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A. (Alef), L. (Lam), M. (Meem); [The Surah opens with letters from the Arabic alphabet to draw attention to the miracle of the Quran, though written in the people's tongue, it cannot be emulated.]
Allah, there is no Ilah but He, the Eternal, the Absolute Purveyor of sustenance for all and AL-Qayum (Omnipotent Who preserves existence)
He has revealed to you, O Muhammad, the Quran, in truth and in agreement with reality, corroborating and authoritatively validating the authentic books previously revealed, and in temporal order He revealed AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil (the Torah and the Bible)
All Scriptures were revealed earlier in the spirit of truth in order to guide people into all truth yet people set themselves at variance to them. So there came the Quran that is the standard and the canon illuminating the intellect and imparting the soundness of judgement in the choice of means and ends and in the choice of what is morally good, honest and straightforward. It guides into illumination and enlightenment. Therefore, those who disregard Allah’s revelations and signs that He makes obvious to the senses, shall suffer grievously. Allah is Azizun (Almighty) He justly avenges His right
There is absolutely nothing that can be hidden from Allah, be it on earth or in the heavens
He is it who forms you and fashions you inside the womb as He wills and determines the characteristics of your form and appearance. There is no Ilah but Him, AL-Aziz and AL-Hakim (the Wise)
It is He who has revealed to you O Muhammad; the Quran with revelations that are precise and exactly defined. These constitute the essential part and the fundamental or groundwork of Allah’s system of faith and worship and unequivocal understanding and obedience from every intellectual being. Other revelations are allegorical. They describe a subject under the guise of some other comparable subject. Those with malignant and perverse hearts choose to follow only the allegories to interpret them as they please. Motivated by malice, they present the interpretation that causes dissension and includes discord when no one knows the exact interpretation but Allah. But those with well – founded knowledge, acquainted with the facts, declare their firm belief in the Quran and express their thoughts in words: "It is all disclosed by Providence." But none reflect except those with sound minds
Who express their prayer of invocation: "O Allah our Creator, we beseech You not to erase piety from our hearts after You have made us true believers and guided us to the path of righteousness. O Allah, extend to us Your mercy; it is You Who gives and it is You Who bestows gratuitously"
"You have ordained, O Allah, our Creator, that You shall assemble all people together to Your August presence on that inevitable Day. Blessed be Allah Who unfailingly fulfils His promise"
Neither wealth nor progeny shall be of value or advantage in Day of Judgement, to those who deny Allah. Nor shall these privileges protect them from Allah; such persons shall be the fuel feeding the fire
What becomes of them compares to what had become of the people of Pharaoh and to those who preceded them who refused to recognize Our revelations and signs, evincing both Omnipotence and Authority. Consequently Allah seized them with a calamity and reduced them to a useless form in requital of their iniquities. With justness does Allah punish severely
Say O Muhammad to those infidels who deny Allah: "You shall be reduced to submission here, and be banished into Hell Hereafter. and how evil is the destined habitation!"
There is an intellectual and spiritual lesson to comprehend. Two forces met, one fighting in favour of Allah and the other against Allah. The pursuit of an end and the unwavering and positive stand merited the Muslims aid at the hands of Allah to the end that the enemy of faith was divinely induced to form witness a mirage of the Muslims portraying them to be twice as the enemy. Allah confirms whom He will and gives them supremacy and superiority and bestows victory. This is indeed an instructive example to those who have opened their minds’ eyes
Prompted by instinct and charged to the finger tips with life, people allured by a passion for women, to the accumulation of masses of gold and silver, to owning pedigree horses and an abundance of cattle and fertile land. All in all, these are simply the ephemeral pleasures of life below, whereas in heaven's realm pleasures are eternal and the abode is an atmosphere of rapturous delight
Say to them O Muhammad: "Shall I inform you of what excels that which allures your eyes and minds here? Paradise beneath which rivers flow is unsurpassed in beauty and supreme bliss, destined to those who revere Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him. They will have passed through nature to Eternity companioned by mates of their design, pure and holy, fellows of their piety. Above all they come in Allah’s grace and they win His satisfaction and esteem. Allah is Vigilant. He keeps a watchful eye upon His creation and upon the way people conduct themselves in life; He knows the attributes inherent in each and all"
He knows and spiritually sustains those whose hearts have been touched by the divine hand, who are vested with the cardinal virtues, expressing their thoughts in words to pray Allah for forgiveness. Thus, they say: "O Allah, our Creator, our hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues, we pray and beseech You to forgive our iniquities and ensure our immunity from the fire"
It is they who are patient and unwearied in the face of difficulties, who habitually tell the truth with their words and their deeds. It is they who are obedient and submissive to the will of Allah, who are charitable in divine service and the devout who pray to Allah and beseech His forgiveness far into the night and before the day dawns
Allah’s unique creation corroborates His statement that there is no Ilah but Him and to this effect, the angels and the knowledgeable attest. He exercises His authority and power in maintenance and vindication of right by reward or punishment. There is no Ilah but Him, AL-Aziz and AL-Hakim
The religion, the system of faith and worship, commended by Allah is Islam or the recognition on the part of man of Allah’s Omnipotence and Authority and His power to control destiny besides acceptance of this feeling as a standard of spiritual and practical life. Yet not until they had received the divine discourse and intellectual acquaintance of the truth did Ahl al-Kitab fall into dispute and become divided through mutual envy and ill intention. He who disregards Allah’s revelations and visible signs shall find that Allah is indeed swift in putting the law in execution
Should Ahl al-Kitab argue with you, O Muhammad, and maintain their irreverent position by adducing their unfounded reasons, then say to them: "I have vowed to resign myself to Allah’s purpose and I have conformed my will and my reason to His blessed will. So have those who fell into line with me." Say to them and to the illiterates: "Are you now satisfied with what you heard and have your doubts been satisfied? If you are, then conform to Islam". If they do, then they are on the path of righteousness, but should they turn a deaf ear and their hearts cannot hear the truth, you are only responsible for relating the message. Allah keeps a watchful eye upon His creation and upon the way people conduct themselves in life and He knows the attributes inherent in each and all
Indeed those who disregard Allah’s revelations and visible signs and in defiance of Allah wrongfully kill His Prophets and those who enjoin righteousness, they shall be miserably disappointed of their expectations. Announce to them, O Muhammad, the coming of a grievous punishment
