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Allah and His Messenger have cancelled any treaty you made with the idolaters
So, you idolaters
have four months to travel freely in the land; you cannot escape Allah’s grip, Allah will disgrace the disbelievers
An announcement of this will be made
by Allah and His Messenger on the day of the great pilgrimage to all the people: “Allah and His Messenger are free of any previous obligation towards
the idolaters. So, if you idolaters
repent that will be best for you, but if you turn away, then beware you can’t escape Allah’s grip.” Give the disbelievers glad tidings of a painful punishment
But the idolaters who haven’t broken their treaty, nor have they supported anyone against you, continue to fulfil your treaty with them for the fixed term. Allah loves the mindful
When the sacred months are over, fight the idolaters wherever you find them, lie in ambush for them, arrest and besiege them. However, if they repent, perform the prayer and pay Zakat, then let them go. Allah is Most Forgiving and Kind
If an idolater seeks your protection give him protection, he may hear Allah’s Word, then take him to his place of safety; this is because they are people who don’t know.
How could Allah and his Messenger have a treaty with the idolaters, except for those whom you previously
made a treaty with at the Sacred Mosque? So long as they remain true, you must remain true to them. Allah loves the pious.
Were they to have the upper hand over you then they wouldn’t show respect for either family relationship or the treaty. They try to please you with their speech, but their hearts reject you, and most of them are criminals
They sell Allah’s words for a small price and stop people from His path. Evil is what they do
When it comes to the believers; they show no respect for family relationship or the treaty. They are transgressors
However, if they repent, perform the prayer and pay Zakat they’re your brothers in religion. We explain the verses for people who understand
If they break their oaths once they have made a treaty with you
, and they criticise your religion, then fight the chiefs of the disbelievers. Their oaths mean nothing to them, so this
might stop them
Will you not fight those who have broken their oaths and plotted to expel the Messenger, they were the ones who started the hostilities in the first place? Are you afraid of them? Allah is far more deserving to be feared if you are true
Fight them so that Allah may punish and disgrace them at your hands; Allah wants to soothe the aching
breasts of the believers
and remove the fury from their hearts. Allah forgives whomever He pleases. Allah is the Knower, Wise.
Or did you think you would be left untested
? Allah has not yet
marked out those amongst you who are willing to struggle on His path, and those who will keep secrets safe from anyone besides Allah, His Messenger and the believers. Allah is well aware of what you do
It isn’t right for the idolaters to be caretakers of Allah’s Mosques while they are witnesses of their disbelief. Their deeds are worthless, and they will live in the Fire forever
The Mosques of Allah are looked after by people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, perform prayer, pay Zakat and fear none but Allah; these are the rightly guided
Do you consider providing water to the pilgrims and the maintenance of the Sacred Mosque equal to piety
of those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and do Jihad in Allah’s way? In Allah’s sight the two things are not equal; and Allah does not guide the wrongdoers
Those who believed, migrated and struggled in Allah’s way with their wealth and lives have a
special place near Allah; those are the real
Your Lord gives them glad tidings of kindness, pleasure and gardens in which they will enjoy everlasting delights
living there forever. Surely, Allah will give them a mighty reward
Believers, don’t take your fathers and brothers as supporters if they prefer disbelief over faith; anyone who does so is a wrongdoer
Say: “If your fathers, children, brothers, spouses, relatives and the wealth you have gathered, the business whose downturn you fear and the houses that delight you, if these things
are dearer to you than Allah, His Messenger and struggling in His path, then you should wait until Allah’s Judgement comes to pass. Allah doesn’t guide the disobedient.
