Deaf, dumb and blind, they will not return to the straight path.
Or they are like a raincloud in a sky full of darkness, thunder and lightning. They stick their fingers in their ears for fear of death by thunderbolts. Allah has the disbelievers surrounded.
The lightning nearly blinds them; whenever it lights up they walk about
in it, and when it falls dark they stand still. If Allah wanted, He could take their hearing and sight. Allah controls all things
People, worship your Lord Who created you and those before you, so that you may guard yourselves against evil
Who spread out the Earth for you and made the sky a roof, and sent down rain by which He produces fruits to provide for you. So, do not knowingly make any rivals equal with Allah.
If you have doubts about what We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a surat like it and call all your witnesses and supporters besides Allah; that is
if you are truthful
If you have not done so – and you will never be able to do so – then fear the Fire whose fuel is people and brimstone, prepared for the disbelievers
And to those who believe and carry out good works, give them good news of gardens with running streams beneath them. Each time they are given a fruit to eat from there, they say: “We used to eat this before”. They will be given something like it, and they will have chaste spouses and live there forever
Allah is not embarrassed to give the example of a mosquito or something even smaller. Those who believe know that this is the truth from their Lord, but those who disbelieve say: “What does Allah mean by this example?” He allows many to be misguided by it and others to be guided; yet
only the disobedient are misguided by it,
those who break their ties with Allah after it has been agreed; they break the ties
that Allah has ordered to be joined, and they make trouble in the land: these are the losers.
How can you deny Allah when you were dead and He brought you to life, then He will cause you to die and give you life once more, and to Him you shall be returned.
It is He who created everything on Earth for you, then He turned to the sky and completed the seven Heavens; He has knowledge of all things.
Remember when Your Lord told the Angels: “I am creating a representative on Earth”. They replied: “Are You creating someone who will make trouble there and shed blood? Is it not enough that we glorify You with praises and proclaim Your Holiness?” He said: “I know what you don’t know”
He taught Adam the names of all things, then presented them to the Angels and asked: “Tell Me the names of these things, if you are right”.
They said, “Glory be to You! We only know what You have taught us. You are the Knower and Wise”.
He said, “Adam, tell them their names”. So, when Adam
told them all
of the names, Allah
said: “Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the Heavens and the Earth, and that I know what you show and what you hide?”
Then We commanded the Angels to prostrate to Adam, they all prostrated except Iblis, Satan; he disobeyed, acted arrogantly and was ungrateful
We said: “Adam, live with your wife in Paradise and eat freely from wherever you want, but don’t go near this tree, or you will be wrongdoers”.
But Satan tempted them and had them expelled from where they were. We told them: “Go down as enemies of each other on Earth, you will have a place to live and things to enjoy for a fixed term”.
,Adam received words of inspiration
from his Lord, so He accepted his repentance; He is Forgiving, Kind.
We said: “Go down from here, you all! When the guidance comes from Me, whoever follows it will have nothing to fear, nor to grieve”.
Those who disbelieved and denied Our verses, these are the people of the Fire, and they will be there forever
Children of Israel, remember My gifts I gave you, and fulfil My contract, and I will fulfil your contract. Fear Me!
Believe what I have revealed, it confirms what you already
have, and don’t be the first to deny it or to sell My verses cheaply. Be mindful of Me
Do not mix the truth with falsehood, nor knowingly hide the truth.
Perform prayer, pay Zakat, and bow down with those who bow in prayer
You tell people to be righteous but forget yourselves, although you read The Book? Don’t you understand?
Seek help through patience and prayer; these are burdensome virtues except for the humble,
who believe they will meet their Lord. In the end,
they will return to Him
Children of Israel, remember the great
gifts that I gave you when I favoured you above all other people;
and fear the day when no one will be willing to pay even a small ransom for another person, and no intercession will be accepted from the disbelievers nor any compensation allowed, and nor will they be helped.
when We saved you from the people of Pharaoh who punished you severely, killing your sons and sparing your women; that was a tremendous test from your Lord.
And rememberalso when We parted the sea for you, rescuing you but drowning the people of Pharaoh before your very eyes
when We invited Musa for forty nights, but you began worshipping the golden
Afterwards We pardoned you so that you might be grateful.
Then We gave Musa The Book and told him how to judge right from wrong so that you may be guided.
Remember when Musa said to his people: “My people, you have committed a major sin by worshipping the golden
calf; so repent to your Maker and punish the culprits
among yourselves. That is better for you in the sight of your Maker so that He may accept your repentance: indeed, He is Relenting and Kind”.
when you said: “Musa, we won’t believe you until we openly see Allah”, and a thunderbolt struck you as you watched.
We then resurrected you after death so you might be thankful
We sent clouds to give you shade, We sent Manna and quails for you, saying:
“Eat the pure provision We have provided you”. They didn’t harm Us, but they harmed themselves.
When We said: “Enter this town and eat from wherever you like, and enter the gate with humility saying: ‘Forgive us’ so We forgive your sins and increase the reward of the righteous”.
The wrongdoers altered the words to something
other than what they were taught. So, We sent down a plague from the sky for their wickedness
When Musa prayed for water for his people. We said: “Strike the rock with your staff”, twelve springs gushed out, and each tribe recognised its drinking place. “Eat and drink Allah’s provision, and don’t go around making trouble in the land”.
When you said: “Musa, we are weary of eating the same meal every day
, so ask your Lord to produce for us, herbs, cucumbers, garlic, lentil and onions”. He said: “Why are you swapping something superior for something less? Go back to Egypt, if that’s what you want”. So, they were disgraced and humiliated, and brought on themselves Allah’s anger because they denied His signs, killed the prophets unjustly, disobeyed and often broke the rules
The believers, the Jews, Christians and Sabians, whoever believed in Allah, the Hereafter and did righteous works, shall have reward from their Lord. They shall not fear nor grieve.
With the mountain towering over you, We took your contract, saying:
“Hold firmly to what We have given you and remember what it teaches so you become mindful of Allah”.
But you turned away. If it hadn’t been for the grace and Allah’s favour, you would be losers.
Youknew those who broke the law of Sabbath; We said to them: “Be like
apes, shunned and rejected”.
