to kill you because I fear Allah, the Sustainer of all the worlds
I want (I commit no offence and) you take my sin (i.e., the sin of killing me), and also your own sin (the preceding one on account of which your offering has been rejected all) on you. You will then become one of the inmates of Hell. And that is but the punishment of the wrongdoers.
Then the (ill-commanding) self of Qabil (Cain) made the killing of his brother Habil (Abel) easy (and tempting) for him. So, he killed him and became one of the losers
Then Allah sent a crow that started scratching the earth to show him how to hide his brother’s corpse. (Seeing this,) he said: ‘Alas! Could I not become even the like of this crow that I might hide the corpse of my brother!’ So he became one of the remorseful people
On account of this, We prescribed (this commandment in the Torah sent down) to the Children of Israel that whoever killed a person (unjustly), except as a punishment for murder or for (spreading) disorder in the land, it would be as if he killed all the people (of society); and whoever (saved him from unjust murder and) made him survive, it would be as if he saved the lives of all the people (of society, i.e., he rescued the collective system of human life). And indeed, Our Messengers came to them with evident signs. Yet, even after that, the majority from amongst these people are certainly those who commit excesses in the land
Indeed, those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and remain engaged in creating mischief in the land (i.e., perpetrate bloodshed, terrorism, robbery, burglary and massacre amongst Muslims), their punishment is that they should be slain, or hanged to death, or their hands and their feet on opposite sides should be cut off, or they should be exiled far from (i.e., deprived of moving about in) the homeland (i.e., either by banishment or by imprisonment). That is the humiliation for them in this world, and for them there is a terrible torment in the Hereafter (as well)
Except those who turn to Allah in repentance before you overpower them. So, know that Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
O believers! Fear Allah persistently and keep looking for means to (approach and get closer to) Him and strive hard in His way so that you may prosper
Assuredly, those who disbelieve, if they possess all (the riches and treasures) that exist in the earth, and even with it as much more, so that they may offer it as ransom (i.e., a recompense for their souls to redeem themselves) from the torment of the Day of Resurrection, (all that too) will not be accepted from them and there is a torturous punishment for them
They will desire to get out of Hell (somehow), whereas they will not be able to get out of it. And their torment will be eternal
(After proper judicial trial as per law,) cut off the hands of both the man as well as the woman who steal, in retribution of (the offence) which they have committed, a deterring punishment from Allah. And Allah is Almighty, Most Wise
Then the one who repents after (this) wrong and mends his ways, Allah surely turns towards him in mercy. Allah is indeed Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
(O man!) Do you not know that (the absolute) sovereignty of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah alone? He torments whom He wills and forgives whom He pleases and Allah has absolute power over everything
O Messenger! Those who advance (fast) into disbelief should not grieve you. (Firstly) they include those (hypocrites) who utter from their mouths: ‘We believe,’ whilst their hearts have not accepted faith. (Secondly) amongst them are the Jews. They listen to (you) eagerly to fabricate lies. They (in fact) hear (to spy) for others who have not (yet) come to you. (They are the people) who change the Words (of Allah even) after their contexts (are fixed and) say: ‘If you are given this (command which they like), take it, and if you are not given this (command), then keep off (it).’ And if Allah adjudges someone to go astray, then you do not have any power for him (to hold up the command of) Allah. They are the ones whose hearts Allah has no intention whatsoever to purify. For them there is ignominy (of disbelief) in this world and mighty punishment in the Hereafter
(They are) the ones who spy to coin lies. (Moreover,) they voraciously devour unlawful wealth and property. If they approach you (with a dispute for judgment), then it is (up to) you whether to judge between them or decline. And if you opt to keep away from them, (even then) they are incapable of doing you any harm, and if you judge, then judge between them (too but) with justice (i.e., their enmity should not restrain judgment based on justice). Undoubtedly, Allah loves those who do justice
And how can they accept you as a judge whilst they have the Torah with them wherein is (revealed) the commandment of Allah? Yet they turn away (from the truth even) after that. And they are the ones who will not (at all) embrace faith
Indeed, We revealed the Torah wherein was guidance and light. In accordance with that the Messengers who were the obedient (servants of Allah) used to give orders to the Jews. And the divines (i.e., their spiritual masters) and the rabbis (also judged in accordance with that) because they were assigned to safeguard the Book of Allah and they were the guardians of (and witnesses to) it. So do not fear people and always fear Me (alone), and do not barter My signs (i.e., commands) for a paltry price (of this world). And he who does not judge (and rule) according to the injunctions sent down by Allah, it is they who are the disbelievers
