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40:1  H. M
40:2  Descent of Al-Kitab is from Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing
40:3  Ghafir (Forgiver) of sin, Acceptor of repentance, Severe in retribution, Possessor of a Long Reach, La-ilaha-illa-Huwa (no god except He). To Him is the (ultimate) returning place
40:4  Does not dispute in Ayaatillahe except those who have disbelieved. So let not their frequent travels in the cities deceive you
40:5  The nation of Nuh, belied (The Message) before them; as well as the allied forces (which came) after these people. And all communities did intend regarding their Messenger that they may arrest him (and confine him to an isolated place with restrictions on movement). And they brought arguments based on Batil so that they may refute and neutralise Al-Haqq therewith. Then We seized them (in punishment), so how (terrible) was My Retribution
40:6  And thus came to be true the statement of your Rabb against those who disbelieved — that they (will be the) dwellers of the Fire
40:7  Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and whoever is around it, glorify the Praise of their Nourisher-Sustainer, and Believe in Him, and seek forgiveness for those who have Believed (saying): “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! You extended in Mercy and Knowledge over all things, so forgive those who took a turn (in repentance) and adopted Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire
40:8  Our Nourisher-Sustainer! And make them enter Jannaat (Gardens) Adnin (everlasting) which You have promised them, and that who reformed (himself) from amongst their fore-fathers, and their consorts and their offsprings. Verily You, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise
40:9  And save them (from the bad effects of) the sins, and whomsoever You save (from the after-effects of) the sins this Day, then surely You have showered on him (Your) Mercy. And that: that is the supreme achievement .
40:10  Certainly, those who have disbelieved will be addressed (thus): “Surely Allah’s aversion is greater (against you) than your aversion against your (sinning) selves when you are called to the Faith (in your worldly life) but you reject (and disbelieve).”
40:11  They said: “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! You brought death on us twice; and You gave us life twice. So (now) we have confessed our sins; then is there any way for escape (from the punishment of the Fire)?”
40:12  (It will be said): “This is for you because it (is so, that) when Allah was invoked, He — Alone, you disbelieved (the concept of Monotheism); and if partners were joined to Him, you will accept. So the Verdict (is only) with Allah, the Most High, the Most Great!”
40:13  He it is Who makes you see His Signs; and He sends down for you provision from towards the sky. And does not remind (himself and others) except that who takes a turn (towards Al-Kitab)
40:14  So do invoke Allah as those who keep for Him the Religion pristinely pure even if the disbelievers despised
40:15  (Allah is) Highly Exalted in Ranks, Owner of the Throne. He makes Ar-Ruh (‘The Spirit,’ ‘The Revelation’) to descend by His Command over one whom He thinks proper out of His Ibad — so that he may warn against the Day of the Gathering —
40:16  the Day, they are — those who are coming out (of their resting places). Does not remain hidden on Allah, out of them (any) thing. For whom is the Dominion this Day? For Allah! The One, the Irresistible
40:17  This Day shall be rewarded every Nafs in accordance what she earned. No injustice (shall be done to any body) this Day. Surely, Allah is extremely Swift in reckoning
40:18  And warn them of the Day of the Approaching Event when the hearts (beat and pulsate) surely near the throats (mahead of state them as) those who suppress feelings (of grief, terror and self-condemnation). (There is) not for the wrongdoers (any one) out of a sincere friend, and nor an intercessor who could be given heed to
40:19  He knows the deceiving attempt of the eyes, as well as what the chests (i.e., the hearts) hide
40:20  And Allah judges by Al-Haqq (‘The Truth’); while those, they invoke besides Him — they judge not by anything (because they do not have with them any standard or criterionr). Verily, Allah: He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer
40:21  What! And they have not travelled through the land that they might see what was the final end of those who went before them. They were more than them in power and landmarks on the earth, so Allah seized them for their sins. And there was not unto them a saviour against Allah
40:22  This (happened to them) because they: their Messengers used to approach them with Al-Bayyinat but they disbelieved; so Allah seized them. Surely, He is All-Strong, Severe in Retribution
40:23  And surely, indeed We sent Musa with Ayaatina (‘Our Signs’) and Sultanin Mobin (‘Evident Power’)
40:24  to Firaun, and Haman and Qarun, but they said: “(This is) a sorcerer, a liar!”