So, We made their fate an example for their generation and those who followed them, and a clear lesson for the God-fearing
when Musa said to his people: “Allah commands you to slaughter a cow”. They said: “Are you joking with us?” He replied: “Allah forbids that I should be so bad-mannered”.
They said: “Then ask your Lord to explain what sort of cow it is”. He answered: “He says she is neither old nor young but in-between, so do as instructed”.
They said: “Ask your Lord to clarify what colour she is”. He said: “Allah says it is a light-yellow coloured cow, pleasing to the onlookers”.
They again repeated
: “Ask your Lord to spell out for us what she looks like, as all cows look similar to us; then, if Allah wills, we shall be guided”.
said: “He says she is a cow that has not been yoked for ploughing or watering the fields, a healthy cow with no scars”. They then said: “Now you have given us the exact description”. Eventually they slaughtered it though they disliked doing so
when you killed a person, and you quarrelled about it; Allah exposed what you were hiding.
So, We told them: “Touch with a piece of the cow’s meat the corpse of the dead
person”. That is how Allah brings the dead to life, and He shows you His signs so you might understand
Afterwards, your hearts became hard like rocks or even harder. There are some rocks from which streams flow, and there are others when split open, water flows from them, and yet other rocks which tumble down out of fear of Allah, He is not unaware of what you do.
Do you expect them to believe you when a group of them hears the words of Allah and, after understanding them, deliberately changes them
When such people
meet those who believe, they tell them: “We believe”. However, when they are alone, they say: “Why tell them about what Allah has granted you so they use it as evidence against you before your Lord. Don’t you have any sense?”
Do they not realise, Allah knows what they hide and what they publicise?
Some of them are illiterate; their knowledge of The Book is based on
false hopes, and mere guess.
What misery awaits those who rewrite The Book with their own hands and then claim: “This is from Allah”, just to earn a little money! What misery awaits them for what their hands have written, and what misery awaits them for what they have earned
They claim: “The Fire will only burn us for a few days”. Ask them: “Have you taken a pledge from Allah; He never breaks His pledge, or are you making a claim about Allah, ignorantly?”
Rather, the evildoers are occupied in their sins, these are the people of the Fire, there forever.
But those who believed and did righteous works, these are the people of Paradise, there forever
when We took the contract from the Israelites: worship Allah alone, care for parents, relatives, orphans and the needy; speak kindly to people; perform the prayer and give Zakat. Unfortunately, you turned away, objecting to it except a few of you.
We took the contract that you would not shed one another’s blood or expel one another from their homes; you accepted and witnessed
You were killing one another, one group forcing the other out of their homes, or helping one side to commit
sin and sow
enmity against the other. When you took them prisoners, you demanded a ransom for them, although it was forbidden to evict them in the first place. Do you believe in some parts of The Book and reject others? The only fitting punishment for those who commit such crimes is disgrace in this life, and on Judgement Day will be dispatched to the severest punishments. Allah is not unaware of what you do.
Such people have chosen this worldly life instead of The Hereafter; their punishment will not be lessened nor will they be helped
We gave Musa The Book and sent messengers afterwards
to succeed him. We gave miracles to Isa, son of Maryam, and supported him with the Spirit of the Holy One. Is it not true
that whenever a messenger came to you with a message that you did not like you became arrogant, refusing to believe some of them
and killing others.
They said: “Our hearts are covered”. Indeed, Allah cursed them because of their disbelief. How little they believe
When a book from Allah came to them, the Majestic Quran, confirming what they already have – they used to pray for victory over the disbelievers – when what they recognise as true
comes to them, they deny it. So, Allah’s curse falls
on the disbelievers.
What a miserable price they have sold themselves for, denying rudely what Allah has revealed, because Allah sends down His favour on anyone of His Servants He wills! That is why
they have brought down on themselves wrath upon wrath; for such
disbelievers is humiliating punishment.
And when they are told: “Believe in what Allah has sent”, they say: “We believe in what was sent to us”. However, they deny what came afterwards, even though it is the truth confirming that which they already have. Ask them: “Why then, if you were believers, did you kill the previous prophets of Allah?
Musa came to you with miracles, but
you started worshipping the calf soon
afterwards, and became wrongdoers.
We took a contract from you, near the Mount Sinai towering over you, and We said
: “Hold on firmly to what We gave you and listen”, but your forefathers
said: “We hear and we disobey”, swallowing love of
the calf deep
into their hearts because they were unthankful. Tell them: “How wrong is what your faith tells you to do, if you are believers!”
Say: “If the Final Abode with Allah is reserved solely for you and no one else, then why do you not
wish for death, if you are truthful?”
However, they will never wish for it since they know well
what their hands have stockpiled, and Allah knows well who the wrongdoers are
You will find them and some of the idolators among the most eager of people for the pleasures of
this worldly life. Every single one of them would love to live a thousand years, even though living so long would not save them from the punishment. Allah sees what they do
Ask: “Who is the enemy of Jibreel?” He brought the Quran down into your heart by Allah’s authority, confirming what came before it, and as guidance and good news for the believers.
Whoever is an enemy of Allah, His Angels, His Messengers, and Jibreel and Mikaeel, should know
that Allah is the enemy of such
We have sent down to you clear verses, and only the wicked deny them.
Every time they enter an agreement, a group of them breaks it; in fact, most of them do not believe.
When a messenger from Allah came to them, confirming what they already had, a group of the People of The Book refused to accept it, pretending that they had never heard of it.
followed the devilish people who had fabricated about the kingdom of Sulayman. Sulayman did not disbelieve; rather, it was the devilish people who became disbelievers by teaching people magic and what had been given to the two angels
, Harut and Marut, in Babylon. These two angels did not teach anyone until they had warned them: “We are sent as
a test, so do not disbelieve”. From these two angels
, they learned how to create conflict between husband and wife, but they couldn’t harm anyone without Allah’s permission. So, people studied what harmed them rather than what benefitted them, knowing that anyone who gained this knowledge of magic
will have no share in the Hereafter. How wretched is what they have sold themselves for! If only they knew!
