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A declaration of immunity* from Allah and His messenger to those of the polytheists with whom you made an agreement. * Freedom from obligation
So move about (unrestricted) in the land for (another) four months, and know that you cannot frustrate Allah, and Allah will certainly disgrace the infidels.
And an announcement from Allah and His messenger to mankind on the day of the great pilgrimage that Allah and His messenger are free from obligation to the polytheists, so if you repent it will be better for you and if you turn back then know that you cannot frustrate Allah, and convey the news of a painful punishment to those who do not believe,
except those of the polytheists with whom you made an agreement then they did not go back in anything (of the agreement) nor did they help anyone against you, so fulfill for them their agreement till the completion of their term. Allah certainly loves those who guard (against evil).
Then when the sacred months pass off, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and catch them and imprison them and sit for them at every place where you can watchfully wait (for them). But if they repent and establish worship (salat) and give charity (zakat) then leave their way free. Allah is certainly Protectively Forgiving, Merciful.
And if anyone of the polytheists seeks your protection then give him protection to the extent that he hears the word of Allah, then make him reach his (place of) safety. That is because they are a people who do not know.
How can there be an agreement for the polytheists with Allah and with His messenger except those with whom you made an agreement near the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they are established (on the agreement) with regard to you, you (too) be established (on the agreement) with regard to them. Allah certainly loves those who guard (against evil).
How (can there be an agreement)? If they have an upper hand on you, they neither have regard for ties of relationship nor (their) responsibility of (fulfilling) a pact. They please you with their mouths but their hearts refuse and most of them are transgressors.
They have sold the signs of Allah for a small price, so they turn away (people) from His way, certainly their (deeds) ! evil is that which they do.
In (the case of) a believer they neither have regard for ties of relationship nor (their) responsibility of a pact and those are the ones who exceed the limits.
So if they repent and establish worship (salat) and give charity (zakat) then they are your brothers in religion. Thus do We explain the signs in detail for a people who know.
And if they break their oaths after their agreement and taunt (you) in your religion then fight the leaders of infidelity that they may desist, because there is nothing (like a binding of) oaths for them.
Will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and planned to send out the messenger and they attacked you first? Do you fear them? Then Allah has more right that you should fear Him if you are believers.
Fight with them, Allah will punish them through your hands and disgrace them and help you against them and heal the bosoms (hearts) of the believing people,
and He will remove the anger of their hearts, and Allah turns (mercifully) to whom He wills and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
Did you suppose that you will be left alone, while Allah has not yet known (marked out) those of you who struggled (in His cause), and not taken any intimate friend besides Allah and His messenger and the believers? And Allah is informed of what you do
It does not befit the polytheists that they should visit the mosques of Allah, being witnesses against themselves of (their) infidelity. Those are the persons whose deeds are fruitless and they will stay in the fire.
Only he shall visit the mosques of Allah who believes in Allah and the period hereafter and establishes worship (salat) and gives charity (zakat) and does not fear anyone except Allah, then it may be that such persons will be among those who are guided.
What ! do you make (one who) gives drink to pilgrims and maintains the Sacred Mosque, like one who believes in Allah and the period hereafter and struggles in the way of Allah? With Allah, they are not equal. And Allah does not guide the unjust people.
Those who believed and migrated and struggled in the way of Allah with their wealth and their persons, they are greater in grade in the sight of Allah and those are the persons who achieve (the goal).
Their Fosterer conveys to them the good news of mercy from Him and (His) pleasure and gardens, wherein will be lasting happiness for them,
they will stay therein for ever. Certainly there is a great reward with Allah.
O you who believe ! do not take your fathers and your brothers as your friends if they love infidelity instead of belief, and whoever of you takes them as a friend then those are the unjust persons.
Say, "If your fathers and your sons and your brothers and your mates and your family and friends and the wealth you have acquired and merchandise regarding which you fear that there will be no sale and the houses with which you are pleased, are dearer to you than Allah and His messenger and struggling in His way, then wait till Allah brings about His command and Allah does not guide the transgressing people."
(It was) Allah (Who) had helped you in many battle fields. And on the day of (the battle of) Hunian your number which made you feel exalted, did not help you in any way and the earth, inspite of its being spacious, became constrained on you, then you turned back retreating.
Then Allah sent down His tranquility upon His messenger and upon the believers, and sent down forces which you did not see and (thus) punished those who did not believe, and that is the reward of the infidels.
Then afterwards Allah turns (mercifully) to whom He wills and Allah is Protectively Forgiving, Mercifully.
