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Alif, Lam, Mim. (Only Allah and the Messenger [blessings and peace be upon him] know the real meaning.
(This is) the Glorious Book in which there is no chance of doubt. (It is) a guide for those who guard against evil and fear Allah
Those who believe in the unseen, and establish Prayer (fulfilling all its requisites) and spend (in Our way) out of what We have given them
And those who believe in (all) that which has been revealed to you, and that which was revealed before you, and also have (perfect) faith in the Hereafter
It is they who follow guidance from their Lord, and it is they who shall achieve real success
Verily, those who have adopted disbelief, it is the same for them whether you warn them or you warn them not, they will not believe
Allah (as a result of their own choice) has set a seal on their hearts and their ears, and there is a blindfold (set) over their eyes. And for them there is a severe torment
And amongst people there are (also) some who say: ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day,’ whereas they are not (at all) believers
They seek to deceive Allah (i.e., the Messenger) and the believers, but (in fact) they deceive only themselves and they are not aware of it.
In their hearts is a disease. So Allah has worsened their disease. And for them, there is painful punishment because they used to tell lies
When it is said to them: ‘Do not spread disorder in the land,’ they say: ‘It is we who reform.
Beware! (Truly) it is they who spread disorder, but they do not have any sense (of it) at all
And when it is said to them: ‘Believe as (other) people have believed,’ they say: ‘Shall we also believe (as those) fools have believed?’ Beware! (Certainly) they are themselves fools, but they do not know (their foolishness and low level)
And when they (the hypocrites) meet the believers, they say: ‘We (too) have believed,’ and when they meet their devils in private, they assure them: ‘We are certainly with you. We only mock (the believers).
Allah punishes them for their mockery, and lets them loose (so that they meet their fate). So they are wandering blindly in their transgression
These are the people who have purchased misguidance for guidance; but their trade did not yield any gain, and they did not know the way to a (gainful and profitable) bargain
Their example is like a person who lit a fire (in surrounding darkness), and when it brightened the environment, Allah took away their light and left them in total darkness. Now they cannot see anything
They are deaf, dumb and blind. So they will not return (to the right path)
Or their example is like a rain pouring from the sky wherein there are layers of darkness and thunder and lightning (as well). They thrust their fingers into their ears, fearing death due to the thunder. And Allah has encompassed the disbelievers
It seems as if the lightning would snatch away their sight. When their (surroundings) are lit with a flash, they start walking, and when darkness covers them, they stand still. And if Allah had willed, He would have completely deprived them of hearing and sight. Surely, Allah is All-Powerful to do everything
O people! Worship your Lord, Who created you and (also) those who were before you, so that you become Godwary
(He is the One) Who spread out the earth for you as a floor, and erected the sky as a mansion, and showered water from the sky and brought forth with that (a variety of) fruits for your nourishment. So, do not set up equals with Allah whilst you know (the truth of the matter)
And if you are in doubt about this (Book) which We have revealed to Our (exalted) servant, then produce only one chapter like this. And (for this task) you may call upon (all) your helpers apart from Allah if you are true (in your doubt and denial)
But if you fail to do it—and you shall never be able to do it—then guard yourselves against the Fire whose fuel is human beings (the disbelievers) and stones (their idols), prepared for disbelievers
And, (O Beloved Prophet,) give glad tidings to those who believe and keep doing pious deeds that for them there are Gardens (of Paradise) beneath which streams flow. When some fruit will be given to them from these Gardens to eat, they will say (looking at its appearance): ‘This is the same fruit that was provided to us (in the world) before,’ whereas they will be given fruits resembling (only in appearance). In Paradise, there will (also) be chaste spouses for them, and they shall abide there for ever
Indeed, Allah is not reluctant to narrate some example (for better comprehension), whether of a mosquito or something even more (disgusting) than that. The believers know well that this example is (a pointer to the truth) from their Lord. But those who have adopted disbelief ask (on hearing): ‘What could Allah mean by this example?’ (In this way) Allah holds many astray, and guides many aright with the same example. And by this He leaves in error only those who are (already) disobedient
(These disobedient people are those) who break the promise of Allah after having confirmed it, and break that (relationship) which Allah has ordered to be joined, and create disorder in the land. It is they who are the losers
How can you deny Allah, whereas you were lifeless and He gave you life, then He will cause you to die and will again bring you back to life, and then to Him you will be returned
He is the One Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then He turned towards the higher regions (of the universe) and perfected them into seven heavenly firmaments. And He has full knowledge of everything
And (recall) when your Lord said to the angels: ‘I am about to place My vicegerent on the earth.’ They submitted: ‘Will You put Your (vicegerent) on the earth such as will do mischief in it and shed blood, whilst we are engaged in glorifying You with celebrating Your Praise and extolling Your Holiness (all the time)?’ (Allah) said: ‘I know that which you do not know.
And Allah taught Adam the names of all (things), and then presented them before the angels and said: ‘Tell Me the names of these things if you are true (in your assumption).
The angels (humbly) submitted: ‘Glory to You, You are Holy (free from every deficiency). We have no knowledge except that which You have taught us. Surely, You alone are All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Allah said: ‘O Adam, (now) apprise them of the names of these things.’ So when Adam had told them the names of those things, (Allah) said: ‘Did I not tell you I know (all) the hidden realities of the heavens and the earth and also know all that you disclose and all that you conceal?
And (also recall) when We commanded the angels: ‘Prostrate yourselves before Adam.’ Then they all prostrated themselves to Adam except Iblis (Satan). He refused and showed arrogance, and (consequently) became one of the disbelievers
And We ordained: ‘O Adam, reside you and your wife in this Paradise and eat of it, both of you, whatever you like and from wherever you will. But do not go near this tree lest you should (join) the transgressors.
Then Satan shook them from that place, and removed them from the (blissful) location where they were. And (eventually) We ordained: ‘Go down (and live in the earth); you will remain enemies to each other, and now in the earth you have been destined a dwelling place and sustenance for a fixed time.
Then Adam learnt some words (of humility and repentance) from his Lord. So Allah accepted his repentance. Surely, He is the One Who is Most Relenting, Ever-Merciful
We said: ‘Leave it (Paradise and settle in the earth), all of you. Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, whoever will follow My guidance, neither shall any fear (obsess) them, nor shall they grieve
And those who disbelieve and deny Our Revelations, it is they who shall be the inmates of the Fire. They shall abide in it forever.
O Children of Ya‘qub (Jacob)! Recall My favours which I bestowed upon you and fulfil the promise (made) to Me, I shall fulfil the promise (made) to you. And always fear Me alone
And believe in (the Book) that I have revealed (to My Messenger Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]), whilst it confirms (originally) that which you possess. And do not be the first to deny it, nor trade My Revelations for a small (worldly) price. And fear Me alone
And do not mix up the truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth deliberately
And establish Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) regularly and kneel down (together) with those who kneel down
Do you command others for piety and forget yourselves, whilst you (also) recite the Book (of Allah)? So, do you not think
And seek (Allah’s) help through patience and Prayer. But this is no doubt hard except for the humble (whose hearts have been softened with the Love of Allah and gripped with His Fear)
(It is they) who are certain that they are about to meet their Lord and to Him are they going to return
O Children of Ya‘qub (Jacob)! Recall those favours that I bestowed upon you, and that I exalted you above all the people (of your age)
And fear that Day when no soul shall be able to pay any compensation on behalf of another. Nor shall any intercession be accepted from him (of a person who shall not have Allah’s permission to intercede). Nor shall any compensation be accepted from him (for his own salvation). And they will not be helped (against Allah’s decree)
And (also recall) when We delivered you from Pharaoh’s people, who used to inflict severe torment upon you: they slaughtered your sons and kept your daughters alive. There was an arduously terrible trial in it from your Lord
And when We parted the river (to rescue you) and (in this way) delivered you, and (on the contrary) We drowned Pharaoh’s people before your eyes
And (also recall) when We made an appointment with Musa (Moses) for forty nights. Then after Musa ([Moses] went into retreat), you took the calf as (your) god for worship, and you were no doubt awful transgressors
Then We pardoned you (even) after that so that you might give thanks
And (remember) when We bestowed upon Musa (Moses) the Book and the miracle distinguishing the truth from falsehood, so that you might take the path of guidance
And when Musa (Moses) said to his people: ‘O my people, no doubt you have (seriously) wronged your own souls in taking the calf (as your god). Now turn in repentance to your Creator (the True Sustainer). So, kill one another (amongst yourselves so that those who have not taken the calf for worship and who have stuck to their religion should kill those who worshipped the calf as punishment for turning away from their religion). This (act) would be the best (repentance) for you in the sight of your Creator.’ Then He accepted your repentance. Surely, He is Most Relenting, Ever-Merciful
And (remember) when you said: ‘O Musa (Moses)! We will never believe in you until we see Allah completely unveiled (before our eyes).’ So, (on this) a thunder seized (and eliminated) you, and you kept watching (this spectacle yourselves)
Then We brought you back to life after your death so that you pay (Us) thanks
And (recall) when We cast the shade of clouds over you (in the Tiha valley) and sent down for you manna and quails so that you might eat of the pure things We provided for you. So they did not harm Us at all (by disobeying and showing Us disregard), but persistently harmed their own souls
And (remember) when We said: ‘Enter this city, and eat as much as you wish from wherever you desire, but enter (the city) gate prostrating and praying: (O our Lord!) We seek forgiveness (for all of our sins). We shall (then) forgive your (previous) sins and, (besides,) We shall bestow more (favours and blessings) upon the righteous.