Had they believed and feared Allah
, the reward would have been far better, if they knew
Believers, do not say: “Ra’ina, but insteadsay: “Look at us, and listen carefully to him”. As for the disbelievers, a painful punishment awaits.
Neither the disbelievers among the People of The Book nor the idolaters desire that anything good should come from your Lord; Allah chooses for his favour anyone who wants to please Him, He is Gracious
If ever We abrogate or postpone any verse, We replace it with something better or similar. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?
Do you not know that the Kingdom of Heaven and Earth belongs to Allah; there is no protector and helper for you besides Him.
Or do you want to ask your Messenger what Musa was asked by others
before? We hope not, because
whoever swaps faith for disbelief has wandered far from the straight path.
Many of the People of The Book would dearly love to change you into disbelievers after you have believed; this is
out of jealousy inside themselves even
after truth has become clear to them. So, believers
, pardon and be forgiving until Allah fulfils His command. Allah has control over all things
And perform prayer and give Zakat; whatever good you send ahead for yourselves, you will find it with Allah. Allah sees all that you do.
They claim that only the Jews, or only the Christians, will enter Paradise; this is their wishful thinking. Say: “If you are telling the truth, prove it”.
On the contrary, anyone who submits to Allah and is righteous, their reward shall be with their Lord, and they shall neither fear nor grieve
The Jews say: “The Christians are misguided”, and the Christians say: “The Jews are misguided”, yet all read the same
Book the Bible. Similarly, those who know nothing say the same thing as them. Allah will decide between them on Judgement Day regarding their differences
Who can be more wicked than the one who stops people from glorifying Allah’s name in His Mosques, and who tries to destroy them? Yet they should only enter them in the fear of Allah
. They shall suffer disgrace in this world and severe punishment in the Hereafter
The East and the West belong to Allah, so wherever you turn, Allah’s Presence will be there. Indeed, Allah is Boundlessly Vast, the Knowing.
They claim Allah has adopted a son. Glory be to Him! The Heavens and the Earth belong to Him; everything obeys Him,
The Creator of The Heavens and the Earth. When He decides on any matter, He only says: “Be!” And there
The ignorant say: “If Allah spoke to us, or sent us a sign, we would believe.” People before them said similar things; they think alike. We have made Our signs abundantly
clear for those who firmly believe
, We sent you with the truth, as the bearer of good news and a warner; you will not be asked about the people of blazing fire.
The Jews and the Christians will never be satisfied with you until you follow their religion. Tell them: “Allah’s guidance is the only guidance”. If you Muslims
follow their wishes after the knowledge has come to you, then you will have no one to protect you from Allah and to help you .
Those given The Book, recite as it ought to be recited, they are the true believers. Anyone who disbelieves in it, they are the losers
Children of Israel, remember My gifts to you; I preferred you over all other people.
So, fear a day when no one will be able to compensate for anyone else; no ransom will be accepted, and no one’s intercession will benefit, and they will not be helped
when Ibrahim was put to all kinds of tests by His Lord, he achieved them. His Lord said: “I will make you a leader of humanity”, so he asked: “And what about my children?” Allah said: “My pledge will not benefit the evildoers amongst them”.
We made The Ancient
House a safe and much frequented place, saying
: “Take the place whereIbrahim stood as a place of prayer”. And We told Ibrahim and Ismael: “Keep My House clean for those who circle it, those who stay there to worship, to bow and to prostrate”.
when Ibrahim prayed: “Lord, make this a city of sanctuary, and sustain with fruits those who believe in Allah and The Last Day”. Allah
said: “The disbelievers, We shall let them enjoy themselves a little, then drive them towards the punishment of Fire. What a terrible destination!
when Ibrahim and Ismael were raising the foundations of The House, they prayed: “Our Lord, accept this
from us. You are the Listener, the Knower.
Our Lord, keep us committed to You, and make our children a community that submits to You, and teach us our rites, and be relenting towards us: indeed. You accept repentance, the Kind.
Our Lord, send them a messenger from their people, who will teach your signs, the Book, the wisdom, and purify them. You are the Almighty, the Wise”
Only a fool can turn away from the religion of Ibrahim; We chose him in this world, and in the next life he will be among the Righteous.
when His Lord said to him: “Submit”, and he replied: “I submit myself to the Lord of the Universe”.
He advised his children to submit
, and later
did the same, saying: “My children, Allah has chosen your religion for you, so till you die remain as true Muslims”
Were you witness when death came to Yaqub? Remember
when he asked his children: “What will you worship after me?” And
they replied: “We will worship Your God and the God of our forefathers, Ibrahim, Ismael and Ishaq, the One God, and we submit to Him”.
That community has passed away; they will reap the reward of what they did, and so will you, and you will not be asked about what they did
They say to you
: “Become Jews…”, or: “Become Christians and you will be guided”. Tell them: “In fact our religion is
the religion of Ibrahim, who was a true
Hanif, and was not an idolater”.
Say: “We believe in Allah and in what is revealed to us, and in what was revealed to Ibrahim, Ismael, Ishaq, Yaqub and the Tribes, and in what was given to Musa and Isa, and in what was given to all
the prophets from their Lord: we make no distinction between any one of them, we submit to Him”
If they decide to
believe in the same God
as you believe, then they will be guided, but if they turn away, they will be divided. Allah will be sufficient for you against them. He is the Listener, the Knower.
The dye of Allah is the best
, whose dye is better than Allah’s at colouring our whole being
? We worship Him alone
Say: “Do you argue with us about Allah, when He is Our Lord as well as Yours, when we have our deeds and you have yours, we are absolutely committed to Him?”
Or do you claim that Ibrahim, Ismail, Ishaq, Yaqub and the Tribes were “Jews” or “Christians?” Say: “Who knows better, you or Allah? And who can be more sinful than the one who tries to hide evidence from Allah? Indeed, Allah is not unaware of what you do”.
That community has passed away; they will reap the reward of what they did, and so will you, and you will not be questioned about what they did
Some foolish people will ask: “What has turned them away from the direction they used to pray in?” Say: “The East and The West belong to Allah. He guides to the straight path anyone who wants to be guided”.