40:25  So as he came to them with Al-Haqq (‘The Truth’) from Us, they said: “Slay the sons of those who have Believed alongwith him and let their women folk survive.” And the plan of the disbelievers is not except (going further away) in straying (or deviating from the Path)
40:26  And Firaun said: “Leave me (to myself so that) I may kill Musa, and let him invoke his Nourisher-Sustainer! Surely, I fear that he will change your way of life, or that he may cause mischief in the land.”
40:27  And Musa said: “Verily, I have sought protection with my Nourisher-Sustainer and your Nourisher-Sustainer against every arrogant one who does not Believe in the Day of Reckoning.”
40:28  And a Believing male-adult out of the people of Firaun who conceals his Faith, said: “Would you people kill a male-adult just because he says: ‘my Nourisher-Sustainer is Allah'? And surely he (i.e., Musa) has approached you with Al-Bayyinat proceeding from your Nourisher-Sustainer. And if he happens to be a liar then against him is his falsehood. And if he happens to be a truthful person, then some of that (punishment) which he promises you, will reach you. Surely, Allah does not guide that who is one who breaks the limits (and is) a liar.
40:29  O my nation! Under you is the country this day. (You are) the controlling and administering ones in the land. But who will provide assistance to us from the destruction proceeding from Allah if it did approach us?” Firaun said: “I do not make you see except what I (myself) perceive; and I do not guide you except to the desired way.”
40:30  And he who had accepted Faith (further) said: “O my nation! Surely, I fear against you something similar to the day of (disaster faced by) the allied forces (who united themselves against the Message) —
40:31  something similar to the fate of the nation of Nuh, and ’Ad, and Samud and those who (were destroyed) after them. And Allah does not intend injustice for (His) Ibad
40:32  And O my nation! Certainly I, I do fear against you the Day when people call one another (for help or escape) —
40:33  (the) Day you will take a turn showing (your) backs. There is not unto you, against Allah, out of one who protects. And whomsoever Allah allows to go astray, then (there is) not for him out of a guide
40:34  And surely, indeed, Yusuf did come to you in times gone by with Al-Bayyinat, but you ceased not (remaining) in doubts and suspicion against what he came to you with — till when he died you said: ‘Certainly, Allah sends not a Messenger after him.’ Thus Allah allows to go astray that one who breaks the limits, and is in doubt and suspicion (against Allah)
40:35  Those who make arguments and disputes against Ayaatillahe without an authority that has come to them — the hatred (of such a behaviour) became great in the Sight of Allah and in the sight of those who have Believed.Thus Allah puts a seal over whole of the heart of (every) arrogant, tyrant.”
40:36  And Firaun said: “O Haman! Build me a sarhan [‘a device’ (luxurious space-going flying ship)] that I may reach the pathways —
40:37  the pathways of the heavens; then I may attain information about the Ilah (God) of Musa, since surely, I indeed assess him (as) a liar.” [Please refer Verse No. 28/38 to understand the ‘Challenge’!] Thus it was made fair-seeming for Firaun the evil of his deed; and he was detached from the (Right) Path. And the plan of Firaun was not (put to any result) except in loss and destruction
40:38  And that who had Believed (in the Message delivered and propagated through Musa, again continued his speech in the consultative Assembly and) said: “O my nation! Follow me, I will guide you to the way of right conduct
40:39  O my nation! Certainly, what (is a fact is that) this worldly life is a (temporary) enjoyment. And definitely, the Hereafter: it is the staying and continuing abode
40:40  Whosoever acted evil, so he will not be rewarded except the like thereof; and whosoever acted righteousness, whether being out of male or female, and he is (also) a Believer — then those people will enter Paradise. They will be provided provision therein without measure
40:41  And O my nation! What (is) to me? I call upon you to salvation while you invite me to the Fire
40:42  You invite me so that I may disbelieve in Allah and commit shirk (polytheism) with Him for which there is no knowledge in me; and I invite you to the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving
40:43  No doubt that, a certain one, you call me towards him — there is no (title) for him to be called upon in this world, and nor in the Hereafter. And that our return is (certainly) to Allah and that those who cross the limits: they (are to be the) dwellers of the Fire
40:44  So soon you will discuss and realise what I utter for you; and I entrust my affair to Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Seer of (His) Ibad.”