But (those) transgressors substituted some other phrase in place of that which was said to them. So We sent down a calamity from heaven on (those) evildoers (in the form of a plague) because they were (persistently) disobeying
And (recall) when Musa (Moses) prayed for water for his people. We directed: ‘Strike that rock with your stick.’ Then twelve springs gushed out of that (rock). Verily, each clan identified their respective drinking place. (We said:) ‘Eat and drink of the sustenance (given) by Allah, but do not seek to do mischief in the land.
And when you said: ‘O Musa (Moses), we cannot be content with only one kind of food (i.e., manna and quails), so pray to your Lord (in our favour) that He may bring forth for us of cultivated produce: green herbs, cucumbers, wheat, garlic, lentils and onions.’ (Musa [Moses]) said (to his people): ‘Do you demand something inferior in exchange for something superior? (And if that is what you wish, then) go down to any city. Surely (there) will be (available) all what you demand.’ Then dishonour and deprivation were brought upon them, and they incurred the wrath of Allah because they used to deny the signs of Allah and kill the Prophets unjustly. This was also because they used to disobey and would (always) exceed limits
Verily, those who have believed, and (those who were) Jews and Christians and Sabians, those (of them) who believe in Allah and the Last Day and act piously, there is for them their reward with their Lord. Neither shall any fear afflict them, nor shall they grieve
And (recall) when We took a firm promise from you and raised the Mount of Sinai high above you, so that you hold fast firmly what We have given you. And bear in mind whatever is (written) in this (Book, the Torah,) so that you become pious
Yet you turned back after this (promise and warning). So, had there not been Allah’s bounty and His mercy upon you, you would have been wrecked indeed
And (O Jews) certainly you know well those of you who violated (the injunctions concerning) the Sabbath (Saturday). So We said to them: ‘Be you apes: rejected and despised.
So We made this (event) a lesson of warning for their contemporaries as well as later generations, and (a source of) admonition for the pious
And (also recall) when Musa (Moses) said to his people: ‘Verily, Allah enjoins you to sacrifice a cow.’ They said: ‘Do you make fools of us?’ Musa (Moses) said: ‘I seek the protection of Allah (against) becoming one of the ignorant.
(Then) they said: ‘Pray for us to your Lord that He may make clear to us what kind of cow (that) shall be.’ (Musa [Moses]) said: ‘Certainly, He ordains that the cow is to be neither old nor young (heifer), but in between (fully grown). So now implement what you have been ordered.
They (again) said: ‘Pray to your Lord for us that He may specify what her colour should be.’ Musa (Moses) said: ‘He says the cow should be yellow, rich in tone, (so attractive that) it pleases the viewers.
(This time) they said: ‘Pray for us to your Lord that He may make clear to us what exact type of cow it is (because) the cow has become doubtful to us, and if Allah so wills, we shall indeed be guided aright.
(Musa [Moses] said:) Allah has ordained: ‘(That is not any inferior cow. Instead) it is certainly (a superior) cow, which has been employed neither for ploughing nor for watering the field, a cow in sound health, without any blemish.’ They said: ‘Now you (have) brought the truth.’ So they sacrificed it, though they did not look like doing it
And (recall), when you killed a man, then started disputing amongst yourselves (for its blame), and Allah was to unveil that event which you were concealing
Then We commanded: ‘Strike this (dead body) with a piece of this (cow).’ That is how Allah restores the dead to life, (or will give life to the dead on the Day of Resurrection,) and He shows you His signs so that you may apply your knowledge and understanding
Then (even) after this, your hearts hardened. So (in hardness) they (have become) like stones or even harder. For of stones there are some from which streams burst out; and certainly, some out of them are such (stones) that split up and water gushes out of them; and indeed there are others of them that fall due to fear of Allah. (Alas! Your hearts have not remained even that much soft, tender and feeble) and Allah is not unaware of what you do
(O Muslims!) Do you expect that they (the Jews) will believe in you, whereas amongst them were people of a group who heard the Word of Allah (Tawrat [the Torah]), then altered it (themselves) after understanding it, although they knew well (what the truth was and what they were doing)
And (they have reached such a state that) when they meet the believers, they say: ‘We (too) have believed (in Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him], like you),’ and when they are together in isolation, they say: ‘Do you tell them (the Muslims) that which Allah has unfolded to you (through the Torah in connection with the Prophethood and glory of the last of the Prophets, Muhammad, [blessings and peace be upon him]) so that they may use it in argument against you in the holy presence of your Lord? Do you not have (even this much) sense?
Are they not aware that Allah knows full well all that they hide and all that they show
And (some) amongst them (the Jews) are illiterate (as well) who do not know (even the bare minimum about the meaning and connotations of) the Book (except hearsay and false hopes). They know only to recite (the Book) verbally and follow mere speculation and assumption
So, a serious disaster awaits those who write the Book with their own hands, then say: ‘This is from Allah,’ just to earn a paltry price for that. So they will face destruction (owing to the Book) that their hands have written and (for the compensation) that they are earning
And they (the Jews also) say: ‘The Fire (of Hell) shall not touch us except for a small number of days.’ (Just) ask (them): ‘Have you obtained (such) a promise from Allah? Then He will never violate His promise. Or do you inadvertently make (such an) allegation against Allah that you do not know yourselves?
Of course, he who adopts evil and is encompassed by his sins, it is they who are the inmates of Hell. They are its permanent residents
And those who have believed and have done pious deeds, it is they who are the inhabitants of Paradise. They shall live there forever
And (remember) when We took a firm promise from the Children of Ya‘qub (Jacob): ‘Do not worship (anyone) besides Allah, and be kind to the parents and (do good to) the kindred and orphans and the needy. And (also) talk of piety to the common people (in a polite and pleasant manner). And establish Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due).’ Then, all the rest of you, except a few, turned back (from the promise) and you are but averse (to the truth)
And when We took from you (this) solemn covenant (as well): ‘You shall not shed one another’s blood (amongst yourselves), nor shall you expel your people (from their homes and townships).’ Then you agreed (to implement it) and you (also) bear witness (to it)
Yet it is you who are killing your own people and banishing a section of your own folk from their homeland, and (furthermore) helping (their enemies) with sin and transgression against them. And if they come to you as captives, you ransom their release (so that they remain obliged to you), whereas it was forbidden to you to exile them from their homeland. Do you believe in some parts of the Book and deny some others? So he who does so from amongst you, what can be his punishment but disgrace (and humiliation) in the worldly life? And (also) on the Day of Resurrection, (such people) will be returned to the most ruthless torment. And Allah is not unaware of your deeds
It is they who have purchased the worldly life for the Hereafter. So neither will their torment be lessened, nor will they be helped
And surely We gave Musa (Moses) the Book (the Torah) and sent (many) Messengers after him in succession. And We also gave ‘Isa, the son of Maryam, (Jesus, the son of Mary,) luminous signs and strengthened (and supported) him by means of the Holy Spirit. But (what followed is that) whenever a Messenger brought you (the commandments) your (ill-commanding) selves disliked, you adamantly resisted there and then. You belied some of them and started killing others
And the Jews said: ‘Our hearts are wrapped up in covers.’ (Nay) but Allah has cursed them for their revolt against faith. So, little do they believe
And when the Book (the Qur’an) came to them from Allah which (originally) validates that Book (the Torah) which was with them, whereas, before this, they themselves used to pray for victory over the disbelievers (through the intermediation of the Last Prophet, Muhammad, [blessings and peace be upon him] and the Holy Qur’an revealed to him), but when came to them the same Prophet (Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him] along with the Book revealed to him, the Qur’an) whom they had (already) recognized, they denied him. So Allah’s curse is upon such (deliberate) disbelievers
How evil a bargain they made in exchange for their lives: that they deny the Book revealed by Allah merely begrudging that Allah bestows (His Revelation) out of His bounty upon any of His servants He wills. So they earned manifold wrath of Allah, and there is a humiliating torment for the disbelievers
And when it is said to them: ‘Believe in this (Book) which Allah has (now) revealed,’ they say: ‘We believe only in that (Book) which was revealed to us,’ and they deny all other than that, whereas this (Qur’an) is (also) the truth, (and) confirms that (Book as well) which they possess. Ask (them): ‘Then why have you been killing the Prophets of Allah before this if you (really) believe (but in your own Book)?