In that (the Torah) We had prescribed for them: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, and a tooth for a tooth, and in the case of injuries (too) there is a requital. But the person who (forgoes) this (requital) by way of charity, this will serve as an atonement for his (sins). And he who does not judge (and rule) in compliance with the commandments sent down by Allah, it is they who are the transgressors
And following in the footsteps of these (Messengers) We sent ‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary) confirming the Book (the Torah) revealed before him. And We gave him the Injil (the Gospel) which contained guidance and light, and (the Injil [the Gospel] too) confirmed the (Book) Torah that preceded it. And it was (an absolute) guidance and admonition for the Godfearing
And the People of the Injil ([the Gospel] too) are required to judge in accordance with that (commandment) which Allah has sent down in it. And he who does not judge (and run the state) complying with the commandments Allah has revealed, it is they who are unruly and wicked
And, (O Most Esteemed Messenger,) We have revealed the Book to you (also) with the truth which confirms the Book that preceded it and stands as a guardian over (the actual commands and contents contained in) it. So judge between them according to these (commandments) which Allah has revealed. And do not follow their desires turning away from the truth that has come to you. We have designed for each one of you a discrete law and an all-embracing way of life. Had Allah so willed, He would have made you all one Umma ([Community] agreeing to the same law). But He wants to test you in these (separately given sets of commandments) which He has given you (suiting your respective life situations). So, make haste in doing pious works. To Allah have you all to return. He will then enlighten you on (the truth and falsehood in all the matters) in which you used to disagree
And, (O Beloved, We have enjoined that) you should judge between them by this (commandment) which Allah has revealed and do not follow their desires. And be on your guard against them lest they tempt you away from any of (the commandments) which Allah has revealed to you. But if they turn away (from your judgment), then know that Allah intends to punish them for some of their sins. And most of the people are unruly and disobedient
Do they seek the law of (the days of) ignorance? And who is better than Allah in (giving) judgment for a people who have firm faith
O believers! Do not consider (hostile) Jews and Christians as (your) reliable allies. They (all) are friends to one another (against you). And whoever of you makes friends with them will (also) become one of them. Surely, Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people
So you will see those whose hearts are diseased (with hypocrisy and minds infected with slavery) that they run to (join the Jews and the Christians and) say: ‘We fear lest the wheel of fate should turn against us (i.e., it is likely to get under the security umbrella by allying with them).’ But it is not far from possible that Allah (really) blesses (the Muslims) with victory or may (send) from His side a decree (as a sign of success and victory). Then they will feel ashamed of (the hypocritical thinking) they have concealed in their hearts
And (at that time) the believers will say: ‘Is it they who swore by Allah (by way of) solemn oaths that they were certainly with you (alone)?’ (But) all their deeds have gone void. So they have become the losers
O believers! Whoever of you turns away from his Din (Religion), Allah will soon bring (in their place) a people He will (Himself) love and who will love Him. They will be kind (and humble) towards the believers (but) strict (and firm) towards the disbelievers. They will toil (very hard) in the way of Allah and will never fear any reproaches of the reprovers. This (constructive character) is the grace of Allah which He grants whom He wills, and Allah is Infinite, All-Knowing
Indeed, your real helper and friend is only Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and the believers (as well) who persevere in offering Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) and they are those who bow down (with extreme submissiveness before the presence of Allah)
And the one who makes friends with Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and the believers, then (they are the people who are Allah’s party), and (it is the people of) Allah’s party who will surely overmaster
O believers! Do not take those for friends who have made fun and sport of your Din (Religion) from amongst those who were given the Book before you and the disbelievers. And fear Allah persistently if you are (truly) the men of faith
And when you call (the people) to Prayer (by means of the Adhan—the Call to Prayer), these (people) take it as fun and sport because they are a people who have no sense (at all)
(O Esteemed Messenger!) Say: ‘O People of the Book! What has made you cynic about us except that we believe in Allah and this (Book) which has been revealed to us and those (Books) which have been sent down before it? And surely the majority of you are defiant and disobedient.
