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Immunity from all obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) to those of the polytheists with whom you made a treaty
“So travel freely (O polytheists) for 4 months throughout the land, but know that you cannot escape (from punishment of) Allah, and Allah will disgrace the disbelievers.”
A declaration from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest day of pilgrimage that Allah is free from all obligations to the polytheists and so is His Messenger. So if you (polytheists) repent, it is better for you, but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the punishment of) Allah. Give tidings (O Muhammad) to those who disbelieve of a painful punishment.
Except those of the polytheists with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in every detail, nor they have supported anyone against you. So fulfill your treaty with them to (the end of) their term. Surely Allah loves the pious.
When the forbidden (4) months of Islamic calendar have passed, then fight the polytheists wherever you find them, capture them, besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent, offer prayers perfectly, and give obligatory charity, then leave their way free. Surely, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
If anyone of the polytheists seeks your protection, grant protection so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Qur’an), and then escort to where he can be secure, that is because they are people who don’t know (the truth).
How can there be a covenant for the polytheists with Allah and with His Messenger except those with whom you made a covenant near the sacred Masjid (at Makkah)? So long as they are true to you, you stand true to them. Surely, Allah loves the pious.
How (can you trust them) that when they overpower you, they don’t regard the ties, either of kinship or of covenant with you? They please you with (good words from) their mouths, but their hearts are averse to you, and most of them are disobedient.
They have purchased a little gain with the revelations of Allah, and they hindered people from His Way; indeed evil is that which they used to do.
With regard to a believer, they don’t respect the ties, either of kinship or of covenant. It is they who are the transgressors.
But if they repent, establish prayers perfectly, and give obligatory charity, then they are your brothers in religion. We explain the revelations in detail for the people of understanding.
But if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with disapproval and criticism, then fight the leaders of disbelief. Surely their oaths are nothing to them, so that they may be stopped (their evil actions).
Will you not fight those people who have violated their oaths, conspired to expel the Messenger, and they were the first to attack you? Do you fear them? Allah has more right that you should fear Him, if you are believers.
Fight against them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and grant you victory over them and heal the hearts of a believing people,
and remove the anger from their (believers) hearts. Allah accepts the repentance of whom He wills. Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
Do you think that you will be left alone (without trial) while Allah has not yet tested those among you who have striven hard and fought, have not taken helpers (friends) besides Allah and His Messenger, and the believers? Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
It is not for the polytheists to maintain the Masjids of Allah while they witness against their own selves of disbelief. Their works are in vain and they shall abide in fire forever.
The Masjids of Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day; establish prayers, give obligatory charity, and fear none but Allah. They are expected to be of the people of true guidance.
Do you consider those who provide drinking water to the pilgrims and maintain the sacred Masjid (at Makkah) equal to those who believe in Allah, the Last Day, and strive hard and fight in the way of Allah? They are not equal before Allah. Allah does not guide those people who are the wrongdoers.
Those who believe, emigrate, and strive hard and fight in Allah’s Way with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allah. They are the successful.
Their Lord gives them glad tidings of Mercy from Him, (His) pleasure, and gardens (Paradise) for them in which there are everlasting delights.
They will reside in it forever. Surely, with Allah there is the great reward.
O you who believe! Don’t take your fathers and your brothers as protectors if they prefer disbelief to belief. Whoever of you takes them, those will be the wrongdoers.
Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have acquired, the business in which you fear a loss, and the homes in which you delight are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His way, then wait until Allah brings about His decision. Allah does not guide the people who are disobedient.
Truly Allah has given you victory on many battle fields, and on the day of Hunain (battle) when you rejoiced at your great number (more than enemy), it availed you nothing. The earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you, then you turned back and fled.
Then Allah did send down His Peace (tranquility) on the Messenger (Muhammad), and on the believers, sent down forces (angels) which you did not see, and punished those disbelievers. Such was the recompense of disbelievers.
Then after that Allah accepted the repentance of whom He willed. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
O you who believe! Surely, the polytheists are impure. So let them not come near the sacred Masjid (at Makkah) after this year, and if you fear poverty, Allah will enrich you out of His Bounty if He wills. Surely, Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
Fight against those who don’t believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of truth (Islam) among the people who were given the Scripture, until they pay the security tax willingly, and feel themselves subdued.
