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28:1  TA SIN MIM
28:2  These are the verses of the illuminating Book
28:3  We narrate to you from the history of Moses and Pharaoh in all verity, for those who believe
28:4  The Pharaoh had become high and mighty in the land, and divided the people into different classes, and impoverished one class, slaying its males and sparing its women, for he was indeed a tyrant
28:5  We wished to favour those who were weak in the land and make them leaders and heirs
28:6  And establish them in the country; and to make the Pharaoh, Haman and their hordes beware of what they feared from them
28:7  So We conveyed to the mother of Moses: "Suckle him. If you are afraid for him, cast him in the river without any fear or regret, for We shall restore him to you, and make him an apostle."
28:8  Then he was picked up by the family of Pharaoh (unaware) that he would become their enemy and a cause for regret. Surely the Pharaoh, Haman and their hordes were habitual sinners
28:9  The Pharaoh's wife said: "He will be a comfort to me and to you. Do not kill him. He may well be of some advantage to us, or we may adopt him as a son." They were not aware (of what the future held in store)
28:10  The mother of Moses was perturbed in the morning. Had We not strengthened her heart to remain a believer she had almost given him away
28:11  She told his sister: "Follow him." So she kept an eye on him from a distance, unbeknown to them
28:12  We made (Moses) refuse a wet nurse. So his sister said: "Should I tell you of a household that could bring him up for you and take care of him?"
28:13  Thus We restored him to his mother that she may be tranquil and not grieve, and know that the promise of God is true, though most men do not know
28:14  When he had grown up to full maturity, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. Thus do We recompense the doers of good
28:15  He came to the city when the people were in a care-free mood, and saw two men quarrelling, one belonging to his community, the other to his enemies. The man who belonged to his community appealed for help against the one who belonged to the enemies. Moses struck him a blow with his fist and finished him off. "This is of Satan's doing," he said. "He is certainly an enemy and a corrupter."
28:16  "O Lord," he prayed, "I have done wrong, forgive me." And God forgave him. Verily He is forgiving and kind
28:17  (Moses) said: "O Lord, as You have been gracious to me I will never aid the guilty."
28:18  In the morning he came to the city, fearful and hesitant. Just then he who had asked him for help the day before called out for help (again). "You are indeed a meddlesome fellow," Moses said to him
28:19  Then as he was about to lay hands on the one who was their common enemy, he cried out: "O Moses, do you want to kill me as you killed that person yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land and no peacemaker."
28:20  There came a man running from the other part of the city. "O Moses," he said, "the chiefs are deliberating to kill you. Go away from the city. I wish you well."
28:21  So he left the city, fearful and hesitant, (and) prayed: "O Lord, deliver me from these wicked people."
28:22  Then as he turned his face to Midian, he said: "Maybe my Lord will show me the right way."
28:23  And when he came to the waters of Midian he found a crowd of people watering (their flocks), and saw two maidens holding back (their cattle). He asked: "What is the trouble with you?" They said: "We cannot water our flock till the shepherds have driven away theirs, and our father is a very old man."
28:24  So he watered (their flock), and moved into the shade and prayed: "My Lord, I have need of whatever good you send me."
28:25  Then one of the (maidens) came to him walking bashfully, (and) said: "My father invites you that he may repay you for having watered our flock." So, when (Moses) came to him and told him his story, he said: "Have no fear. You have escaped from the wicked people."
28:26  Said one of the maidens: "O father, employ him. Surely the best (man) to employ is one who is strong and honest."
28:27  He said: "I would like to marry one of these two daughters of mine to you if you agree to work for me on hire for eight years. And if you stay on for ten, it is up to you. I do not wish to impose any hardship on you. God willing you will find me a man of honour."
28:28  (Moses) said: "This is (agreed) between you and me. Whichever term I fulfil, no injustice will be done to me. God is witness to our agreement."
28:29  When Moses had fulfilled the term and was journeying with his family, he noticed a fire on the side of the mountain. "Wait here," he said to his family; "I have seen a fire. I may haply bring some news from there, or an ember that you may warm yourselves."