Say: ‘Shall I apprise you of him who, in the matter of punishment, is worse in the sight of Allah than (the one you regard the most despised? And it is he) whom Allah has cursed, whom He has shown His wrath, and He has transformed (some) of these (evil people) into apes and (others into) swines; and (he is such a person) as has (obeyed and) worshipped Satan. They are the people who are the most wretched with regard to their dwelling, and far more astray from the straight path.
And when those (hypocrites) come to you, they say: ‘We have believed,’ whilst they entered (your company) with disbelief and left with the same (disbelief). And Allah knows best (the matters) which they carry hidden
And you will see the majority of them hurrying towards sins and excesses and eagerly devouring what is forbidden (and unlawful). Most evil indeed is all that they are doing
Why do the divines (i.e., spiritual masters) and rabbis abstain from forbidding them from their sinful speech and consumption of unlawful things? Certainly, it is most heinous what they are contriving (by abstaining from raising voices against evil)
And the Jews say: ‘Allah’s hand is tied up (as if—God forbid!—He is miserly).’ Tied up be their (own) hands, and they have been cursed for what they have uttered! (The truth is that) both His hands are stretched out wide open (in showering His bounties and blessings). He spends (i.e., bestows His blessings on His servants) as He desires. And, (O Beloved,) the (Book) which has been revealed to you from your Lord will certainly increase most of them in rebellion and disbelief (due to jealousy). And We have put among them hostility and spite till the Day of Resurrection. Whenever these people kindle the fire of war, Allah puts it out. And they are engaged in spreading mischief and disorder (everywhere) on the earth, and Allah does not like those who spread mischief
And if the People of the Book had believed (in Muhammad, the Messenger, [blessings and peace be upon him]) and adopted Godwariness, We would have removed all their sins (from their record), and would surely have admitted them to the blissful Gardens
And had they established (their systems by enforcing) the Torah and the Injil (the Gospel), and whatever (more) was sent down to them from their Lord, they would have (been provided with the material resources so abundantly that they would have) received sustenance from above and from beneath their feet (as well, but the sustenance would never have exhausted). A section amongst them are moderate (i.e., they like the middle way), but what most of them are doing is extreme wickedness
O (Esteemed) Messenger! Communicate (to the people all) that has been revealed to you from your Lord. And if you did not do (so), then you would not deliver the Message of the Lord. And Allah will (Himself) protect your (life) from the (hostile) people. Surely, Allah does not show the path of guidance to those who disbelieve
Say: ‘O People of the Book, you are nowhere (on the path of Din [Religion]) until you establish (the system by enforcing) the Torah and the Injil (the Gospel) and whatever has been sent down to you from your Lord. And, (O Beloved,) the Book which has been sent down to you from your Lord will certainly provoke rebellion and disbelief amongst most of them (because of jealousy). So do not grieve over (the state of affairs of) the disbelievers
Indeed, (those who call themselves) the Muslims, the Jews, the Sabeans (i.e., the worshippers of stars) and the Christians, all who believe (true-heartedly in accordance with the teachings of Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]) in Allah and the Last Day and practise piety steadfastly shall have neither any fear nor any grief
Surely, We took a promise from the Children of Israel (too), and (also) sent (many) Messengers towards them, (but) every time a Messenger brought them a commandment which their (ill-commanding) selves disliked, they belied a party (of the Messengers) and slew the other (in succession)
And (besides) they held the view that (killing or belying the Messengers) would not result in any torment. So they became blind and deaf. Allah, then, accepted their repentance. But most of them (again) turned blind and deaf (i.e., incapable of perceiving the truth by seeing and hearing). And Allah is Ever-Watchful of what they are doing
In fact, they have become disbelievers who say: ‘Allah is the Messiah, the son of Maryam (Mary),’ whereas the Messiah (himself) said: ‘O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, Who is my (as well as) your Lord.’ Indeed, Allah has forbidden Paradise to him who associates partners with Him. And Hell is his abode and the wrongdoers will not find any helpers
Certainly, they (also) become disbelievers who say: ‘Allah is the third of the three (Gods),’ whereas there is none worthy of worship except the One God. If they do not desist from (the absurdity) which they utter, a grievous punishment will surely torment those of them who disbelieve
Will they not turn towards Allah (in repentance) and beg forgiveness from Him? For Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
