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40:1  Ha Mim - Allah is Praiseworthy and Lord of Honour
40:2  The gradual revelation of this perfect Book is from Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing
40:3  Granter of protection against all sins and Acceptor of repentance, Severe in respect of punishment and the Lord of beneficence. There is no other, cannot be and will never be One worthy of worship but He. Towards Him is the eventual return
40:4  None disputes with regard to the commandments of Allah except those who choose disbelief. Therefore do not let their moving about and control in the land create misgivings in you
40:5  The people of Noah cried lies (to Our Messages) before these (disbelievers) and (so did) various other groups after them (- the people of Noah). And every community strove to seize their Messenger (of God) with a mind to destroy his mission. And they had begun arguing (with him) by means of false reasoning that they might thereby refute the truth. At this I seized them (with punishment). Behold! how (terrible) was My retribution (as a sequel to their evil deeds
40:6  And it was in this way that the verdict of your Lord, that they shall be the inmates of the Fire, was confirmed against those who persisted in disbelief
40:7  Those who bear the Throne (of Power, the angels and the Prophets) and those who are around it declare the glory of their Lord along with extolling (His name and) praises. They believe in Him and seek protection for those who believe (saying,) `Our Lord, You embrace each and everything in Your mercy and knowledge, so grant protection to those who repent and follow the way shown by You and protect them from the torment of Hell
40:8  `Our Lord! admit them together with such of their fathers, their spouses, and their children as are righteous and so worthy, to the Gardens of Eternity which You have promised them. You, indeed, are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise
40:9  `And save them from all types of evils. Indeed, You will have shown mercy to the person whom, on that Day, you save from evils. And that (to be saved) is indeed the great achievement.
40:10  Those who disbelieve will be called and told (on the Day of Requital), `Of course, Allah's abhorrence (of you because of your persisting in disbelief) is greater than your own abhorrence of yourselves (this day). (Recall) when you were called to the faith but you refused (to come to it).
40:11  They will say, `Our Lord! twice You have caused us to die (as the state without life before birth is a sort of death and the end of this life is the second) and twice You have given us life. We confess our sins (now). Is then, there, a way out (of the torment)?
40:12  (They will be answered,) `This is because when Allah alone was called upon (as One worthy to be worshipped) you rejected, but when partners were associated with Him, you accepted. So (the fact is established beyond doubt that) this day sovereignty belongs only to Allah, the Most Sublime, the Incomparably Great
40:13  It is He Who shows you His signs and sends down for you provision from above (for your physical and spiritual well-being), yet none heed (His revelations) except one who turns (to Him) again and again
40:14  Therefore call upon Allah being sincere to Him in obedience, though the disbelievers (and polytheists) may be averse (to it)
40:15  He it is Who exalts (the people) in ranks, Lord of the Throne (of Power); He sends His revelation by His own command to such of His servants as He will (and judges as deserving), that He may warn (mankind) of the Day of Meeting (with the Lord)
40:16  The day when they will (all) appear (in their true light) and nothing about them is ever hidden from Allah. (On that Day they will be asked,) `To whom belongs the sovereignty this day?' They will reply, `(It belongs) only to Allah, the One, the All-Dominant.
40:17  This day every soul shall be requited for deeds it has accomplished. No injustice (will be done) this day. Allah's reckoning will be swift indeed
40:18  And warn these people of the day drawing nigh, (day by day,) when the hearts will leap to their throats due to suppressed grief. The unjust will have no warm (hearted) friend, nor any intercessor who will be listened to (and could prevail for them on that day)
40:19  He knows the treachery of the eyes even (when they commit sinful acts secretly) and what the hearts conceal
40:20  And Allah judges in all fairness, but those (idols) whom they call upon apart from Allah can judge nothing at all. It is Allah Who is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing
40:21  Have they never travelled in the land that they could see how (evil) was the end of their predecessors? They were mightier than these in power and in respect of leaving stronger marks (- monuments etc.) in the land. But Allah took them to task (and destroyed them) for their sins and they had no saviour from (the punishment of) Allah
40:22  That was because their Messengers (of God) came to them with evident proofs but they refused to believe (in them). So Allah seized them (with destruction). Powerful is He and Stern His retribution
40:23  And indeed We had already sent Moses with Our Messages and a clear authority
40:24  Towards Pharaoh, Haman and Korah, yet they said, `(This man is) a sorcerer, a great liar.
40:25  So when he brought them the truth from Us they said, `Go on slaying the sons of those who have believed and joined with him, and go on sparing their womenfolk to make them immodest.' But futile are the schemes of the disbelievers (and ever bound to fail)
40:26  And Pharaoh said, `Leave me alone; I will kill Moses. Let him call on his Lord. I fear lest he should change your faith or cause disorder to spread in the land.
40:27  (On the other hand) Moses said, (to his people,) `I seek refuge in (Him Who is) my Lord and your Lord from every arrogant (person) who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning.