28:30  When he drew near, a voice called out to him from the tree on the blessed spot on the right side of the valley: "O Moses, I am verily God, the Lord of all the worlds
28:31  Throw down your staff." When he saw it wriggling like a serpent, he turned about and fled without turning. "O Moses, approach," (said the Voice), "and have no fear. You will be safe
28:32  Put your hand inside your shirt. It will come out white without a tarnish of blame; and do not be perturbed or afraid. These are two proofs from your Lord for the Pharaoh and his nobles. They are certainly a rebellious people."
28:33  He said: "O Lord, I have killed a man of theirs, and fear they would kill me
28:34  So send my brother Aaron with me as helper for he is more fluent than I with words, that he should affirm me, for I fear that they would call me a liar."
28:35  (And) God said: "We shall strengthen your arm with your brother, and give you power with Our signs and give you authority, so that they will not be able to harm you. Both of you and your followers will be victorious."
28:36  But when Moses came to them with Our clear signs they said: "This is nothing but magic he has contrived, for we have not heard of this from our fathers of old."
28:37  But Moses said: "My Lord knows well who has come with guidance from Him, and for whom is the guerdon of Paradise. But surely the wicked will not prosper."
28:38  The Pharaoh said: "O nobles, I am not aware of any other lord of yours but myself. So, O Haman, fire some clay (bricks) to build a tower for me that I may mount up (and see) the God of Moses; for I think he is a liar."
28:39  He and his soldiers had become arrogant in the land for no reason, and did not think that they have to come back to Us in the end
28:40  So We seized him and his hordes and threw them into the sea. Behold then how was the end of the wicked
28:41  We made them the leaders of those who call to Hell; and on the Day of Judgement they will not be helped
28:42  A curse lies upon them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be despised
28:43  After We had destroyed the earlier generations We gave Moses the Book as evidence for mankind, and a guidance and grace, so that they may remember
28:44  You were not there on the western side (of Mount Sinai) when We gave the commandments to Moses, nor were you witness (to the event)
28:45  We raised (many more) generations and prolonged their lives. You did not live with the people of Midian, nor recited to them Our revelations; but We kept on sending messengers
28:46  You were not present on the side of Mount Sinai when We called. And all this (knowledge that you are given) is by the grace of your Lord so that you may warn a people to whom no admonisher had come before you, that they may take heed
28:47  And in case disaster comes upon them for what they have done themselves, they should say: "O Lord, why did You not send an apostle to us that we should have followed Your commands, and been with those who are believers;"
28:48  But when the truth came to them from Us, they said: "Why is he not given the like of what was given to Moses?" Did they not disbelieve before in what was given to Moses? They said: "Both are imposters one like the other," and added: "We do not believe in either."
28:49  Say: "Then bring a Book from God which gives better guidance than these so that I may follow it, if you speak the truth."
28:50  Then, if they cannot give you an answer, know that they are only following their lusts. And who can be farther astray than he who follows his lust without any guidance from God? And certainly God does not guide an unjust people
28:51  We have been sending word to them that they may take a warning
28:52  Those to whom We gave the Book before this do believe in it
28:53  And when it is read out to them, say: "We believe in it. It's the truth from our Lord. We had committed ourselves before it came."
28:54  These will be given their recompense twice, for they persevered and repelled evil with good, and spent of what We had given them
28:55  When they hear idle talk they turn aside and say: "To us our actions, to you yours. Peace on you; we do not look for the ignorant."
