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God and His messenger are free from (any obligation toward) those idolaters with whom you made an agreement (and they broke it).
So, (you idolaters) travel in the land for four months and know that you cannot escape God, and God humiliates the disbelievers.
And a declaration from God and His messenger to the people on the day of the greatest Hajj (pilgrimage): “Indeed God and His messenger are free from (any obligation toward) the idolaters. So if you repent, it is better for you, and if you turn away, know that you cannot escape God.” And give the news of a painful punishment to those who disbelieve.
Except those idolaters with whom you have made an agreement, then they did not fall short, and they did not support anyone against you. So complete their contract until their term. God likes those who are cautious (of Him).
So when the forbidden months have passed, then kill the idolaters wherever you find them and take them and restrain them and sit and wait for them in every place of ambush. But if they repent and perform mandatory prayer and give to mandatory charity, then open their way (leave them alone). God is forgiving and merciful.
And if any of the idolaters asks you for protection, then protect him so that he hears God's word, then escort him to his safe place. That is because they are a group who do not know.
How would there be an agreement for the idolaters with God and His messenger? Except those with whom you made an agreement near the Sacred Mosque, so long as they are straight (and true) with you, then you should be straight with them. God likes those who are cautious (of Him).
How is it (an agreement), that if they overcome you, they will not respect your kinship or any treaty? They please you with (words of) their mouths while their hearts refuse, and most of them are disobedient.
They have traded God’s signs for a small price, and they have obstructed (people) from His way. What they were doing was bad.
They do not respect kinship or treaty toward a believer. They are those who exceed the limits.
If they repent and perform mandatory prayer and give to mandatory charity, then they are your brothers in the religion (way of life). And We explain the signs for people who know.
If they break their oaths after their commitment and taunt you in your religion (way of life), then fight the leaders of disbelief as indeed no oath (has any value) for them so that they may stop.
Why do you not fight a group who broke their oaths and intended to drive out the messenger, and they started (to fight you) in the first place? Do you fear them? Whereas God is more deserving that you fear Him, if you are believers.
Fight them, God punishes them by your hands and He humiliates them and helps you against them and He heals the chests/minds of believing people.
And He removes the anger of their hearts, and God turns to (and forgives) anyone He wants. God is knowledgeable and wise.
Or do you think that you would be left alone while God does not yet know those of you who try hard, and have not taken any confidant besides God and His messenger and the believers? God is well informed of what you do.
It is not for the idolaters to maintain (and improve) God’s places of worship while they are witnesses against themselves in disbelief. Their works are useless, and they will reside in the fire forever.
God’s places of worship should only be maintained (and taken care of) by those who believe in God and the Last Day, perform mandatory prayer, give to mandatory charity and fear none except God, then perhaps they are of the guided ones.
Do you consider giving water to pilgrims and taking care of the Sacred Mosque equal to (the deeds of) someone who believes in God and the Last Day and tries hard in God's way? They are not equal in God’s view. God does not guide the wrongdoing people.
Those who believe and have migrated and have tried hard in God's way with their possessions and their lives have greater rank with God, and they are the triumphant ones.
Their Lord gives them good news of His mercy and His pleasure and gardens of everlasting delight for them,
remaining in there forever and ever. Indeed great reward is with God.
You who believe, do not take your fathers and your brothers as your protectors (or supporters) if they prefer disbelief to belief. And those among you who take them as protectors are wrongdoers.
Say: “If your fathers, your sons, your spouses, your family (and tribe members), the wealth that you acquired, the business that you are afraid of its decline, and the homes that please you are dearer to you than God and His messenger and trying hard in His way, then wait until God gives His command. God does not guide the disobedient people.
God has certainly helped you in many places. And at the time of (battle of) Hunain, when your great number impressed you but it was of no use to you at all, and the land with its vastness tightened around you, then you turned back fleeing,
then God sent down calmness to His messenger and to the believers, and He sent down troops that you could not see, and He punished those who disbelieved. That is the payback of the disbelievers.
Then after that, God turns to (and forgives) anyone He wants, and God is forgiving and merciful.
