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33:1  O Prophet! Remain firm in fearing Allah (with perseverance as before) and do not agree at all to what the disbelievers and the hypocrites say (i.e., ‘Conclude with us religious agreement’). Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, Most Wise
33:2  And continue following this (command) which is revealed to you from your Lord. Surely, Allah is Well Aware of the works that you do
33:3  And maintain your trust in Allah and Sufficient is Allah as a Guardian
33:4  Allah has not made for any man two hearts inside his breast, nor has He made your wives your mothers whom you call mothers by way of zihar (a form of divorce). Nor has He made your adopted sons your (real) sons. These are merely the utterances of your mouth. And Allah says the truth and He alone shows the (straight) path
33:5  Call them (the adopted sons) after their fathers’ (names). That is most just in the sight of Allah. So if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in the Din (Religion) and your friends. And there is no sin on you for what you said by mistake, but (that will be a sure sin) which your hearts intend. And Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
33:6  This (Esteemed) Prophet is nearer to and has a greater claim on the believers than their own souls and his (pure) wives are their mothers. And blood relations have a greater claim one to another (in the distribution of inheritance) in the Book of Allah than (the rest of) the believers and the Emigrants except that you desire to do favour to your friends. This command is written in the Book of Allah
33:7  And, (O Beloved, recall) when We took a covenant from the Prophets (to preach faith in their Prophethood) and (specially) from you and from Nuh (Noah) and from Ibrahim (Abraham) and Musa (Moses) and ‘Isa (Jesus), the son of Mayam (Mary), and We took from them a solemn covenant
33:8  So that (Allah) asks the truthful about their truth. And He has prepared an agonizing torment for the disbelievers
33:9  O believers! Recall Allah’s favour to you when the forces (of disbelievers) came upon you. Then We sent wind and troops (of angels) against them whom you did not see. And Allah sees best what you do
33:10  When they (the disbelievers) invaded you from above (the eastern side of the valley) and from below (the western side of the valley), and when (your) eyes were distracted (with terror), and (your) hearts rose up to your throats (with horror), and you began to think various uncertainties about Allah (in a state of fear and hope)
33:11  At that stage, the believers were put to trial and were shaken with mighty jolts
33:12  And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was a disease (of instability of faith and doubt and suspicion) said: ‘Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peae be upon him) gave us a promise (of victory) just to deceive and betray.
33:13  And when a party of them said: ‘O people of Yathrib! There is no position left for you to stay (safely), so go back (home),’ and a party of them began to seek permission from the Holy Prophet ([blessings and peace be upon him] to go back), saying: ‘Our houses are lying exposed,’ whereas their houses were not exposed; they only wanted to escape (on this pretext)
33:14  And if the armies had entered upon them from all the sides of Medina, and they (the hypocrites) had been asked pertaining to the subversion (of disbelief and polytheism), they would have accepted (the demand), and would not have delayed it except for a short while
33:15  And certainly before this they had made a covenant with Allah that they would not turn their backs and run away. And the covenant made with Allah will (certainly) be asked about
33:16  Say: ‘Escape will not benefit you at all. If you seek to flee (fearing) death or slaughter, you will gain little (from life) except a brief respite.