The Messiah, the son of Maryam (Mary), is (nothing) but a Messenger (neither a god nor a son of God nor His partner). Many Messengers have indeed preceded him, and his mother was a paragon of truth (a saintly person). Both (were mortal creatures as they) used to eat food. (O Beloved!) Observe how clearly We explain the Revelations for their (guidance), but again observe how (in spite of that) they are turning away (from the truth)
Say: ‘Do you worship besides Allah someone that has no power to do you any harm or good? Allah is the One Who is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
Say: ‘O People of the Book! Do not unjustly exceed limits in your din (religion), nor follow the desires of those who lost the straight path (before Muhammad’s Prophethood [blessings and peace be upon him]) and (also) caused a number of (others) to go astray and remained deviated from the straight road (even after Muhammad’s Prophethood [blessings and peace be upon him]).
Those amongst the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dawud (David) and ‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary). That is because they disobeyed and transgressed
(And they were also cursed because) they would not prevent one another from the evil deeds they used to do. Certainly, evil were the deeds they used to do
You will see most of them befriending the disbelievers. How evil that is which they have sent forward for their (accountability on the Last Day) and (that is) that Allah is (highly) displeased with them and they will suffer from the torment forever
And had they believed in Allah and the (Last) Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and the (Book) that has been revealed to him, they would not have made friends with those (enemies of Islam). But most of them are disobedient
You will indeed find the Jews and the polytheists the bitterest of people in their enmity against the Muslims, and the closest in love and affection for the Muslims you will find those who say: ‘Indeed, we are Nazarenes (Christians).’ This is because amongst them are savants (i.e., scholars of Shariah) as well as monks (i.e., ascetic worshippers) and (moreover) they are not given to arrogance
And (that is the reason) when (some of the true Christians) listen to this (Holy Qur’an) which has been revealed to the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him), you see their eyes overflowing with tears. (This overflowing of tears) springs from the truth of which they have (gained) gnosis. (Besides) they submit: ‘O our Lord! We have believed (in the Truth which You have revealed), so inscribe us (also) amongst those who bear witness (to the truth)
And what is the matter with us that we should not believe in Allah and the truth (i.e., Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him] and the Holy Qur’an) which has come to us, whilst we (too) cherish (this) strong ambition that our Lord admit us (to His mercy and Paradise) along with the most pious?
So Allah rewarded them with Gardens, with streams flowing under them, in recompense of the submission they made (like a true believer. They) will live there forever, and that is the reward of the righteous
But those who disbelieve and belie Our Revelations, it is they who are (the inmates) of Hell
O believers! Do not make (for yourselves) unlawful those pure things which Allah has made lawful for you and do not exceed limits either. Indeed, Allah does not like those who transgress the prescribed bounds
And eat of the pure and lawful things Allah has provided for you and always fear Allah in Whom you believe
Allah does not persecute you for your purposeless (and frivolous) oaths, but takes you to task for your (solemn) oaths which you affirm (deliberately). (If you breach such oaths) the atonement is feeding ten poor persons with an average (quality) food which you serve to your family, or providing them (the poor) with the clothes, or freeing one neck (i.e., a slave). But the one who does not find (all this) shall fast for three days. This is the atonement for your oaths which you affirm (and then break). So, always guard your oaths. It is this way Allah explains most clearly His Revelations to you so that you may become grateful (by obeying His commandments)
O believers! Wine and gambling and idols mounted (for worship) and divining arrows (for seeking luck—all) are filthy works of Satan. So turn away from them (completely) so that you may prosper
Satan seeks only to breed enmity and spite amongst you by means of wine and gambling, and hinder you from remembering Allah and observing Prayer. Will you abstain (from these evil-generating temptations)
And obey Allah and obey the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and be on your guard (against opposition to Allah and the Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him]). But if you turn away, then you should know that the responsibility of Our Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) is only to deliver (the commandments) clearly (and he has accomplished this duty)