You who believe, indeed the idolaters are unclean, so they should not come near the Sacred Mosque after this year of theirs, and if you are afraid of poverty (because of this), then God will enrich you from His grace if He wants. God is knowledgeable and wise.
Fight those among the people of the book who do not believe in God and the Last Day and they do not forbid what God and His messenger have forbidden and they do not adopt the right way of life (religion), until they pay the tax by (their) hand (willingly) and they are compliant.
Jews said: “Ezra is son of God” and the Christians said: “Christ is son of God.” This is their word from their mouth and it is like the saying of those who disbelieved before them. May God destroy them. How are they deviated (from the truth)?
They took their religious scholars and their monks and Christ, son of Mary, as their lords besides God while they were ordered to only serve the One god. There is no god except Him. He is flawless from what they associate (with Him).
They want to extinguish God’s light with (the word of) their mouths, while God refuses anything other than completing His light (and guidance), even though the disbelievers dislike it.
He is the One Who sent His messenger with guidance and the true way of life (religion) in order to inform him about all of the religion (God's recommended way of life), even though the idolaters dislike it.
You who believe, indeed many religious scholars and monks eat up people’s wealth falsely and obstruct God’s way. And give the news of a painful punishment to those who store gold and silver and do not spend it in God's way.
On a day that they (their gold and silver) are heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be branded with it, (they are told:) “This is what you stored for yourselves, so taste what you used to store.”
Indeed the number of months before God is twelve months in God's book since the day He created the skies and the earth. Four of them are sacred (fighting is forbidden in them). This is the lasting (and right) way of life (religion). Do not wrong yourselves in them. And fight the idolaters together as they fight you together. And know that God is with those who are cautious (of God).
Postponement (of the sacred months) is only an increase in disbelief, which those who disbelieve are misguided by it. They make it lawful one year and forbid it another year, to make up the number that God made sacred, therefore they make lawful what God made unlawful. Their bad deeds are beautified for them, and God does not guide the disbelieving people.
You who believe, what is with you that when you are told to march forward in God's way, you hold on to the earth (and do not move)? Are you satisfied with this world’s life instead of the Hereafter? The enjoyment of this world’s life against the Hereafter is a little.
If you do not march forward, He punishes you with a painful punishment, and He replaces you with other people, and you do not harm Him at all. And God is capable of everything.
If you do not help him (it does not matter), God has helped him when those who disbelieved drove him out (of Mecca), he was one of two when they were in the cave, and he said to his friend: “Do not be sad, God is indeed with us.” So God sent down His calmness to him and strengthened him with troops that you do not see them, and He made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest and God’s word the highest. God is the powerful and the wise.
March forward, (equipped) lightly or heavily and try hard with your possessions and your lives in God’s way. This is better for you if you knew.
Had there been an immediate gain and an easy journey they would have certainly followed you, but the far distance was hard for them, and they are going to swear by God: “We would certainly come out with you if we could.” They destroy themselves, and God knows they are indeed liars.
(Muhammad,) God excused you, why did you allow them (to stay behind) before it becomes clear to you who were telling the truth and you knew the liars?
Those who believe in God and the Last Day do not ask your permission to try hard with their possessions and their lives. God knows those who are cautious (of Him).
Only those who do not believe in God and the Last Day and their hearts are in doubt ask your permission (to be excused from fighting). So they waver (back and forth) in their doubt.
If they wanted to go out (with you), they would have prepared for it, but God disliked sending them, so He held them back, and it was said: “Sit with the sitting ones.”
If they had come out among you, they would have added nothing to you but trouble, and they would have actively participated among you looking for conspiracy (and turmoil), and some among you would have listened to them (and spied for them). God knows the wrongdoers.
They have certainly looked for conspiracy (and turmoil) in the past, and they turned the matters upside down for you, until the truth came and God’s command became clear, and they disliked it.
And some of them say: “Allow me (to stay behind), and do not test me.” Be aware that they have already fallen into the test. And indeed hell surrounds the disbelievers (in the Hereafter).
If any good happens to you, it upsets them. And if you suffer a tragedy, they say: “We took (care of) our affairs earlier (by not going to war)” and they turn away while they are happy.