These are they whose deeds and moral actions shall come to be devoid of value here and Hereafter, and no one shall afford them help
Have you not seen, O Muhammad, the disposition of those who had their share of the Book and divine knowledge, how evasive they are! When the Quran is chosen as the arbiter in a dispute to settle all matters of difference, some of them pay no attention
They imagine falsely and then exclaim: "Fire will not touch us but for a certain number of days." They attribute this forgery to their religion, and consequently deceived their own mind's eyes
So how will they react when We assemble them on the inevitable Day when each soul shall be requited with what is commensurate with its deeds and they shall not be wronged
Advance the glory of Allah and extol and magnify Him with praise. O Prophet exclaim: "Allah Who has the absolute Sovereign Authority over the universe with all its realms, You confer sovereignty on whom You will and You divest it from whom You will. You ennoble whom You will and You humiliate whom You will. On the helm of Your hand rests goodness. You are Qadirun (Omnipotent) wholly capable of doing all things"
"You cause the night to lose itself by absorption into the day and You cause the day to lose itself by absorption into the night, irrespective of the nature of the solar day, civil day or the period of the year. You cause the living to ascend from the dead* and You cause the dead to fall from life. You provide livelihood and You fit out meritoriously whom You will with what You will and with what is necessary for a certain purpose"
Belief is incompatible with Disbelief, therefore let those whose hearts have been touched by the divine hand refrain from favouring those infidels who deny Allah over their companions in religion. He who follows this irreverent course of action, Allah shall renounce, except under compelling circumstances, then exercise caution beforehand to provide against their mischief. Allah cautions you not to come within the measure of His wrath. Allah is the end and purpose for which all are destined
Say to them: "Whether you conceal your thoughts and feelings and what your hearts forge, or you express them loudly or under your breath, all comes to Allah’s knowledge and He knows all that is in the heavens and on earth. He is Qadirun over all things"
The day shall come when every soul shall be presented in the August presence with a vivid picture of the deeds imprinted in life with wisdom and piety, and with a written description of the evil that was wrought by want of thought, from which evil, the soul shall wish it was as far from as the earth's distant ends. Allah cautions you not to come within the measure of His wrath. Allah is the source of goodness, sympathy and kindness to His servants
Say to them all, O Muhammad: "If you people truly entertain a great love for Allah and you look upon Him as the heart of your purpose, then follow me. Then Allah shall confer on you His grace and blessings, and find forgiveness for your iniquities. Allah is Ghafurun (Forgiving) and Rahimun"
Say to them: "Be obedient to Allah and to His Messenger, but if they turn a deaf ear then they must realize that Allah detests the infidels who deny Him"
Allah has taken by preference Adam and Nuh (Noah), the family of Ibrahim and the family of ‘Imran out of all people and conferred on them the prerogative of Prophethood
A posterity that descended one from the other. Allah is Sami’un (All Hearing) and 'Alimun (Omniscient)
Once when the wife of ‘Imran became aware that a child whom she thought was a male had been created in her womb, she made a solemn and humble request to Allah to accept her offering. She prayed: "O Allah, my Creator, I have solemnly consecrated to You the child in my womb who shall be disposed exclusively to Your special service, and here do I beseech You to accept my offering. You are AL-Sami’ and AL-'Alim"
When she gave birth to the child, she was astonished, even though Allah already knew well what she had brought forth, she said: "O Allah, my Creator, I am delivered of a female. I have called her Maryam and here do I commit her and her progeny to You to protect them from AL-Shaytan and those with characteristics befitting him, the accursed and the outcast"
The offering was met with a favourable reception and Allah, her Creator, received her with favour and under His tutelage she grew in grace and piety. She grew to a place of incomparable honour and Zakariya (Zakariah) fostered her. Every time Zakariya entered into her chamber in the Temple, he found her well provisioned. He asked: "O Maryam, from which source do you get this unprecedented provision?" "It is from Allah", she said, "Indeed Allah provides livelihood and fits out meritoriously whom He will with what He will and with what he deems necessary for a certain purpose"
There and then did Zakariya pray and beseech Allah, his Creator; he said: "O Allah, my Creator, may I make a humble request to You to bestow on me from Your grace a pious posterity, You are AL-Sami’ so You hear the prayer."
His prayer was met with quite an unexpected and most favourable divine response. The angels addressed him while he was at his devotions, performing his prayer in the Temple. "O Zakariya," they said, "Here we relate to you a divine edict. Allah intimates to you the announcement of a happy event; the arrival of a male child to be called Yahya (John). His birth shall verify that a word from Allah is all that it takes for anything material or immaterial to be and to have a place in the realm of fact. He will be a son who shall be great and illustrious, spiritually attached to Allah and a virtuous Prophet whose deeds are imprinted with wisdom and piety
Zakariya vented his surprise in an exclamation, he asked: "O Allah, my Creator, how shall I have a son when I have been carried through the stealing steps of age to advanced life and my wife has always been barren?" He was told, "Thus does Allah accomplish what He will"
Zakariya added: "May I be given, O Allah, my Creator, a sign that would satisfy my reason." He was told "What serves to indicate the fact shall be your inability to talk to people for three days. You shall be able to communicate with them only by making signs. Meanwhile praise Allah frequently and glorify Him and extol His glorious attributes in the evening and in the early morning"
The angels addressed Maryam. They said "O Maryam, Allah has chosen you for an unexpected event. You are so pure that He has taken you by preference out of all the women of all nations"
"O Maryam, be obedient and submissive to the will of Allah and bow to the ground in reverence and prostrate your reason to divine revelation and kneel with those who kneel to do homage and honour to Almighty Allah"
This narrative which we relate to you, O Muhammad, represents some of the true events you did not know nor did you comprehend by sight. You were not present at their meeting when they cast lots using their quills and arrows to see which of them would be the foster father to Maryam. Nor were you present when they quarrelled about the point in question
The angels said to Maryam: "O Maryam here we relate to you a divine edict. Allah intimates to you the announcement of a happy event, the arrival of a male child, the product of a word from Him, designated the Messiah ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, who shall be distinguished here and Hereafter and of those nearest to Allah"
"He shall speak to people in his cradle and in manhood, and he shall be one of those whose deeds are imprinted with wisdom and piety"
Maryam asked : "How shall I have a son, O Allah, my Creator, when no man has touched me? She was told: "Thus does Allah create what He will; when He decrees a thing He only says ‘Be’ and it is"
He shall teach him the Book of Knowledge and Wisdom and He shall teach him AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil
"He shall be a Messenger to Bani Isra‘il, conveying acts of miraculous nature serving to demonstrate his delegated divine power and authority to influence their conduct and their actions. He shall be instructed to say to them "I have brought you an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace. I shall create for you from clay the figure of a bird and bring it to life and there it shall be a living bird by Allah’s command. I shall restore the sight of the man who is congenitally blind and heal the leper, and with delegated divine authority I shall raise the dead by Allah’s command. I shall also inform you of what you eat and of what you store in reserve in your homes. This should be enough divine evidence to bring you to acknowledge the truth of my mission if indeed your hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues"
-And to bring matters to completion-, "It shall be my duty to Allah to corroborate your faith in AL-Tawrah which is set before me and to make lawful to you some of what was forbidden before". "Now, I have come to you with convincing divine evidence which exacts your reverence for Allah and obedience to me"
"Allah is certainly my Creator; and your Creator. He exacts your obedience and your reverence and veneration by appropriate acts and rites; this is the course of action which constitutes the path of righteousness"
But when ‘Isa could sense that disbelief was a very prevalent inclination among them, he asked: "Who will support me in the cause of Allah?" We are supporters of the cause of Allah, said the disciples, "We have believed in Allah to the point that our hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues. We hold you as a witness to our conformity to Islam, the will of Allah"
And to strengthen their purpose, they prayed: "O Allah, our Creator, we recognize all that You have revealed and we have fallen in line with the Messenger. O Allah, our Creator incorporate us with those who bear witness to the truth and to the glory of Your system of faith and worship"
And the unbelievers among Ahl al-Kitab with cleverness had recourse to stratagem yet in His plan, Allah also had recourse to stratagem, and who can gain advantage on Allah
There and then said Allah to ‘Isa, "O ‘Isa, I am ordaining that you depart from this life. I am taking you up to My August presence and ridding you of the troublesome blasphemers among your contemporaries and out of harm's way. I am raising those who recognized your mission and accepted your apostleship to higher ranks and exalting them in dignity and power above those who denied you till the Day of Resurrection when to Me shall all of you return. Then I will judge between you on the strained points of dispute upon which the whole unreasoning turned"
There and then I shall put to the torment those who did not believe in the truths of religion as contained in Allah’s authentic and authoritative Books; who did not justify faith as a conviction operative on their character and will, nor did they have spiritual apprehension of divine truths; they shall suffer a condign punishment here and Hereafter, and no one shall afford them help
But those who justified faith as a conviction operative on their character and will and whose hearts had been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues and whose deeds impressed with wisdom and piety, shall Allah reward them with what is generously commensurate with their pious deeds. Allah detests those who are wrongful of actions
Such discourse as We have narrated to you, O Muhammad, is a disclosure of facts and revelations streaming from the Fountainhead the Quran, the sublime source of all manner of wisdom
The example of ‘Isa, as determined by Allah, stood in exact similitude with that of Adam whom He created of dust then ordained that he "Be" and so he was
This is the absolute truth, declared in words by Allah, your Creator, therefore, do not let their intentional assertion of what is false make you doubtful and anxious
Should any one contend with you about ‘Isa with opposing arguments, the fact shall destroy the fiction. Now that you know the facts, say to them "Come, let us summon our sons and your sons, our women and your women and ourselves and yourselves and pray Allah and beseech Him to accurse those who intentionally assert falsehood"
This narrative is indeed the true story, and emphatically, there is no Ilah but Allah and indeed Allah is He who has always been and forever shall be AL- Aziz and AL-Hakim
Should they still turn a deaf ear, rest assured, O Muhammad, that Allah is fully aware of those who are characterized with malice
Say to them: “O you Ahl al-Kitab, let us come to terms to agree among ourselves that we venerate and worship no one but Allah and that we shall not incorporate with Him other deities. Nor shall any of us take another for a godhead or a tutelary guardian besides Allah." If they turn a deaf ear and insist upon hugging their irreverent conviction to their hearts, then say to them: "Do then bear witness that we conform our will to Allah’s blessed will, and this reflects conformity to Islam"
Say to them: "O you Ahl al-Kitab, why continue with arguments to your life’s end about Ibrahim (Abraham) and whether he was a Jew or a Christian? You know that both AL-Tawrah and AL-Injil were not revealed till a point of time far distant and long after his time. Can you not see that?"
There, you continued with arguments about your system of faith and of the mission of ‘Isa, son of Maryam. Why bring forward reasons in support of or against a matter of which you have empty knowledge? Allah is 'Alimun whereas you are not
Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian but an Orthodox Muslim. He never incorporated with Allah other deities
Indeed those who best deserve a rightful claim to spiritual affinity to Ibrahim are those who followed his system of faith and worship, inclusive of this Prophet –Muhammad– and those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand. Allah is the Tutelary Guardian of those whose hearts reflect the image of religious and spiritual virtues
Some among Ahl al-Kitab wish they could lead you people astray, when in point of fact they alienate themselves from Allah’s purpose and path of righteousness but they fail to perceive that their imagination is often at war with reason and fact
O you Ahl al-Kitab, why do you always deny Allah’s revelations and visible signs when you yourselves bear witness to their truth and verity
O you Ahl al-Kitab, why do you always confuse the truth with falsehood and mix it up in the minds of the people and intentionally conceal the truth when you admit it into your minds
In their malice, did some among Ahl al-Kitab incite their fellow religionists to pretend at the beginning of the day that they give credence to what has been revealed to you Muslims. Then at the end of the day they repudiated it as if it were a second thought, expecting that those who are unsettled in allegiance or belief among you may hopefully reject it all
They caution their people against you and express their thoughts in words. "Do not trust any one," they say, "except those who follow the same law." Say to them, O Muhammad: "Indeed the only law consented to by Allah is the law based on the course steered by Allah; the only course leading to the path of righteousness where Providence is the guide." They caution their people against discoursing you Muslims on divine matters lest you use this knowledge to claim a Book and a Prophet of your own or that you may use the part of it which is against their interest and confound them before Allah, your Creator when all assemble in His Venerable and revered Majestic presence. Say to them, O Muhammad "grace rests in the hands of Allah. He confers it on whom He will and Allah is Wasi’un(Omnipresent) and 'Alimun"
"He extends His mercy to whom He will and He is the source of sufficient grace which abounds in whom He will and of the efficacious grace which effects the end for which it is given"