Allah helped you in many battlefields, including on the day of Hunain when you were proud of your large numbers, but that wasn’t any use to you. The Earth, for all its vastness, seemed to close in on you, and you turned back and fled
Then Allah sent down His stillness on his Messenger and the believers; and He sent down troops that you couldn’t see, and He punished the disbelievers; that was the reward of their disbelief
Afterwards, Allah forgave whom He pleased; Allah is Most Forgiving and Kind
Believers, the idolaters are spiritually
unclean; so don’t let them enter the Sacred Mosque after this year. If you are afraid of poverty, soon Allah will enrich you with His gifts as He wills. Allah is the Knower, Wise
Fight those among the people who were given the Book; they don’t believe in Allah or the Last Day, don’t regard unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful, nor do they accept the rule of justice. Fight them until they agree to pay the tax promptly and submit themselves
The Jews say that Uzair was the son of Allah, and the Christians say the Messiah was the son of Allah; these are false claims, they just imitate what the disbelievers said before them, may Allah destroy them! How misguided they are
They made lords beside Allah; their rabbis, monks, and Messiah son of Maryam, even though they were commanded to worship only one God, other than Whom there is no God. Glory to Him Who is far removed
from what they associate with Him
They would love to put out Allah’s light with the words of
their mouths but Allah rejects the thought
that His light should not be perfected, no matter how much the disbelievers hate it
It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the true religion to prevail all other religions, no matter how much the idolaters hate it
Believers, many rabbis and monks take people’s wealth dishonestly and stop people from Allah’s way. So, those
who hoard gold and silver and don’t spend in Allah’s way, give them glad tidings of a painful punishmen
on the day when it will be heated up in the fire of Hell and their foreheads, sides and backs will be branded with it. It will be said
, “This is what you use to hoard, so taste the treasures you hoarded.
The number of months recorded
in Allah’s book since the day He created the Heavens and the Earth is twelve, four of them are sacred; this is the established law of nature, so don’t be mistaken regarding them. You may fight the idolaters all out just as they fight you all out, and know Allah is with those who are mindful of Him
The postponing of sacred months
is an extreme disbelief, by which the disbelievers cause others
to be misled, making it lawful one year and unlawful the next. They do it to match the number of months that Allah has made sacred; but, in doing so, they make permissible what Allah has forbidden. Their foul deeds seem attractive to them, but Allah doesn’t guide the disbelievers
Believers, what is the matter with you? When you are told: “Mobilise yourself in Allah’s way!” Why do you feel weighed down to the ground? Are you happy with this life instead of the Hereafter? The pleasures of this life are nothing compared to the Hereafter
If you don’t mobilise, He will punish you severely and replace you
with other people, and you won’t harm Him in any way. Allah has power over all things
If you won’t help him, Allah has already helped when the disbelievers expelled him from Makkah
. They were two in the cave when he said to his companion, “Do not worry. Allah is with us.” So, Allah comforted him and helped him with armies that you didn’t see, and He foiled their plan, Allah’s plan is supreme. Allah is Almighty, Wise
Mobilise whether you are lightly or heavily armed, and struggle with your wealth and your lives in Allah’s way, that’s better for you, if you knew
Had there been an instant gain and an easy journey they would have followed you; however, Tabuk
was too far away and the journey difficult. They will swear by Allah, “If we were capable we certainly would have come out with you.” They have ruined themselves. Allah knows they are liars
Allah pardons you! Why did you allow them to remain behind
before it became clear who was telling the truth, and you had identified the liars
Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day won’t seek your permission to stay behind
so as not to strive with their wealth and lives. Allah knows the righteous people
Only those who don’t believe in Allah and the Last Day will seek your permission to remain behind because their hearts are full of doubts which makes them hesitant
Had they wished to go forth for Jihad
they would have prepared properly for it. However, because Allah disliked their going forth, He let them hold back until
it was said: “Remain with those who are staying behind.
Had they gone out with you they would have made trouble for you, scurrying among you to wreak havoc, and some would have listened to them. Allah knows well the wrongdoers.
They tried to stir up conflict among you in the past and turn everything upside down for you until the truth finally
came out, and Allah’s decree was made clear, even though they detested being exposed
Some of them say, “Permit me to stay
and do not put me to the test.” Haven’t they already failed the test? Hell will encircle the disbelievers
When times are good for you, they grieve, but when some tragedy strikes you, they say, “We took proper precautions beforehand,” and they go away rejoicing
Say: “We are only affected by what Allah decreed for us, He is Our Protector, and the believers put their trust in Allah.