Say: “Nothing would ever happen to us except what God wrote down for us (according to His laws), and He is our protector. And the believers should trust in God.”
Say: “Are you waiting for something except the two good things for us (victory or getting killed in God's way)? While we await for you that God strikes you with a punishment from Him or by our hands, so wait and we wait with you.”
Say (to the hypocrites:) “Spend willingly or unwillingly, it will never be accepted from you, because indeed you are disobedient people.”
And nothing prevented their spending from being accepted, except that they disbelieved in God and His messenger, and they only come to mandatory prayer lazily, and they only spend (in God’s way) unwillingly.
So do not let their wealth and their children impress you, God only wants to punish them with it in this world’s life, and they die while they are disbelievers.
And they swear by God that indeed they are of you while they are not of you, but they are scared people.
If they find a refuge or a cave or a place to enter (for hiding) they would definitely turn to it and they would rush.
And some of them criticize you regarding (distribution of) charities, if they are given from it they are happy, and if they are not given from it then they get angry.
(And it would be better) If they were happy with what God and His messenger gave them, and had said: “God is sufficient for us, God is going to give us from His grace and (so is) His messenger, and we are fond of God.”
The (mandatory) charities are only for the poor, the needy, its processors, those whose hearts are interested (in submission), to (free) slaves, those in debt, in God's way, and the traveler (in need), a mandate from God. God is knowledgeable and wise.
And some of them are those who harass the prophet and they say: “He is all ears (he listens to everyone).” Say: “He is all ears for your good, he believes in God and believes in the believers and he is a mercy for those of you who believe.” And those who harass the messenger of God have a painful punishment.
They swear by God to you (believers) to please you, while it is more right to please God and His messenger, if they are believers.
Do they not know that whoever opposes God and His messenger, then fire of hell is for him, remaining in there forever? That is the great humiliation.
The hypocrites are afraid that a chapter is sent down about them informing them of what is in their hearts. Say: “Make fun, indeed God will bring out what you are wary of.”
And if you ask them, they shall say: “We were only kidding and playing.” Say: “Were you making fun of God and His signs and His messenger?”
Do not apologize, indeed you have disbelieved after your belief. If We excuse a group of you, We will punish a group, because they were guilty.
The hypocrite men and the hypocrite women are like each other, they instruct to the unacceptable (and wrong) and prohibit from the acceptable (and right), and they withhold their hands (from charity and doing good). They forgot God, so He forgets them. The hypocrites are indeed the disobedient ones.
God has promised fire of hell to the hypocrite men and the hypocrite women and the disbelievers, remaining in there forever. It is enough for them. And God has cursed them and they will have everlasting punishment.
Like those before you who were more powerful than you and had more wealth and children, they enjoyed their share and you enjoyed your share as those before you enjoyed their share, and you entered into (false and useless) conversation as they entered. Their works are useless in this world and the Hereafter, and they are the losers.
Didn't the story of those before them come to them, people of Noah and Aad and Thamud, and people of Abraham and inhabitants of Midian (people of Shu'aib/Jethro) and the overturned cities? Their messengers brought them clear evidences, so God was not to wrong them, but they were wrong to themselves.
And the believing men and the believing women are friends (and supporters) of each other, they instruct to the acceptable (and right) and prohibit from the unacceptable (and wrong) and they perform mandatory prayer and give to mandatory charity and obey God and His messenger. They are those whom God is going to be merciful to them. God is powerful and wise.
God has promised the believing men and the believing women gardens which rivers flow through them, remaining in there forever, and beautiful houses in eternal gardens. And pleasure of God is greater. This is the great victory.
Prophet, try hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their housing will be hell, a miserable destination.
They swear by God that they did not say, while they have certainly said the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after their submission, and they tried for what they did not get. They were only resentful because God and His messenger enriched them out of His grace. So if they repent, it would be better for them, and if they turn away, God punishes them with a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter, and there is no protector or helper for them on the earth.
Some of them promised God that if He gives us from His grace, we shall give to charity and we shall be of the righteous.