Among Ahl al-Kitab there is he whom you can entrust with a cental of gold and he would return it to you on demand. Also among them is he who if entrusted with one single dinar, would not return it unless you keep asking and he may eventually be pronounced a defaulter. This is by reason of their folly and want of sense that they interpret in words. "We are not," they say, "under any obligation to these illiterate faithless people -the Muslims-" and they intentionally relate to Allah falsehood which they admit into their minds
Indeed he who fulfils his promise when he pledges himself before Allah to do what is to be done, keeps the vow when he binds himself by one, his words and deeds together accord and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah shall come in the grace of Allah for Allah likes those who entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him
Those who exchange Allah’s covenant or a vow to heaven or an oath that is binding for a miserable price featured in the vanity of the fleeting and ephemeral world shall be denied Allah’s grace Hereafter. Nor shall Allah address them, or look at them on the Day of Resurrection. He shall not bless them, and there awaits them a severe punishment
Among Ahl al-Kitab are some who seem to recite divine revelations documented in the Quran in jest to distort the words from common use. They expect to imprint on your minds that these are verses of the Quran, while in fact they are not. They relate them to Allah when in fact they are not Allah’s words and they relate to Allah falsehood and they admit it into their minds
It is hardly intelligible that a human on whom Allah confers the Book and the wisdom and the prerogative of Prophethood would demand of the people to worship him in lieu of Allah. Rather he would ask of them by virtue of right and authority to pay reverence and veneration to Allah, the Creator, and to adore Him with appropriate acts and rites and devotion. This is the logical sequence which Allah has imparted to them, the divine knowledge which they have imparted to people, the divine knowledge which they themselves have applied their minds to its acquisition
Allah does not ordain that you take the angels and the Prophets as tutelary deities. Would he command you to deny Him after you have conformed your will to His blessed will and accepted His divine system of faith and worship
Allah entered into a covenant with the Prophets, expressing the obligation to which they are bound. "I have given you the Book," He said, "and acquainted your hearts with wisdom. So when there comes a Messenger with a Book that corroborates and authoritatively validates the Authentic Books you hold in possession, you shall faithfully recognize him, uphold him and help him accomplish his mission. Now do you all subscribe to this allegiance and shall you pledge yourselves before Me to keep the vow!" They said: "We pray the prayer and vow the vow." "Then," Allah said, "you bear witness to this obligation which you shall relate to your people, and here do I subscribe to be also a witness to this course of action"
Therefore, those who counsel deaf to this obligation are the perverse who are faithless and morally depraved
Is it a system of faith and worship other than that ordained by Allah that they desire, when to His blessed will have all creation in the heavens and on earth submitted willingly or unwillingly and in the end back to Him shall all return
O Muhammad, declare in explicit terms: We Muslims believe in Allah with hearts impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues. We believe in all that has been imparted to us in the Quran and in all that was imparted to Ibrahim and Isma’il, to Ishaq (Isaac) and Ya’qub (Jacob) and to the tribes of his twelve sons and in what was imparted to Mussa and to ‘Isa. We believe in all that was imparted to all the Prophets from Allah, their Creator. We do not discriminate one from another and we conform our will to His blessed will. He is the heart of our purpose
He who adopts a system of faith and worship other than Islam simply bends on a system of faith and worships which does not have the standing upon the vantage ground of truth. Such a system of faith shall not be accepted from him and he shall be a great loser Hereafter
How shall Allah consent to guide a people who intentionally deny Him after they have recognized Him and bore witness to the truth of His Messenger's mission? How shall He guide them after they had received and accepted then later on rejected the clear and plain revelations and signs guiding out of darkness and superstition! Allah does not guide to His path of righteousness those who are wrongful of actions
Such persons shall be requited with what is commensurate with their deeds; they have incurred the curse of Allah and of the angels and of all mankind
This curse shall beset them to Eternity. Nor shall their torture in Hell be abated nor shall their punishment be put in respite
However the penitents who in lowliest plight repentant stood and reformed themselves so their thoughts are governed by a new and divine principle, shall find that Allah is Ghafurun and Rahimun
Indeed those who deny Allah after they have recognized Him and be so bold as to display their infidelity by acts of sedition and hostility in defiance of piety, never shall their penitence be accepted, and these are they who have been lost in the maze of error
Those who deny Allah and death claims them clothed with the ugly vestments of disbelief, they shall have committed an unforgivable sin. The offer of as much gold as the earth can treasure shall not be accepted from any of them in expiation for his guilt. Such persons must expect endless suffering and shall find no one to afford them help
You people shall not attain piety, the groundwork of Allah’s system of faith and worship, until you spend of what you treasure and cherish in divine service. Whatever you spend in this respect comes to Allah’s knowledge
All articles of food were lawful to Bani Isra‘il except what Ya’qub forbade to himself. His children followed suit before Mussa was sent and AL-Tawrah revealed. Say to them, O Muhammad: "Bring AL-Tawrah and read its text if what you are negating is true!"
Henceforth, he who relates to Allah falsehood and intentionally asserts what is false shall be seen as those who are wrongful in actions
Say to them: "Allah has declared the truth, therefore, follow you people, the religion of Ibrahim, the true and straight forward devotee and follow his system of faith and worship. He never incorporated with Allah other deities."
The first house devoted specifically for divine worship and appropriated to assemblies for the adoration of Allah with appropriate acts and rites was the house founded in Bakkah (Macca). It has been blessed with the spirit of truth guiding all beings into all truth
It is majestically dignified with outward and visible signs of an inward and spiritual grace including Ibrahim’s station where he performed the prescribed acts of devotion. Whoever comes into it shall have the privilege of a sanctuary; he comes to be vested with immunity from harm and liability. The pilgrimage to there is a duty incumbent on people; those of them who can afford to do homage and honour to Almighty Allah. He who refuses to acknowledge this religious rite must realize that Allah is Ghaniyun (independent) of all creation, Self Existent and Absolute
Say to Ahl al-Kitab: "Why do you deny Allah’s revelations and visible signs when Allah is Shahidun ( Omniscient) of all that you do?"
And ask them: "Why do you stand in the way, preventing Allah’s spirit of truth from guiding people into all truth? Why do you make it your aim to pervert the truth and crook the path of righteousness to your own ends when you bear witness to the fact that this is the path where Providence is the Guide? Allah is not unmindful of all that you do."