O you who believe ! the polytheists are nothing but unclean, so they shall not come near the Sacred Mosque after this year of theirs, and if you fear poverty then Allah will enrich you out of His grace, if He wills, Allah is certainly Knowing, Wise.
Fight with those who do not believe in Allah and in the period hereafter nor do they make unlawful that which Allah and His messenger have made unlawful nor do they adopt as their religion, the religion of truth (Islam), from among those who were given the book, till they pay by hand the jizya * and they (accept that they) are in a subdued state. * Tax taken from non-Muslims in an Islamic state for providing them full protection.
And the Jews say, "Uzair is the son of Allah," and the Christians say, "The Messiah is the son of Allah." That is their saying with their mouths, they imitate the saying of those who did not believe earlier, may Allah destroy them, how they are turned away (from the truth)!
They have taken their priests and monks as their fosterers besides Allah and (also) the Messiah, the son of Maryam; and they were not commanded (anything) except to serve one God. There is no god except Him, be He glorified above that which they associate as partners (with Him).
They intend to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will not allow anything except that His light should be perfected, though the infidels dislike.
He it is who sent His messenger with guidance and the true religion (Islam) that He may make it prevail over all religions though the polytheists may dislike.
O you who believe ! many of the priests and the monks certainly swallow the wealth of people wrongfully and turn (them) away from the way of Allah; and those who hoard gold and silver and do not spend it in the way of Allah, convey to them the news of a painful punishment,
on the day it will be heated up in the fire of hell, then their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be branded with it. (It will be said to them), "This is what you hoarded for yourselves so taste (the punishment of) that which you hoarded."
The number of months with Allah is certainly twelve months (in a year) in the ordinance of Allah (since) the day He created the skies and the earth, of them four are sacred (during which fighting is prohibited). That is the established law, so do not be unjust to yourselves concerning them. And fight the polytheists all together as they fight with you all together and know that Allah is certainly with those who guard (against evil).
Postponement (of a sacred month) is only an increase in infidelity through which are misled those who do not believe; they make it lawful one year and unlawful (another) year, that they may make up the number of months which Allah has made unlawful (for fighting). Thus they make lawful what Allah has made unlawful. The evil of their deeds is made fair seeming to them and Allah does not guide a people who are infidels.
O you who believe ! what is (the matter) with you, that when it is said to you to go out in the way of Allah (to Tabuk) , you cling heavily to the earth. Are you more pleased with the life of this world compared to the hereafter? Then the provision of the life of this world compared to the hereafter is but little.
If you do not go forth He will punish you with a painful punishment and will bring in your place a people other that you, and you cannot harm Him in anyway as Allah has power over everything.
If you do not help him (Muhammed), then Allah helped him when those who did not believe sent him out (of Mecca, he being the) second of the two when they were both in the cave , when he said to his companion (Abu Bakar), "Do not grieve, Allah is certainly with us." So Allah sent down His tranquility over him and strengthened him with forces which you did not see, and made lowest the word of those who did not believe; and the word of Allah, that is the highest; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.
Go forth, lightly (armed) and heavily (armed) and struggle with your wealth and your persons in the way of Allah. That is the best for you if you know.
Had the gain been near and the journey easy, they would have followed you, but the distant journey was tiresome for them. And they will swear by Allah, "Had we been able to, we would have certainly gone forth with you." They destroy themselves and Allah knows that they are liars.
Allah pardon you ! why did you give them permission, until those who spoke the truth were manifest to you and you had (also) known the liars?
Those who believe in Allah and the period hereafter, they do not ask you for exemption from struggling with their wealth and their persons (in the cause of Allah) and Allah is the Knower of those who guard (against evil).
Only those ask for exemption (from fighting) who do not believe in Allah and the period hereafter and their hearts are in doubt, so they waver in their doubt.
And had they intended to go forth (for fighting) they would have made some preparation for it. But Allah did not like their going forth, so He held them back and it was said (to them), "Sit with those who sit."
Had they gone forth with you they would not have increased for you anything but loss, and would have hurried to and fro among you seeking your affliction, and among you there are some who would have listened to them, and Allah is the Knower of those who are unjust.
They had sought your affliction earlier (too), and they had upset matters for you till the truth came and Allah's command prevailed, though they disliked.
And among them is he who says, "Permit me (to be away from fighting) and do not put me into affliction." Have they not fallen into the affliction? And hell certainly encompasses the infidels.
If good befalls you it grieves them and if any disaster befalls you, they say, "We had taken (precaution in ) our affair before hand." And they turn away and rejoice.
Say, "Nothing can ever befall us except that which Allah has decreed for us, He is our Guardian. And in Allah let the believers put their trust."