And (the fact remains that) Musa ([Moses] himself) brought you clear signs. Then you took the calf as god after him. And you are but wicked (without any doubt)
And when We took a firm promise from you, and We raised the Mount of Sinai high above you, (saying): ‘Hold fast to this (Book) which We have given you and listen (to Our commandment).’ Then (your chiefs) said: ‘We have heard but disobeyed.’ And owing to their revolt against faith, their hearts were imbued with the love of the calf. (O Beloved) say (to them): ‘These utterances are (most) vile which your (so-called) faith commands you if you believe (in them truly).
Say: ‘If in the sight of Allah the dwelling in the Hereafter is reserved for you alone, and not for others, then long for death (without any fear) if (you presume) you are truthful.
But they will never long for it because of the sins (and atrocities) their hands have sent ahead (or have committed already) and Allah knows the wrongdoers full well
And you will certainly find them the most ambitious of mankind for longevity, (even) more than the polytheists aspire to attain. Each one of them desires that he should be granted life of a thousand (years). But even if he is granted that, such a prolonged life cannot save him from the torment. And Allah is monitoring their deeds minutely
Say: ‘Whoever is an enemy to Jibril ([Gabriel] is doing injustice), because he is the one who has brought (the Qur’an) down upon your heart only by Allah’s command (which) confirms the preceding (Books) and contains (absolute) guidance and glad tidings for the believers
He who is an enemy to Allah, His angels, His Messengers and Gabriel and Michael, verily Allah (too) is an enemy to (these) disbelievers.
And certainly We have sent down to you luminous signs and none but the disobedient can deny them
And is it (not so) that every time they made a promise, a party of them disregarded it and threw it aside? The fact is that most of them do not believe
And (likewise), when there came to them from Allah the Messenger, (Muhammad, blessings and peace be upon him,) who (originally) confirms that Book which they (already) possessed, a party of the People of the Book threw the (same) Book of Allah (the Torah) behind their backs as if they did not know (it, whereas the same Torah had brought them the good news of the holy arrival of Muhammad the Last Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him])
And they (the Jews) pursued that (magic) which the devils used to recite during the reign of Sulayman (Solomon). Sulayman (Solomon) did not disbelieve (in any way). It was, in fact, the devils that disbelieved. They used to teach witchcraft to the people and (also) pursued that (sorcery) which was sent down upon the two angels named Harut and Marut in Babylon. They both did not teach anything to anyone, except that they would say: ‘We are merely (for) trial, therefore, do not become disbelievers (by putting faith in it).’ In spite of that they (the Jews) used to learn such (magic) from both of them by which they caused separation between husband and wife. Yet they cannot harm anyone by this except under the command of Allah. And they learn only the things which are harmful to them and bring them no profit. And surely they (also) knew that he who would buy this (sorcery or disbelief) would not have any share in the Hereafter. And most evil is that for which they sold (the real well-being or the success of) their souls (in the Hereafter). Would that they knew (the truth of) this (bargain)
But if they had believed and become Godfearing, (even a little) reward from Allah would have been far better (than all these things). If they but knew (this secret)
O believers! (Seeking the kind attention of the Holy Prophet) do not say: ‘ra‘ina (Pay attention to us),’ but submit (most humbly): ‘unzurna (Bless us with your benevolent gaze),’ and be all ears (towards his gracious discourse). And there is grievous torment for the disbelievers
Neither the disbelievers amongst the People of the Book nor the polytheists like that any blessing should descend upon you from your Lord. And Allah especially chooses whom He pleases for His mercy. And Allah possesses infinite bounties
When We abrogate some verse or cause it to be forgotten, (in either case) We bring (some other verse) better than or similar to it. Do you not know that Allah has (absolute) control over everything
Do you not know that the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah alone, and that you have neither any friend nor any helper aside from Allah
(O Muslims!) Do you also want to ask your Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) questions the way Musa (Moses) was asked before? So he who changes belief for disbelief, for sure, loses the right path
Many of the People of the Book desire to turn you back to disbelief after you have believed because of the jealousy they have in their hearts, despite the fact that the truth has become evident to them. So keep forbearing and overlooking till Allah sends His command. Verily, Allah has (absolute) control over everything
And (always) establish Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) regularly. And whatever virtue you will send ahead, you shall find it with Allah. Surely, Allah is watching all that you are doing
And (the People of the Book) say: ‘No one will enter Paradise except he who is a Jew or a Christian.’ These are their false hopes. Say: ‘Produce your proof (in favour of this desire) if you are rightful (in your claim).
Yes, of course, he who submits his face to Allah (i.e., consigns himself to Allah) and becomes a man of excellence in piety will find his reward with his Lord. Such people will neither fear anything nor grieve
And the Jews say: ‘The Christians do not have their base upon anything (i.e., sound faith),’ and the Christians say: ‘The Jews do not have their base upon anything,’ yet they (all) read the Book (revealed by Allah). Likewise, they (the polytheists) who do not have any (heavenly) knowledge (at all) also make statements like theirs. So Allah will (Himself) judge between them on the Day of Resurrection in the matter in which they differ
And who is more unjust than he who forbids remembering Allah’s Name in His mosques and strives to desolate them? It was not proper for them to enter the mosques but fearing (Allah). For them is disgrace in this world, and (also) there is a dreadful torment for them in the Hereafter
And the east and the west (all) belong to Allah alone. So whichever direction you turn to, there is the presence of Allah (i.e., the essence of Allah is radiantly manifest in all directions). Surely, Allah is Infinite, All-Knowing
And they say: ‘Allah has begotten a son for Himself,’ whilst He is Holy and Transcendent, far above (this). Rather (all) that is in the heavens and in the earth is His (creation and belonging) and all are subservient to Him
He is the One Who has originated the heavens and the earth, and when He wills to (originate) a thing, He only says to it: ‘Be,’ and it becomes
And those who lack knowledge say: ‘Why does Allah not speak to us, or why does any sign not come to us (directly)?’ Likewise, the people before them also said words similar to theirs. The hearts of (all) these people are alike. We have indeed made the signs explicit for those whose faith is firm
(O Esteemed Beloved!) We have certainly sent you with the truth as a Bearer of good news and as a Warner. And you will not be asked about the inmates of Hell
And the Jews and the Christians shall, by no means, be pleased with you until you follow their religion. Say: ‘Surely, the guidance (given) by Allah is the (only real) guidance.’ (Said for the education of the Umma [the community]:) ‘And, (supposing the impossible,) if you follow their desires after that knowledge which has come to you (from Allah), then there will not be any friend or helper for you to protect you from Allah.
(Also there are people) whom We gave the Book. They recite it as it ought to be recited. It is these people who believe in it (the Book). And those who deny it, it is they who are the losers
O Children of Ya‘qub (Jacob)! Remember My favour that I bestowed upon you, and (especially) the supremacy which I awarded you over all the communities (of that age)
And fear that Day when no soul shall be able to recompense anything on behalf of another; nor shall any ransom be accepted from him (to deliver himself); nor shall any intercession benefit him (without Allah’s permission); nor shall they be helped (against the command of Allah)
And (call to mind) when the Lord of Ibrahim (Abraham) tested him with several commands which he fulfilled. (On this) Allah said: ‘I am going to make you the leader of mankind.’ He submitted: ‘And from my children as well?’ Allah said: ‘(Yes, but) My promise does not apply to the transgressors.
And (remember) when We made this House (the Ka‘ba) a central place for mankind to turn to (and assemble) and a sanctuary for peace and (commanded:) ‘Make the place, where Ibrahim (Abraham) stood, a place of Prayer.’ And We urged Ibrahim and Isma‘il (Abraham and Ishmael): ‘Purify (and cleanse) My House for those who circumambulate it and those who go into retreat and those who kneel down and prostrate themselves.
