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These are the ( Holy) ‘Verses’ of the ‘Distinctive Book’,
We narrate to you the anecdote of ‘Moses’ and ‘Pharaoh’ with truth for the people who place their faith in (Allâh).
‘Pharaoh’ became an arrogant tyrant in the land and made its people sects, persecuting one (ethnic) group, slaughtering their sons and sparing their women. Surely, he was one of those who spread corruption.
However, We intended to bestow Our Favor upon those who are persecuted in the land, to make them (spiritual) leaders and inheritors,
And to establish them in the land with authority, but in the meantime, we intended to let ‘Pharaoh, ’Hāmān’ and their hosts experience that of which they were apprehensive.
We inspired the mother of ‘Moses’, (saying): "Suckle him; but when you fear for his life, cast him into the river. Let not fear stop you from doing this, neither do you let your heart be troubled. We shall definitely bring him back to you. And We shall make him one of (Our) Messengers.”
Consequently, the family of ‘Pharaoh’ picked him up so that he might become an enemy to them and (a source of) grief. Surely, ‘Pharaoh, ’Hāmān’ and their hosts were malefactors.
The wife of ‘Pharaoh’ said: “(This is a) source of comfort to me as well as to you. Thus, do not kill him! Maybe he will be of some benefit for us, or we may adopt him as a son.” They were not aware of (what fate had in store for them).
(On the other hand), the heart of Moses’ mother became hollow. She would have almost disclosed (the truth about) him if We had not strengthened her heart so that she would be of those who place their Faith ( Allâh).
She said unto his sister: "Follow him!” Thus, she secretly watched him from a distance while they were not aware (of her observation).
We had already forbidden wet nurses for him. Thus, (his sister) said: "Shall I direct you to a household that will nurse him for you, and sincerely they will take good care of him?"
Thus, We restored him to his mother so that she would be in ecstasy; that she would forget (all her) sorrows, and that she would come to know that the promise of Allâh is true. But most of them know not.
When he attained his full strength and became mature, We bestowed upon him the authority of moral judgments and divine knowledge. This is how We do reward those whose heart is perfect towards Allâh.
(One day) he surreptitiously entered the city without being noticed by its people. He found therein two men fighting, one of his own ethnicity, and the other of his enemies. The one from his own ethnicity called on him for help against his foe. Thus, ‘Moses’ struck him upon the face with his fist and (unintentionally) killed him. He said: ”This (fighting) is an act of devil. Indeed, he is a genuine deceiver and veritable enemy.”
He said: “My Lord, surely I have been grossly unfair towards myself, so forgive me." Then He forgave him. Indeed, He is the One who is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
He said: "My Lord, for the favor You bestowed upon me, I will never be a supporter of the ungodly sinners."
Now, in the morning, he was in the city, frightening and prudent. Unexpectedly the man, who had sought his help the day before, called him again for his help. ‘Moses’ said unto him: "You are obviously a petulant person."
So when he intended to attack the man who was an enemy to both of them, the man said: “O ‘Moses’, do you want to kill me as you killed a man yesterday? You seek nothing but to be tyrant in the land, and you do not want to be of those who strive improve the welfare of others.”
Then a man came running from the farthest end of the city and said: "’Moses’, the noble chiefs are consulting each other regarding your case to kill you. Thus, I advise you to leave (the city as soon as possible). Indeed, I am giving you a good advice.”
He fled the city, frightening and prudent. He said: "My Lord, save me from those people who are grossly unfair and morally wrong."
When he directed himself towards Midian, he said: “I do hope that my Lord will lead me into the right way."
As soon as he arrived at the water stream of Midian, he found there a group of men watering (their flocks); and he found besides them two women keeping back (their flocks). He asked (the two women): "What is the matter with you?" They replied: "We cannot water (our flocks) until the shepherds take back theirs. (As you see, we are hopeless two women) and our father is an old man.”
Thus, he watered their flocks for them. Then he turned aside into the shade, and said: “My Lord! Indeed, I am in need of whatever good You would send down upon me.”
