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42:1  Haa. Me’im!
42:2  A'in. Siin. Qaf!
42:3  Thus does Allâh, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise, reveal ( the truth about Himself) to you (as He revealed it) to those before you.
42:4  Unto Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. He is the Most High, the Most Great.
42:5  The heavens are almost about to disintegrate above them, and the ‘Angels’ glorify the praises of their Lord, asking for forgiveness for those on the earth. Unquestionably, Allâh is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
42:6  As for those who take guardians besides Him (need to know that) Allâh is Guardian over them, and you (Muhammad) are not their advocate.
42:7  We thus reveal to you an Arabic ‘Qur’ān’ so that you may forewarn the mother of the towns (‘Mecca’) and all around it, and you may give warning of the inevitable ‘Day of Resurrection’ when some will be in ‘Al- Jannah’ and others will be in the ‘Inferno’.
42:8  If Allâh had willed, He would definitely have made them one community. But He admits whom He wills into His (divine) clemency. Those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong will have neither guardian nor helper.
42:9  Or have they taken guardians besides Him? Allâh alone is the guardian. He is the One Who gives life to the dead. And He is capable of doing whatever He wills.
42:10  In whatever you differ, the verdict thereof is with Allâh. This is Allâh, my Lord. I depend on Him with full trust. And unto Him, I do turn in repentance.
42:11  ( He is) the Creator of the heavens and of the earth. He has made for you pairs from among yourselves, and pairs of the cattle, too, multiplying you thereby. There is nothing like to Him. He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.
42:12  Unto Him belong the keys of the heavens and of the earth. He extends and straitens His sustenance to whom He wills. Indeed, He is the All-Knowing of everything.
42:13  He has ordained for you of religion which He commended to ‘Noah’, that which We have revealed unto you, (O’ ‘Muhammad’), and what We commended to ‘Abraham’, ‘Moses’ and ‘Jesus’ to establish firmly the Faith , and do not be divided therein. Intractable for ‘Polytheists’ is that to which you invite them. Allâh chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides into Himself whoever turns unto Him in repentance.
42:14  They were not divided until after the knowledge of Truth had come to them because of jealousy and resentment among themselves. Had it not been for a Word that had already gone forth from your Lord for an appointed term, then the whole issue would have been settled between them. Those who were made to inherit the ‘Scripture’ after them are verily in deeply skeptical about it.
42:15  So, to that (Faith), keep on inviting, remain on the right course as you are commanded, take not in their self-deceived beliefs for the epistemic and say: ”I believe fully and absolutely in what Allâh has revealed of the Qur’ān. And I am commanded to do justice between you. Allâh is our Lord and your Lord. It is incumbent on us to bear the burden of our deeds, and on you to bear the burden of your deeds. There is no (need for) disputation between us. Allâh will bring us together. And to Him is the definitive course."
42:16  Those who dispute about Allâh after obedience has been rendered to Him, their argument is invalidated in the sight of their Lord. And upon them is wrath. They will be subjected to a vehement punishment.
42:17  He is Allâh, the One Who sent down the ‘Book’, (the ‘Qur’ān’), in truth, and the scale. What will make you know? Perhaps the (Inevitable) ‘Hour’ (of Reckoning) is close at hand.
42:18  Those who disbelieve in it (ask) to hasten it. But those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism are fearful of it since they know that it is the (ultimate) truth. Indeed, those who harbor doubts about the (Inevitable) ‘Hour’ (of Reckoning) have gone far astray.
42:19  Allâh is extremely Benevolent towards His servants. He gives sustenance to whom He wills. He is the All-Strong, the All-Mighty.
42:20  Whoever seeks the tillage of the ‘Hereafter’, We will increase his tillage. Whoever seeks the tillage of this ‘worldly life’, We will give him thereof. But he will have no share in the ‘Hereafter’.
42:21  What! Have they partners (-deities-), who have made lawful for them in the divine faith that which Allâh did not permit? Had it not been for the decisive Word, the whole issue would have been settled between them. Indeed, those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong will be subjected to a painful punishment.
42:22  You will see those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong, fearful of that which they have earned, and the divine retribution will certainly befall them. But those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism and do righteous acts (in this ‘worldly life’) will be in the flowering meadows of the Gardens. They will have whatever they desire from their Lord. That is the supreme bounty.
42:23  That is of which Allâh gives the joyful tidings to His pious savants who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism and do righteous acts (in this ‘worldly life’). Say: (O’ ‘Muhammad’), “I ask of you no reward for (my efforts to guide you into all the truth), except love for the kinsfolk." Whoever does a good righteous deed, We will give him more of good therein. Indeed, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, All-Appreciative.