40:45  So Allah saved him from the evils of whatever they planned; and the evil of the punishment encircled the Aal-e-Firaun
40:46  the Fire, they are exposed to it (every) morning and evening (even during the silent phase which is called Barzakh). And (the) Day the Hour establishes (itself, it will be proclaimed): 'Cast Aal-a-Firaun in a more severe punishment .
40:47  And when they will dispute with one another in the Fire, so the weak-ones will say to those who remained proud, arrogant and dominant: “We were submissive unto you, so are you those who are able to remove from us a portion out of the Fire?”
40:48  Those who remained proud, arrogant and dominant (in their worldly life) said: “Verily we, all (of us have to stay) therein! Verily, Allah has surely pronounced judgment amongst (His) Ibad.”
40:49  And said those (who were staying) in the Fire to the keepers of Hell: “Call upon your Nourisher-Sustainer, (so that) He may lighten from us, out of the punishment (at least) for a day.”
40:50  They said: “Did not, then, your Messengers continue to come to you with Al-Bayyinat?” They said: “Yea.” They said: “Then call upon (you, yourself).” And the call of the disbelievers is not, except in disarray
40:51  Verily We, surely We provide help to Our Messengers and those who have Believed in the life of this world and (also) the Day the Witnesses will stand forth
40:52  The Day their excuse does not benefit the transgressors; and for them is curse and for them will be the evil of abode
40:53  And surely, indeed, We delivered to Musa Al-Hudah (‘The Guidance’) and We caused Bani Israiel to inherit Al-Kitab
40:54  (as) a Guide and Reminder for the possessors of intellect and knowledge
40:55  So show patience. Surely, Allah’s promise is truth; and invoke forgiveness for your wrong-doing, and praise (Allah) with the Praise of your Nourisher-Sustainer by the Ashi (from late afternoon till sunset) and by the Ibkar (early dawn till sunrise). [This refers to the Asr and Fajr Prayers]
40:56  Verily, those who dispute in Ayaatillahe without (any) authority that came to them: there is not in their chests except a desire for greatness; (although) they will not be those who attain it. So seek refuge with Allah. Certainly He, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer
40:57  Surely, the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but the majority of mankind do not know
40:58  And do not become equal the blind and the strong in eye-sight. And those who have Believed and did righteous deeds — and (these do) not become equal to the one who indulges in evil. Very little it is what you remind (yourselves or remind others)
40:59  Verily, the Hour is surely approaching. (There is) no doubt therein, but the majority of mankind do not Believe
40:60  And your Nourisher-Sustainer said: “Invoke Me, I will respond to you. Verily, those who show pride and arrogance against paying Me obedience — soon they will enter Hell as humiliated and disgraced ones
40:61  Allah is He Who has made for you the night that you may rest therein, and the day which makes things evident. Truly, Allah is indeed Possessor of Bounty unto mankind, but majority of mankind do not pay thanks
40:62  This is unto you, Allah — Nourisher-Sustainer to you! Creator of all things, La-ilaha-illa-Huwa. Then whither you are being turned away in falsehood
40:63  Thus were turned away in falsehood those who used to oppose the Verses of Allah
40:64  Allah is He Who has made for you the earth as a resting-bed and the sky as a roof; and He gave you a proper shape — so He made your appearances perfect; and He provided you provision out of palatable, useful items. This to you is Allah, your Nourisher-Sustainer. So Blessed be Allah, Nourisher-Sustainer to the worlds
40:65  He is the Ever-Living, La-ilaha-illa-Huwa; so invoke Him (Alone) as those who keep (their) Religion pristinely pure for Him. Specific Praise suits Allah (Alone), Nourisher-Sustainer to the worlds