Then one of the two women came to him walking bashfully, and said: “Indeed, my father would like to invite you so as to pay you for watering our flock for us.” So when ‘Moses’ came to him and told him all he thought prudent to disclose of his story. (The father of the two women) said: “Do not be afraid! You have been saved from the people who are grossly unfair and morally wrong."
One of the two daughters said: "O’ my father, employ him! The best one you can employ is the strong and the trustworthy."
He said: "I intend to let you wed one of these, my two daughters, on the condition that you serve me for eight years. But if you complete ten years, then it will be (a favor) from your part. I have no intention of letting you work extremely hard. You will find me, if Allâh wills, one of the righteous."
He said: “This will be between you and me. Whichever of the two terms I fulfill, there will be no injustice done to me, and Allâh is Surety over what we say.
Then, when ‘Moses’ had fulfilled the term, and was travelling with his family, he spotted a fire on the side of the Mount (Sinai). He said unto his family: “Stay where you are! I have seen a fire far off. I may bring you from there some information or a burning brand from the fire so that you may warm yourselves."
As soon as he reached it, he was called from the right side of the valley, in the blessed spot, from the tree: "O’ Moses, surely I am Allâh, the Lord of all the worlds.
Do cast down your stick!” When he saw it moving as if it were a serpent, he turned in flight and returned not. (Then he was called again): "O’ ‘Moses’, come forward and do not be afraid! You are indeed of those who are secure.
(Now) put your (right) hand into your bosom, it will come forth glittering white without patches (on the skin). Hold your arms close to you as protection from fear, for those are two proofs from your Lord to ‘Pharaoh’ and his personal advisors. Lo! they are sons of disobedience. ”
He said: "My Lord! Indeed, I killed a man and I fear that they will kill me.
My brother ‘Aaron’ is more eloquent than me in speech. Thus, let him accompany me as a helper to confirm me. Lo! I (also) fear that they will not believe me.”
Allâh said: "We will strengthen your arm through your brother; and We will give you both supremacy so they will not be able to reach you. By Our Signs (of power and glory), you and those who follow you, will be the victorious.”
But when ‘Moses’ came to them with Our Signs as intelligible and conclusive proofs, they said: "This is nothing but a fabricated sorcery (and devilry). We never heard of such a thing among our forefathers."
‘Moses’ said: "My Lord knows best him who came with guidance (into all the truth) from Him, and to whom the ultimate abode of ecstasy will be his ( in the ‘Hereafter’). Surely those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong will never ever achieve a blissful life/ or gain eternal salvation..”
‘Pharaoh’ said: O’ noble chiefs, I know not that you have another god besides me. Thus, kindle a fire for me, O’ Hāmān, to bake bricks, and make me a lofty tower so that I may be able to have a look at the God of ‘Moses’, although I am inclined to believe that he is a liar”.
He and his hosts acted arrogantly in the land without right, and they thought that they would not be brought back to Us.
Eventually, We seized him and his hosts. And We threw them all into the sea. Thus, look and see how (dreadful) was the outcome of those who were grossly unfair and morally wrong.
We made them, (-the iniquitous-), leaders inviting (people) to the Fire, and on the ‘Day of Resurrection’, they will not be helped.
We have caused a curse to chase them in this ‘worldly life’, and on the ‘Day of Resurrection', they will be among the despicable.
Verily, We gave ‘Moses’, after We had utterly destroyed the former generations, the ‘Scripture’ as enlightenment (or edification) for the people, a guide (into all the truth) and (divine) clemency so that they may be mindful (of their obligations towards Allâh, toward themselves and others).
You were not there on the western side (of the Mount) when We revealed unto ‘Moses’ the commandment, neither were you among the witnesses.
But We raised up many generations (after ‘Moses’), then life became prolonged to them. You were not one of the inhabitants of Midian, reciting to them Our ‘Verses’. But it is We who persist in sending messengers (in order to guide the people into all the truth).
You were not present at the side of the ‘Mount Sinai’ when We called out (to ‘Moses’), but (We reveal this to you) as a clemency from your Lord so that you may give warning to a people to whom no warner had come before you, so that they may be mindful.