Say, "Do you await for us, for anything other than one of the two good things (victory or martyrdom)? And we await for you that Allah should afflict you with punishment from Him or through our hands, so wait, we (too) are waiting with you."
Say, "Spend willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you, for you are certainly a transgressing people."
And nothing prevents their spendings being accepted from them except that they do not believe in Allah and in His messenger, and they come for worship (salat) while they are sluggish and they spend while they are unwilling.
So do not let their wealth and their children make you wonder, Allah wills only to punish them through it in this world's life and (that) their souls should depart while they are infidels. ls should depart while they are infidels.
And they swear by Allah that they are with you while they are not with you, but they are people who are afraid,
if they could find a refuge or caves or a place to enter (and hide) they would have turned towards it running in haste.
And among them is he who blames you regarding the (distribution of) alms, so if they are given from it they are pleased and if they are not given from it then they are displeased.
And had they been pleased with that which Allah and His messenger gave them and said, "Allah is sufficient for us, Allah will give us out of His grace and His messenger (too), to Allah do we (turn as) seekers (of His grace)," (it would have been better for them).
Alms are only for the poor and the needy and for those (officials who are) appointed for administering them and those whose hearts are to be reconciled and to free the captives and those in debt and (for spending) in the way of Allah and for the wayfarer, a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.
And among them are those who annoy the prophet and they say, "He is a hearer." Say, "A hearer of good for you, he believes in Allah and believes in (what) the believers (say) and (he is) a mercy for those among you who believe." And those who annoy the messenger of Allah, for them there is a painful punishment.
They swear to you by Allah (just) to please you, but Allah, with His messenger, has a greater right that they should please Him if they are believers.
Do they not know that whoever opposes Allah and His messenger, then for him there is the fire of hell, he will stay in it? That is a great disgrace.
The hypocrites are afraid lest a chapter (of the Quran) be sent down about them informing them of that which is in their hearts. Say, "Mock ! Allah will certainly bring out that which you are afraid of."
And if you ask them they will definitely say, "We were only talking idly and sporting." Say, "Was it at Allah and His signs and His messenger that you were mocking?"
Do not make any excuse, you did reject after your belief. If We pardon a group from among you We will punish (the other) group because they were criminals.
The hypocrite men and the hypocrite women, they resemble each other. They enjoin that which is not recognised (as good) and stop (people) from recognised good and withhold their hands. They have forgotten Allah so (Allah too) has forgotten them. The hypocrites, they certainly are the transgressors.
Allah has promised the hypocrite men and the hypocrite women and the infidels, fire of hell, they will stay therein, that is sufficient for them and Allah has cursed them and for them there is an eternal punishment.
Like those before you, they were mightier than you in strength and had more wealth and children. So they enjoyed their portion and you have enjoyed your portion like those who enjoyed their portion before you, and you indulged in idle talk as they indulged in idle talk. Those are the persons whose works have become fruitless in this world and in the hereafter and those are the persons who are at loss.
Has not the news of those before them come to them: the people of Nuh and Aad and Samood and the people of Ibrahim and the dwellers of Midian and the overthrown cities. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs, so it was not Allah Who was unjust to them but they were unjust to themselves.
And the believing men and the believing women are guardians of each other. They enjoin that which is recognised (as good) and stop (people) from that which is not recognised (as good) and they establish worship (salat) and give charity (zakat) and obey Allah and His messenger. Allah will be merciful to those persons, Allah is certainly Mighty, Wise. they establish worship (salat) and give charity (zakat) and obey Allah and His messenger. Allah will be merciful to those persons, Allah is certainly Mighty, Wise.
Allah has promised to the believing men and the believing women, gardens beneath which rivers flow, they will stay therein and (in) good houses in gardens of everlasting bliss, and the greatest (of all will be) pleasure from Allah, that is a great achievement.
O prophet ! strive against the infidels and the hypocrites and be firm against them, and their settling place is hell and it is an evil destination.
They swear by Allah that they did not say (anything) and they did speak the word of infidelity, and they became infidels after their having accepted Islam, and they planned that which they could not attain, and they do not (take) revenge except (for the reason) that Allah and His messenger enriched them out of His grace, so if they repent it will be better for them and if they turn back, Allah will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the hereafter, and they will neither have a guardian nor a helper for them in the (whole of the ) earth.
And of them are those who made an agreement with Allah (saying), "If He gives us out of His grace we will definitely give alms and we will definitely be of those who are righteous."
But when He gave them out of His grace they hoarded it (being niggardly) and turned back and they withdrew (from the agreement).