42:24  Or do they say: "He has invented a lie about Allâh?” If Allâh willed, He would close securely your heart. Allâh will completely remove falsehood and will entrench the truth by His Word. Indeed, He is All-Knowing of what is hidden in the hearts.
42:25  He is the One Who accepts repentance from His servants and delivers people from the punishment of their sins. He is Fully Aware of everything you do.
42:26  And He answers those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism and do righteous acts (in this ‘worldly life’). He will give them more out of His Grace. As for those who lack Faith (in the oneness of Allâh), there is a vehement punishment.
42:27  If Allâh were to extend excessively the sustenance for his servants, they would certainly rebel in the earth. But He sends down by measure as He wills. Indeed, He is All-Aware, All-Seer of His serpents.
42:28  He is the One Who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and spreads out His Mercy. He is the Guardian, Worthy of all Praise.
42:29  (One) of His Signs (of power & glory) is the creation of the heavens and of the earth, and of whatever beasts He hath dispersed therein. He is extremely capable of gathering them together whenever He wills.
42:30  Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to what your own hands have earned.
42:31  And you cannot frustrate the power (of Allâh) on the earth, and you will have no one besides Him as your guardian or helper.
42:32  (One) of His Signs (of power & glory) is the ships in the sea like the mountains.
42:33  If He wills, He can cause the wind to become still, and let the ships remain motionless on the top of water - there are signs in this for every patient, grateful.
42:34  Or He can destroy them (by drowning) as a divine retribution for their evil deeds. But He pardons much.
42:35  Those who dispute over Our ‘Holy Verses’ will find out that there is no place of refuge for them.
42:36  Therefore, whatever you are given is but a provision of this ‘worldly life’. And that which Allâh has is far better and more lasting for those who adhere firmly to Islamic monotheism, and depend on their Lord with full trust.
42:37  And those who shun the major sins and indecencies, and whenever they are angry, they forgive.
42:38  Those who respond to their Lord and establish prayers, and whose affairs are a matter of mutual consultation, and who expend of what We have bestowed on them.
42:39  And those who when injustice is done to them know how to defend themselves.
42:40  The divine retribution for an evil is an evil like thereof, but whoever forgives and mends his ways, his reward is due from Allâh. Indeed, Allâh demonstrates not his own love for those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong.
42:41  Certainly, there is no blame on the one who avenges himself after being wronged.
42:42  The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress people, and wrongfully revolt on the earth. For those, there will be painful chastisement.
42:43  Resorting to patience and forgiveness reflects a true strength of character.
42:44  Whomever Allâh sends astray, he will never be able to find guardian after this. You will see those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong when they behold the punishment, saying: “Is there any way of return?”
42:45  You see them when they are exposed to the Fire, being humbled due to humiliation, looking with a stealthy glance. Those who had attained Faith ( in Allâh) will say: “Indeed, the real losers are the ones who brought destruction to themselves and to their families on the ‘Day of Resurrection’. Definitely, those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong will be in perpetual torment."
42:46  They will have no guardians to help them other than Allâh. Whomever Allâh sends astray, for him there is no way to guide him.
42:47  Respond to your Lord before there comes to you from Allâh a day which cannot be averted when you will find no refuge to escape from the chastisement of Allâh, nor can you deny your evil deeds.
42:48  But if it happens that they take no heed, (then remember), We have sent you not as a guardian over them but to convey (the message & to preach). Indeed, When We let man taste mercy from Us, he rejoices over it. But when he is afflicted by evil because of what his own hands have sent before, then definitely he becomes ungrateful.
42:49  Unto Allâh belongs the (absolute) sovereignty of the heavens and of the earth, creating whatever He wills, giving daughters to whomever He wills, and giving sons to whomever He wills.
42:50  Or He gives both males and females, causing whomever He wills to be barren. Indeed, He is the All-Knowing and is capable of doing whatever He wills.
42:51  It is not possible for a human being to communicate with Allâh except through inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending an ‘Apostle’ through whom He reveals whatever He wills. Indeed, He is Most High, Most Wise.
42:52  In the same manner, We inspired in you, (‘Muhammad’), a Spirit of Our command. You knew not what the ‘Book’ is, or what ‘Faith’ is. But We have made it (-this ‘Qur’ān’ -) a light, illuminating the inner self of whom We will of Our servants. (O’ ‘Muhammad’, through your preaching), you are certainly illuminating the inner self of the people into the straight path,
42:53  The path of Allâh, to Whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth. Definitely, with Allâh, all matters do end up.