So We made you a well-balanced nation, to be witnesses against humanity, and the Messenger will be your witness. We only established your previous prayer direction towards Aqsa Mosque
to distinguish those who follow the Messenger from those who turn on their heels. This was indeed a difficult test, except for those whom Allah has guided; Allah will never allow your prayer to go to waste. Indeed, Allah is Most Kind and Gracious to people.
We saw you turning your face towards the Heaven, and We shall turn you towards a direction of the prayer that will please you. So, now turn your face towards The Sacred Mosque. Wherever you are, turn your faces towards it. Those who were given The Book know well
that this is the truth from their Lord, and Allah is aware of what they do
Even if you were to produce conclusive evidence for the People of The Book, they will not adopt your direction of prayer, nor will you adopt their direction of prayer; in fact
, they do not even follow each other’s direction. If anyone were to follow their desires after the knowledge has come to you then they would be wrongdoers.
Those Jews given the Book recognise The Messenger
just as they recognise their sons, yet
a group of them deliberately tries to hide the truth.
The truth has come from your Lord. Listener
, don’t be among those who have doubts about it
Everyone has a direction to which theyturn, so compete in doing good works. Wherever you happen to be, Allah will bring you together. Allah has power over everything.
By whichever direction you go out ofMadinah ,
turn to face the Sacred Mosque in prayer
; that is the truth from your Lord, and Allah is not unaware of what you do.
In whichever direction you go always turn to face the Sacred Mosque. All of you, wherever you are, always turn your faces towards it, so that people do not have any evidence of disunity
against you except, of course
, the wrongdoers among them. Don’t be afraid of them, but fear Me, so I will complete My favours on you, and ensure you are guided
For example, We sent to you a noble
Messenger from amongst you; he recites Our verses for you, purifies you, teaches you the Book and wisdom, and teaches youwhat you didn’t know.
So, remember Me, and I shall remember you. Be thankful to Me, and don’t be unthankful to Me
Believers, find strength through patience and prayer – Allah is with those who are patient
Don’t speak irreverently
of those who were killed fighting
in Allah’s way, that they are
“dead”; rather, they are living, though you don’t sense it
We will certainly test you: with fear, hunger, loss of wealth, health and harvests. Give good news to the patient
and who, when they are struck by misfortune, softly
say: “We belong to Allah and are returning to Him”.
These are the ones who shall be blessed and will be taken care of by their Lord; they are the guided
The hills of Safa and Marwa are Symbols of Allah; whoever comes to Allah’s
House to perform the Hajj or Umrah, let him know that
there is no objection in walking between them. Whoever works voluntarily will be rewarded by Allah, the Knower of all things
Those who hide the clear signs and the guidance We have revealed, after We have clearly explained it in The Book for people, they are the ones whom Allah curses, as do those who have the authority to
but if they repent, reform themselves and openly declare faith then I shall accept their repentance; I am the Accepter of repentance and the Kind.
Those who disbelieve and die as disbelievers will be cursed by Allah, the angels and the rest
dwelling therein forever, and their punishment will be neither reduced nor delayed
Your God is one God; there is no God beside Him, the Kind, the Caring.
In the creation of The Heavens and the Earth, in the cycle of night and day, and in the ships which sail the seas for people’s profit; in the rain Allah sends down from the skies, bringing the dead Earth to life, and causing it to abound with all kinds of animals; in the movements of the winds, and in the clouds which float between Heaven and Earth: in all these things,
there are signs for people who understand
Some people take idols beside Allah, loving them as much as they
love Allah, whereas
those who believe, love Allah passionately. If only the wrongdoers could see the punishment, they would realise that Allah possesses all power, and that Allah’s punishment is severe.
On Judgement Day
, the followers of idols
will be disowned by the idols they served, and they will see the punishment, and their ties with these idols
torn to shreds.
Then the followers will say: “If only we had another chance so we could disown them as they have disowned us today
”. That is how Allah will show them their deeds, which they will bitterly regret, and they will never get out of the Fire of Hell
People, eat of what is lawful and wholesome on Earth, and do not follow the footsteps of Satan; he is your open enemy
He will direct you to evil, indecency and saying things about Allah which you don’t know.
When the disbelievers
are told, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say: “No! We follow what we found our ancestors doing”, even though their ancestors lacked both basic understanding and guidance.
The disbelievers are like the bleating sheep being called
loudlyby the shepherd,
they hear nothing but crying and screaming; deaf, dumb and blind, they simply
Believers, eat the wholesome foods We provide you and thank Allah, if you truly worship Him.
things He has made unlawful for you are carrion, blood, pork, and animals slaughtered in any name other than Allah’s. However, if anyone is compelled by circumstance
, not because he desires it or wishes to disobey Allah
, then he commits no sin. Allah is the Forgiving, the Kind
Anyone who hides what Allah has revealed in the Book, or sells it for a small sum of money
are filling their stomachs with Hellfire. Allah will neither speak to them nor purify them on Judgement Day; they shall have a painful punishment.
They have chosen for themselves
error over guidance and punishment over forgiveness. How will they endure Hellfire?
That is because Allah has sent The Book with the truth, but
those who differ about The Book have digressed with farfetched heresy
Righteousness is not simply turning your face towards The East or The West in prayer,
rather, righteousness is believing in Allah, The Last Day, the angels, the revealed
books and the prophets; spending wealth for the love of Allah on relatives, orphans, the needy, travellers, beggars and freeing slaves; performing prayer and paying Zakat; fulfilling any contracts one has entered; and being patient in illness, misfortune and in times of hardship. Those who do these things
are the truthful people, and they are mindful of Allah
Believers, retribution is prescribed for you in the case of victims of murderers: a free man for a free man, a slave for a slave, and a woman for a woman. However
, if the culprit
is pardoned by his aggrieved
brother, this will be adhered to in accordance with best practice, the culprit
paying the next of kin
what is due. This represents a lightening of the burden
and an act of kindness from your Lord. After this day
if anyone goes beyond these limits,
they will suffer a painful punishment.