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand, if you open your hearts' ears to some of Ahl AL-Kitab, they will alienate you from Allah’s purpose. They shall turn you renegades and you shall go over from your religion after you have conformed to Islam
How can you consent to the denial of Allah when Allah’s revelations are narrated to you and the truth of the matter is stated to you and Allah’s Messenger is in your midst! He who turns his mind to Allah and chooses to be under His tutelage shall have been guided to the path of righteousness
You who believed and gave credence to the Prophet's mission, revere Allah in the manner appropriate to His Absolute Sovereignty. Entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him and adhere to Allah’s' system of faith and worship so that when death lays his hands on you and you go through its door, you will have conformed your will to Allah’s blessed will
Hold firmly together and grasp the eternal and unchangeable sublime system of Allah! Lay hold of it with the mind and do not be discordant among yourselves. Call to mind Allah’s favour that you wear. You were enemies and He accorded your differences and you cherished different principles and practices and by His grace you are now in one accord. You were on the edge of the bottomless abyss of Hell and He saved you from eternal disaster. Thus, Allah expounds to you His revelations so that you may hopefully be guided to His path of righteousness
Let there be unity in feeling and purpose among you. Be united as one whole who would enjoin conformity of life and conduct to the requirements of divine and moral law. Forbid all that is wrongful and obscene. Such people shall reap the fruits of victory here and in the Hereafter
Do not be like those who were divided among themselves and discordant after they have received divine revelations and signs guiding them out of darkness and superstition and out of want of spiritual and intellectual sight into illumination and enlightenment. Such people shall suffer grievously
This shall be on the day when countenances speak different languages; some being effulgent with splendour and bright light, beaming with joy and hope while others are dark and gloomy. Rebuked for want of faith, they shall be told: "How could you deny Allah after you have recognized Him. You have well deserved to be put to the torment in requital of infidelity"
Whereas those whose countenances are expressive of joy and hope shall be the recipients of Allah’s blessings; they shall be beset with Allah’s infinite mercy
These are Allah’s revelations O Muhammad, We narrate them to you in truth, and it has never been Allah’s purpose to exercise injustice to people
To Allah belong all that is in the Heavens and all that is on Earth, and to Allah, the Ultimate Authority, are committed and submitted all matters and all affairs for consideration, decision and execution here and in the Hereafter
You Muslims have been the best people* that have evolved from mankind for mankind. You enjoin equity and you recourse to general principles of justice. You forbid all that is wrongful and obscene and you conform your will to Allah’s blessed will
They will not hurt your interests O Mohammad nor will they harm you. They will only be a source of annoyance. If they war against you they will turn tail and seek safety in flight and will not be crowned with victory
They have been stamped with humiliation (The Jews) wherever they are found, except when they come to be under the tutelage of Allah and at peace with people. They came within the measure of Allah’s wrath and they were stamped with mortification of pride. Their unjustifiable slaying of the Prophets was in the train of their defiance of piety. Their disobedience was natural to them that it became an addiction to transgression
But in fairness to them, Ahl AL-Kitab are not all alike. Among them are a people who conform their will to Allah’s blessed will; a people who recite verses of Allah’s revelations by night and bow to the ground in reverence and adoration and prostrate their reason to divine revelation
They believe in Allah with hearts impressed with images of religious and spiritual virtues and they are mindful of the Hereafter. They enjoin equity and recourse to general principles of justice and they condemn the bad and emulate the best. Such people are enrolled among the righteous
Whatever good they do, they shall never be denied the fruit nor the reward of any deed imprinted with wisdom and piety. Allah is fully aware of those who entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him
Indeed those who denied Allah were born to be losers; neither their wealth nor their progeny shall profit them or afford them help nor be beneficially effective against what Allah has for them in store. These are the inmates of hell to endure for that vast forever
The example of whatever they spent in this world that was not pertaining to Allah is just like the crops of wrong headed farmers who were wrongful of actions. Their yield was hit by an icy cold wind that reduced it to ruin. It was not Allah Who did them injustice but it was they who wronged themselves
O you people whose hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues: do not have as intimate associates a body of persons of another law; they shall not hesitate to pervert you. They eagerly wish to overthrow you or bring an irretrievable disaster upon you. Nature has written a letter of discredit upon their faces that reflect hatred; such a hatred that is portrayed in their thoughts which they express in words, but worse is what their bosoms conceal. We have made to you Our revelations clear and plain if only you have soundness of judgement in the choice of means and ends
You see how you hold them dear and entertain great regard for them while they do not reciprocate the same feeling. You give credence to all the Books which Allah has revealed while they do not. When they come face to face with you they declare that they have conformed their will to Allah’s blessed will but when they are apart from you, they bite their lips and their finger tips in the rage of distemper. Say to them O Muhammad: "Perish those whose minds are backwards and perish you in the rage of your distemper; Allah is indeed 'Alimun of all private thoughts and feelings in the breast"
If good fortune falls to you, be it through victory or through martyrdom, they come to be actuated by envy and grieved at heart. If you are befallen with a disaster or wedded to a calamity, they rejoice beyond a common joy. If you be patient and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah, you shall not be hurt by their wicked plots and intrigues. Allah besets them on all sides and He is 'Alimun of all that they do
Remember O Muhammad that once when you left your household early in the morning resolving to take your station for battle and to command your faithful followers to take post and Allah is Sami’un, and 'Alimun
Then two of your tribes almost lost heart. However, they were saved by the graceful tutelage of Allah, and in Allah should those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand put their trust
The Battle of Badr ought to have taught you abhorrence of want of faith and lack of discipline. Allah has made victory sit on your helm even though you were an insignificant humble force out of heart. Therefore, revere Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him so that you may hopefully impel yourselves to the feeling of gratitude
You Muhammad told your faithful troops, who were confronted with an unexpected situation and thought they were affronting death, to lift up their hearts and their morale. You said to them: "Is it not enough for you that Allah, your Creator, upholds you with an array of three thousand angels specially dispatched from heaven's realm to support your cause!"