And (recall) when Ibrahim (Abraham) prayed: ‘O my Lord, make it a city of peace and bless its residents who believe in Allah and the Last Day with a variety of fruits.’ (Allah) said: ‘And as for him who disbelieves, I shall also grant him enjoyment (for) a short span of life, then (for his disbelief) I shall drive him to the torment of Hell. And that is an extremely evil destination.
And (recall) when Ibrahim and Isma‘il (Abraham and Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the Ka‘ba (praying:) ‘O our Lord, accept this (humble service) from us. You are, indeed, All-Hearing, All-Knowing
O our Lord! Make both of us submissive to Your command; and raise out of our future generations an Umma (Community) exclusively obedient to You; and teach us our ways of worship (and Pilgrimage) and turn to us (with mercy and forgiveness). Verily, it is You Who are Most Relenting, Ever-Merciful
O our Lord! Raise up from amongst them the (Last and the Exalted) Messenger (Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him]), who shall recite to them Your Revelations, and teach them the Book and wisdom (logic and good judgment, making them gnostics of the divine secret), and purify and sanctify (their hearts and ill-commanding selves). Certainly, You alone are All-Mighty, All-Wise.
And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) except he who has engaged himself in foolishness? And surely, We did choose him in the worldly life, and certainly in the Hereafter (too) he will be amongst the high-ranking intimate companions
And (recall) when his Lord commanded him: ‘Bow down (before Me),’ he submitted: ‘I bow down before the Lord of all the worlds.
And Ibrahim (Abraham) enjoined, by way of will, the same thing upon his sons and (so did) Ya‘qub (Jacob): ‘O my sons, verily, Allah has chosen for you the (true) Din (Religion of Islam). So, (come what may) die not but as Muslims persevering with faith.
Were you present (at the time) when death approached Ya‘qub (Jacob) when he asked his sons: ‘Whom will you worship after (my passing away)?’ They said: ‘We shall worship your God, the God of your ancestors Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma‘il (Ishmael) and Ishaq (Isaac), Who is the One and Only God; and we (all) shall remain obedient to Him.
They were an Umma (community) who have passed away. They will have what they earned and you will have what you earn. And you will not be questioned about their doings
And (the People of the Book) say: ‘Become Jews or Christians, then you will be guided aright.’ Say: ‘(Nay,) the truth is that we have embraced the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) who, far from every falsehood, turned absolutely to Allah alone. And he was not of the polytheists.
(O Muslims!) Say: ‘We believe in Allah and in that (Book) which has been revealed to us and (also) that which was revealed to Ibrahim (Abraham) and Isma‘il (Ishmael) and Ishaq (Isaac) and Ya‘qub (Jacob) and their children and those (Books) too which were given to Musa (Moses) and ‘Isa (Jesus) and (likewise) which were given to other Prophets by their Lord. We do not make distinction between any of them (in the matter of faith), and we have submitted ourselves to Him alone (the Only, the One God).
Then if they (also) believe the way you have believed in Him, then they will (surely) be guided aright. And if they turn away, then (be clear) that they are sunk in sheer enmity. So Allah is sufficient to guard you against their evil and He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
(Say that we have taken on the colour from) Allah’s own colour, and whose colour is better than Allah’s? And we worship Him alone
Say: ‘Do you dispute with us about Allah, whereas He is (not only) our Lord but your Lord (too)? And to us are our works and to you are your works. And we are truly devoted to Him alone
(O People of the Book!) Do you say that Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma‘il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya‘qub (Jacob) and their sons were either Jews or Christians?’ Say: ‘Who knows better, you or Allah?’ And who is more unjust than he who hides the testimony which is with him (in the Book) from Allah? And Allah is not unaware of your deeds
That was a community which has passed. For them is what they earned and for you is what you will earn. And you will not be asked about their deeds
Now the foolish will say: ‘What has turned away these (Muslims) from their Qibla (Bayt al-Maqdis in Jerusalem) to which they used to face (before)?’ Say: ‘The east and the west (all) belong to Allah alone. He guides whom He pleases to the straight path.
And, in the same way, (O Muslims,) We made you the best Umma (Community—fair to all with a tolerant, moderate and balanced outlook) so that you may bear witness to the people, and (Our exalted) Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) bears witness to you. And We appointed the Qibla (the direction of Prayer), which you used to face before, only to bring to light (by trial) who would follow (Our) Messenger and who would turn back upon his heels. And this (change of Qibla) was indeed a hard task, but not for those whom Allah blessed with guidance (and gnosis of spiritual truths). And it is not Allah’s Glory to void your faith (without any reason). Allah is surely Most Clement, Ever-Merciful to mankind
(O Beloved!) We have been watching your radiant face turning frequently towards heaven. So We will indeed make you turn towards that Qibla (direction of Prayer) with which you feel pleased. So turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque now. And, wherever you are, (O Muslims,) turn your faces towards it. And those who have been given the Book definitely know that this (commandment of changing the Qibla) is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not unaware of the works they are doing
And (even) if you bring every sign to the People of the Book, they will not follow your Qibla (direction of Prayer), nor will you follow their Qibla. And they do not follow each other’s Qibla amongst themselves. (Said for the education of the Umma [the Community]:) ‘And if, (supposing the impossible,) you (also) followed their desires after the knowledge had come to you, then you would surely be of those who wrong (their own souls).
And those to whom We have given the Book recognize (the Final) Messenger (the Venerable Muhammad [blessings and peace be upon him] and his glory and majesty) as they doubtlessly identify their own sons. But certainly, a party of them is deliberately concealing the truth
(O listener!) The truth is from your Lord. So, never be of those who doubt
And there is for everyone a (fixed) direction (i.e., motive); he turns to the same. So, move forward to take the lead towards the pious acts. Wherever you are, Allah will unite you all together. Surely, Allah has absolute control over everything
And from wherever you move (on a journey), turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque (at the time of Prayer). And this indeed is the truth from your Lord, and Allah is not unaware of your doings
And from wherever you move (on a journey), turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque (at the time of Prayer) and, wherever you are, (O Muslims,) turn your faces towards it so that people may not get a chance to raise any objection against you, except those amongst them who exceed limits. So, fear them not, and fear Me alone, so that I complete My blessing on you and you may attain perfection in guidance
Likewise, We have sent you (Our) Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) from amongst yourselves who recites to you Our Revelations and purifies and sanctifies (your hearts and ill-commanding selves) and teaches you the Book and inculcates in you logic and wisdom and enlightens you (on the mysteries of spiritual gnosis and divine truth) which you did not know
So remember Me, I shall remember you. And always be thankful to Me and never be ungrateful to Me
O believers! Always seek help (from Me) through patience and Prayer. Certainly, Allah is (always) with those who observe patience
And do not say about those who are slain in the cause of Allah that they are dead. (They are not dead.) They are rather alive but you have no perception (of their life)
And We will most certainly test you somewhat by means of fear and hunger and certain loss of wealth and lives and fruits. And, (O Beloved,) give glad tidings to those who observe patience
(They are the ones) who, when afflicted with some distress, say: ‘Indeed, to Allah we belong and to Him we shall return.