33:17  Say: ‘Who is the one that can protect you from Allah if He intends to afflict you with suffering or to bestow upon you His mercy?’ And they will not find for themselves any protector or helper apart from Allah
33:18  Surely, Allah knows those amongst you who hinder (from the Holy Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him] and from fighting in his company) and who say to their brothers: ‘Come to us.’ And they themselves come to fight but little
33:19  (They do so) being miserly in your case. But when a fear (situation) arises, you will see them looking at you, their eyes rolling like those of someone fainting into death. But when fear departs, they offend you with sharp tongues (injuring your heart). They are (in a state of feeling) too greedy for spoils of war. (In fact) they have not believed at all. So Allah has annulled all their deeds. And that is easy for Allah
33:20  They (still) imagine that the disbelievers’ troops have not yet gone (back), and if those troops should come (again), they would wish them join villagers settling as nomads and (conduct surveillance to) collect news about you. And even if they were amongst you, they would not fight except a very few
33:21  In truth, in (the sacred person of) Allah’s Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) there is for you a most perfect and beautiful model (of life) for every such person that expects and aspires to (meeting) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah abundantly
33:22  And when the believers saw the armies (of disbelievers), they said: ‘This is what Allah and His Messenger promised us, and Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) have spoken the truth.’ So this (spectacle) increased their faith and their commitment to submission to Allah
33:23  Amongst the believers (a great number of) men proved true what covenant they made with Allah. Of them is someone who has fulfilled his vow (by attaining to martyrdom), and of them is someone who is waiting (for his turn). But they have not changed (their covenant) in the least
33:24  That Allah may reward the truthful for their truth and may torment the hypocrites if He wills or may accept their repentance. Surely, Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
33:25  And Allah repulsed the disbelievers (from Medina, defeated,) with the burning of their rage, for they failed to achieve any success. And Allah was Sufficient for the believers in the battle (of al-Ahzab [the Confederates]). And Allah is Ever-Strong, All-Powerful
33:26  And the People of the Book (amongst the tribe of Banu Qurayza) who helped those (disbelieving combatants in breach of their peace treaty), Allah (also) brought them down from their fortresses and filled their hearts with the fear (of Islam). You kill a party of them (for their war crimes), and make the other party prisoners of war
33:27  And He made you the owners of the land, the houses and the wealth and the properties of these (war enemies) and the (captured) territory where you had not even stepped in (before). And Allah has Absolute Power over everything
33:28  O (Esteemed) Prophet! Say to your wives: ‘If you long for the world and its glitter, then come! I shall make a provision for you and set you free in a handsome manner
33:29  But if you long for Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and the abode of the Hereafter, then surely Allah has prepared for the pious amongst you a tremendous reward.
33:30  O wives of the (Esteemed) Prophet! Whoever of you commits an obvious indecency, the torment for her will be doubled, and that is very easy for Allah
33:31  And those of you who remain obedient to Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) and persist in pious works, We shall give them double of their reward and We have prepared for them honourable sustenance (in Paradise)
33:32  O wives of the Messenger! You are not the like of any of the womenfolk. If you want to remain pious and Godfearing, then be not soft in your speech (whilst talking to men as and when required) lest someone whose heart is diseased (with hypocrisy) should feel inclined with desire. And (always) say words that are pure of any taint of doubt and flexibility
33:33  And remain in your houses with calm and peace and do not display adornment like that of the days of ignorance and establish prayer and pay Zakat (the Alms-due) and keep obeying Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him). Allah only intends to remove all the impurity of sins from you, O People of the House (of the Prophet, [even a doubt or trace of shortcoming]) and make you absolutely pure and clean by blessing you with (perfect) purity and wholesomeness
33:34  And always remember the Revelations of Allah and the tradition and wisdom (of the Holy Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him]) which are recited in your homes. Surely, Allah is the Master of subtleties (for His favourite servants — Awliya’) and Well Aware (of all His Creation)
33:35  Surely, the submissive men and the submissive women, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obedient men and the obedient women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the steadfast men and the steadfast women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the men who give alms and the women who give alms, and the men who fast and the women who fast, and the men who guard their chastity and the women who guard their chastity, and the men who remember Allah abundantly and the women who remember Allah very much—Allah has prepared for all of them forgiveness and a mighty reward
