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31:1  These are among the letters, of the Arabic language, appearing at the beginning of some Qur'aanic chapters. Significance of these letters is a mystery. Omniscient Allah has perhaps purposely kept it mysterious to remind mankind of the limitation of knowledge it is bestowed with
31:2  These are Verses of the Book of Wisdom
31:3  Guidance and Mercy for those who are good
31:4  Those who establish prayer, give Zakaat, and believe in the Hereafter with conviction
31:5  Those are on guidance from their Lord, and these are the ones who are successful
31:6  And among mankind is such a one who, without adequate knowledge, bargains for the frivolous hadeeth to lead people away from Allah's path, and holds this (Qur'aan) in ridicule.h For such a one awaits a disgraceful punishment
31:7  And when Our Verses are recited to him, he turns back haughtily, as if he had not heard them — as if there was deafness in his ears. Give him then the bad news of a painful punishment
31:8  Those indeed who believe and do good deeds, for them are Gardens of bliss
31:9  They will live therein forever! Allah's promise is the Truth! And He is the One omnipotent, wise
31:10  He created the heavens without pillars that you can see. And He cast mountains on the earth lest it should shake with you, and He dispersed on it animals of every kind. And We sent down water from the sky, and caused to grow therein pairs of every noble kind
31:11  This is Allah's creation. Now show me that which those besides Him have created. Nay, these people who unjustly worship others besides Allah are in manifest error
31:12  And We did give Luqman the wisdom of being grateful to Allah. And whoever is grateful, he is grateful for his own sake; and if anyone is ungrateful, then indeed Allah is Self- Sufficient, Praised
31:13  And when Luqman said to his son by way of admonishing him, "O my son! Worship none besides Allah. Worshipping others besides Allah is certainly indeed a grave injustice."
31:14  And We have commissioned man with a duty towards his parents — his mother bears him through weakness upon weakness and she feeds him on her milk for two years — that, (as Allah directs,) "Be grateful to Me and to your parents. To Me is the final destination."
31:15  "And if they (parents) try to make you worship others with Me — others of whom you have no knowledge — obey them not, but be kind to them in this world. And follow the way of him who turns to Me! Then to Me is your return, then I shall tell you what you did."
31:16  [Continuing his admonition started in Verse above, Luqman said,] "O my son! Even if it be the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, and even though it be in a rock, or in the heaven or in the earth, Allah will bring it out. Allah is indeed meticulously Aware!"
31:17  "O my son! Establish the Prayer,enjoin good, and forbid evil. And bear patiently any affliction that you may suffer. These indeed are among acts of great courage."
31:18  "And turn not rudely away from people, nor walk the streets in pride! Indeed, Allah loves not any self-conceited boaster."
31:19  "And be modest in your walk and lower your voice. The most hateful of voices is certainly indeed the ass's bray."
31:20  See you not that Allah has made subservient to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and that He has given you His bounties (like air and water) in abundance outwardly and inwardly? And among men is such a one as argues about Allah without knowledge, without guidance, and without the leading light a divine Book
31:21  And when they are asked to follow what Allah has revealed, they say, "Nay, we follow what we found our fathers with." Would they follow them even though the devil calls them to the punishment of the burning Fire!
31:22  And he who submits himself to Allah and is good to others, he has taken a firm hold of a strong link. And with Allah is the end of all matters
31:23  And let not disbelief of one who disbelieves grieve thee. To Us is their return, and then We shall inform them of what they did. Allah does indeed know what is inside their minds
31:24  We let them enjoy a little, then We shall drive them to a severe punishment
31:25  And if you ask them who created the heavens and the earth, they will say, "Allah." Say, "Praise be to Allah!" Nay, most of them know not
31:26  To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. Indeed, Allah is the One self- sufficient, praised
31:27  And had all the trees in the earth been pens, and the sea, after being completely used (as ink), had seven more seas to replenish it, all these would still be insufficient to cover all of Allah's words. Allah is indeed Omnipotent, Wise
31:28  Creation or Resurrection of you all is not but like (creation and resurrection of) a single soul. Allah does indeed listen to and see (all His creatures)
31:29  Do you not see that Allah makes the night enter the day, and He makes the day enter the night, that He has made the sun and the moon subservient — each pursues its course till an appointed time — and that Allah is Aware of what you do
31:30  That is because Allah is the Truth, what they pray to besides Him is falsehood, and Allah is the Highest, the Greatest
31:31  Do you not see that the ship floats on the sea by Allah's favour so that He may show you some of His signs? Certainly indeed there are signs in this for everyone who is patient, grateful
31:32  And when a wave, like dark clouds, covers them, they pray exclusively to Allah as monotheists. Then when He brings them back safely to land, some of them become neutral (between polytheists and monotheists). And none but every treacherous, ungrateful one denies Our signs
31:33  O people! Be mindful of your Lord and fear the Day when no father can avail his son in anything, nor can the child avail this father. Allah's promise is always indeed true. So let not the lives of this world deceive you, nor let the arch-deceiver (the Satan) deceive you about Allah
31:34  Indeed! The knowledge of the Hour is with Allah alone, and He sends down the pouring rain, and He knows what is in the wombs. And no one knows what he will earn the next morning. And no one knows in what land he will die. Allah does indeed know everything, He is indeed aware of everything