It is they upon whom are bestowed successive blessings and mercy from their Lord. And it is they who are the guided ones
Verily, Safa and Marwa are indeed amongst the signs of Allah. So, he who performs Hajj (Pilgrimage) or ‘Umra (Visitation) to the House of Allah, there is no sin on him if he ambulates (i.e., walks up and down between) the two. And if a person does a pious act voluntarily, then Allah is certainly Most Appreciative, Well Aware
Surely, those who conceal the manifest signs and guidance sent down by Us after We have revealed them clearly for the people in (Our) Book, it is they whom Allah curses (i.e., deprives them of His mercy) and whom also curse all those who curse
But those who repent, mend (their) ways and make known (the truth), so I (too) shall forgive them. And I am Most Relenting, Ever-Merciful
Indeed, those who disbelieved (by concealing the truth), and left this world whilst they were disbelievers, upon them is the curse of Allah and of the angels and of all mankind
They shall be (held) under this (curse) forever. Their punishment shall not be mitigated. Nor shall they be given respite
And your God is One God. There is no God but He, the Most Kind, the Ever-Merciful
Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of the night and the day, and in the ships (and vessels) which sail through the ocean carrying cargo profitable for the people, and in the (rain)water which Allah pours down from the sky, reviving therewith the earth to life after its death, and (the earth) in which He has scattered animals of all kinds, and in the changing wind directions, and in the clouds (that trail) between the sky and the earth, duty-bound (under Allah’s command)—certainly (in these) are (many) signs (of Allah’s Power) for those who put their reason to work
And there are some amongst the people who take others besides Allah as His partners and love them as it is Allah’s due alone. But those who believe love Allah the most (far more intensely than anyone else). And if these wrongdoers happen to see that time when the torment (of the Last Day) will be before their eyes (then they will become aware) that the Master of all the forces is Allah. And certainly Allah is severe in punishment
And when those (leaders of the disbelievers) who were followed would be disgusted with their followers and (they all) would see (Allah’s) torment and all their means and resources would be cut off
And, (seeing this disgust, the polytheist) followers will say: ‘Would that we could get a chance (to return to the world), then we (too) would turn our backs on them as they have done to us (Today)!’ In this way Allah will show them their own deeds as remorse and regret. And (no way) shall they be able to escape from Hell
O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and pure in the earth. And do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. Verily, he is your declared enemy
He commands you only to do what is evil and immodest, and (also) that you should say about Allah that which you (yourselves) do not know
And when it is said to them (the disbelievers): ‘Follow that which Allah has sent down,’ they say: ‘(Nay) we shall rather follow the same (path) on which we found our ancestors,’ even though their ancestors had neither any sense nor any guidance
The example of inviting these disbelievers (to guidance) is like that of a person who calls out to such (an animal) as hears nothing except a shout or cry. Deaf, dumb and blind, they have no sense
O believers! Eat of those pure and clean things which We have provided for you, and give thanks to Allah if He is the One Whom you worship (and obey)
He has made unlawful for you only the dead animals and blood and the flesh of swine and the animal over which, whilst sacrificing, the name of someone other than Allah has been invoked. But he who is forced by necessity and is neither disobedient nor transgressing will not incur any sin on himself (if he eats that much which is required to survive). Allah is, indeed, Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
Indeed, those who conceal (those verses of the Torah) which Allah has revealed, and take in exchange for that a small price, eat nothing but fill their bellies with Fire. And Allah will neither speak to them nor purify them on the Day of Resurrection. And for them is painful torment
It is they who have purchased error for guidance and torment for forgiveness. What has made them steadfast to bear the Fire (of Hell)
This is so because Allah has revealed the Book with the truth. And indeed those who fabricate contradictions (and antinomies) in the Book are far (gone from the truth) in rivalry
Righteousness is not merely that you turn your faces to the east or the west. But true righteousness is that a person believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book (revealed by Allah) and the Messengers. Driven by love for Allah, he spends (his) wealth on the kindred, the orphans, the needy, the wayfarers and those who ask and in (liberating slaves’) necks, and establishes Prayer and pays Zakat (the Alms-due). And when they make a promise, they fulfil it and are steadfast in hardship (i.e., poverty) and suffering (i.e., ailment) and at the time of fierce fighting (i.e., jihad). It is these who are truthful and it is these who are righteous
O believers! Retribution (the law of equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in the case of those who are unjustly slain: a free man for a free man, a slave for a slave and a woman for a woman. Then, if he (the murderer) is granted some remission (in retribution) by his brother (the victim’s heir), that should be executed fairly according to the law, and (retribution) should be paid (to the heirs of the slain) in a graceful manner. This is a concession and kindness from your Lord. So, anyone who transgresses after that, there is painful torment for him
And there is a (guarantee of) life for you in retribution (i.e., vengeance of murder), O wise people, so that you may guard (against bloodshed and destruction)
It is prescribed for you that when death approaches someone of you, and he leaves some property behind, then he is to make a will for (his) parents and kindred in a reasonable manner. This is imperative for the true believers
Then he who alters this (will) after hearing it, its sin will be on those who alter it. Allah is indeed All-Hearing, All-Knowing
So, if a person fears any partiality by a testator (for someone) or injustice (towards some other), and then brings about reconciliation amongst them, it shall be no sin on him. Verily, Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for the people before you so that you may become pious
(These are) a fixed number of days. So, whoever amongst you is ill or on a journey, then he shall complete fasting for the fixed number by (fasting on) other days. But those who are not able to fast, it is obligatory on them to provide food for a needy person in lieu of that. But whoever does (greater) good seeking pleasure, that is better for him. And your fasting is better for you if you understand
The month of Ramadan (is the month) in which the Qur’an has been sent down as guidance for mankind containing clear signs which lead (to the straight road) and distinguishing (the truth from falsehood). Therefore, he who witnesses this month must fast it, and he who is ill or on a journey should complete the count by (fasting on equal number of) other days. Allah desires ease for you and does not desire hardship for you so that you complete the prescribed number of fasting days, and that you glorify Him for the guidance which He has blessed you with, and that you may become grateful
And, (O Beloved,) when My servants ask you about Me, (tell them:) ‘I am near. I reply the call of the supplicant whenever he calls Me out. So they should embrace My obedience and have (firm) faith in Me so that they may find the (coveted) road (leading straight to the destination).
It is made lawful for you to approach your wives during the nights of the fasts. They are like clothes for you and you are like clothes for them. Allah knows that you broke the trust in the case of your own right. But He has shown mercy to you and has forgiven you. So, have sexual relations with them now (during the nights of the fasts without any inhibition) and seek what Allah has prescribed for you. And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you (separated) from the black thread (of night). Then complete the fast till dusk. And refrain from having sexual contact with your wives, whilst you are in retreat in the mosques. These are the bounds (set) by Allah. So do not draw near to them (to step over). Thus Allah explains His Verses (clearly) for the people, so that they may embrace piety
And do not eat up one another’s wealth amongst yourselves through injustice, nor take wealth to the authorities (as a bribe) so that, this way, you may (also) swallow a portion of others’ wealth unfairly, whilst you are aware (that this is a sin)
(O Beloved!) People ask you about the new moons. Say: ‘These are signs to indicate time for the people and for (determining) the month of Hajj (Pilgrimage).’ And it is not righteousness that you enter your houses from the rear (whilst in ihram—the sacred dress for Hajj). In fact, righteousness is doing pious acts (instead of observing such meaningless customs). And enter your houses through their (entrance) doors, and always fear Allah so that you may prosper
And fight (in defence) in the cause of Allah against those who impose war on you. (Yes,) but do not exceed limits. Surely, Allah does not like those who exceed limits
And (during war) kill (the aggressing and combating disbelievers) wherever you find them, and drive them out (through military operation by the state) from where they drove you out. And rousing mischief and disruption is a severer (crime) than killing. But do not fight against them in the proximity of the Sacred Mosque (Ka‘ba) unless they themselves fight there against you. Then if they attack you, kill them (in defence), for that is the right penalty of (such aggressing and combating) disbelievers
But if they desist, then surely Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
And keep fighting against them until the disruption and mischief is totally eliminated and the Din (Religion) practically becomes subservient to Allah alone (i.e., the system of the protection of peace, security and human rights is practically established). But if they desist, then offensive action is not permissible except against the wrongdoers (i.e., transgressors)
A sacred month is the requital of a sacred month, and (other) sacred things also requite one another. So if someone wrongs you, you may also respond in kind but proportional to his offence. And fear Allah. And remember that Allah is with those who fear Him
And spend in the cause of Allah; and do not cast yourselves into destruction with your own hands; and adopt righteousness. Verily, Allah loves the righteous
And accomplish (the ceremonies of) Hajj (Pilgrimage) and ‘Umra (Visitation) for Allah. But if you are prevented (on the way), then (send for slaughter) whatever sacrificial animal is available. And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place. But whoever amongst you is ill or suffers from some ailment of the head (and because of that gets his head shaved before time), then he has to recompense (it) by (keeping) fasts or (giving) alms or (offering) sacrifice. Then, when in peaceful condition, anyone of you who takes the advantage of combining ‘Umra (Visitation) with Hajj (Pilgrimage) should (offer whatever) sacrifice is available. However, the one who fails to manage even this shall fast for three days during Hajj ([Pilgrimage] days) and for seven days on returning from Hajj, making ten days (fasting) in all. This (dispensation) is meant for the one whose family does not reside in the vicinity of the Sacred Mosque (i.e., not a resident of Mecca). And fear Allah and remember that Allah gives severe punishment
Some months are appointed for Hajj (Pilgrimage: Shawwal, Dhu al-Qa‘da and first ten days of Dhu al-Hijja). So, he who undertakes to perform Hajj (Pilgrimage) during these (months) and makes it obligatory (for himself) must not commit sexual intercourse with the women, nor any (other) sin, nor should he quarrel with anyone during the Hajj (Pilgrimage) days. And whatever good you do, Allah knows it well. And collect the provisions required for the journey (to the Hereafter). And surely the best of provisions is the fear of Allah. So, fear Me, O men of sound judgment
And it is no sin on you if you (also) seek your Lord’s bounty (through trade during the Hajj days). Then when you return from ‘Arafat, celebrate the remembrance of Allah near Mash‘ar al-Haram (Muzdalifa). And remember Him as He has guided you. And you were certainly wandering disorientated before
Then return after going to that very place from where (the other) people return. And (earnestly) beg forgiveness from Allah. Allah is, of course, Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
Then, when you have completed the ceremonies of Hajj (Pilgrimage), celebrate the remembrance of Allah most fervently (at Mina), as you remember your fathers and forefathers (with great fondness), or remember (Allah) with even deeper intensity of fondness. There are some of the people who say: ‘O our Lord, grant us benefits in this (very) world.’ For such there is no share in the Hereafter
And there are others of them who submit: ‘O our Lord, grant us excellence in this world, and excellence in the Hereafter (as well), and save us from the torment of Hell.