The Jews say: “Ezra is the son of Allah,” and the Christians say: “Christ is the son of Allah”. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieve from old. Allah’s curse is on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!
They took their rabbis and priests to be their Lord besides Allah, and (also took as their Lord) Jesus, son of Mary, while they were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship no one but one Allah; there is no one worthy of worship but Allah. Praise and glory be to Allah above those whom they associate with Allah.
They want to extinguish Allah’s Light with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that Allah perfects Allah’s Light even though the disbelievers hate it.
It is Allah who has sent Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), to make it superior over all other religions even though the polytheists hate it.
O you who believe! Surely, there are many of the rabbis and the priests who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and hinder them from the way of Allah. Those who hoard up gold and silver, and don’t spend it in the way of Allah, announce to them a painful punishment.
On the Day when their wealth will be heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads, flanks, and backs will be branded with it. (They will be told): “This is the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste what you used to hoard.”
Surely, the number of months with Allah is 12 months (in a year) in the book of Allah since the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. Of them 4 are sacred; that is the right religion. So don’t wrong yourselves in it. But fight against the polytheists collectively, as they fight against you collectively. Know that Allah is with those who are pious.
Indeed the postponing (of a sacred month) is an addition to disbelief; thereby those who disbelieve are led to astray. They make it lawful one year and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months which Allah has forbidden, and make such forbidden ones lawful. The evil of their deeds is made pleasing to them. Allah does not guide the people, who disbelieve.
O you who believe! What is the matter with you that when you are asked to march forth in the Way of Allah, you cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Hereafter? The enjoyment of this life is little compared to the life of the Hereafter.
If you don’t march forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace you with other people, and you cannot harm Him at all, and Allah is Able over all things.
If you don’t help him (Muhammad), (does not matter) indeed Allah did help him when those who disbelieve drove him out (of his town), the 2nd of 2, when they (Muhammad and Abu Bakr) were in the cave (the enemy came close to the opening of the cave), when he (Muhammad) said to his companion (Abu Bakr): “Don’t worry, surely Allah is with us.” Then Allah sent down His Peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you did not see, thus made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the Words of Allah remain uppermost. Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
March forth whether you are light (healthy, young, and wealthy) or heavy (ill, old, and poor), strive hard with your wealth and your lives in the Way of Allah. This is better for you, if you understand.
(For the hypocrites) if the gain would have been immediate and an easy journey, they would have certainly followed you, but the long journey (Tabuk expedition) was too hard for them. (For not joining you in the expedition) they would swear by Allah: “If only we could, we would certainly have come forth with you.” They destroy their own selves, and Allah knows that they are liars.
May Allah forgive you (O Muhammad). Why did you grant permission to them (to stay behind), until those who told the truth become clear to you, and you had known the liars?
Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day will not ask your permission (to be exempted) from fighting with their wealth and their lives. And Allah knows all of those who are pious.
It is only those who don’t believe in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts are in doubt that ask your permission (exemption from fighting). So in their doubts they waver.
And if they had intended to march out, certainly they would have made some preparation for it. But Allah did not like their going forth; so He made them lag behind, and it was said (to them): “You sit along with those who sit (at home).”
Had they marched out with you, they would have added to you nothing except disorder, and they would have hurried about in your midst (spread corruption) and sowing sedition among you, and there are some among you who would have listened to them. Allah is All-Knower of those who are wrongdoers.
Surely, they had plotted sedition before, and had upset matters for you, until the truth (victory) came and the Decree of Allah (Islam) became clear though they hated it.
And among them is he (Jad bin Qais) who said: “Grant me leave (exempt from fighting) and don’t put me into trial (temptation).” Surely, they have already fallen into trial. Surely, hell is surrounding the disbelievers.
If good befalls you (Muhammad), it grieves them, but if a calamity overtakes you, they say: “Indeed we took our precaution before,” and turn away rejoicing.
Say: “Nothing will ever happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is our Protector.” And in Allah let the believers put their trust.
Say: “Do you expect for us anything except one of the 2 best things (martyrdom or victory)? But we are waiting for you either that Allah will afflict you with a punishment from Himself or at our hands. So wait, we too are waiting with you.”
Say: “Spend (in Allah’s Cause) willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you. Surely, you are a disobedient people.”