The people of understanding will appreciate
that in the law of retribution there is a means for preserving
life, so you’re stopped from being unfair
prescribed for you is the writing of a will
: when death approaches any of you, who is leaving behind wealth, let him prepare a will in favour of parents and close relatives in accordance with best practice; this is a duty upon those who are mindful of Allah
If any witness
, after hearing the terms
, alters them then they – and they alone – has committed a sin. Allah is the Hearer, the Knower.
Anyone who suspects that a testator has made a mistake intentionally or unintentionally, and tries to put things right between the parties, commits no sin in doing so. Allah is the Forgiving, the Kind
Believers, fasting has been compulsory for you as it was made compulsory for those before you so you become mindful of Allah
for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey then let him fast
number of days later
. The obligatory compensation on those who do not fast,
is to feed a needy person, if they
can afford it. However, anyone who voluntarily does good will benefit from that, but
to fast would be better for you, if you knew.
The Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan; the Quran
is a guidance for people, it contains clear teachings and distinguishes right from wrong
; whoever is present in the month must fast in it, but, if anyone is ill or on a journey, then let them fast
number of days later
. Allah wants ease for you, not difficulty, and wants to see you complete the compulsory
number of fasts. So,
glorify Allah for guiding you, and be ever-thankful
If My servants ask you about Me, tell them that
I am near, I answer the
prayer of the prayerful whenever he prays to Me. So, let them obey Me, and believe in Me so they may be guided
It is permissible for you to sleep with your wives during the nights of the fast – they are like
a garment for you, as you are for them. Allah knew that you were deceiving yourselves by what you were doing in secret
, and He has relented towards you and pardoned you. So now be intimate with them, and desire whatever Allah has allowed you, and eat and drink until the white streak of dawn is distinct from the blackness of the night, then complete the fast until the nightfall. However, do not be intimate with your wives on those nights
when you are engaged in a spiritual
retreat in the Mosque. These are Allah’s boundaries, so do not breach them. This is how Allah explains His verses for people, so they are mindful
Do not misuse your wealth by spending it
amongst yourselves for wrong purpose, or by deliberately bribing judges to misuse a part of other people’s wealth wrongfully
They ask you about the crescent moon, say: “It is to help
people keep track of time, not least
for the pilgrimage”. There is no virtue in entering homes from the back, but virtue lies in piety. Enterhomes from front doors, and be mindful of Allah so you may be successful
Fight in Allah’s way those who fight you, but do not attack first. Allah does not like aggressors.
When in battle,
fight them wherever you find them, and expel them from where they expelled you. A prolonged campaign of
persecution is far worse than a decisive battle involving
killing. Do not attack them near the Sacred Mosque until they attack you. If they attack you, fight back; that is the way to deal with the disbelievers.
If they cease fighting, Allah is the Forgiving, the Kind
Fight them until there is no more persecution, and people are free to worship Allah. If they cease fighting, then let there be no hostility except against wrongdoers.
A sacred month always remains a sacred month; therefore, any violation of what Allah has forbidden calls for retaliation. If someone is hostile to you, respond in equal measure, and be mindful of Allah, and know for certain
that Allah is with the pious.
Spend generously in Allah’s way, but do not cast yourselves into the jaws of
destruction by your own hands, and do your best. Allah loves those who do good
Perform Hajj and Umrah for the sake of Allah. If you are prevented from performing Umrah
, then make
whatever sacrificial offering you can afford. Do not shave your heads until your offering has reached the place of sacrifice in Mina
. If anyone of you is ill or has a disease of the scalp then he should fast, give in charity or make a sacrifice in compensation. When you are safe, then anyone wishing to combine Hajj and Umrah must make
whatever sacrificial offering he can afford, and
anyone who lacks the means to do so should fast for three days during the pilgrimage and seven days after returning home – that is ten days in all. This applies to those whose families do not live near the Sacred Mosque. Be mindful of Allah, and remember Allah’s punishment is severe
Hajj takes place in the specified months, and anyone undertaking this duty must not: engage in sexual intimacy with one’s spouse
; commit sin nor quarrel with each other. Whatever good you do, Allah knows it. Prepare yourselves for Hajj
, and the best preparation is being mindful of Allah
. People of understanding, be mindful of Me.
There is no sin in seeking your Lord’s bounty by offering a service whilst performing your Hajj
. When you leave Mount Arafat, remember Allah at the sacred place of Muzdalifa
. Remember Him, because He guided you when, in the past, you were misguided.
Then set off from where other
people set off, and seek Allah’s forgiveness. Indeed, Allah is the Forgiving, the Compassionate
Once you have completed your rites, remember Allah as you used to remember your ancestors, and even more. There are people who pray: “Our Lord, grant us wealth
in this world”, they will have no share in the Hereafter.
But others pray: “Our Lord, grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the punishment of the Fire”.
will have a full
share of what they earned, and Allah is swift in calculatinggood and bad deeds
Continue remembering Allah till specified days, but if anyone is in a hurry to leave after two days, he can,
he will not have sinned, nor will anyone who delays his departure have sinned, so long as he is mindful of Allah
. Be mindful of Allah, and know that you will be gathered before Him
There is a type of
person whose speech will please you, and he even calls on Allah as a witness to what is in his heart, yet he is the bitterest of opponents.
As soon as he turns away, he makes mischief in the land, destroying crops and cattle. Allah detests mischief
When he is told: “Fear Allah!” His pride leads him to sin. Hell will be enough for him. A dreadful place.
Yet there is another type
of person who would give away his life to gain Allah’s pleasure; Allah is Compassionate to His
Believers, submit and dedicate fully, and do not follow in the footsteps of Satan; he is your sworn enemy.
If you should turn back after clear signs have come to you, then know that Allah is the Almighty and the Wise.