It is they for whom there is a share of their (virtuous) earning, and Allah is Swift at reckoning
And remember Allah (the most) during (these) numbered days. Then, if someone hastens just in two days (to return from Mina), it is no sin on him, and he who delays (it) also commits no sin. This is for him who embraces piety. And keep fearing Allah, and remember that all of you shall be assembled before Him
And amongst people there is also someone whose conversation seems pleasing to you in the life of the world, and who calls Allah to witness that which is in his heart, but in truth he is most quarrelsome
And when he turns away (from you), he runs about in the land to do (everything possible) to rouse mischief and destroy crops and life. And Allah does not like mischief and violence
And when it is said to him (on account of this tyranny and violence): ‘Fear Allah,’ his arrogance stimulates him for more sins. Hell is, therefore, sufficient for him. And that is indeed an evil abode
And (on the contrary) amongst people there is also someone who sells even his life to attain the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is Most Kind to the servants
O believers! Enter Islam perfectly and wholly, and do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is certainly your declared enemy
And if you err even after Our clear signs have come to you, then bear in mind that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise
Are they waiting only for (the torment of) Allah to come in the coverings of clouds, and also the angels (to descend), and the (whole) affair is settled? And to Allah will all matters be returned
Ask the Children of Israel how many a clear sign We gave them! But he who alters Allah’s bounty after it has reached him, then Allah surely inflicts severe torment
The worldly life has been quite adorned and beautified for the disbelievers. And they make fun of the believers. But those who have embraced Godwariness will rank far superior to them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah gives without measure to whom He wills
(In the beginning) all the people agreed upon the same Din (Religion. And later, when differences emerged amongst them,) Allah sent His Messengers as Bearers of good news and Warners and sent down with them the Book based on truth, so that it might judge those matters amongst the people in which they had developed differences. Then, only those very people whom the Book was given differed about it, despite the fact that the clear signs had come to them. (And they differed also) because of mere jealousy and malice amongst themselves. Then Allah, by His command, made the believers understand that matter of truth about which they had differed. And Allah guides whom He pleases to the straight road
Do you think that you will enter Paradise (for nothing, without any trial,) whilst you have not yet undergone the predicament of those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with a diversity of sufferings and hardships and were jolted (in such a manner) that the Messenger (himself) and his companions in faith (too) cried out: ‘When will the help of Allah arrive?’ Beware! The help of Allah is definitely at hand
They ask you what they should spend (in the way of Allah). Say: ‘Whatever wealth you spend (is right), but the deserving ones are your parents and close relatives and orphans and the needy and the wayfarers. And whatever good you do, Allah indeed knows it full well.
Fighting (in self-defence, for restoration of peace and elimination of mischief and violence) has been made incumbent upon you although you are averse to it by temperament. It may be that you dislike a thing and (in fact) that is good for you. And it is (also) likely that you like a thing but (in fact) that is bad for you. And Allah knows well but you do not know
They ask you about the command for fighting in the Sacred Month. Say: ‘Fighting in it is a grave sin, but hindering people from Allah’s path and denying Him and obstructing them from al-Masjid al-Haram (Ka‘ba) and turning its dwellers out of it is yet a graver sin (than that) in the sight of Allah.’ And this mischief-mongering is even worse than bloodshed. (These disbelievers) will continue fighting against you endlessly till they turn you back from your Din (Religion) if they become capable to gain (the required) might. And whoever of you turns away from his Din (Religion) and dies as a disbeliever, (all) deeds of such people will become void in this world and in the Hereafter. And it is they who are the inmates of Hell. They shall dwell in it forever
Indeed, those who believed and migrated for the sake of Allah and struggled hard in the way of Allah, it is they who look forward to Allah’s mercy. And Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
They ask you about alcohol (i.e., intoxicants) and gambling. Say: ‘Major sin lies in both of them and also some (worldly) profit for the people, but their sin is greater than their profit.’ And they also ask you about what they should spend. Say: ‘(Spend) whatever is surplus to your needs.’ Thus does Allah make His commandments clear to you so that you may meditate
(Your meditation should be) on (matters relating to) this world and the Hereafter. And they ask you about orphans. Say: ‘It is meritorious to set (their affairs) right. And if you associate them with yourselves (in subsistence and business), then they are also your brothers. And Allah distinctly recognizes the one who is destructive from the other who is constructive. And if Allah willed, He would put you in distress. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
And do not marry idolatrous women until they become Muslims. Indeed, a Muslim slave-girl is better than a (free) idolatress, however pleasing she may seem to you. Nor give (the Muslim women) in marriage to idolaters till they embrace Islam. And certainly, a Muslim slave is better than an idolater, even though he should please you. These (idolaters and disbelievers) call you to Hell whilst Allah invites, by His decree, to Paradise and forgiveness and explains His Verses clearly to people so that they may take direction and guidance
And they ask you about menstruation. Say: ‘It is filth; so keep away from women during menstruation and do not approach them until they become pure. And when they have washed themselves clean, consort with them the way by which Allah has permitted you.’ Undoubtedly, Allah loves those who repent much, and He loves those who keep themselves thoroughly pure and clean
Your wives are for you like a harvest-producing field. So, go to your field as you may desire. And manage some provisions for yourselves for the next world. Inculcate in yourselves the fear of Allah, and be mindful that you shall appear before Him. And, (O Beloved,) give good news to the believers (that their appearance before Allah will be gainful for them)
And because of your oaths, do not use (the Name of) Allah as an excuse for refraining from doing good (to the people), becoming Godfearing and making peace amongst people. And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
Allah will not hold you accountable for your vain oaths, but will take you to task for the oaths taken with serious intention in your hearts. And Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Forbearing
And for those who swear not to go near their wives, there is a (reconsideration) period of four months. So, if (during this period) they resume their relations, Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
But if they resolve firmly to divorce, then certainly Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
And the divorced women shall hold themselves back till three menstrual cycles. And it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah may have created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And during this period, their husbands have a greater right to take them back (again) into conjugal bond, provided they intend to reconcile. And, according to usage, women too have rights over men similar to the rights of men over women. Men, however, have an advantage over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, Most Wise
Divorce is (revocable) two times (only). Then either retain (the wife) with honour (in marital relationship) or release her with kindness. And it is not lawful for you to take back anything of that which you have given them, unless both fear that (now by maintaining marital ties) they may not be able to observe the limits set by Allah. So if you fear that both will be unable to keep within Allah’s limits, then (in that case) there shall be no sin upon either of them if the wife (herself) may give up something as recompense to free herself (from this distressing bond). These are the limits (set) by Allah. So, do not exceed them. And those who exceed the limits prescribed by Allah, it is they who are the wrongdoers
Then if he divorces (for the third time), she will not be lawful for him until she marries some husband other than him. But if he (the latter) also divorces her, in such a case there shall be no sin on both of them (the former husband and the wife) if they return (once more to the wedlock), provided both of them (now) think that they would be able to observe the limits set by Allah. And these are the limits (prescribed) by Allah which He explains to those who have knowledge
And when you divorce the women, and they reach (the completion of) their waiting period, then either retain them (in marital bond) in a graceful manner or release them nicely. But do not retain them to hurt (them) so that you subject (them) to excesses. And he who does so wrongs his own soul. And do not make fun of Allah’s commands. And call to mind Allah’s favour that has been (bestowed) upon you, and the Book that He has sent down to you, and (the pearls of) wisdom (with which He has enlightened you). He advises you (by means of this code of conduct). And fear Allah, and bear in mind that Allah is indeed All-Knowing
And when you divorce the women and they reach (the completion of) their waiting period, then do not prevent them from remarrying (their former or latter) husbands when they have mutually agreed according to the Islamic law. This is a direction for him amongst you who believes in Allah and the Last Day. It is most pure, clean and wholesome for you. And Allah knows and you do not know (so many things)