There is no sin on those who believe and do righteous deeds with regard to what they have eaten (of the unlawful things before the prohibition came), whereas (in all other matters) they were Godwary and put firm faith (in other commandments of Allah), and practised pious deeds consistently. Later, (also after the revelation of the prohibitions,) they desisted from (all the unlawful things) and believed (true-heartedly in their unlawfulness), became men of piety and Godwariness, and (finally) rose to the station of men of spiritual excellence (i.e., Allah’s beloved, favourite, intimate and righteous servants). And Allah loves those who live with spiritual excellence
O believers! Allah will certainly test you by means of (some) game animals your hands and your lances can reach so that Allah makes him identifiable who fears Him in secret. Then whoever transgresses (even) after that, for him is a painful chastisement
O believers! Do not kill game whilst you are in pilgrim attire (ihram). Whoever of you (pilgrim-clad) kills it intentionally will recompense (it) in kind of cattle equivalent to the one he has killed. In this regard, two men of probity out of you are to judge (whether this animal is really the game’s equal, provided) that offering is to be brought to the Ka‘ba. Or its atonement is feeding a few indigent persons (i.e., usual food for the number of poor people manageable in the animal’s cost), or fasting corresponding to that (number of days manageable within the same food meant for the poor,) so that he tastes the (gravity) of his offence. Allah has forgiven whatever has gone by earlier (to it), but whoever repeats (a similar act) Allah will avenge (his defiance). And Allah is Mighty, the Lord of Retribution
The game of the sea and its eating has been made lawful for your benefit and that of travellers, but the game of the land has been prohibited for you so long as you are in pilgrim dress (ihram). And always fear Allah towards Whose (presence) you (all) will be assembled
Allah has made the Ka‘ba, the sacred (and venerable) House, a means to keep (peace in the spiritual and worldly matters of) the people. And also the Sacred Month and the animals of offerings to the Holy Ka‘ba and the animals with collars symbolic of sacrifice around their necks (brought into the sacred confines of Mecca, all have been granted sanctity and veneration by virtue of the same affinity); that is to make you know that Allah has the best knowledge of whatever there is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and Allah is Well Aware of everything
Know that Allah is Severe in punishment and that Allah is Most Forgiving and Ever-Merciful (as well)
The Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) has (no other responsibility) but to communicate (the revealed commands with absolute perfection). And Allah knows (all) that you make known and that you hide
Say: ‘(Both) the pure and the impure can never be alike, (O listener,) even though the abundance of the polluted and foul (objects) may fascinate you. So, (instead of observing the difference of abundance and scarcity) fear Allah, O men of wisdom, so that you may flourish and prosper.
O believers! Do not ask about things (on which the Qur’an is quiet,) for if they are disclosed to you, they may put you in strain (and you will be repelled by them). But if you enquire about them whilst the Qur’an is being sent down, they will be disclosed to you (i.e., fixated through revealing the commandments, but this will put an end to your choice of discretion, binding you to only one command). Allah has (so far) overlooked (these matters and questions), and Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Forbearing
No doubt, a people before you asked about similar things, but (when they were disclosed to them) they denied them
Allah has not made (lawful in the Shariah a cattle dedicated to idols), such as a Bahira, a Sa’iba, a Wasila or a Ham. But the disbelievers fabricate lies against Allah and most of them do not have sense
And when it is said to them: ‘Turn towards this (Qur’an) revealed by Allah and towards the (most venerable) Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him),’ they say: ‘Sufficient for us is (the way) on which we found our fathers,’ though their fathers did not have any knowledge (of Din [Religion]), nor were they rightly guided
O believers! Take care of your own selves. No one who goes astray can do you harm, provided you have become rightly guided. All of you have to return to Allah alone. He will then apprise you of (the works) that you used to do
O believers! When death approaches any one of you, then at the time of making a bequest there should be two men of probity from amongst you (for) taking testimony, or (any) two men from amongst others if you are travelling in the land. If (in the meanwhile) the agony of death overtakes you, detain both of them after Prayer. If you suspect (them), they shall both swear by Allah: ‘We shall not sell it for any price, even though one is a (very close) relative, nor shall we conceal the testimony (ordained) by Allah. (If we hide it,) we shall be amongst sinners there and then.