"Indeed if you exercise patience and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah you shall be able to do battle against your enemy. Should you be taken by surprise and be suddenly attacked you shall receive Allah’s aid; He shall uphold you with an array of five thousand angels emblematic of onslaught"
Such an announcement of Allah’s aid was meant to be cheerful news to raise your spirits and to ease your anguish of a torturing hour and make you rest assured of victory. It should have made you realize that victory and the position of supremacy and superiority are an attribute and an act of Allah, AL- Aziz and AL-Hakim
Allah ordained this course of events. He purposed to strike a part of the evil group of infidels at the root and so with one single blow would they be severed, or to disgrace them and enrage their blood and put them into such a commotion that would precipitate their humiliation and defeat
It is none of your concern nor is it the concern of your people O Muhammad whether Allah reduces your enemy's number and their land or the extent of their power and wealth or whether He effects their defeat or relents and pardons their offence or requites them with retributive punishment. They are a wrongful people
To Allah belong all that is in the Heavens and all that is on Earth. He forgives whom He will and punishes whom He will. Allah is Ghafurun and Rahimun
O you who have conformed to Islam! Usury is incompatible with religion. Do not swallow voraciously whatever interest you can get for the money you lend, doubling and redoubling the interest as you go. Revere Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him so that heaven may prosper you
And save yourselves the Fire especially prepared for those who disobey Allah’s commands
Obey Allah and His Messenger so that you may come to be recipients of His mercy
Enter into rivalry with each other for forgiveness from Allah, your Creator, and for a hearty welcome in a Paradise as extensive as are the Heavens and the Earth, specially prepared for those who revere Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him
It is a paradise of supreme bliss prepared specially for those who spend in divine service in instances of prosperity and in instances of adversity, who restrain and suppress their feeling of anger and accord people forgiveness and do not entertain them with thoughts of ill will. Allah likes those who perfect their illustrious toils and turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence
Those who no sooner do they commit an immoral act, than they at once recall Allah to mind and invoke His forgiveness. Who can forgive transgression of the divine law and the offence against Allah but Him? They do not insist on their course of action when they know it is wrong
Such persons shall merit forgiveness from Allah, their Creator, and the life in supreme bliss in gardens beneath which rivers flow after they will have passed through nature to Eternity. How excellent is the reward of those who strive for a good end
A narration of events, modes of action and examples from ages past serve as evidence for each instance forming a particular case of principle and a signal instance of punishment. Therefore, journey the land you Muslims and pause to think and meditate what you see with your minds’ eyes in order to realize the fatal consequence which united all those who persisted in their intentional assertion of falsehood
This is a proclamation for mankind that is documented in the Quran in which Providence is the guide, and an admonition to those who revere Allah and entertain the profound reverence dutiful To Him
Do not falter in your war of belief against positive unbelief nor grieve at heart, for you shall gain the upper hand if your hearts are impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues
If you have sustained a heavy blow with injuries, so have the enemies. We rotate fortune and alternate the days of gratification and the days of distress. So that each people have their day and Allah distinguishes the steadfast among the believers who are immovable in faith and confers the prerogative of martyrdom on those of you who qualify; Allah detests the wrongful
And Allah fits those whose hearts are impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues so purified to rid them of doubt and of those who are hypocrites and to massacre the infidels who deny Him
Did you think that you would be heartily welcomed in the realm of surpassing beauty and supreme bliss before Allah has seen that you have distinguished yourselves on every front or line of battle and that you have been distinguished into the valiant and those who are unwearied in the face of difficulties
Before the encounter with death, you had always wished yourselves dead in the cause of Allah, and now that you have seen it executed in your companions, you falter and let go; you quit your posts and seek much after booty
"Muhammad is but a Messenger the like of whom have passed away before him. Do you mean if he dies or is slain in battle, you turn renegades and return to idolatry! Indeed he who turns back on his heels and reverses his position shall never hurt Allah’s interest in the least, and Allah shall reward the thankful."
"Nor can a soul be disembodied except by Allah’s permission according to a predetermined point of time that had been entered in a Book. He who so sets his mind upon the mundane things ministering to his enjoyment and content here below shall be requited with what is apportioned to him in this world. He who so sets his mind upon the divine things conducing to Allah’s mercy and grace Hereafter shall be requited with what is commensurate with his deeds of wisdom and piety. We will generously reward those who impel themselves to the feeling of gratitude"
A good many of the Prophets fought against positive disbelief and with them fought countless numbers of devotees whose hearts had been touched with the divine hand. Never did they falter in consequence of the misfortunes they experienced in the cause of Allah, nor were they disheartened or dispirited, nor did they acknowledge themselves beaten. Allah likes the patient who are unwearied in the face of difficulties
All they said was no other than their prayer of invocation: "O Allah, our Creator, forgive us our iniquities and the excesses into which we might have been driven and help us take a firm position and set our feet firm, and make victory and fortune sit on our helm so that we reduce those who deny you to ruin"
In return did Allah requite them with what they merited for their deeds of wisdom and piety here below and the surpassing merit Hereafter. Allah likes those who perfect their illustrious toils and turn their thoughts on moral excellence and benevolence
O you who have conformed to Islam do not falter by consequence of misfortunes in battle nor lend an ear to the infidels who deny Allah. For if you open your hearts, ears to them, they shall be able to turn you renegades and you will relapse into infidelity and come to be great losers
Do not forget that Allah is your Tutelary Guardian and who can gain advantage on Allah
We will inspire terror in the infidels' hearts and dishearten them for incorporating with Allah other deities He never authorized. Their destined abode is Hell and evil indeed is the destined habitation of the wrongful
Allah has kept His promise to you as was shown in putting your enemy to rout, Allah permitting, until you began to falter by reason of opposing arguments. Some were in favour of obeying the Prophet's command and maintaining their posts and the others against his command, running after booty, at a time when the Prophet was about to make the victory. Among you are those who are concerned only with the interests and pleasures of life below and its mundane things, and others whose main concern is Allah’s grace Hereafter. Then did Allah distract your minds and your attention and made you draw off from the battle field to test your true inclination and He afforded you forgiveness. Allah’s bounty abounds in those whose hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues
You forced your way up the hill paying attention to no one while the Prophet in the rear convoked you to come to fight. There, did Allah requite you with grief, upon grief, for being balked of your booty and for fleeing in the face of danger, so that you would learn not to grieve for what you miss nor to despair for what befalls you. Allah is 'Alimun of all that you d
Thereafter did Allah replace the emotion of sorrow and grief by peace of mind and sense of security, which induced the eyes of some of you to take themselves to slumber. Others were aroused to emotion, which begot unjust suspicion of Allah, and a state of mind characteristic of ignorance - analogous to the ignorance induced by paganism. The latter keep their thoughts to themselves and do not express them to you O Muhammad and they say to themselves: "If we had a say in the matter we would never have been slain here in battle!" Say to them: "Had you decided to be the stay- at- home, those of you predestined to be slain would have emerged to the sites of their interment." Such a train of events, Allah has ordained to expose your actions interpreting your thoughts, and to test your innermost being for such a disposition as your hearts and minds would incline you to propound. Allah is 'Alimun of all that is stored in the bosoms
Those of you who turned tail and abandoned their posts on the day the two forces met were but victims of AL-Shaytan. Who took advantage of their disobedience to the Prophet and led them to their fall from their first perfection. However Allah has afforded them forgiveness. He is Ghafurun (Indulgent), and Halimun (Forbearing)