40:66  Say: “I have been forbidden that I may pay obedience to those whom you invoke besides Allah when Al-Bayyinat has reached me from my Nourisher-Sustainer. And I have been ordered that I may submit in Islam to the Nourisher-Sustainer of the worlds "
40:67  He it is Who created you (as Adam) from clay, afterwards from Nutfah, then from a clinging mass. Then He brings forth you as a child, then keeps you growing in order that you may reach to your full strength; then He keeps you alive that you may become senior citizens. And of you is that whose life-span is completed before (reaching this senior age), and (all these differences in age exist to make you realise) that you reach an appointed (and) specified term (or life-span), and perchance you may use intellect
40:68  He it is Who gives life and causes death. And when He decided a matter, then surely what (is a fact is that) He will say to it: "Be!” So it becomes (a thing that exists)
40:69  Have you not seen towards those who dispute against Ayaatillahe how are they being turned away (from the Message)
40:70  Those who have belied Al-Kitab and that with what We sent therewith Our Messengers, soon they will come to know (their fate). [Certain ordainments in Al-Kitab, like Itikaf, Salat, Tawaf, Umra, Hajj and Zakat adopt a practical format when being implemented. The format adhered to by all the Prophets of Allah is the only format recognised by Him. It is preserved by Him at and around Kaba. See Verse No 2/125, 17/77-79 and 95/3]
40:71  When (there are) iron-collars in their necks, and (they stand hand-cuffed and fettered in) chains, they shall be dragged (along) —
40:72  in the boiling water, then in the Fire they will be thrown
40:73  then it is said to them: “Where are those whom you used to join as partners —
40:74  besides Allah?” They said: “They have vanished from us. Nay, we did not use to invoke any thing in previous (world).” Thus Allah allows the disbelievers to lose the track
40:75  This is to you because of what you used to enjoy in the earth without right, and because you used to rejoice insolently
40:76  Enter the gates of Hell becoming abiders therein. So (what an) evil abode for the arrogants
40:77  So be patient, the promise of Allah is true. So if whatever We may show you — some of what We promise them, or We cause you to die, then to Us they shall be returned back
40:78  And indeed, We have sent Messengers before you; out of them is that whom We have narrated unto you, and of them is that whom We did not narrate unto you. And it was not (suitable) for a Messenger that he may approach with a credential — except under permission of Allah. So when the decree of Allah proceeded, the decision was taken in full justice, and then and there lost those who indulged in falsehood and forgery
40:79  Allah is He Who has made quadrupeds for you (so) that you may ride on some of them, and some of them you eat
40:80  And for you therein are benefits, and that you may reach by their means (the) desire which is in your chests; and on them and on the ships you are taken as a rider
40:81  And He makes you see His Signs. Then which of the Signs of Allah you shall deny
40:82  Did they then not travel through the earth so (that) they may see what was the final end of those (who passed) before them? They were more numerous than them, and mightier in strength; and the landmarks and monuments (they left) on the earth. So did not benefit them whatever they used to earn (through their beliefs and deeds)
40:83  So when came to them their Messengers with Al-Bayyinat they remained fully satisfied with what was with them out of knowledge. And surrounded them (as punishment) whatever they used to ridicule thereat
40:84  So when they watched Our Punishment (about to seize them) they said: “We have Believed in Allah — His Oneness, and we have rejected with what we remained thereby as polytheists .
40:85  Then (at such a stage) does not become their faith that it will give them (any) benefit when they have already sensed Our torment. This is the Sunnah of Allah which has definitely functioned amongst His Ibad. And then and there the disbelievers lost utterly