33:36  And neither a believing man nor a believing woman has (this) right that, when Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) have given judgment (or a command) about an affair, they should exercise their own choice in (doing or not doing that) work of theirs. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) certainly loses his way into open error
33:37  And, (O Beloved, recall) when you said to him whom Allah had favoured and whom you (too) had done a favour: ‘Keep your wife (Zaynab) with you in the bond of marriage and fear Allah.’ And you were keeping that secret* in your heart which Allah was about to reveal. And you had (out of decency) the fear of the (scoffs of) people (in your heart. O Beloved! You need not have cared for people). And Allah alone has a greater right that you should fear Him (and who is more Godfearing than you!) So when (your adopted son) Zayd fulfilled his desire to divorce her, We married her to you so that there is no blame on the believers for (marrying) the wives of their adopted sons, whilst they have no desire for them (after divorce). And carrying out Allah’s command was a must
33:38  And there is no blame on the Prophet in (accomplishing) that duty which Allah has made obligatory for him. And certainly the same has been the way and practice of Allah with those (as well) who have passed away before. And the command of Allah is a decree which has been fulfilled
33:39  Those (bygone) people used to communicate the messages of Allah, and fear Him, and they were afraid of none but Allah. And Allah is Sufficient as a Reckoner
33:40  Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Last of the Prophets (ending the chain of the Prophets). And Allah is the Perfect Knower of everything
33:41  O believers! Keep remembering Allah abundantly
33:42  And glorify Him morning and evening
33:43  He is the One Who sends peace and blessings on you and His angels as well, so that He may take you out of the layers of darkness into the light. And He is Ever-Merciful to the believers
33:44  On the Day when they (the believers) will meet Him, their gift (of the meeting—greeting) will be: ‘Peace!’ And He has kept ready for them most honourable reward
33:45  O (Esteemed) Prophet! Surely, We have sent you as a Witness (to the truth and the creation), a Bearer of glad tidings (of the beauty of the Hereafter) and a Warner (of the torment in the Hereafter)
33:46  And (as) an Inviter towards Allah by His command and as a Sun spreading Light
33:47  And give good news to the believers that there is for them Allah’s great bounty (that they are cloaked in the affinity of slavery to the Final Messenger of Allah)
33:48  And never agree to what the disbelievers and the hypocrites say (i.e., ‘Conclude with us a religious agreement’). And disregard their hurtful misbehaviour, and maintain your trust in Allah (with persistence). And Allah alone is Sufficient as a Guardian (in the conflict between truth and falsehood)
33:49  O believers! When you marry the believing women and then divorce them before you have touched them (i.e., had sexual intercourse with them), then no waiting period is (obligatory) on them for you which you may start counting. So give them some provision, and send them off nicely extending to them kindness
33:50  O Prophet! Surely, We have made lawful for you those of your wives whom you have paid their dower, and those who are in your possession (according to Allah’s commandments) whom Allah has given you as spoils of war, and the daughters of your paternal uncles, and the daughters of your paternal aunts, and the daughters of your maternal uncles, and the daughters of your maternal aunts who have emigrated with you, and any other believing woman who dedicates herself to the Holy Prophet (for marriage), provided the Holy Prophet (too) has the intention to marry her (so all these are lawful for you. This command is) exclusively for you, not for other believers (of the Umma [Community]). Indeed, We know best what We have prescribed for them (the Muslims) concerning their wives and the slave girls they possess. (But this exclusive command for lawfulness of number of wives in your respect has been given) so that there remains no difficulty for you (in making elaborate arrangements for the education and training of the women of the Muslim Umma [community]). And Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
33:51  (O Prophet! You have a choice) to postpone (the turn of) any (wife) whom you may please from amongst your wives, and keep with you (any of them on priority) whom you may please. And there is no blame on you if you desire her (to be with you) from whom you kept distance (for a while). This makes possible for them cooling their eyes (by seeing you) and they will not remain grieved and they will all feel pleased and delighted for what you have blessed them with. And Allah knows best what is in your hearts and Allah is All-Knowing, Forbearing
33:52  After that (they have preferred your pleasure and your service to the worldly benefits), it is not lawful for you also (to marry) more women (so that these wives alone may enjoy the distinction of their glory). Nor is it lawful that (in case of divorce to some and regarding it Our command to maintain the present number of wives) you take (into marriage) other wives in their place, even though their beauty (of behaviour, moral conduct and style of preaching Din [Religion]) may seem to you pleasingly excellent. But the slave girl that is in your possession (by Our command is lawful). And Allah is Ever-Watchful over everything