What are they waiting for? Allah and the angels to come down in the shade of the clouds? By then, their
fate will have been sealed. In the end,
all matters will return to Allah
Ask the Israelites how many clear signs We gave them. Anyone who exchanges a gift of Allah for something else
after it has been granted to him, beware
; Allah is severe in His
The worldly life is attractive for the disbelievers; they may mock some believers now
, but the pious will rise
above them on Judgement Day. Allah will provide abundantly to those who He wishes
Humanity was once a single nation. Then Allah sent prophets, who brought good news and warnings, and He sent with them the Book containing the truth, providing rulings to help people solve their differences. This was due to the rivalry that arose from differences of interpretation
after clear signs had come to the People of The Book. However, Allah, by His authority, guided the believers to the truth regarding the point of disagreement. Allah guides to the straight path anyone who wants to be guided
Did you think of going to Paradise without experiencing the difficulties of those who
came before you? They were struck by misfortune and hardships, and were subjected to Earthquakes, even the messenger of that time
and those who believed him cried out: “When will Allah’s help come?” Beware, the help of Allah is near.
They ask you what they should spend their wealth
on; tell them: “Spend on your parents, relatives, orphans, the needy and the travellers”. Whatever good you have done Allah is the Knower and is fully aware
War is ordained though you dislike it. Sometimes
, you may dislike something that is good for you, and sometimes you may like something that is bad for you. Only Allah knows the whole truth
, not you.
They ask you about the sacred months, and specifically
fighting in them; say: “Fighting in them is a major sin, but blocking the way of Allah and rejecting Him, barring
access to the Sacred Mosque and expelling its residents from it – these are even greater offences
in Allah’s sight. A prolonged campaign of
persecution is a far greater sin than a decisive battle involving
killing”. The disbelievers
will go on fighting until they achieve what they want: that you give up your religion. But beware
. If any of you gives up his religion and dies as a disbeliever, such people’s deeds will come to nothing in this world and in the Hereafter. These are people of the Fire, where they will stay forever.
The believers, who migrated and struggled in Allah’s way, have full
hope in Allah’s Kindness. Allah is the Forgiving, the Kind
They ask you about wine and gambling; say: “Both are major sins, there is a small benefit for people, but the sin in them by far outweighs any benefits”. They ask you what they should spend in charity
, say: “Whatever you can spare”. This is how Allah explains His verses to you so that you may reflect,
in this world, and the next. They also ask you about orphans, say: “Keeping their affairs and accounts
in order is best. If you mix your investments
with theirs, remember that
they are your brothers and sisters, and Allah knows well who is straight and who is dishonest”. If Allah so wished, He could put you in all kinds
of difficulties. He is the Almighty, the Wise
Do not marry disbelieving women until they believe; a female slave who believes is better than an idolatress, even if the idolatress pleases you more. Similarly
, do not marry believing women to
any idolater until they believe; a male slave who believes is better than an idolater, even if the idolater is more pleasing. These idolaters
invite you to the Fire, whereas Allah, by His grace, invites you to Paradise and forgiveness; and He explains His verses for people to remind them
They ask you about menstruation, say: “It is a sore state that women go through
, so stay away from sexual intimacy with
women during menstruation, and do not approach them for that purpose
until they are clean again. However, once they are clean, come to them as Allah has allowed you. Allah loves those who repent, and He loves those who maintain cleanliness”.
Your women are like pastures for you, so enter your pastures as you wish, and prepare for yourselves good deeds
. Be mindful of Allah, remember you will meet Him, and you, Muhammad
, continue to
give good news to the believers”
Do not make your oaths in the name of Allah an excuse to stop you from doing good, being mindful, and reconciling people who are undergoing some marital dispute
; Allah is the Hearer, the Knower.
Allah will not hold your thoughtless oaths against you, but He will take you to task over your heart’s intentions
. Allah is The Forgiving, The Gentle.
For those who take an oath to separate from
their wives, the waiting period is four months, but if they go back on their oath, then they will find Allah Forgiving, Most Kind.
However, if they are determined to divorce, then Allah is the Hearer and the Knower
Divorced women must wait for three menstrual cycles before they can marry; it is not lawful for them to keep secret what Allah has created in their womb if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. Their husbands have the right to take them back during this period, if they wish to be reconciled. Women too have rights and responsibilities in equal measure, according to the custom. However, men have an additional degree of rights and responsibilitiesover them. Allah is The Almighty, The Wise
A revokable divorce may be pronounced
twice only; after that a wife
must either be kept honourably or allowed to leave honourably. It is not lawful for you husbands
to take back anything that you have given them, except when both parties fear that they may not be able to live within Allah’s boundaries. However, if, after attempting reconciliation
, you believe that the couple may not be able to live within the bounds set by Allah, then there will be no blame on either if the woman
chooses to give back part of her settlement. These are Allah’s boundaries, so do not overstep them. Only the wrongdoers overstep Allah’s boundaries
If the husband
divorces her a third time
; she will no longer be lawful for him to remarry
until she marries another husband. Then, if the second husband
divorces her, there will be no blame on either of them to return to each other, provided they feel confident that they will keep within Allah’s boundaries. These are Allah’s boundaries which He has explained for people who understand
When you divorce women, and they reach the end of the waiting period, either keep them honourably or allow them to leave honourably. Don’t hold on to them to cause harm or to transgress Allah’s boundaries; whoever does so has wronged himself. Do not play with the commands of Allah. Remember His favours on you and what He has revealed to you of the Book and wisdom, through which He teaches you. So be mindful of Allah, and know that He is the Knower.
When you divorce women, and they reach the end of the waiting period, do not prevent them remarrying their former
husbands, if they choose to do so by mutual consent and
according to the custom. Anyone who sincerely believes in Allah and the Last Day is instructed to do this. This is a purer and cleanerway
for you by far. Allah knows that which you don’t know
mothers may breastfeed their children up to full two years; that is if they wish to complete the full term. The father of the child is responsible for the mother’s
food and clothing in accordance with the best practice. However
, no one is to be burdened over and above their means. Neither should the mother be harmed because of her child, nor the father. The same goes for the father’s
heirs. No one shall be to blame if the father or the mother
wishes to wean the child, and it is agreed by mutual consent after proper consultation. Likewise,
if you wish to employ a nanny for your children, you can’t be blamed, if you pay as agreed in accordance with the best practice. Always
be mindful of Allah, and know that He sees what you do
Those who die, leaving behind widows, their widows
should wait for four months and ten days
then, once they have reached the end of
this period, there is no blame on you regarding whatever they choose to do with themselves in accordance with the best practice. Allah is aware of what you do.
