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ar-Rum (The Romans, The Byzantines)
as rendered by Mohammad Shafi
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Mohammad Shafi rendition of Surah The Romans, The Byzantines(ar-Rum)
30:1 These are some of the letters of the Arabic language that appear at the beginning of some Qur'aanic chapters. Significance of these letters is a mystery. Omniscient Allah has perhaps purposely kept it mysterious to remind mankind of the limitation of knowledge it is bestowed with.
30:2 The Romans have been defeated
30:3 In the nearby land. But they (the Romans), after this defeat of theirs, shall gain victory
30:4 Within ten years! Allah's was the Command (for the defeat of the Romans) before and His is the Command (for their victory) later. And on that day the believers shall rejoice
30:5 With Allah's Help! He helps whom He wills. He is the One omnipotent, merciful!
30:6 Allah's Promise! Allah never fails to keep His Promise. But most people know not.
30:7 They know just what is apparent of the life of this world, and remain oblivious to the Hereafter.
30:8 Have they never pondered over themselves!? Allah has not created the heavens and the earth and all that is therein without purpose and without fixing a time for their end! And most people do indeed disbelieve that they are destined to meet their Lord.
30:9 Have they not travelled on the earth and seen what end those who lived before them met with? They were more powerful than these are, and they dug up the earth and built it up more than these are doing. And to them came their Messengers with clear signs. It was not Allah Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves!
30:10 Then the end of those who did evil — in that they denied the Truth of Allah's Verses/signs and ridiculed them — is evil.
30:11 Allah creates the creation from nothing. Then He recreates it. Then to Him, shall you all be returned.
30:12 And the Day the Hour is established, the criminals will stand despaired!
30:13 And none among those they worshipped besides Allah could intercede for them. And they would disown those they worshipped besides Allah.
30:14 And the Day the Hour is established, that Day they will be separated.
30:15 Then those who believed and did good deeds, they will rejoice in a Meadow of delight.
30:16 And those that suppressed the Truth, rejected Our Verses/signs, and denied the meeting in the Hereafter, those then will be presented for the Punishment.
30:17 And Glory to Allah when you retire for the night and Glory to Him when you get ready for your daily work in the morning.
30:18 And for Him is the Praise in the heavens and the earth and in the evening and when you are at noon.
30:19 He brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living. And He gives life to the earth after it had been dead. And, likewise, you shall be brought out from the dead.
30:20 And among His Signs is that He created you out of dust. And then it is that you mushroomed as human beings.
30:21 And among His Signs is that He created for you mates from yourselves, so that you might give comfort and support to them. And He created mutual affection and kindness between you. In this, indeed, are signs for people who reflect.
30:22 And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of your tongues and colours. In this, indeed, are signs for those who imbibe knowledge.
30:23 And among His Signs is your slumber during the night and the day — and your quest of His Bounty. In this, indeed, are signs for people who hear and listen.
30:24 And among His Signs is that He shows you the lightning as herald of both fear and hope, sends down water from the sky, and then gives life to the earth after it was dead. In this, indeed, are signs for people who use their intellect.
30:25 And among His Signs is that the heavens and the earth stand (continue to exist as these do) by His Command. Then, as He gives out to you a single call, behold, you will all emerge from the earth.
30:26 And, to Him belong all things in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to Him.
30:27 And He it is Who creates the creation from nothing. Then He recreates it. And it is easy for Him. And the example He gives is the best in the heavens and in the earth. He is the One omnipotent, wise.
30:28 He gives you an example from your own selves. Are your employees/slaves equal partners with you in what We have given you? Do you care for them as much as you care for yourselves? Thus do We explain Our Verses for people who use their intellect.
30:29 But those who are wicked follow their own desires without knowing (where their desires would lead them to). Who then can guide whom Allah has let go astray? And for them there is none to help!
30:30 Set your face then steadfastly for the Deen [way of life that Allah has approved for you (Verse :)]. It is in sync with Nature upon which Allah has created mankind. None can change what Allah has created! That is the established Deen, but most people know not.
30:31 (Set your face steadfastly for the Deen) turning to Him (Allah) alone. And fear Him, establish the Prayer and be not of those who worship others besides Him.
30:32 (And be not) of those who split up their Deen, and become sects — every group happy with what they have.