If (We had) not (sent you to Quraysh)- in case a catastrophe should befall them for (their evil deeds) that their hands have sent forth- they would have said: "Our Lord, why did You not send us a messenger so that we might have followed Your ‘Revelations’ and been among the Monotheistic Believers?"
But when the truth has come to them from Us, they say: "Why is he not given the like of what was given to ‘Moses’? Did they not disbelieve in that which was given to ‘Moses’ before? They say: "Two kinds of sorcery (the ‘Torah’ & the 'Qur’ān') supporting each other!" They say: “Indeed, in both of them, we are not going to believe."
Say (unto them, O’ Muhammad): "Then bring a book from Allâh, which gives better spiritual insight than these two, so that I may follow it if you are truthful.”
But if they do not answer you, then you need to know that they take in their self-deceived beliefs for the epistemic. Who is more astray than one who takes in his self-deceived beliefs for the epistemic without receiving spiritual insight form Allâh? Indeed, Allâh would not give those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong spiritual insight.
Surely, We have conveyed to them the Word so that they may be mindful.
Those to whom We gave the ‘Scripture’ (the Old Testament & the New Testament) before it, they believe in the Glorious 'Qur’ān'.
When it is recited to them, they say: "We believe in it. Indeed, it is the (absolute) truth from our Lord. Certainly even before it, we have been from those who submit (themselves completely to the authority of Allâh).
These will be granted their reward twice over because of what they patiently endure, and use to expel the evil deed by the righteous deed, and expend of what we have provided them.
When they use to hear evil vain talk, they turn away from it and say: "To us our deeds and to you your deeds. Peace be upon you! We desire not (to associate ourselves with) the ignorant.”
Indeed, (O’ Muhammad), you guide not whom you desire, but Allâh guides whom He wills. He knows perfectly well those who attain spiritual insight.
They say: "If it happens that we follow the guidance with you, we will be obliterated from our land.” Have We not established them in a secure sanctuary, to which are brought the fruits of all kinds as provision from Us? But most of them know not.
How many a township have We utterly destroyed that was excessively exaggerated in its style of living, so these are their dwelling-places, which have not been dwelt in after them but a little. Indeed! It is always We who are the inheritors.
Never would your Lord have intended to destroy these townships until He had sent to their mother town (metropolis) a messenger reciting to them Our ‘Verses’. We would not destroy any townships except while their inhabitants were grossly unfair and morally wrong.
Whatever thing you have been given is only a provision of this ‘worldly life’, and its adornment, and whatever is with Allâh is far better and more enduring. Do you not possess self- awareness that allows you to understand?
Is he whom We have promised an excellent promise (‘Al-Jannah’), which he will find true, like him whom We have made to enjoy great comfort and extravagant living of this ‘worldly life’, then on the ‘Day of Resurrection’, he will be of those arraigned?
The day will come when He calls upon them, saying: "Where are My associates whom you used to allege?”
Those whom the word has been rightly justified against them will say: "Our Lord, these are the ones whom we led astray. We led them astray as we ourselves were astray. We declare our innocence unto You. It was not us that they used to worship (& venerate).”
It will be said: "Call upon your associate-gods." They will call upon them but they will not be able to answer (or even hear) them. Consequently, they will see the punishment. (They will wish) if only they had sought spiritual insight!
They will come when the Lord calls unto them and says: ”What was the answer you gave to the messengers?"
On that day, (all ways of obtaining) information will be made gloomy to them, and they will not even be able to question one another.
However, as for the one who repents, adheres to Islamic monotheism and does righteous good deeds, hopefully he will be of those who achieve a blissful life.
Your Lord creates whatever he desires and chooses. They have no choice about this matter. Glorified is Allâh and Highly Exalted above what they associate with Him.
Your Lord knows what their hearts conceal, and what they disclose.
He is Allâh, there is no god but Him! Unto Him belongs all praises in this first (i.e. this ‘worldly life’), and in the ‘Hereafter’. His is the judgment, and you are destined to be brought back to Him.