33:53  O believers! Do not enter the houses of the Holy Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) unless permission is granted to you for a meal. Nor (reach so early as to) wait for the cooking of the meal. But when you are invited, then enter (at that time). Then, when you have eaten the meal, (get up from there and) disperse without delay, and do not linger on in eagerness for talk. Surely, your (sitting for long in this) manner discomforts the Holy Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him); and he feels reluctant to (ask) you (to leave), but Allah does not hesitate in (saying) the truth. And when you ask them (the pure wives) for something, ask them from behind a curtain. This (regard and nice manner) causes great purity for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not (at all lawful) for you that you cause inconvenience to the Holy Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him), nor is this (lawful) that you marry his (pure) wives after him, till the end of time. Surely, it is the most grievous sin in the sight of Allah
33:54  Whether you disclose something or conceal it, Allah is certainly the Most Perfect Knower of everything
33:55  There is no sin on them (if they do not veil themselves) from their (real) fathers, and their sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their own (Muslim) women and from those slave girls whom they possess. And keep fearing Allah. Surely, Allah is Witness to and Ever-Watchful over everything
33:56  Surely, Allah and (all) His angels send blessings and greetings on the Holy Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him). O believers! Invoke blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation of peace abundantly (and fervently)
33:57  Surely, those who offend Allah and His Prophet, Allah curses them in the world and in the Hereafter and He has prepared for them a disgraceful torment
33:58  And those who hurt the believing men and the believing women without their doing anything (wrong), surely, they bear (themselves) the burden of a false allegation and an open sin
33:59  O Prophet! Say to your wives, your daughters and the women of believers that, (whilst going out,) they should draw their veils as coverings over them. It is more likely that this way they may be recognized (as pious, free women), and may not be hurt (considered by mistake as roving slave girls). And Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful
33:60  If the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is the disease (of malice and insolence against the Holy Prophet [blessings and peace be upon him]) and (likewise) those who spread false rumours in Medina do not desist, then We shall certainly make you overmaster them. Then they will not be able to stay in the neighbourhood of Medina but for a few (days)
33:61  (These) accursed (militant, terrorist and riotous) people (engaged in violent anti-state conspiracies), wherever found, are to be seized and every one of them to be killed (as punishment for their rebellious activities, making them awful signs, to eliminate the threats to peace once and for all)
33:62  This practice of Allah has (continued) through generations that have passed before, and you will never find any amendment in the way practised by Allah
33:63  The people ask you about (the Hour of) Resurrection. Say: ‘Its knowledge is with Allah alone. And who has made you aware—it may be that the Last Hour has drawn near?
33:64  Surely, Allah has cursed the disbelievers and readied for them the Blazing Fire (of Hell)
33:65  They will dwell in it forever. They will find neither any caring friend nor any supporting helper
33:66  On the Day when their faces will be (repeatedly) turned over in the Fire of Hell, they will say: ‘Alas! Would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Holy Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him)!
33:67  And they will say: ‘O our Lord, surely we followed what our chiefs and the influential ones directed, so they turned us away from the (straight) path
33:68  O our Lord! Afflict them with double torment and lay on them a mighty curse.
33:69  O believers! Do not be like those who hurt Musa ([Moses] by means of their denigrating words). So Allah proved him clear of the blames which they levelled against him. And he (Musa [Moses]) had great honour and high standing in the sight of Allah
33:70  O believers! Always fear Allah and say what is correct and straight
33:71  He will set (all) your deeds right for you and will forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Holy Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) will surely achieve a great success
33:72  Indeed, We offered the trust (of obedience) to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they declined to bear this (burden) and felt scared of it, but man took it on. Verily, he is given to wrongdoing (against his own soul), unwise and extremely ignorant (of the consequence of lapse in paying back the trust)
33:73  (This is) so because Allah torments the hypocrites, men and women, and the polytheists, men and women, and Allah accepts repentance of the believers, men and women. And Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever-Merciful