Nothing prevents them from being accepted from them their contributions except that they disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger (Muhammad); and they don’t come to the prayer except they are lazy; and that they offer no contributions but they are unwilling.
So let not their wealth or their children amaze you (O Muhammad); in reality, Allah intends to punish them with these things in the life of this world, and that their souls may depart (die) while they are disbelievers.
They swear by Allah that they are truly of you while they are not of you, but they are people (hypocrites) who are afraid of you.
If they find a refuge, or caves, or a hiding place, they would turn to it straightway with a swift rush.
Some of them are those who accuse you (O Muhammad) in the matter of the alms (donations). If they are given part from it, they are pleased, but if they are not given from it, behold! They are enraged!
If they would be contented with what Allah and His Messenger had given them, and had said: “Allah is sufficient for us. Allah will soon give us His Bounty, and so will His Messenger. We implore to Allah (to enrich us).”
Only Sadaqah (here it is obligatory charity), alms are for the poor (who beg), the poor (who don’t beg), those employed to collect them (the funds), those whose hearts have been inclined (towards Islam), free the captives, those in debt, those (fighting) in Allah’s Way, and the wayfarer (a traveler who is in need). That is a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
And among them are those who hurt the Prophet (Muhammad) by saying: “He is (lending his) ear (to everyone).” Say: “He listens to what is best for you, he believes in Allah, has faith in the believers, and is a mercy to those of you who believe.” But those who hurt Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad) for them there is a painful punishment.
They swear by Allah to you in order to please you. But Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) has more right, so they should please Allah if they are believers.
Do they not know that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah and His Messenger, certainly will be in the fire of hell to abide in it? That is extreme disgrace.
The hypocrites fear lest a chapter (of the Qur’an) should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts. Say: “(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you fear.”
If you ask them about this, they declare: “We were only talking idly and joking.” Say: “Was it at Allah and His Verses and His Messenger that you were mocking?”
Make no excuse; indeed you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they are criminals.
The hypocrite men and women are from one another. They enjoin evil (disbelief), forbid from good (Islam), and close their hands (not spending in Allah’s Cause). They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Surely, the hypocrites are the disobedient.
Allah has promised the hypocrite men and women, the disbelievers, the fire of hell, they shall abide in it. It will be sufficient for them. Allah has cursed them and for them is a lasting punishment.
Like those before you, they were mightier than you in power, and more abundant in wealth and children. They had enjoyed their portion (worldly life), so enjoy your portion (a while) as those before you enjoyed their portion (a while); and you indulge in play and pastime as they indulged in play and pastime. Such are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and in the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.
Has not the story reached them of those before them? The people of Noah, Ad, Thamud; the people of Abraham, the people of Midian and the cities were overthrown (the people of Lot). Their Messengers came to them with clear proofs. So it was not Allah who wronged them, but they used to wrong themselves.
The believers, men and women, some are protectors of others, they enjoin good, and forbid from evil; and they establish prayers and give the obligatory charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
Allah has promised the believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow to reside in it forever, and beautiful mansions in gardens of Eden (Paradise). The greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah. That is the supreme success.
O Prophet (Muhammad)! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be firm against them, their abode is hell, and worst indeed is the destination.
They swear by Allah that they did not say (bad), but really they said the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islam. They resolved (plot to murder Prophet Muhammad) which they were unable to carry out. They could not find (any cause to do so) except that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them of His Bounty. If they repent, it will be better for them, but if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. There is none for them on earth as a protector or a helper.
And of them are some who made a covenant with Allah (saying): “If He bestowed on us His Bounty, we will surely give charity and will be certainly among those who are righteous.”
Then when He gave them His Bounty, they became stingy with it, turned away, and they were reluctant.
So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day when they shall meet Him, because they broke (the covenant with Allah) which they had promised and because they used to tell lies.
Don’t they know that Allah knows their secret ideas, and their secret talk, and that Allah is the All-Knower of the unseen
Those who defame the believers who give charity voluntarily and those who could not find (to give charity) except what is available to them, so they mock at them (believers). Allah will throw back their mockery on them, and they shall have a painful punishment.
Whether you (O Muhammad) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or not ask forgiveness for them, even if you ask forgiveness for them 70 times, Allah will never forgive them because they have disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad). And Allah does not guide those people who are disobedient.