28:56  You cannot guide any one you like: God guides whosoever He please. He knows best who will come to guidance
28:57  They say: "If we followed your guidance we would be driven from the land by force." Have We not set up a sanctuary for them, to which is brought a wealth of everything as provision from Us? But most of them do not understand
28:58  How many habitations that had come to boast of their resources have We destroyed? These their dwellings were never inhabited except rarely after them; and they came back to Us
28:59  But your Lord does not destroy habitations without having sent an apostle to their metropolis to read out Our commandments to them. We would never have destroyed cities if their inhabitants were not given to wickedness
28:60  Whatsoever has been given you is the stuff this life is made of, and only its embellishment. What is with your Lord is better and abiding. Will you not understand
28:61  Can one who was given a better promise, which he will find come true, be like him who was given a little enjoyment of this life, but who will afterwards be brought (to judgement) on the Day of Resurrection
28:62  That day God will call them and ask: "Where are they you imagined were My compeers?"
28:63  Those against whom the sentence is justified will say: "O Lord, these are those we had led astray as we had ourselves gone astray. We clear ourselves before You: They never worshipped us."
28:64  (The sinners) will be told: "Invoke your partners." They will call on them, but they will not answer; and they will see the torment (and wish) if only they had come to guidance
28:65  (God) will ask them on that day: "What answer did you give the apostles?"
28:66  Then all news will be blacked out for them, and they will not even ask one another
28:67  But he who repents and believes and does good things may well be among the successful
28:68  Your Lord creates what He wills and chooses. The good is not for them to choose. Too holy and high is God for what they associate with Him
28:69  Your Lord well knows what they hide in their breasts and what they disclose
28:70  He is God. There is no god but He. His alone is praise first and last, and His the judgement, and to Him will you be brought back in the end
28:71  Say: "Just think, if God were to cover you up with night for ever until the Day of Doom, what other god apart from God will give you light? Why do you not pay heed?"
28:72  Say: "Just think. If God were to make the day perpetual till the Day of Resurrection, what other god but God would bring you night for rest? Why do you not reflect
28:73  Yet in His benevolence He made you night and day that you may rest and seek His bounty during them, and haply maybe grateful."
28:74  Upon a day He will call them and ask: "Where are they you imagined were My compeers?"
28:75  And We shall single out one witness from each community and say: "Bring your proof." Then will they know that God's is the judgement, and what they contrived will avail them not in the least
28:76  Verily Qarun was of Moses' people, but he began to oppress them. We had given him treasures, so many that a team of wrestlers could hardly lift their keys. His people said to him: "Do not be exultant. God does not like those who exult
28:77  So seek the abode of the Hereafter through what God has given you, and do not forget your part in this world. Do good to others as God has done good to you, and do not try to spread corruption in the land. Surely God does not like corrupters."
28:78  He said: "This has come to me through my own acumen." Did he not know that God had destroyed many generations before him who possessed far more acumen than he, and more wealth? The sinners will not be asked about their sins
28:79  Then he came before his people in all pomp; and those enamoured of this world, said: "Ah would that we had what Qarun has been given! He indeed possesses great good fortune."
28:80  But those who knew better, said: "Alack-a-day! God's guerdon is better for those who believe and do the right. Only those who persevere will receive it."
28:81  So We opened up the earth and sunk him and his mansion. There was not a body that could help him against (the will) of God, nor was he able to save himself
28:82  Those who were envious of his position only yesterday said on the morrow: "Indeed God increases the fortunes of those of His creatures as He will, and decreases. Had God not been gracious to us He could have (opened up) the earth and made it swallow us. Surely the infidels will not succeed."
28:83  We shall give the mansion of the Hereafter to those who do not want to be haughty in the land and spread corruption. The future belongs to those who take heed for themselves and follow the straight path
28:84  Whoever does good will receive better than what he has done; and whoever does ill shall be requited but to the extent of what he does
28:85  He who has assigned (the propagation) of the Qur'an to you will bring you back to the destination. Say: "My Lord knows who has come to guidance, and who is clearly in error."
28:86  You did not expect that the Book would be given to you except by the favour of your Lord. So do not be the helper of unbelievers
28:87  Nor should you let them turn you away from the commandments of God once they have been delivered to you; and call them to your Lord, and do not be an idolater
28:88  And do not call on any other god apart from God. There is no god but He. All things will perish save His magnificence. His is the judgement, and to Him will you be brought back in the end