Say: “Are you waiting for anything besides two good things to happen to us? We are also
waiting with you for Allah to inflict on you some punishment, either by Himself or at our hands. So, carry on waiting, we’ll wait as well.
Say: “Whether you give willingly or unwillingly, your charity
will not be accepted, because you are disobedient people.
Since they do not believe in Allah and His Messenger their charity will not be accepted, furthermore, they come lazily to the prayer and give charity
Don’t be impressed by their wealth and children: Allah wishes to torment them with these in their worldly life, and allow their souls to perish as disbelievers
They swear by Allah: they are with you all the way
, but they aren’t with you; they are cowardly people
Were they to find a place to flee to, a cave or any opening, they would turn to it as they run away from the truth
Some of them criticise you over the redistribution of
charitable donations; if they are given some, they are pleased, but if not, they become angry
They should be content with what Allah and His Messenger gave them and say: “Allah is enough for us, and soon Allah and His Messenger will give us from His bounty. So,
we place our hopes in Allah.
Zakat is for the poor, the needy, its
administrators, people whose hearts and minds are to be won, freeing the slaves, helping
people in debt, to advance Allah’s cause, and for the needy
traveller. This is a duty instructed by Allah, and Allah is the Knower, Wise
Some people insulted the Messenger saying, “He is all ears.”Say: “He has an ear for what is good for you. He believes in Allah and looks out for the safety of the believers, and he is kind to those of you who believe. However, those who insult Allah’s Messenger will have painful punishment.
They swear by Allah to please you, yet it is Allah and his Messenger who they should try to please, if they are true
Don’t they know that anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger will live in the Fire, forever? What a terrible disgrace!
The hypocrites are afraid that a surat may be revealed about them informing them and the rest of the Muslims
of what is in their hearts. Say: “Keep mocking. Allah will produce what you most fear.
If you ask them about some incident
, they will say, “We were just discussing and having fun.” Say: “Are you mocking Allah, His verses and His Messenger
Don’t make excuses, you have clearly
disbelieved after declaring
belief.” Even if We choose to forgive few of you, We will punish the rest because they are sinners
Hypocrite, men and women, stand by each other; they enjoin evil and forbid good and are tight-fisted. They ignore Allah, so He will ignore them in the Hereafter
. The hypocrites are disobedient
Allah has promised the hypocrites, men and women, and the disbelievers the fire of Hell to be there forever; that’s good enough for them. Allah has cursed them, and they will suffer endless torment
Hypocrites! You are
like those before you, but they were more powerful than you, and had greater wealth and children; they enjoyed their share of the worldly comforts
, so you too enjoy your share just as they did before you; and go on indulging in idle talk just as they did. Their deeds are worthless in this world and the Hereafter; they were losers.
Haven’t stories of previous people come down to them, like the people of Nuh, Ad, Thamud; of Ibrahim, of Madyan and the overturned cities? Messengers came with clear signs; Allah wasn’t unfair to them, but they wronged themselves
Believing men and women, are one another’s friends; they enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil; they perform the prayer, pay Zakat, they obey Allah and His Messenger, so Allah will take care of them. Allah is Almighty, Wise
Allah has prepared for the believing men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, where they shall live forever, and comfortable homes enclosed by
gardens of everlasting bliss, and the Divine pleasure is the greatest reward
of all, the supreme achievement
Blessed Prophet, struggle against the disbelievers and hypocrites and be strict with them. Hell is their lasting
home. What an evil destination
They swear by Allah they didn’t say what they are accused of
, but they blasphemed and disbelieved after embracing Islam. They worry about what they failed to achieve. They were angry because Allah and His Messenger enriched them with His bounty. It would be better for them, if they repented. But, if they turn away Allah will punish them severely in this life and the Hereafter, and no one on Earth would protect or help them.
Some of them vowed to Allah: “If He gives us of His bounty, we will donate generously and be righteous.
However, when He blessed them with His bounty, they became miserly and turned away, unwilling to give.