Those who stayed behind (from Tabuk expedition), rejoiced in their places behind the Messenger of Allah; and they hated to strive and fight with their wealth and their lives in the Way of Allah. They said: “Don’t march forth in the heat.” Say: “The fire of hell is more intense in heat.” If only they could understand!
So let them laugh a little and they will cry much as a recompense of what they used to earn (by sins).
If Allah brings you back to a party of them (hypocrites), and they ask your permission to go out (to fight), say: “Never you shall go out with me, nor fight an enemy with me; you agreed to sit inactive on the first occasion, then you sit (now) with those who lag behind.”
And never (O Muhammad) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at their graves. Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and they died while they were disobedient.
Let not their wealth or their children amaze you. Allah intends to punish them only with these things in this world, and their souls shall depart while they are disbelievers.
And when a Surah (chapter from the Qur’an) is revealed, (enjoining) that: “They believe in Allah, strive hard, and fight along with His Messenger,” they ask your permission to exempt them (from fighting) those with wealth among them and say: “Leave us (behind), we would be with those who sit (at home).”
They are contented to be with those who sit behind (at home). Their hearts are sealed up, so they don’t understand.
But the Messenger (Muhammad) and those who believed with him, strove hard, and fought with their wealth and their lives. Such are they for whom are the good things, and it is they who will be successful.
Allah has prepared for them gardens (Paradise) under them rivers flow, to reside in it forever. That is the supreme success.
And those who made excuses from the Bedouins came (to you, O Prophet) asking your permission to exempt them (from the battle) and stay at home. Those who had lied to Allah and His Messenger, a painful punishment will seize those of them who disbelieved.
There is no blame on those who are weak or on ill or on those who find no (resources) what they spend (in fighting), if they are sincere (in duty) to Allah and His Messenger. No ground (of complaint) can there be against the righteous people. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Nor (there is blame) on those who when came to you, requested that you provide them with mounts (conveyances), and when you said: “I can find no mounts for you,” they turned back on it, while their eyes were overflowing with tears of grief that they could not find anything to spend (for fighting).
The ground (of complaint) is only against those who are rich, and yet asked exemptions. They are content to be with who sit behind (at home) and Allah has sealed up their hearts so that they don’t know (what they are missing).
They (the hypocrites) will present excuses to you when you return to them. Say (O Muhammad): “Present no excuses, we shall not believe you. Allah has already informed us of the news concerning you. Allah and His Messenger will observe your deeds. Then you will be brought back to the All-Knower (Allah) of the unseen and the seen, and then He will inform you of what you used to do.”
They will swear by Allah to you when you return to them, so that you may turn away from them. So turn away from them. Surely, they are impure, and their living place is hell a recompense for that which they used to earn.
They (the hypocrites) will swear to you so that you may be pleased with them, but if you are pleased with them, certainly Allah is not pleased with the people who are disobedient.
The Bedouins are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely don’t know the limits which Allah has revealed to His Messenger. Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
Of the Bedouins, there are some who look upon what they spend as a penalty and watch for calamities for you. On them be the calamity of evil. Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Of the Bedouins there are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and look upon what they spend as means of nearness to Allah, (and a cause of receiving) the Messenger’s invocations. Indeed these are means of nearness for them. Allah will admit them to His Mercy. Certainly Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
The first and the foremost of the emigrants (migrated from Makkah to Madinah) and the helpers (the citizens of Madinah) and those who followed them in goodness (in faith), Allah is well-pleased with them and they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to reside in it forever. That is the great success.
From those around you of the Bedouins are hypocrites, and so are some among the people of Madinah, they persist in hypocrisy. You (Muhammad) don’t know them, We know them. We shall punish them twice, and then they will be brought back to a great punishment.
And (there are) others who have confessed their sins; they have mixed a deed that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps that Allah will turn in forgiveness upon them. Surely, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Take alms from their wealth in order to cleanse their wealth and purify them with it, and invoke Allah for them. Surely! Your invocations are a source of security for them, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Do they not know that Allah accepts repentance from His servants and takes the charity and that Allah alone is the Accepter of repentance, Merciful?
Say (O Muhammad): “Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and so will His Messenger and the believers. You will be brought back to the All-Knower (Allah) of the unseen and the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do.”
