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ar-Rum (The Romans, The Byzantines)
as rendered by Arthur John Arberry
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Arthur John Arberry rendition of Surah The Romans, The Byzantines(ar-Rum)
30:1 Alif Lam Mim
30:2 The Greeks have been vanquished
30:3 in the nearer part of the land; and, after their vanquishing, they shall be the victors
30:4 in a few years. To God belongs the Command before and after, and on that day the believers shall rejoice
30:5 in God's help; God helps whomsoever He will; and He is the All-mighty, the All-compassionate.
30:6 The promise of God! God fails not His promise, but most men do not know it.
30:7 They know an outward part of the present life, but of the Hereafter they are heedless.
30:8 What, have they not considered within themselves? God created not the heavens and the earth, and what between them is, save with the truth and a stated term; yet most men disbelieve in the encounter with their Lord.
30:9 What, have they not journeyed in the land and beheld how was the end of those before them? They were stronger than themselves in might, and they ploughed up the earth and cultivated it more than they themselves have cultivated it; and their Messengers came to them with the clear signs; and God would never wrong them, but themselves they wronged.
30:10 Then the end of those that did evil was evil, for that they cried lies to the signs of God and mocked at them.
30:11 God originates creation, then brings it back again, then unto Him you shall be returned.
30:12 Upon the day when the Hour is come, the sinners shall be confounded
30:13 no intercessors shall they have amongst their associates, and they shall disbelieve in their associates.
30:14 Upon the day when the Hour is come, that day they shall be divided;
30:15 as for those who believed, and did deeds of righteousness, they shall walk with joy in a green meadow,
30:16 but as for those who disbelieved, and cried lies to Our signs and the encounter of the Hereafter, they shall be arraigned into the chastisement.
30:17 So glory be to God both in your evening hour and in your morning hour.
30:18 His is the praise in the heavens and earth, alike at the setting sun and in your noontide hour.
30:19 He brings forth the living from the dead, and brings forth the dead from the living, and He revives the earth after it is dead; even so you shall be brought forth.
30:20 And of His signs is that He created you of dust; then lo, you are mortals, all scattered abroad.
30:21 And of His signs is that He created for you, of yourselves, spouses, that you might repose in them, and He has set between you love and mercy. Surely in that are signs for a people who consider.
30:22 And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and the variety of your tongues and hues. Surely in that are signs for all living beings.
30:23 And of His signs is your slumbering by night and day, and your seeking after His bounty. Surely in that are signs for a people who hear.
30:24 And of His signs He shows you lightning, for fear and hope, and that He sends down out of heaven water and He revives the earth after it is dead. Surely in that are signs for a people who understand.
30:25 And of His signs is that the heaven and earth stand firm by His command; then, when He calls you once and suddenly, out of the earth, lo you shall come forth.
30:26 To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and the earth; all obey His will.
30:27 And it is He who originates creation, then brings it back again, and it is very easy for Him. His is the loftiest likeness in the heavens and the earth; He is the All-mighty, the All-wise.
30:28 He has struck for you a similitude from yourselves; do you have, among that your right hands own, associates in what We have provided for you so that you are equal in regard to it, you fearing them as you fear each other? So We distinguish the signs for a people who understand.
30:29 Nay, but the evildoers follow their own caprices, without knowledge; so who shall guide those whom God has led astray? They have no helpers.
30:30 So set thy face to the religion, a man of pure faith -- God's original upon which He originated mankind. There is no changing God's creation. That is the right religion; but most men know it not --
30:31 turning to Him. And fear you Him, and perform the prayer, and be not of the idolaters,
30:32 even of those who have divided up their religion, and become sects, each several party rejoicing in what is theirs.
30:33 When some affliction visits mankind, they call unto their Lord, turning to Him; then, when He lets them taste mercy from Him, lo, a party of them assign associates to their Lord,
30:34 that they may be ungrateful for what We have given them. 'Take your enjoyment; certainly you will soon know.'
30:35 Or have We sent down any authority upon them, such as speaks of that they associate with Him?
30:36 And when We let men taste mercy, they rejoice in it; but if some evil befalls them for that their own hands have forwarded, behold, they despair.
30:37 Have they not seen that God outspreads and straitens His provision to whom He will? Surely in that are signs for a people who believe.
30:38 And give the kinsman his right, and the needy, and the traveller; that is better for those who desire God's Face; those they are the prosperers.
30:39 And what you give in usury, that it may increase upon the people's wealth, increases not with God; but what you give in alms, desiring God's Face, those -- they receive recompense manifold.
30:40 God is He that created you, then He provided for you, then He shall make you dead, then He shall give you life; is there any of your associates does aught of that? Glory be to Him! High be He exalted above that they associate!
30:41 Corruption has appeared in the land and sea, for that men's own hands have earned, that He may let them taste some part of that which they have done, that haply so they may return.
30:42 Say: 'Journey in the land, then behold how was the end of those that were before; most of them were idolaters.'
30:43 So set thy face to the true religion before there comes a day from God that cannot be turned back; on that day they shall be sundered apart.
30:44 Whoso disbelieves, his unbelief shall be charged against him; and whosoever does righteousness for themselves they are making provision,
30:45 that He may recompense those who believe and do righteous deeds of His bounty; He loves not the unbelievers.
30:46 And of His signs is that He looses the winds, bearing good tidings and that He may let you taste of His mercy, and that the ships may run at His commandment, and that you may seek His bounty; haply so you will be thankful.
30:47 Indeed, We sent before thee Messengers unto their people, and they brought them the clear signs; then We took vengeance upon those who sinned; and it was ever a duty incumbent upon Us, to help the believers.
30:48 God is He that looses the winds, that stir up clouds; and He spreads them in heaven how He will, and shatters them; then thou seest the rain issuing out of the midst of them, and when He smites with it whomsoever of His servants He will, lo, they rejoice,
30:49 although before it was sent down on them before that they had been in despair.
30:50 So behold the marks of God's mercy, how He quickens the earth after it was dead; surely He is the quickener of the dead, and He is powerful over everything.
30:51 But if We loose a wind, and they see it growing yellow, they remain after that unbelievers.
30:52 Thou shalt not make the dead to hear, neither shalt thou make the deaf to hear the call when they turn about, retreating.
30:53 Thou shalt not guide the blind out of their error neither shalt thou make any to hear except for such as believe in Our signs, and so surrender.
30:54 God is He that created you of weakness, then He appointed after weakness strength, then after strength He appointed weakness and grey hairs; He creates what He will, and He is the All-knowing, the All-powerful.
30:55 Upon the day when the Hour is come, the sinners shall swear they have not tarried above an hour; so they were perverted.
30:56 But those who have been given knowledge and faith shall say, 'You have tarried in God's Book till the Day of the Upraising, This is the Day of the Upraising, but you did not know.'
30:57 So that day their excuses will not profit the evildoers, nor will they be suffered to make amends.
30:58 Indeed, We have struck for the people in this Koran every manner of similitude; and if thou bringest them a sign, those who are unbelievers will certainly say, 'You do nothing but follow falsehood.'
30:59 Even so God seals the hearts of those that know not.
30:60 So be thou patient; surely God's promise is true; and let not those who have not sure faith make thee unsteady.


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