So when God gave them from His grace, they became stingy with it and they turned away and they opposed.
So as a consequence, He put hypocrisy in their hearts until the day they meet Him, because they broke what they promised God and because they were lying.
Did they not know that God knows their secret and their confidential talks and that God knows the unseen?
Those who criticize the volunteers among the believers in (giving to) charities, and they ridicule those who find nothing (to give) except their effort, God ridicules them and they will have a painful punishment.
Whether you (Muhammad) ask forgiveness for them or you do not ask forgiveness for them, even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, God will never forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in God and His messenger, and God does not guide the disobedient people.
Those who stayed behind were happy with their sitting, contradicting God's messenger, and they disliked trying hard with their possessions and their lives in God's way and said: “We will not march out in the heat.” Say: “Fire of hell is much hotter,” if they would understand.
They should laugh a little and should cry a lot for payback of what they were doing.
So if God returns you to a group of them, then they ask your permission for coming out (with you to fight), then say: “You will never ever come out with me and you will never fight any enemy with me, indeed you were happy with sitting (at your homes) the first time, so sit with those who stayed behind.”
And do not ever pray for any one of them who dies, and do not stand at his grave. They disbelieved in God and His messenger and died while they were disobedient.
And do not let their wealth and their children impress you, as God only wants to punish them with it in this world, and they die while they are disbelievers.
And when a chapter was sent down (saying) that believe in God and try hard with His messenger, wealthy men among them ask your permission, and they say: “Leave us be with the sitting ones.”
They were happy being with those who remained behind, and their hearts are sealed so they would not understand.
But the messenger and those who believed with him tried hard with their possessions and their lives. And they will have good things and they are the successful ones.
God has prepared for them gardens which rivers flow through them, remaining in there forever. That is the great victory.
And those making excuses among the desert Arabs came in order to be given permission to them (to stay behind), and those who lied to God and His messenger sat (in their homes). Those who disbelieved among them are going to suffer a painful punishment.
There is no blame on the weak, or on the sick, or on those who do not find anything to spend when they act in good faith toward God and His messenger. And there is not any way against the good doers, and God is forgiving and merciful.
And no (blame) on those who when they came to you to provide them with mounts (animals for riding), you said: “I cannot find anything to mount you on it,” and they turned back with their eyes full of tears, sorrowful that they do not find anything to spend.
The way (to blame) is only against those who ask your permission and they are rich. They were happy to be with those who remained behind, and God has sealed their hearts so they do not know (any better).
They apologize to you when you return to them. Say: “Do not apologize, we would never believe you, God has informed us about you. And God and His messenger are going to see your actions, then you are returned to knower of the unseen and the visible, then He informs you of what you were doing.”
When you return to them, they are going to swear by God to you, so that you stay away from them. So stay away from them, indeed they are filthy, and their housing will be hell as payback for what they were doing.
They swear to you so that you are pleased with them, but even if you are pleased with them, God is not pleased with the disobedient people.
The desert Arabs are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely that they do not know the limits which God has sent down to His messenger. God is knowledgeable and wise.
Some of the desert Arabs consider what they spend as a fine, and await a disaster for you. The bad disaster is for them. And God hears all and knows all.
And some of the desert Arabs believe in God and the Last Day, and consider what they spend as (a means of) closeness to God and the messenger’s praying (for them). Surely, it is (a means of) closeness for them. God is going to admit them into His mercy. God is forgiving and merciful.
And God is pleased with the first pioneers among the migrants and the helpers, and those who followed them with goodness, and they are pleased with Him, and God has prepared for them gardens which rivers flow through them, remaining in there forever and ever. That is the great victory.
Some of the desert Arabs around you are hypocrites, and some of the people of the city (of Medina) insist on hypocrisy, and you do not know them, but We know them. We are going to punish them twice, then they are returned to a great punishment.
And others who confessed to their sins and they mixed good and bad, perhaps God turns to them (and forgives them). Indeed God is forgiving and merciful.
Take charity from their wealth to cleanse them and to purify them with it, and pray for them as your prayer is indeed comforting to them. God hears all and knows all.