O you who conformed to Islam, be not like those infidels who denied Allah and thought they could prevent what is fated to happen. On every occasion when they lost some of their fellow countrymen in journeys of trade or in wars, they expressed their thoughts in words: "Had they been with us and remained here, they would not have died nor been slain." This feeling and thought did Allah infuse into them to actuate their hearts and minds with grief. It is Allah who gives life and occasions the moment of death and He is 'Alimun of all that you do
If you are slain in the course of a hostile encounter between belief and positive unbelief or you die in battle or from another cause, you will have merited Allah’s forgiveness and mercy. This outweighs all that you might have earned or accumulated had you been carried through the stealing steps of age into advanced life. Therefore, give up resentment against them and invoke on their behalf Allah’s mercy
Whether you die or be slain, shall all of you be gathered to Allah
Allah of His mercy made your heart, O Muhammad, ever tender in the treatment of the calamity which they -your people- brought upon themselves in battle. He made you speak to them in the gentle voice of peace. Had you been unsparing in censure and reproof and harsh hearted, they would have broken the bonds of loyalty and would have broken away from you. Therefore, give up resentment against them and invoke on their behalf Allah’s mercy and consult with them upon matters of great moment, matters on which you received no divine authoritative instructions. So when you have caused a discord to pass into a concord and resolved on a course of action, then in Allah you trust, for Allah likes those who put their trust in Him
If Allah upholds you and confers on you His tutelary protection, no one can gain advantage over you, and if He should deny you tutelary protection, who else is there besides Him who can protect you or help you in distress and misfortune! In Allah should those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand put their trust
It is not a Prophet who would appropriate spoils or anything else to wrong uses or apply it dishonestly to his own use. Nor would he ever betray the trust or the one who trusted him. He who withholds from anyone what is his, by right, shall carry in Day of Judgement the insignia of fraud and misappropriation when every soul shall be requited with what is commensurate with its deeds and no one shall be wronged
Shall he who obeyed Allah’s statutes in quest of Allah’s satisfaction compare with the one who came within the measure of Allah’s wrath and has been destined to the abode in Hell, which is an evil destiny
People are divided according to grades of quality, disposition and attributes as determined by Allah. Allah is Bassirun, He sees all that they do
Allah has been gracious to those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand. He raised in their midst a Messenger who is related to them by kinship and by spiritual qualities into which they all entered. He is a Messenger who shall recite to them His revelations, impart sanctity to them and teach them the Book -the Quran- and acquaint their hearts with wisdom, notwithstanding that they were once lost in the maze of error and liberally swam in immoral pleasure
Now that you have been wedded to a calamity which you brought upon yourselves by consequence of disobedience when the two forces met, a calamity which does not compare with that you brought on your enemy that was twice as severe; now you ask: "How did it happen and what was it due to?" Say to them O Muhammad "You brought it on yourselves as a logical conclusion for your wrongful action. Allah is indeed Qadirun over all things"
What befell you that day when the two forces met was justly brought about by Allah’s permission to distinguish those whose hearts reflect the image of religious and spiritual virtues
He exposes the hypocrites who pretended to be other then they are. When they were asked to join the Muslim forces to fight in the cause of Allah or at least to defend their own interests; they made excuses. They said, "We would gladly follow you if we knew how to fight." They were then furthermost from Allah and their words did not accord to their inmost thoughts. Allah knows best their secret feelings
It was those who stayed at home who had something to say in defense and extenuation of their conduct. They made unfavourable comments on their fellow Muslims who were slain in battle; They said; "Had they obeyed us and remained here, they would not have been slain." Say to them O Muhammad. "If this be the case, then avert death and prevent it from befalling you if indeed you are declaring the truth"
Do not consider them dead the martyrs in the cause of Allah for they are living in heaven's realm in the venerable and. revered August presence of Allah, their Creator, laying in divine provisions
Rejoicing beyond a common joy at Allah’s bounty abounding in them and joyful for those who are yet to join them for they shall have no grounds for alarm nor shall fear or dread fall upon them nor shall they come to grief
They have assumed a state of mind that brightens up their faces for the grace and the bounty conferred on them by Allah. It is a state of mind with an air of assurance that Allah does not withhold nor withdraw the grateful return due to those whose hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues
Who responded favourably to Allah and to His Prophet and resumed fighting after they had stopped having been wedded to the calamity. It was those who excelled at the battle and entertained the profound reverence dutiful to Allah; they shall be requited with what is generously commensurate with their deeds
The news simply strengthened them mentally and morally and confirmed their faith, when they were told by the people that their enemies had mustered up a great number of troops to fight against them so, they should be fearful of them. It was those who did not fear fate; they feared naught but Allah, and said; "Allah is the answer to our purpose, our hopes and our needs, and how excellent He is for the Tutelary Guardian"
Never was battle executed with greater determination, that the enemy had sensed and consequently fled from the rage of those whom they considered persecutors. There and then did the Muslims return, by the grace of Allah and His bounty, unharmed and not even touched physically in any way. They espoused the cause of Allah and His satisfaction and were consequently qualified to receive His blessings, and Allah’s bounty is plentiful, full flowing
It was only AL-Shaytan hiding behind those with characteristics befitting him, who inspired terror in the hearts and minds of those who were submissive to them, who in turn tried to transmit it to some of you! Therefore, do not be fearful of them but fear Me if indeed your hearts have been impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues
Let not those who impel themselves heedlessly on infidelity grieve you O Muhammad. They shall not harm Allah in the least. Allah has intended to allot to them no share of the bliss Hereafter, and there awaits them a condign punishment
Those who exchanged faith for infidelity shall never harm Allah in the least and their awaits them the torment which shall be laid on the damned
The infidels must not think that the respite We grant them is for their own good; We simply give them plenty of rope to allow them free action in order that they commit themselves further to the evil line of conduct. There awaits them a condign and humiliating punishment
It was never in the set of Allah’s correlated principles to let those who conformed to Islam remain in this present state which is a combination of circumstances and attributes, but only to segregate the bad from the good, expose the malevolent and distinguish the benevolent. Nor did Allah intend to endow you people with the prerogative of divination nor with power of knowing the unknown or realizing the unseen or the invisible. Yet He chooses from His Prophets whom He will and gives them knowledge of events to come according to His will. Therefore, believe you people in Allah and give credence to His Prophets, for if you believe with hearts that reflect the image of religious and spiritual virtues and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him, you shall be requited with a great reward
Nor should those who are unwilling to spend in divine service of what Allah conferred on them consider this tight fisted disposition an advantage to them. To the contrary, it is an injury to their interest and prejudice to their credit. They shall be fitted round their necks in Day of Judgement with the insignia of what they hoarded. To Allah shall be the inheritance of the realms of the Heavens and the Earth, and Allah is 'Alimun of all that you do
Allah has heard the discourse of those of Ahl AL-Kitab who expressed their thoughts in words, saying: "Allah is poor whereas we are rich." We will record their dissertation as well as their unjustified slaying of the prophets, and shall say to them at the predetermined moment: "Now taste the torment of burning in the Fire"
"This is the train of evil that your wrongful and unclean hands have drawn after them." Allah is not unjust to His servants
Who said: "Allah has enjoined us not to give credence to a Prophet until he has presented to us an offering which of necessity be devoured by a fire from heaven." Say to them O Muhammad: "Many Prophets before me had presented you with clear evidence of Allah’s Omnipotence and of their delegated divine authority and with such divinely miraculous acts as you have described, why then did you bring death upon them if indeed you are declaring the truth!"