Since they broke their promise to Allah and lied repeatedly, Allah has put hypocrisy in their hearts until the day they meet Him
Aren’t they aware Allah knows their secrets and private conversations. Allah is the Knower of the unseen
Those who criticise the believers – who make voluntary donations, and who have nothing to give
but their time and
talent – and they poke fun at them, Allah will make a laughing stock of them; and they shall have a painful punishment
Whether you ask for their forgiveness or not, even if you ask seventy times for their forgiveness,Allah will never forgive them because they rejected Allah and His Messenger, and Allah does not guide the sinners
Those who stayed at home were delighted after Allah’s Messenger had left. They hated the thought of
struggling with their wealth and lives in Allah’s way, saying to others
, “Don’t march in this heat.” Say: “The fire of Hell is far hotter.” If only they understood
So, let them laugh a little, soon
they will cry a lot, a reward for what they did.
When Allah brings you back to Madinah
, a group of them will ask permission to march out with you next time
. Say to them
: “You will never march out with me, nor will you fight with me against an enemy. You were happy to stay at home
the first time, so stay with those who were left behind.
, never pray for any of their dead nor stand by their grave. They disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died as sinners
Don’t be impressed by their wealth or children, Allah wishes to torment them with these in this world, and their souls will perish while they are still disbelievers
Whenever a surat is revealed saying
: “Believe in Allah and strive along with His Messenger,” the wealthy among them seek an exemption from you, saying, “Leave us with those who stay behind.
They are pleased to stay with those who remain behind, and their hearts have been sealed so they do not understand
However, the Messenger and believers strive with their wealth and lives. They shall have all the best things, and they’re successful
Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, here they shall live forever; that is the supreme achievement
Some Bedouins who stayed behind at home came with excuses, sought exemption, and some lied about Allah and His Messenger. The disbelievers shall soon be afflicted by a painful punishment.
No blame shall rest on the weak, the sick and those who lack the financial means, so long as they remain sincere towards Allah and His Messenger; the righteous shouldn’t be blamed, Allah is Forgiving, Caring
Nor does any blame rest
on those who came to you expecting to find mounts, and you said, “I can’t find a mount for you,” so they turned away, their eyes overflowing with tears of grief since they had no money to equip themselves
Blame is on those who seek an exemption, yet they are wealthy. They are happy to stay with those who remain behind, so Allah has sealed their hearts, they don’t know
They will make all sorts of
excuses when you return to them in Madinah
. Say: “Don’t make excuses. We won’t believe you. Allah has already informed us about you. Allah and His Messenger will soon see your actions, then you will be turned over to the Knower of all that is seen and unseen, and He will inform you of what you used to do.”
When you return to them they will swear by Allah to be left alone, so leave them alone; they’re wicked people. Their home is Hell, a reward for what they did.
They will swear an oath to please you, but even if you are pleased with them, Allah will not be pleased with disobedient people
Some Bedouins are the worst in terms of disbelief and hypocrisy and are least likely to understand the limits sent by Allah to His Messenger. Allah is Knowing, Wise
Some Bedouins regard charity as a fine, and are waiting for your luck to turn. An evil turn of fortune awaits them. Allah is the Hearer, the Knower
There are other Bedouins who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and regard charity as a means of drawing closer to Allah and gaining the Messenger’s blessings. No doubt it is a means of drawing closer. Allah will treat them kindly. Allah is Forgiving, Caring
Allah is pleased with those who were the first Migrants and Helpers, and those who followed them in righteousness, they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens under which rivers flow where they will live forever; that is the greatest victory
Among the Bedouins who live
around you there are some
hypocrites, and some people of Madinah are inflexible; you don’t know them, but We know them. We will punish them twice and then turn them over to horrendous torment in the Hereafter
there are others who have confessed their sins, and have mixed good deeds with the bad, hoping that
Allah may forgive them. Surely, Allah is Forgiving, Kind
Accept charity from their wealth to purify them and to develop them spiritually
, and pray for them; your prayers are a comfort for them. Allah is the Hearer, the Knower
Don’t they know Allah accepts repentance and charitable donations from His servants? He is the Relenting, the Kind.