Say: "Have you ever thought carefully that if Allâh would cause the night to be perpetual over you until the ‘Day of Resurrection’, is there a deity, other than Allâh, who could bring you light? Will you not then hear?"
Say: "Have you ever thought carefully that if Allâh would cause the day to be perpetual over you until the ‘Day of Resurrection’, is there a deity, other than Allâh, who could bring you night wherein you rest? Will you not then see?"
Out of His ( divine) Clemency, He made for you the night and day so that you may rest therein, that you may seek of His bounty, and that you may show gratitude (to Him for His endless Blessings).
The day will come when He calls upon them, saying: "Where are My associates whom you used to allege?”
We shall pick out from every nation a witness, and We shall say: "Bring your proofs (that will support your allegation that Allâh has partners)!" Then they will come to know that the truth is with Allâh (Alone), and all (the mythological deities) which they have mythologized will fail them.
Indeed, Korah was of the people of ‘Moses’, but he tyrannized them. We had granted him such great treasures whose keys would burden a band of strong men. His people said unto him: "Do not express much happiness about your wealth (& forget to express your gratitude to Allâh for His Blessings). Indeed, Allâh demonstrates not his own love for the ones who are jubilant.
You should strive for the abode of the ‘Hereafter’ by means of what Allâh has granted you, do not forget your share (of rightful enjoyment) in this ‘worldly life’, seek to promote the welfare of others as Allâh has been extremely generous towards you, and do not seek to spread corruption on the earth. Indeed, Allâh does not like those who indulge in corruption."
He said: "All this has been given to me only as a result of the knowledge I possess." Does he not know that Allâh had already destroyed before him generations of people who were more powerful than him in strength, and greater in wealth accumulated? The ungodly sinners will not be questioned concerning their sins.
So he went forth before his people in his pomp. Those who seek (the pleasure) of this ‘worldly life’ said: "Ah, if we had the like of what Korah has been given! Indeed, he possesses a great fortune."
Those who have spiritual gift of knowledge said: ”Woe unto you! The reward of Allâh is far better for the one who places his faith (in Him) and acts righteously. No one can receive such reward except for those persist in patience and constancy.”
Thus, We caused the earth to swallow him and his house, and there was no squad to help him other than Allâh, nor was he of those who were capable of defending themselves.
In the morning, those who had intense feeling of longing for being in his place, began to say (in a sorrowful tone), "Ah ( we must have known that) Allâh spreads out and straitens the means of subsistence for whom He wills of His servants! If Allâh had not been Benignant to us, He would have caused the earth to swallow us (also). Ah! those who fall into disbelief will never achieve a blissful life/ or gain eternal salvation."
As for that Abode of the ‘Hereafter’, We assign it to those who desires not to be supercilious on the earth or to be involved in spreading corruption. The great end is for the ‘Pious’ (or for those who show honor and reverence for Allâh/ or for those who guard themselves against falling into sin and temptation).
Whoever comes (on the ‘Judgment Day’) with a single righteous deed will have better than it. Whoever comes (on the ‘Judgment Day’) with a single evil deed- then those who committed evil deeds will only be chastised for what they used to do.
Indeed, He who has assigned the responsibility for (teaching) the 'Qur’ān' to you, (O’ Muhammad), will definitely bring you back to the place of return (Mecca). Say, “My Lord is Fully Aware of the one who brings spiritual guidance and the one who is in utter deception.”
You were not anticipating that the ‘Book’ would be inspired into you, but it was a (divine) Clemency from your Lord. Thus, do not ever be a strong proponent of those who lack Faith ( in the Lord of all the worlds).
Let them not preclude you from (preaching & teaching) the ‘Revelations’ of Allâh after they have been revealed unto you. Invite the people to come to your Lord, and be not of the polytheists!
Invoke not your prayer, apart from Allâh, to any (mythological) deity. There is no god except Him. Everything will perish save His (Glorious) Face. His is the judgment, and you are all bound to return unto Him.
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