"Should they disbelieve you and think you convey a false message; they had already refused credence to Messengers sent before you; who were sent to them with clear and plain revelations and signs, Scriptures and Psalms guiding out of darkness and superstition of later times and out of want of spiritual and intellectual sight into illumination and enlightenment"
Every soul is destined to the encounter with death and in Day of Judgement shall you be requited only with what is due to you. He who is diverted from the path leading to Hell to the path bounding for Paradise will have triumphed. Life here below is but an animate existence affording pleasure, deceiving those with foolishly credulous ambition and vain employment of time
You people shall be afflicted with some disagreeable events and misfortunes to test your qualities. You shall experience loss in wealth and in lives and you shall hear injuriously contemptuous insults from those who received the Book before you as well as from those who incorporate with Allah other deities. If you are patient and forbearing and you entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah, you will have then considered matters with an attitude of mind reflecting high spirit and strong will
For once did Allah make a covenant with Ahl AL-Kitab. They should make the Book genuinely known to everyone and not hide the least part of its text and its precepts. However they cast it behind their backs and exchanged the truth for the worthless vanity of the fleeting and ephemeral world. How evil and how ill indeed is the advantage they gained
Do not think, O Muhammad; that those who rejoice at their successful perversion of their own Scriptures from its original purity to what accords with their own desire, and love to be credited with theological virtues which they do not possess, that they shall escape torment!. They shall in fact be put to the torture
To Allah belongs the Absolute Sovereignty of the realms of the Heavens and the Earth. Allah is Qadirun over all things
Indeed, the creation of the Heavens and the Earth, and the variation in duration and the constant alternation and succession symbolic of the night and the day are signs with prodigies emblematic of Omnipotence and Authority sensed by those who reflect
They think of Allah with reverent feeling, standing, sitting and lying on their sides and ponder and meditate the infinite creation of the Heavens and the Earth. They interpret their thoughts in words of an invocatory prayer: "O Allah, our Creator, the One and only Ilah they say, You did not bring all this into being and caused it to exist to no effect or purpose. Glory be to You and extolled are Your glorious attributes. We beseech You to ensure us immunity from the torment of the Fire"
"O Allah, our Creator, indeed, he whom You destine to the abode in the Fire of Hell, You will have vested with the insignia of shame, and no help shall be afforded the wrongful"
"We heard O Allah, our Creator, a herald promulgating spiritual prompting to recognize Allah, the Creator, and to serve Him, and we responded favourably by adopting Your system of faith and worship. O Allah, our Creator, we pray and beseech You to afford us forgiveness of our iniquities and to remit Our deeds of an evil savour and to allow our disembodied souls to join those of the righteous"
"We pray and beseech you O Allah to bestow on us what You promised us at the hands of Your Prophets and not put us to shame on the Day of Resurrection; You certainly never fail to fulfill a promise"
There did Allah respond favourably to their invocation and answer their prayer; He said "Indeed I do not annul, withhold nor withdraw the fruit anyone, man or a woman, is entitled to reap from deeds of wisdom and piety, you spring one from the other. Therefore, those who emigrated and were ousted from their homes and suffered in My cause and fought the war of belief against positive unbelief and have survived or been slain shall be entitled to a great reward. I will remit their deeds of an evil savour, I will welcome them in gardens of bliss and surpassing beauty beneath which rivers flow, a reward from Heaven, and in Allah’s grace rest hope and mercy and the best reward"
Let not the instances of prosperity falling to the infidels by the labour of trading from one place to another deceive you O Muhammad
Wicked men are not denied prosperity, but the pleasure it affords them is of short duration, and then punishment must follow conviction. They are destined to the abode in Hell and evil indeed is that abode
Those who revered Allah and entertained the profound reverence dutiful to Him shall be heartily welcomed in gardens of bliss and surpassing beauty beneath which rivers flow wherein they will have passed through nature to Eternity in a perpetual ecstatic delight, characterizing the abode prepared for them by Allah. Whatever Allah has in His heaven's realm of blissful rapture is the best reward which merits expectant waiting by those vested with conformity of life and conduct to the requirements of the divine and moral laws
Certainly, among Ahl AL-Kitab are those who believe in Allah with hearts impressed with the image of religious and spiritual virtues; they give credence to all that has been revealed to you Muslims and to all that had been revealed to them. They humble themselves to Allah and never do they exchange the truth and the established divine principles for the worthless vanity of the fleeting and ephemeral world. Allah shall reward such people with what is generously commensurate with their deeds of wisdom and piety. Allah is swift indeed in putting the law into execution
O you whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand, in patience you possess your souls. Outdo all others in exercising patience in the face of difficulties and sit, like patience on a monument, smiling at grief and maintain your deeds of wisdom and piety and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allah so that Heaven may prosper you
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