And the mothers shall suckle their infants for two full years. This (injunction) is for him who wants to complete the suckling period. And, according to usage, the food and clothing of the feeding mothers is the obligation of the father of the child. No soul should be stressed beyond its capacity, (and) neither the mother nor the father should be harmed for the child. The same injunction is applicable to the heirs. Then if both the mother and the father desire with mutual consultation and consent to wean (even before the fixed two years), there will be no sin on them. Nor shall it be a sin if you intend to engage (wet nurses) for suckling the children, whilst you pay them whatever you do according to usage. And fear Allah and know that Allah is Watchful of all that you do
And those of you who die and leave (their) widows behind shall keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days. So, when they arrive at (the end of) their waiting term, there shall be no responsibility on you for whatever they do for themselves according to Islamic law. And Allah is Well Aware of what you do
And there is no sin on you if (even during the waiting term) you convey to such women a hint of marriage proposal or conceal (this idea) in your hearts. Allah knows that you will soon mention to them, but do not seek from them any (such) promise even secretly, except that you say to them (a hint of) that according to Islamic law. And do not resolve firmly on wedlock (during this time) until the prescribed waiting term is over. And know that Allah also knows what is in your hearts. So fear Him persistently. And (also) know that Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Lenient
There will (also) be no sin on you if you divorce (the wedlocked) women even before touching them or fixing their dower. Then (in this case) provide for them appropriately. It is (an obligation) for the rich according to his means and for the poor according to his means. (In any case) this provision must be made in a becoming manner. This is compulsory for the pious
And if you divorce them before you have touched them, after you have fixed a dower for them, then paying half of the dower you have fixed is necessary, unless they forgo (their right) themselves, or the (husband) in whose hand is the marriage tie forgoes (i.e., pays more than half or full). And, (O male folk,) if you forgo, that is closer to Godwariness. And never forget extending generosity (and behaving excellently) towards each other (even in these moments of stress and strain). Verily, Allah observes well what you do
Guard strictly all the Prayers, especially the middle Prayer. And stand before Allah as an epitome of submissiveness and lowliness
Should you be in a state of fear, then (do offer Prayer) whether on foot or whilst riding (as the case may be), but once you get back to peace, remember Allah in the manner He has taught you which you did not know (before)
And those of you who die and leave (their) widows behind must leave a will for their widows (before they die) to provide them for their maintenance for one year (and) not to turn them out of their houses. But if they themselves walk out (on their own), then there is no sin on you for whatever they may do for themselves according to usage. And Allah is Almighty, Most Wise
And the divorced women must also be provided with maintenance according to what is fair. This is compulsory for the pious
Thus Allah makes His commandments clear to you so that you may understand
(O Beloved!) Have you not seen the people who went out of their houses, fearing death, though they were in thousands? Allah commanded them: ‘Die,’ (and they died). Then He restored them to life. Surely, Allah is Most Bountiful towards mankind, but most of them do not give (Him) thanks
And, (O Muslims,) fight in the way of Allah (to establish peace and safeguard human dignity) and know that Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
Who is he that will lend to Allah a generous loan? He will, then, multiply it for him manifold. And Allah alone decreases and increases (your sustenance) and towards Him will you be returned
(O Beloved!) Have you not seen the group of the Children of Israel who came after Musa (Moses)? When they said to their Prophet: ‘Appoint for us a king so that we may fight in the cause of Allah (under his command),’ the Prophet said (to them): ‘What, if you desist from fighting, once it is prescribed for you!’ They said: ‘What ails us that we should not fight in the cause of Allah when we have been driven away from our homes and children?’ But when fighting (against oppression and aggression) was made obligatory for them, all of them turned away, except a few. And Allah knows the wrongdoers full well
And their Prophet said to them: ‘Allah has appointed for you Talut (Saul) as a king.’ They said: ‘How can he reign over us, whereas we have greater right than him to rule, and he has also not been granted affluence?’ (The Prophet) said: ‘Surely, Allah has chosen him above you, and has given him more affluent knowledge and vigour; and Allah (entrusts) with His kingdom whom He pleases and Allah is Infinite, All-Knowing.
And their Prophet said to them: ‘The sign of his kingdom (to be Allah’s bestowal) is that a box, carried by angels, shall come to you from your Lord, containing things for the tranquillity of heart, and some sacred relics left behind by the children of Musa and Harun (Moses and Aaron). Surely, there is a great sign in it for you if you are believers.
So, when Talut (Saul) marched out of the city with his troops, he said: ‘Surely, Allah will try you by means of a stream. So he who drinks from it will not be (of my companions), and he who does not drink it will be of (my party), but if someone takes (only) a sip of it from the hollow of his hand (there is no harm).’ Yet, they all drank of it except a few. So, when Talut (Saul) and his companions in faith crossed the stream, they said: ‘We have no strength today to face Jalut (Goliath) and his forces.’ (But) those who were sure that (after martyrdom or death) they were going to meet Allah said: ‘Many a time a small party has overcome a (very) large party by the command of Allah! And Allah awards His companionship to the steadfast.
And when they faced Jalut (Goliath) and his forces, they supplicated Allah: ‘O our Lord, grant us plentiful patience and make our steps firm and give us victory over the disbelievers.
So they defeated them (the army of Jalut [Goliath]) by Allah’s command and Dawud (David) killed Jalut. And Allah granted (Dawud) sovereignty and wisdom, and taught him what He wished. If Allah had not removed one group (that puts into force tyranny and oppression and breaches peace) by means of another (who fights for the protection of human dignity, life on) earth would have been ruined. But Allah is Bountiful to all the worlds
These are Allah’s Verses. (O Beloved!) We recite them to you with the truth and indeed you are of the Messengers
Of all these Messengers (whom We sent) We have exalted some above others: Allah spoke to some of them (directly), and raised some (above all others) in rank (i.e., elevated the Holy Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him] to the highest of all the degrees of the glory of Messengership). And We gave ‘Isa, the son of Maryam (Jesus, the son of Mary), clear signs and helped him with the Holy Spirit. And had Allah so willed, the people succeeding these Messengers would never have disputed and fought amongst themselves after the manifest signs had come to them. But they differed (owing to the free will which was endowed to them to be answerable before Allah for their performance). So, some of them believed whilst others opted to disbelieve. (And keep it in mind that) if Allah had willed (i.e., restricted their choice to one opinion only), they would never have fought amongst themselves. But Allah does what He wills (i.e., He gives the people freedom of choice and makes them responsible for their decision)
O believers! Spend (in the cause of Allah) out of whatever We have provided for you, before the Day comes when there will be no trading; and (for disbelievers) neither any friendship (will be useful) nor (any) intercession; and it is the disbelievers who are the transgressors
Allah! None is worthy of worship but He, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsisting, the One Who sustains and protects (the entire universe with His strategy). He is seized by neither slumber nor sleep. Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth belongs to Him alone. Who can dare intercede with Him except by His permission? (He) knows all that is (happening or has happened) before the Creation, and all that is (about to happen) after them; and they cannot encompass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His Throne (of Empire and Power and Authority) encompasses the heavens and the earth, and the protection of both (the earth and the heavens) does not pose Him any difficulty. And He alone is Most High, Most Great
There is no compulsion in Din (Religion). Surely, the guidance has been evidently distinguished from error. So he who rejects false gods and believes in Allah has grasped such a firm handhold that will never (possibly) give way. And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing
Allah is the Guardian of the believers. He brings them out of (all kinds of) darkness and takes them towards the light. And those who are disbelievers, their supporters are satans who take them out of the light (of truth) into the darkness (of evil). It is they who are the inmates of Hell. They will dwell there forever
(O Beloved!) Have you not seen him who began to dispute with Ibrahim (Abraham) about his own Lord because Allah had given him the kingdom? When Ibrahim (Abraham) said: ‘My Lord is He Who gives life and (also) causes death,’ (the king) said (in reply): ‘I (too) give life and cause death.’ Ibrahim (Abraham) said: ‘Surely, Allah causes the sun to rise in the east; bring it up from the west.’ So, the infidel was stunned. And Allah does not guide the transgressors to the right path
Or, likewise, (have you not seen) him who passed by a town which was a wreck with its roofs caved in? He said: ‘How shall Allah bring it back to life after its death?’ So (to make him witness His Power) Allah kept him dead for a hundred years, then gave him life, (and after that) asked: ‘How long (have) you stayed here (after dying)?’ He said: ‘I stayed for a day or (only) part of a day.’ Allah said: ‘(Nay,) you kept lying for a hundred years. So, (now) look at (the provisions of) your food and drink. (They) have not even decomposed (i.e., become stale). And (now) see your donkey (whose very bones are no more intact). And this is because We may make you a sign (of Our Might) for the people. And (now) see (these) bones how We stir (and raise) them and clothe them with flesh.’ When this (phenomenon) fully dawned on him, he proclaimed: ‘I have learnt (through the eye of certitude) that Allah is indeed All-Powerful to do everything.