30:33 And when any harm affects the people, they pray to their Lord, turning to Him alone. Then no sooner He lets them taste of His Grace, than do some of them revert to worshiping others besides Him
30:34 To show their ingratitude for what We have given them! Enjoy for now! You will then soon come to know (the inevitable consequence of your ingratitude)!
30:35 Have We ever sent down to them any authority to speak for what they worship besides Allah!?
30:36 And when We let people taste something good by Our Grace they rejoice at it. But if adversity afflicts them because of their past deeds, then and there, they despair!
30:37 Have they not seen that Allah gives the provision in ample measure to whom He wills and restricts it to whom He wills? In that, indeed, are signs for people who believe.
30:38 Give then to the relative his right, and to the needy, and the traveller. This is best for those who seek Allah's pleasure. And they are the ones truly successful!
30:39 And what you give for profit so that the increase is at the cost of other people's amwaal (property, dues) then it is not a lawful increase/profit with Allah. And what you give in charity seeking Allah's pleasure — the givers of such charity are the ones who will get their return multiplied.
30:40 Allah is He Who has created you, then provided you with sustenance, then causes you to die, and then brings you back to life. Are there any of those whom you worship besides Allah who can do any of these things? Glorified and exalted is He above all those whom they worship besides Him.
30:41 Corruption has appeared in the land and the sea — because of what people did — to let them taste some consequence of what they do, so that they might return to the Right Path.
30:42 Say, "Travel on the earth and notice what happened in the end to people who lived before you. Most of them worshiped others besides Allah."
30:43 Set your face resolutely for the Deen (way of life) established (by Allah for mankind), before the Inevitable Day comes from Allah. On that Day people will segregate.
30:44 He who rejects the Truth, the responsibility for that rejection shall lie on him himself. And all those who do good deeds, they are making a good preparation for themselves.
30:45 So that He may, by His Grace, reward those who believe and do good deeds. He does not indeed love those who suppress the Truth.
30:46 And among His signs is that He sends the winds heralding good news (of rains), so that He might give you a taste of His Grace, that ships might sail at His Command, that you might seek His Favour, and that you might be grateful.
30:47 And, before you, We did send Messengers to their respective peoples. And they came to them with clear signs. Then We punished the criminals. And it was incumbent on Us to help the believers.
30:48 Allah is the One Who sends the winds. Then the interaction of the winds raises a cloud. Then He spreads the cloud across the sky as He pleases, and breaks it into fragments. Then you see the rain pouring down from within them. And when He makes the rain fall on whomsoever of His creatures He pleases, those creatures do then rejoice.
30:49 And they were indeed in despair, before it (the rain) was sent down upon them,.
30:50 Look then at these results of Allah's Mercy — how He gives life to the earth after it had been dead. Indeed, that (Mercy) surely shall give life to the Dead. And He is the One capable of doing anything.
30:51 And if We send a wind and they see it (the green earth) turn yellow (giving man its yield), verily, they still continue ungratefully to disbelieve (in Allah's Mercy).
30:52 And you cannot indeed make the dead hear, nor can you make the deaf hear the call when they turn their backs and go away.
30:53 And, nor can you advise the blind out of their straying. You can make none to hear except those who believe in Our Verses/signs and then submit.
30:54 It is Allah who created you weak, then made you strong after being weak, and then made you weak and grey-haired after being strong. HE creates as He wills. And He is the One knowing all, capable to do anything.
30:55 On the Day the Hour dawns, the criminals will swear they stayed not (in the earth) but an hour. Thus were they deluded!
30:56 And those who have been endowed with knowledge and conviction will say, "Indeed you did stay there, in accordance with Allah's Book, until the Resurrection Day. Now, this is the Resurrection Day, but which you remained unaware of."
30:57 That Day then the wicked people shall not get any benefit from their excuses/apologies, nor shall they be allowed to solicit favours.
30:58 And, verily, We have given, in this very Qur'aan, every kind of example for mankind. And even if you come to them with a miraculous sign, those who suppress the Truth would say, "You advocate nothing but falsehood."
30:59 Thus does Allah put a seal on the minds of those who wish not to learn.
30:60 Be patient then! Allah's Promise is indeed true. And let not those who lack conviction disturb your mind.


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