But if it is learnt later that both of them have earned sin (owing to concealing the true witness), then, in their stead, two other (witnesses) should rise from amongst those whose right the two former (witnesses) have seized. (Let them both be closer relatives of the deceased.) They should then swear by Allah: ‘Indeed, our testimony is truer than the testimony of both of them; we are not transgressing the bounds (of Truth. If we do so,) we shall be amongst the wrongdoers there and then.
This (method) is closer to the mode of making people give their evidence true to the facts, or they feel afraid that (in the case of false testimony,) following their oaths, (equally solemn) oaths will be turned (towards closer heirs). So fear Allah with perseverance and always listen (attentively to the commandments of Allah). And Allah does not guide the people who disobey and defy
(Fear the Day) when Allah will assemble all the Messengers and ask (them): ‘What response were you served (by your respective Communities following your call for Din [Religion])?’ They will (submit their) reply (to their Lord): ‘We have no knowledge. It is certainly You Who know all the unseen full well.
When Allah will say: ‘O ‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary), call to mind My favour to you and your mother when I provided you strength through the Holy Spirit (Gabriel); you conversed with the people (in a uniform style both) from the cradle (during early childhood) and in the ripe age (whilst preaching as a Messenger); and when I taught you the Book and wisdom (and insight) and the Torah and the Injil (the Gospel); and when by My command you made out of clay some (figure) looking like a bird, then you would breathe into it and by My command it would become a bird; and when you healed the blind and the leper (i.e., victims of leprosy) by My command; and when you raised up the dead (standing, bringing them back to life from the grave) by My command; and when I held back the Children of Israel from (killing) you whilst you brought them clear signs, those who disbelieved amongst them said: ‘This is nothing but sheer magic.
And when I imbued the hearts of the disciples with (this): ‘Believe in Me and My Messenger (‘Isa [Jesus]),’ they said: ‘We believe and bear witness that we are certainly Muslims.
And (also recall) when the disciples said: ‘‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary), is it possible for your Lord to send down to us from heaven a table (spread with food)?’ ‘Isa (Jesus) said (in reply): ‘(O people,) fear Allah if you are illumined with faith.
They said: ‘We seek (only) to eat of it so that our hearts are satisfied and we know (with added certitude) that you have told us the truth and we bear witness (to the descent of the table).
‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary) said: ‘O Allah, our Lord, send down to us from heaven the table spread (with bounties) so that (the day of its descent) becomes (‘Id) a festival day for us, and for our predecessors (as well as) successors, and that (spread table) comes as a sign from You, and provide us with sustenance, and You are the Best Sustainer.
Allah said: ‘I certainly send it down to you, but whoever of you disbelieves (after that), I shall punish him with a torment such as I will never inflict on anyone else in all the worlds.
And when Allah will say: ‘O ‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary)! Did you ask the people to take you and your mother as two gods besides Allah?’ He will submit: ‘Glory be to You! It is not (justified) for me to say such a thing as I have no right to say. Had I said it, You would surely have known it. You know every such (thing) that is in my heart, but I do not know those (things) which are in Your knowledge. Indeed, it is only You Who know well all that is unseen
I said to them nothing except (that) which You ordered me to say: Worship (only) Allah, Who is my Lord and your Lord (too). And I kept a vigilant watch over (their beliefs and actions) so long as I was amongst them. But when You lifted me up, then You alone watched over their (affairs), and You are a Witness to everything
If You torment them, they are only Your servants, and if You forgive them, You are indeed Almighty, All-Wise.
Allah will say: ‘This is the Day (when) the truth of the truthful will benefit them. There are Gardens for them with streams flowing beneath; they will live therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. This (pleasure of Allah) is the highest achievement.
To Allah belongs the kingdom of all the heavens and the earth and whatever lies in them, and He wields full power over everything