Say: “Keep doing good deeds
! Allah and His Messenger sees what you do, so do
the believers. Then you will be returned to the Knower of all that is seen and unseen, and He will inform you of what you used to do.”
And there are others who are full of hope for Allah’s decree, as to whether He will punish or pardon them. Allah is All-Knowing, Wise
who built a Mosque – to incite violence, disbelief and disunity amongst the believers, and as an outpost for those who had previously waged war on Allah and His Messenger – will swear: “We intended good only.” Allah bears witness, “They are liars.
never pray in it. Without a doubt
, it is more fitting by far that you pray in a Mosque founded on piety from the first day that
deserves to be prayed in. In that Mosque, there are men who like to be pure, and Allah loves the pure
Which of the two
is better: the person who laid his foundations on fear of Allah and Divine
pleasure; or the one who lays his foundations on the very edge of a crumbling cliff edge, so it tumbles into the fire of Hell, taking him with it? Allah doesn’t guide the wicked people
The building they have built will always create doubt in their hearts, unless they feel
their hearts torn apart with remorse
. Allah is the Knower, Wise
Allah has purchased from the believers their lives and their wealth in exchange for Paradise. They fight in Allah’s way, slaying and being slain. This is a valid pledge from Him recorded
in the Torah, the Gospel and the Quran. And who is more true to his word than Allah? So rejoice at your bargain. This is a mighty victory for
those who repent, worship, praise Allah, fast, bow, prostrate, enjoin good, forbid evil, and stay within the boundaries set by Allah: give glad tidings to such
It is not fitting for the Prophet and the believers to seek forgiveness for idolaters, even if they are close relatives, after it has been made clear to them that they are people of the Blazing Fire
Ibrahim sought forgiveness for his father because of a promise he made to him. However, after it became clear to Ibrahim he was Allah’s enemy, he immediately dissociated himself from his father. Ibrahim was soft-hearted and gentle
Allah would not let people go astray after having guided them, not until He has made it absolutely clear to them what they should be mindful of. Allah knows all things
Control of the Heavens and Earth belongs to Allah. He gives life, and He takes it away. You have no protector or helper other than Allah
Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Migrants and the Helpers who stood by him at that time of extreme hardship, after the hearts of a group of them had wavered. Then He forgave them. He was Compassionate and Kind to them
the three who stayed behind, the Earth seemed to close in on them, despite its vastness, their own souls strangled them, and they realised that the only refuge from Allah lay in turning to
Him, it was then Allah forgave them because they repented. Allah is acceptor of repentance, the Kind
Believers, fear Allah and stand firmly with the truthful
It was not fitting for the people of Madinah and the surrounding Bedouins to stay behind instead of marching with
Allah’s Messenger, nor was it fitting
to prefer their lives over his; that is because whatever thirst, suffering or hunger they endure in Allah’s way, whatever path they tread to the fury of the disbelievers, and whatever advantage they gain over an enemy, it is recorded for them as a good deed. Allah doesn’t waste the reward of the righteous.
Whatever amount they spend, large or small, and whatever valley they cross, it’s all written down for them, Allah will reward them for the finest things they did
It isn’t right all the believers mobilise for fighting
; rather a group from each community should stay behind and apply themselves to thorough understanding of the religion to warn their people on their return to them, so that they too
might be mindful.
Believers, fight the disbelievers who are nearest to you. Let them find you tough. Know Allah is with the pious
Whenever a surat is revealed, some ask: “Whose faith has been increased by this?” Those who believe, their faith has certainly increased, and they rejoice.
But those whose hearts are diseased become more and more sick, and will die disbelievers
Don’t they realise once or twice a year they are tested, but they don’t repent or pay attention
Whenever a surat is revealed, they look at each other, saying, “Is anyone watching you?” Then they slip away. Allah has turned their hearts away from truth
because they are people who simply
do not understand
Messenger has come to you from among yourselves. He’s grieved by your hardships and cares about your well-being, for the believers he is compassionate and kind
So if they choose to
turn away, tell them: “Allah is sufficient for me, there is no god but Him. I have put my trust in Him, the Lord of the mighty throne.
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