Therefore, their consequence was, that He put hypocrisy in their hearts till the day they meet Him, because of their going against Allah in that which they had promised Him and because they lied.
Do they not know that Allah knows what they hide and their secret talks and (that) Allah is the Knower of the unseen?
Those who taunt such of the believers who give alms willingly and such who do not find (anything to give as alms) except (the fruit of) their striving, and consider the (believers) low among them, Allah will make them low among (the believers) and for them there is a painful punishment.
Whether you seek protective forgiveness for them or do not seek protective forgiveness for them, even if you seek protective forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them protectively. That is because they did not believe in Allah and His messenger and Allah does not guide the transgressing people.
Those who were left behind were happy at their sitting (by staying off), after the messenger of Allah (had left), and they disliked to strive with their wealth and their persons in the way of Allah and said, "Do not go in the heat." Say, "The fire of hell is severer in heat," had they but understood.
So let them laugh a little and they will weep much (as) a reward for what they used to earn.
So if Allah brings you back to (any) group from among them and if they ask you for permission to go forth, then say, "You will not go forth with me for ever nor will you fight the enemy along with me, you were pleased with sitting (and staying off from fighting) the first time, so sit with those who remain behind."
And do not ever pray for anyone of them who dies nor stand by his grave. They had not believed in Allah and His messenger and had died while they were transgressors.
And do not let their wealth and their children make you wonder, Allah intends only to punish them with it in this world and that their souls should depart while they are Infidels.
And when a chapter (of the Quran) is sent down (ordering) that you believe in Allah and strive along with His messenger, those among them who are well-off, ask for your permission saying, "Leave us, so that we may remain with those who sit."
They are pleased that they will be with those who are left behind and there is a seal on their hearts, therefore they do not understand.
But the messenger and those who believe with him, they strive with their wealth and their persons, and those are the persons for whom there are good things and those are the persons who are successful.
Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, they will stay therein, that is a great achievement.
And those among the desert Arabs who came with an excuse in order that permission might be granted to them and those who lied to Allah and His messenger, sat (at home), a painful punishment will afflict those among them who did not believe.
There is no blame on the weak nor on the sick nor on those who do not find that which they are required to spend, when they are sincere to Allah and His messenger. There is no way (to blame) the doers of good and Allah is Protectively Forgiving, Merciful,
nor (is there any blame) on those, (to whom), when they came to you that you might (arrange) to carry them, you said, "I do not find that on which I could (arrange to) carry you." They went back with their eyes overflowing with tears due to grief that they did not find that which they were to spend.
The way (to blame) is only against those who ask for permission though they are rich. They are pleased that they will be with those who remain behind and Allah has set a seal on their hearts so they do not know.
They will present their excuse to you when you return to them, say, "Present no excuse, we will not believe you, Allah has given us your news (by) informing us. And Allah and His messenger will see your work, then you will be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen then you will be informed by Him of that which you used to do."
They will swear to you by Allah when you return to them that you may keep away from them, so keep away from them, for they are unclean and their settling place is hell, a reward for that which they used to earn.
They will swear to you that you may be pleased with them, but (even) if you are pleased with them, Allah is certainly not pleased with the transgressing people.
The desert Arabs are stronger in infidelity and hypocrisy and more fitted for not knowing the limits which Allah has sent down to His messenger, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
And of the desert Arabs are those who take that which they spend, as a fine, and wait for some evil turns of fortune to (fall on) you. May the evil turn of fortune be on them and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
And of the desert Arabs is he who believes in Allah and the period hereafter and takes that which he spends as a means of nearness to Allah and for obtaining the prayers of the messenger. Beware ! that is certainly a means of nearness for them, Allah will make them enter into His mercy. Allah is certainly Protectively Forgiving, Merciful.
And the foremost of the first of the immigrants (from Mecca) and the helpers (residing at Madina who gave shelter to the Muslim immigrants from Mecca) and those who followed them in (doing) good, Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with Him. And He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, they will stay therein forever, that is a great achievement.
And from among those around you of the desert Arabs, there are hypocrites and from among the people of Madina (also, there are those who) persist in hypocrisy, you do not know them, We know them. We will punish them twice, then they will be turned back to a great punishment.
And (there are) others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a righteous deed with another which was bad. It may be that Allah will turn to them (mercifully), Allah is certainly Protectively Forgiving, Merciful.
Take alms from their wealth, through which you may clean them and purify them and pray for them, your prayer will certainly be (a source of) security for them and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
Do they not know that Allah accepts repentance from His servants and accepts alms and that Allah is the Accepter of repentance, the Merciful?