Do they not know that it is God who accepts the repentance from His servants, and takes charities, and that God is the acceptor of repentance, the merciful?
Say: “Do (what you want), as God and His messenger and the believers are going to see your action, and you are going to be returned to the knower of the unseen and the visible, then He informs you of what you were doing.”
And (there are) others who expect God’s order. He either punishes them or turns to them (and forgives them). God is knowledgeable and wise.
And (there are) those who built a mosque for harm and disbelief and for division among the believers, and as an outpost for those who previously fought God and His messenger, and they swear that we only wish the best, but God testifies that they are liars.
Never stand in there, as a mosque that is built based on righteousness from the first day deserves more that you stand in there, as there are men in it who like to be cleansed, and God likes those who purify themselves.
Is one who bases his (life) structure on being cautious of God and His pleasure better or one who bases his (life) structure (on hypocrisy) on the edge of a cliff that is about to crumble and is falling down into fire of hell with him? God does not guide the wrongdoing people.
Their (life) structure that they have constructed is always a source of doubt in their hearts, until their hearts are torn into pieces. God is knowledgeable and wise.
Indeed God traded believers’ lives and their possessions with the garden that they will have. They fight in God's way, and they kill and are killed. This is a true promise upon Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Quran. And who fulfills his promise better than God? So, be glad with your trade that you bargained with it, that is the great victory.
(Believers are those) who repent, who serve, who praise (God), who travel (or fast), who bow down, who show humbleness, who instruct to the acceptable (and right) and prohibit from the unacceptable (and wrong), and who observe the limits set by God, and give good news to the believers.
It is not for the prophet and those who believe to ask for forgiveness for the idolaters, even if they are their relatives (or close ones), after it is clear to them that they are inhabitants of the hellfire.
And Abraham asking forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise that he had promised it to him. But when it was clear to him that he was God's enemy, he stayed away from him. Indeed Abraham was caring and patient.
And God is not to misguide any group after He guided them, until He clarifies for them what they should be cautious of. God knows everything.
The rule of the skies and the earth belongs to God, He gives life and causes death, and you have no protector and no helper besides God.
God certainly turned to (and forgave) the prophet and the migrants and the helpers, those who followed Him in the difficult hours, even after the hearts of some of them almost deviated, then He turned to them (and forgave them). He is gentle and merciful to them.
And for the three (persons), those who remained behind until the earth with all its vastness became too tight for them and they were fed up with themselves and they thought that there was no refuge from God except to Himself, then He turned to (and forgave) them that they may repent, as indeed God is the acceptor of repentance, the merciful.
You who believe, be cautious of God and be with the truthful ones.
It is not (appropriate) for people of the city (Medina) and those desert Arabs around them to stay behind (and refuse to follow) the messenger of God, and prefer their lives to his life. That is because they would not suffer thirst, difficulty, or hunger in God's way, and any step they take to anger the disbelievers or any gain they gain against an enemy is written down for them as (doing) good. God does not waste reward of the good doers.
And any spending, whether small or large, that they spend (in God's way), and any valley they cross is written down for them, so that God rewards them better than what they were doing.
It is not (appropriate) for the believers to go out all together. Why didn't a party from each group go out to thoroughly understand about the religion (way of life), and to warn their group when they return to them so that they may be wary?
You who believe, fight those disbelievers who are near you and let them find firmness in you. And know that God is with those who are cautious (of Him).
And whenever a chapter is sent down, then some of them say: “This (chapter) increased belief of which one of you?” As for those who believe, it increases their belief and they are glad.
And as for those who have a disease in their hearts, it adds filth to their filthiness, and they die while they are disbelievers.
Or do they not see that they are tested once or twice every year? Yet they do not repent and they do not take notice.
And whenever a chapter is sent down, they look at each other (saying:) “Does anyone see you?” Then they turn away. God has turned away their hearts because indeed they are a group who do not understand.
Certainly a messenger has come to you from among yourselves, what troubles you is difficult for him, (he is) anxious about you and is gentle and merciful to the believers.
If they turn away, then say: “God is enough for me, there is no god except Him, I trust in Him and He is the Lord of the great dominion.”
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