There is no blame on you if you propose engagement to these
women before the end of the waiting period
, or you keep your feelings
to yourself. Allah knows that you intend to propose to them. However, do not make them any promises unless you speak to them in a respectful way, and do not confirm contracting the marriage until the prescribed waiting
term has ended. Remember that Allah knows what is in your hearts, so beware. Allah is the Forgiving, The Gentle.
There is no blame on you if you divorce a woman before either consummating the marriage or paying the marriage gift. Let the rich and the poor each give them generously according to their means; this is a duty on the righteous.
If you divorce them before consummation but after fixing the marriage gift, then let them have half of what you had previously settled on, unless the women
agree to waive their right or the one contracting the marriage tie waives his right, and waiving one’s right is nearer to piety. So, do not forget to be gracious to each other, because
Allah sees all that you do
Make sure to perform your daily
prayers, particularly the middle prayer Asr
, and stand devoutly before Allah.
If you are fearful of an enemy
, then pray standing or in the saddle; then, when you are safe and secure once more, then remember Allah, as He taught you what you didn’t know
Those who die, leaving behind widows, should make a will for their maintenance for one year: they should not be expelled from the family home
. However, if they choose to
leave the family home
, then you can’t be blamed with regards to what they have chosen to do in line with custom. Allah is the Almighty and Wise.
Divorced women are entitled to maintenance in line with custom; this is a duty on the pious.
This is how Allah explains His verses for you, so that you might understand
Haven ’tyou seen those who left their homes in their thousands for fear of death, and Allah said to them: “Die!” And then He brought them back to life? Allah is very gracious to people, but they are ungrateful.
Fight in the cause of Allah, and remember He is the Hearer, the Knower
Who will offer Allah a loan, a beautiful loan, He will multiply its reward many times over. Allah withholds His favour
, or He gives plenty, and to Him you will return
Have you not considered the Jewish leaders who came after
Musa. They said to a prophet of theirs: “Appoint a king so that we may fight in Allah’s way”. He said to them: “When fighting is ordained for you, will you fight?” They said: “Why would we not fight in the way of Allah when we and our children have been expelled from our homes?” When fighting was ordained for them, they turned away except for a few of them. Allah knows the disobedient.
Their prophet said to them: “Allah has appointed Talut to be your king”. They said: “How can he be our king, when we have more right to kingship than him, he is not wealthy enough?” He replied: “Allah has selected him for you, given him vast knowledge and phyiscal strength. Allah gives His kingship to anyone He finds suitable. Allah is boundlessly Vast, He is The Knower”.
And their Prophet said to them: “The sign of his kingship is The Ark of the Contract,
whichwill be brought to you by the angels, a source of tranquillity from your Lord which contains relics left behind by families of Musa and Harun. In this there are signs for you, if you believe”
When Talut set out with his army, he said: “Allah will test you near the river. Anyone who drinks from it will no longer be my soldier
, but whoever does not taste it will be mine, except those who scoop it up in the palm of their hands”. So, they all drank from it, except a few of them. When he crossed the river
along with those who had believed him, they said: “We have no strength today to fight Jalut and his army”. But those who believed that they wouldmeet their Lord said: “How many times have small forces defeated large forces with the help of Allah, and Allah is with the patient”
When they advanced to face Jalut and his army, they prayed: “Our Lord, shower patience on us, keep our feet firmon the ground
, and help us against the disbelievers”.
So, by the help of Allah they defeated them, and Dawud killed Jalut, and Allah gave Dawud kingship and wisdom, and taught him what it pleased Him to teach. If Allah did not repel one group of people with another there would be lot of conflict on Earth, but Allah is Most Gracious to His creatures
These are the exact verses of Allah that We recite to you, and you are one of the Messengers
Of these prophets We ranked some above others; Allah spoke with some, and others He raised many
degrees. For example
, We gave Isa, son of Maryam, many miracles, and supported him with the Spirit of the Holy One. If Allah had so wanted, the Christians
would not have fought each other after the miracles had come to them, but they disputed. Some of them believed and others disbelieved. If Allah wanted, they would not have divided into sects, but Allah does what is just.
Believers, spend in charity
from what We provided you before that day comes when there will be no buying and selling, no friendship and no intercession; the disbelievers are wicked people
Allah, there is no god but Him! He is
The Living, The Everlasting. Neither tiredness nor sleep overwhelm Him. All that is in The Heavens and on Earth belongs to Him. Who dares intercede without His permission? He knows what they have achieved and what they have failed to do, but they can only grasp what He wishes of His knowledge. His Majestic
Throne extends over the Heavens and the Earth, and He never tires of protecting them both. He is The Exalted, The Majestic
There is no compulsion in religion. Guidance is clearly distinct from error. Whoever rejects false gods and believes solely
in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold, which will never break. Allah is the Hearing, the Knowing
Allah is the friend of believers, taking them out of darkness into light. As for the disbelievers, their friends are the false gods, who take them out of light into darkness; these are people of the Fire, where they will stay forever
Have you not considered the one who Allah made King, when he argued with Ibrahim about his Lord? Ibrahim said to him: “It is my Lord Who gives life and death”. He replied: “I too give life and death”. Ibrahim replied: “Allah brings the Sun from the East, so why not bring it from the West, if you can
?” The disbeliever was speechless, Allah does not guide the wicked people
Or take the example of
the one who passed through a town, its buildings razed to the ground; he asked himself
: “How can Allah bring these ruins
to life once they are dead?” So, Allah made him die for hundred years and then brought him back to life. Allah
asked him: “How long did you remain dead
in such way?” He replied: “Possibly a day or part of a day”. Allah told him: “In fact you remained dead for a hundred years! Look at your food and drink, they have not gone off; but look at your donkey. We have done all
this to make you a sign for people, look at the donkey’s
bones, how We put them back together and covered them with flesh”. When it had all
become clear to him, he said: “I now know that Allah has power over all things”
when Ibrahim said: “My Lord, show me how you bring the dead
back to life”, Allah
said: “Do you not believe?” He said: “Yes, of course, but I want my heart to be at peace”. He told him: “Take four birds and tame them first ,
then cut them into pieces and put a piece of each of them on different hilltops and call them; they will come hurrying back to you. Know that Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.