And (also recall) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said: ‘My Lord, show me how You bring the dead to life.’ Allah said: ‘Do you not have faith?’ He submitted: ‘Why not! (I do believe,) but (I wish) my heart is blessed with gratifying calm.’ Allah ordained: ‘Well, take four birds and tame them to feel attached to you; then (slaughter them and) place a piece of each of them on each hill; then call them. They will come to you at high speed. And know that surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like (that) grain out of which seven ears shoot forth. (And then) each ear bears a hundred grains (i.e., they are rewarded seven hundred times). And Allah multiplies (still more) for whom He likes. And Allah is Infinite, All-Knowing
Those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah, and then do not follow up their spending by reminding of their benevolence or by hurting, there is reward for them with their Lord. And (on the Day of Resurrection) they will have no fear, nor will they grieve
Polite conversation (with the needy) and extending tolerance are far better than charity followed by injuring (his) heart. And Allah is Self-Sufficient, Forbearing
O believers! Do not ruin your charity donations (later) by taunts of doing favour and hurting feelings like the one who gives charity to show off his wealth to the people and believes in neither Allah nor the Last Day. His case is like a smooth rock covered with a thin coat of soil. Then heavy rain falls on it, washes it clean and leaves it (the same) bare and hard (rock). So these (pretentious people) shall get nothing out of their earning. And Allah does not guide the disbelievers
And those who spend their wealth to seek Allah’s pleasure and stabilize themselves (in faith and obedience) are like a garden located on a higher ground level. When a heavy rain falls on it, it doubles its yield. And if it does not receive a heavy rain, then even dew (or drizzle) is sufficient. And Allah monitors your actions minutely
Would any of you like to have a garden of date-palms and grapevines with streams flowing beneath it and all kinds of fruit (in addition to dates and grapes); and (under these conditions) old age overtakes him, whilst his children are (still) tender; and (in the meanwhile) the garden is struck with a whirlwind composed (entirely) of fire and gets burnt? (Imagine the state of his helplessness, agony and anxiety.) Thus Allah makes clear His signs for you so that you may reflect. (So, do you wish that the orchard of your deeds should also burn to ashes in the fire of pretentiousness on the Last Day, and there should be none to support you?
O believers! Spend (in the way of Allah) of your lawful and clean earnings and of that which We bring forth for you from the earth. And do not intend to spend (in the cause of Allah) from that which is unclean, for (if the same is given to you,) you yourselves would never accept it without closing your eyes to it. And you must know that Allah is certainly All-Sufficient, Worthy of All Praise
Satan makes you afraid of poverty (to stop you from spending in the way of Allah) and enjoins you to commit indecency. And Allah promises you His forgiveness and bounty. And Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing
He blesses with wisdom whom He wills. And he who is granted wisdom (and reason) receives tremendous good. And only those who are endowed with wisdom and insight receive direction and guidance
And whatever you spend or whatever you vow to offer, Allah verily knows it and the evildoers have no helpers
If you give charity in public, it is worthwhile (for it will persuade others), but if you hide and deliver it to the poor in secret, that is (far) better for you. And Allah will remove from you some of your sins (due to this charity). And Allah is Well Aware of all that you do
Their (acceptance) of guidance is not your responsibility. It is Allah Who awards guidance to whom He wills. And whatever wealth you give away (as charity donation) goes to your own benefit. It is not appropriate for you to spend but for Allah’s pleasure alone. And whatever you spend of your wealth, (its reward) will be paid back to you in full and you shall not be treated unjustly
(Charity is) the right of those poor who have been restricted (from earning their livelihood) in the cause of Allah. They cannot even move about in the land (due to their whole time involvement in matters of Din [Religion]). Because of their (ascetic) aversion to greed, the unwise (knowing little about their state of heart and soul) consider them wealthy. You will recognize them from their appearance. They do not ask people (for help) at all lest they should humble themselves (before them). And whatever wealth you give in charity, Allah indeed knows it well
Those who spend (in the cause of Allah) by night and day, privately or publicly, have their reward with their Lord. And (on the Day of Resurrection) they shall neither fear nor grieve
Those who live on usury will not be able to stand (on the Day of Judgment), but like the one whom Satan has made insane with his touch (i.e., damnation). This is because they used to say that trade (i.e., buying and selling) is similar to usury, whereas Allah has declared trade (i.e., buying and selling) lawful and usury unlawful. So, if someone refrains (from usury) on receiving admonition from his Lord, then he can keep whatever he took in the past and his case is with Allah. But those who continued with usury (despite the admonition) would be the inmates of Hell. They will abide there permanently
Allah eliminates usury (i.e., deprives usurious profits of prosperous growth) and multiplies alms gifts (i.e., increases blessings of clean wealth manifold through charity donations). And Allah does not like anyone who is ungrateful and disobedient
Surely, those who believe and do pious acts and establish Prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) regularly have their reward with their Lord. And (on the Last Day) they will neither fear nor grieve
O believers! Fear Allah and write off whatever balance remains of usury if you are believers (true to the core of your hearts)
But if you do not do so, then be warned of the declaration of war from Allah and His Holy Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him). And if you repent, then your principal amounts are (lawfully) yours. (In this case) you will neither do any wrong, nor be wronged
And if a debtor is under financial stress, he should be given respite till he feels at ease to pay. And your forgoing (the loan) is better for you if you know (what significance it has in the sight of Allah to console the poor)
And fear the Day when you will be returned to Allah. Then everyone will be paid in full for whatever he has done, and they will not be wronged
O believers! Whenever you strike deals with one another for a fixed period, reduce the transaction to writing. And the scribe amongst you should write it with justice, and should not refuse to write as Allah has taught him to write. So he should write (i.e., meet the requirements of documentation with utmost honesty, in accordance with Islamic law). And he on whom the liability (i.e., debt) falls should dictate the contents of the contract. And he should fear Allah, Who is his Sustainer, and (whilst writing) he should not diminish anything (from the indebted sum). Then if he who has undertaken the liability is mentally deficient or physically weak or lacks the ability to dictate the contents, his guardian should dictate with fairness. And get two witnesses out of your own men. But if two men are not available, then a man and two women: (they) should be from amongst those whom you like as witnesses (i.e., consider trustworthy), so that if either of the two women forgets, the other may remind her. And the witnesses should not refuse whenever they are called (for evidence). And do not be weary of writing it down for its term, whether the transaction is small or large. This documentation by you is more just in the sight of Allah, and makes evidence more solid and nearer to keeping you from doubt, except that if transactions are hand-to-hand which you carry out amongst yourselves, then there is no sin on you if you do not write it down. And take witnesses whenever you bargain amongst yourselves. And let no harm be done to either the scribe or the witness, but if you do so, it will be sheer disobedience on your part. And keep fearing Allah. And Allah grants you knowledge (of the principles of mutual dealing) and Allah knows everything well
And if you are on a journey and do not find a scribe, then take possession of a pledge in mortgage. Then, if one of you trusts the other, so he whose honesty has been trusted should deliver his trust and fear Allah, Who provides him subsistence. And do not conceal evidence. And the one who conceals it, his heart is certainly sinful. And Allah knows well whatever you do
Whatever exists in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah. Whether you reveal or conceal the secrets of your heart, Allah will call you to account for that. Then Allah shall forgive whom He wills and torment whom He wills. And Allah has Absolute Power over everything
(He) the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) believed in (i.e., affirmed) what was revealed to him by his Lord, and so have done the believers. All embraced faith (from the core of their hearts) in Allah, His angels, His Books and His Messengers. (They also say:) ‘We do not differentiate between any of His Messengers (in believing).’ And they submit (before His holy presence): ‘We have heard (Your command) and (accepted to) obey. ‘O our Lord! We seek Your forgiveness and to You (we all) have to return.
Allah does not put under stress any soul more than its endurance. There is a reward for whatever good it has earned, and there is torment for whatever evil it has perpetrated. ‘O our Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or do some mistake. O our Lord, lay not on us such a (heavy) burden as You laid on those before us. O our Lord, put not on us (also) the burden that we have not the strength to bear, and overlook (our sins), and forgive us and have mercy on us. You alone are our Master and Helper. So grant us victory over the disbelievers.
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