And say, "Act ! so Allah will see your action and His messenger and the believers (too), and you will be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then you will be informed by Him of what you used to do."
And (there are) others who are made to wait for the command of Allah, whether He punishes them or turns to them (mercifully); and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
And there are those who chose the mosque to cause harm and for infidelity and to cause disunity among the believers and as a place where one who warred against Allah and His messenger earlier, could watchfully wait; and they will definitely swear, "We intend nothing but good," but Allah bears witness that they are liars.
Never stand in it. A mosque founded for guarding (against evil) from the very first day, is more deserving that you should stand in it. In it are men who love that they should be cleaned, and Allah loves those who are clean.
Then, is he who founded his building for guarding (himself) from (the punishment of) Allah and (for winning) His pleasure better or he who founded his building on the edge of a cracking hollowed bank, so that it crumbles down with him into the fire of hell? And Allah does not guide the unjust people.
The building which they have built will never cease to be a (source of) restlessness in their hearts unless their hearts get cut into pieces, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
Allah has certainly purchased from the believers, their lives and their wealth (and in return) for that there is the garden for them, they fight in the way of Allah so that they kill and are killed. A promise made by Him in truth through the Torah and the Injeel and the Quran. And who (can) fulfill his agreement better than Allah? So rejoice in your trade which you have traded (with Allah) and that is a great achievement.
Those who repent, who serve (Him), who praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin that which is recognised (as good) and stop (people) from that which is not recognised (as good) and those who protect (themselves by remaining within) the limits (imposed by ) Allah; so convey the good news to the believers (described above).
It is not (fit) for the prophet and those who believe that they should ask for the protective forgiveness for the polytheists even though they be relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are inhabitants of hell.
And Ibrahim's asking for protective forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise which he had promised to him. But when it became clear to him that his (father) was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself free from him. Ibrahim was certainly soft hearted, clement (kind).
And it is not (the practice) of Allah to mislead a people after He has guided them to the extent of His making clear to them that which they should guard (against). Allah is certainly the Knower of everything.
The kingdom of the skies and the earth is certainly Allah's. He brings to life and causes to die, and besides Allah there is neither a guardian nor a helper for you.
Allah has turned (mercifully) to the prophet and the immigrants (from Mecca) and the helpers (of these immigrants at Madina) who followed him during the period of hardship, after the hearts of a party from among them had almost deviated, then He turned to them (mercifully), to them He is certainly full of pity, Merciful,
and to the three who were left behind (from going to the battle and whose condition became bad) to the extent that the earth, inspite of its spaciousness, became constrained on them and their souls (too) became constrained on them and they thought that there is no refuge from Allah except (in going) to Him. Then He turned to them (mercifully) that they may repent, Allah is certainly the Accepter of repentance, the Merciful.
O you who believe ! fear Allah and be with those who are truthful.
It did not befit the people of Madina and those around them of the desert Arabs to stay behind (refusing to go with) the messenger of Allah nor to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because there does not afflict them thirst or fatigue or hunger in the way of Allah nor do they tread a path which angers the infidels nor do they receive from their enemy whatever they receive, but a righteous deed is recorded for them thereof. Allah certainly does not waste the reward of the doers of good,
nor do they spend any spending, small or great nor do they cut across a valley, but it is recorded for them that Allah may reward them with (something) better than that which they used to do.
And it is not (proper) for the believers that they should go out all together (to fight), so why not a group go out from every party among them, so that (those who remain behind) could develop sound understanding in religion and (through this religious knowledge) warn their people when they return to them (from war) so that they (too) could be cautious.
O you who believe ! fight those of the infidels who are near you and let them find firmness in you. And know that Allah is certainly with those who guard (against evil).
And whenever a chapter (of the Quran) is sent down, then from among them is he who says, "Which of you has this (chapter of the Quran) increased in belief? "So, as for those who believe, it has (further) increased them in belief and they rejoice.
And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it has (only) added uncleanliness to their uncleanliness and they die while they are infidels.
Do they not see that they are afflicted once or twice every year, even then, they neither repent nor are they mindful.
And whenever a chapter (of the Quran) is sent down, some of them look at others, (as if saying), "Does anyone see you?" Then they turn away. Allah has turned away their hearts because they are a people who do not understand.
There has come to you a messenger from among yourselves, grievous to him is your distress, (he is) excessively desirous for your (good) and full of pity and merciful to the believers.
So if they turn back, then say, "Allah is sufficient for me, there is no god but He, in Him have I put my trust and He is the Lord of the great throne (of the universe)."