Those people who spend their wealth in Allah’s way are like a grain that sprouts into seven ears, each ear has a hundred seeds, and Allah will multiply it for them many times more as He pleases.at Allah is The Vast, The Knowing
Those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah and do not follow it up by reminding the recipients of the favour, or causing them offence, shall have reward from their Lord: they shall neither fear nor grieve.
A kind word and forgiveness are far better than charity that is followed by an insult. Allah is Self-Sufficient and Most Gentle.
Believers, do not invalidate your charity by reminders of favours done
or by insulting, like the one who spends his wealth to show off in front of people and does not truly
believe in Allah and the Last Day; he is like a rock with a layer of soil on the top, when heavy rain comes, it is left clean and bare. They will get nothing from their efforts. Allah does not guide the disbelievers
Those who spend their wealth seeking Allah’s pleasure, and for strengthening their faith, are like an orchard on a hilltop; if it rains, it produces double yield, and if there is no rain the dew is enough. Allah sees all that you do
Would any of you wish to have an orchard of date palms and grape vines beneath which streams flow, producing all kinds of fruits? Then suppose he grows old whilst his children are still small, then out of the blue
comes a hurricane with lightening and fire that burns his orchard
to ashes? This is how Allah makes clear His signs, so that you may reflect
Believers, give in charity of the good things that you have earned and that We have brought forth for you from the soil. Do not pick out the least attractive things to give in charity, things you wouldn’t readily accept yourselves. Know that Allah is Self-Sufficient, Worthy of all praise
The Satan scares you of poverty, and he urges you to behave indecently, but
Allah promises you a share ofHis forgiveness and bounty. Allah is the Vast, the Knowing.
He gives wisdom to whom He pleases, and whoever is given wisdom has received great goodness, but only understanding people are mindful of this fact
Whatever you give in charity or vow you make, Allah knows it. Evildoers will have no helpers.
If you give charity openly, that is wonderful, but giving it secretly to the needy is even
better; in both cases
it will compensate for your sins. Allah is fully aware of what you do
It is not for you, Muhammad
, to guide them, rather Allah guides anyone who wants to be guided. Whatever good things you give in charity will benefit yourselves; that is, if you give, seeking only Allah’s pleasure. Whatever good things you give in charity will be rewarded, and you will be not short-changed in the least
to the poor who are completely absorbed working in the way of Allah, unable to travel about the land to earn their livelihood
. Because of their modest behaviour some
consider them wealthy. You can recognise them from their facial expression and the fact that they do not make demands on people. Whatever good things you give in charity, Allah knows it well.
People who give their wealth in charity by night or by day, secretly or openly, shall have their reward from their Lord: they shall neither fear nor grieve
Those who deal in usury will stand on the Day of Judgement
like the one who is demented by Satan’s touch; that is because they claim: “Trading and usury are alike”, whereas Allah has made trading lawful and forbidden usury. So, whoever takes heed of his Lord’s warning and gives up usurious lending
, he can have the capital
that he lent back, and his case rests with Allah. However, whoever goes back to usury
, then such people will be the companions of the Fire, remaining in it forever.
Allah wipes out the benefits of
usury, but multiplies those of
acts of charity. Allah dislikes every ungrateful sinner.
those who believe, do righteous deeds, perform the prayer and pay Zakat, they shall have reward from their Lord: neither shall they fear, nor grieve
Believers, be mindful of Allah and give up any outstanding usury on debts owed to you
, if you are true believers.
If you do not do so, then heed this declaration of war from Allah and His Messenger. However, if you repent you may keep the capital of your wealth so that you neither wrong others nor are yourselves wronged.
If the debtor
is in difficulty, allow him time to repay when it is easier for him, but to write off the debt out of charity would be better for you, if only you knew.
Be fearful of the day you will return to Allah; then every soul will receive exactly what it has earned, and no one will be wronged
Believers, when you enter into a loan agreement for a fixed period, then write it down, and let a scribe write it down accurately. A scribe should never refuse to write down the truth
, as Allah has taught him. So, let the scribe
write, and let the debtor be mindful of Allah his Lord and dictate without any subtraction the exact terms of what he has borrowed
. If the debtor has learning difficulties, is feeble or otherwise incapable of dictating by himself, then let his guardian dictate accurately on his behalf
; and let two men amongst you witness the agreement
. If two men are not available, then a man and two women of whom you approve can be witnesses so that, if one of the women
makes a mistake, the other can remind her. Witnesses should never refuse to attend when they are called upon. Do not consider recording the terms of small amounts and its due date as insignificant compared to large ones; that is fairer in the sight of Allah. However, an exception exists for on-the-spot transactions which you arrange amongst yourselves, and for which there is no blame on you if you do not record the details, but make sure witnesses are present when you exchange the goods. No pressure should be brought to bear on either a scribe or a witness to any transaction; if you do so, you will be guilty of wrongdoing. So be mindful of Allah, and follow Allah’s instructions. Allah knows all things
If you are on a journey and unable to find a scribe then pledge something as a security. However, if you decide to trust one another, then let the trustee fulfil his trust, and let him be mindful of his Lord. Let none of you hide the truth; whoever does so, his heart is sinful. Allah is fully aware of what you do
Allah owns everything in the Heavens and on Earth. Whether you reveal your innermost thoughts or you hide them, Allah will hold you to account for them; then He will forgive whomever He pleases and punish whomever He pleases. Allah has control over all things
The Messenger accepts as truth what has been revealed to him by his Lord, as do the believers; all of them believe in Allah, His angels, His books and His messengers. They say
: “We make no distinction between any of His messengers”ax. And they say: “We hear and obey. Forgive us, our Lord, to You is the final return”
Allah does not burden anyone beyond their capacity; they will receive the reward
they earned, and will suffer the consequences of whatever evil
they committed. So, pray
in this way: “Our Lord, when we forget and make a mistake do not punish us. Our Lord, do not make thingshard for us, as you did with those before us. Our Lord, do not burden us with more than we can bear, pardon us, forgive us and be kind to us. You are our Protector, so help us against the disbelievers”
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