And others await Allah’s Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
And as for those who built a Masjid (Masjid-e-Zirar) by way of harming, disbelief, to disunite between the believers, and as an outpost for those who made war against Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) before, they will indeed swear that they want nothing but good. Allah bears witness that they are certainly liars.
You should never stand (to offer prayer) in it. Surely, the Masjid whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety is more deserving that you stand (to pray) in it. In it are people who love to clean and to purify themselves. Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure.
Who is a better one; the one who lays the foundation of a building on piety from Allah and His good pleasure, or the one who lays the foundation of a building on a cliff edge ready to crumble down, so that it will crumble to pieces with him into the fire of hell? And Allah does not guide the people who are the wrongdoers.
Their building which they built will not cease to be a cause of doubt in their hearts unless their hearts are cut to pieces. Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
Surely, Allah has purchased from the believers their lives and their properties; for (the price) that theirs shall be the Paradise. They fight in Allah’s Way, so they kill others and are killed. It is a true promise which is binding on Him mentioned in the Torah, the Gospel, and the Qur’an. Who is truer to (fulfill) its covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in your bargain which you have made with it. That is the supreme success.
Those who repent to Allah, worship (Him), praise (Him), go out (in His Cause), bow down (in prayer), prostrate themselves (in prayer), enjoin people to the good and forbid people from evil, and observe the limits set by Allah (they make such a bargain with Allah). And (O Muhammad) give glad tidings to such believers.
It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah’s forgiveness for the polytheists even though they are close relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the inmates of the fire.
And Abraham was invoking (Allah’s) forgiveness for his father only because he had made promise to his father. But when it became clear to him that he (his father) is an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Surely Abraham was humble, forbearing.
And Allah will never lead a people astray after He has guided them, until He makes clear to them what they should avoid. Surely, Allah is All-Knower of everything.
Surely, to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. He gives life and He causes death. And besides Allah you have neither any protector nor any helper.
Allah forgave the prophet, the emigrants, and the helpers who followed him (Muhammad) in time of distress (Tabuk expedition), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from Right Way), but He accepted repentance from them. Certainly, to them He is Kind, Merciful.
And (He also forgave) the 3 (did not join the Tabuk expedition) who were left (deferred by the Prophet) till when the earth was straitened to them as it was vast and their own selves were straitened on them. They perceived that there was no refuge from Allah but to Him. Then, He forgave them so that they could repent. Surely, Allah is Accepter of repentance, Merciful.
O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are truthful (in words and deeds).
It is not proper for the people of Madinah and those around them of the Bedouins to remain behind from Allah’s Messenger or to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because they neither afflicts them any thirst nor fatigue, nor hunger in the Way of Allah, nor take any step to anger the disbelievers, nor inflict any injury upon an enemy, but shall be written to their credit as a righteous deed. Surely, Allah does not waste the reward of the righteous people.
Nor do they spend anything (in Allah’s Cause), small or large, nor cross a valley (in struggle), but is written to their credit; so that Allah may recompense them with the best of what they used to do.
And it is not proper for the believers to go out to fight all together. Of every troop of them, why not a party only should go forth, so that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in the religion (Islam), and they may warn their people when they return to them so that they may beware (of evil).
O you who believe! Fight the disbelievers who are close to you, and let them find harshness in you; and you should know that Allah is with those who are the pious.
Whenever there is a Surah (chapter of the Qur’an) sent down, some of them (hypocrites) say: “Which of you has increased faith by this?” As for those who believe, it has increased them in faith, and they rejoice.
But as for those in whose hearts have disease, it will add suspicion and doubt to their suspicion, disbelief and doubt; and they will die while they are disbelievers.
Do they not see that they are tested every year once or twice (with calamities, disease)? Yet, they neither turn in repentance, nor learn a lesson (from it).
Whenever there is a Surah (chapter from the Qur’an) sent down, they look at one another (saying): “Does any one see you?” Then they turn away. Allah has turned their hearts because they are a people who don’t understand.
Surely, there has come to you a Messenger (Muhammad) from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad) is anxious for you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allah, etc); he is kind and merciful towards the believers.
But if they turn away, say (O Muhammad): “Allah is sufficient for me. There is no one worthy of worship except Allah, in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.”
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