40:28  And a man who was a believer and belonged to the people of Pharaoh (and) kept his faith hidden said, `Are you bent upon killing a man simply because he says, "Allah alone is my Lord," while he has already brought you clear proofs from your Lord? If he is a liar he will suffer (the sad consequences of) his lie, and if he is truthful then some of the things he threatens you with are sure to befall you. Indeed, Allah does not guide (to success) the person who exceeds the bounds and is a great liar
40:29  `O my people! yours is the sovereignty today and you dominate over the country. But who will help us and save us from the punishment of Allah if it visits us?' Pharaoh said, `I only point out to you that which I see and understand myself, and I guide you only to the path of rectitude.
40:30  And he who had infact believed (in the faith brought by Moses) said, `O my people! I fear lest you should encounter the like of the day (of disaster) which befell (other) parties of people (of the past)
40:31  `(And I fear lest you should meet) the like of fate which followed the ways of the people of Noah and `ad and (the people of) Thamud and those who came after them. And Allah does not want His servants to go wrong
40:32  `My people! I fear lest you should have to suffer on the day of calling one another (for help in frightful distress)
40:33  `A day when you will retreat turning your backs. No defender shall you have against (the punishment of) Allah. Yet none can guide him (to success) whom Allah forsakes and adjudges to be astray
40:34  `And Joseph did come to you before (this) with clear proofs but you continued to be in doubt about that which he brought to you, till when he died, you said, "Allah will never raise a Messenger after him". That is how Allah forsakes and adjudges him as having gone astray who is a transgressor and doubter
40:35  `Those who dispute concerning the Messages of Allah without any proof and authority having come to them (from Allah to support them). This (attitude of theirs) is extremely abhorring to Allah and to those who believe. That is how it is! Allah sets a seal upon the heart of every arrogant (and) haughty person.
40:36  And Pharaoh said, `O Haman! build for me a lofty tower that I may find access to the means
40:37  `The means (of access) to the heavens, so that I may have a look at the God of Moses. Indeed, I consider him to be a liar.' And in this way his own evil conduct was made fair- seeming to Pharaoh and so he was prevented from following the (right) path. Yet all the schemes of Pharaoh resulted only in ruin
40:38  And he who had believed (in Moses from the people of Pharaoh) said, `O my people! follow me and I will guide you in the way of rectitude
40:39  `O my people! the life of this world is but a provision (of a passing nature), and the Hereafter alone is the permanent home
40:40  `Those who do evil will be recompensed in proportion thereto (- to their evil deeds). But the men and women who believe and (at the same time) do righteous deeds, it is they who will enter Paradise where they will be provided for without measure
40:41  `O my people! how (strange) it is with me that I call you to salvation whereas you call me to the Fire
40:42  `You call me to renounce Allah and to associate with Him that of which I have no knowledge (of being His associate at all), while I call you to the All-Mighty, the Great Protector
40:43  `No doubt that what you call me to, has no title to be called upon in this world nor in the Hereafter. There is no doubt that we shall all return to Allah and that the transgressors will be the inmates of the Fire
40:44  `So you will soon remember what I say to you (by way of advice). I entrust my cause to Allah. Indeed, Allah keeps a keen watch over His servants.
40:45  Thereupon Allah saved him (- the believer) from the evil of their plans (against him) and the severest of punishment befell the people of Pharaoh
40:46  (Their abode is) the Fire. They are presented to it morning and evening. And on the day when the (appointed) Hour comes to pass, (the angels will be commanded,) `Put Pharaoh's people into the severest torment.
40:47  And (think of the time) when these (disbelievers) will argue one with another in the Fire and the humble will say to those who sought to be great, `Verily, we were your followers, will you not then relieve us of a portion (of the punishment) of the Fire.
40:48  Those who sought to be great will say, `Now we are all (adjudged to suffer) in it. Verily, Allah has already passed (His) true judgment between (His) servants.
40:49  And those in the Fire will say to the Keepers of Gehenna, `Call to your Lord that He may relieve us of our agony for a while.
40:50  These (Keepers) will say, `Did not your Messengers (of God) come to you with clear signs?' They will answer, `Yes indeed!' They (the Keepers of Gehenna) will say, `Then call (yourselves and your false deities).' But the call of the disbelievers will be of no avail
40:51  Be assured that We do help Our Messengers and those who believe (in them) in the present life and (shall help them) on the day when witnesses will stand forth (to give evidence)
40:52  The day when their apologies will not avail the wrongdoers and they shall have the disapproval of Allah, and the evil abode will be their lot
40:53  And indeed We gave Moses (Our) guidance and made the Children of Israel inherit the Scripture
40:54  (It was a source of) guidance and (served as) a reminder for the possessors of pure and clear understanding
40:55  So patiently persevere. The promise of Allah is true. Ask His protection for (those who committed) offence against you and declare the holiness of your Lord along with His praise at nightfall and in the early hours of the morning
40:56  Those who dispute regarding the Messages of Allah without any authoritative proof having come to them (from God in their support), there is nothing in their minds but (an ambition for) greatness to which (goal) they can never attain. So (do not bother about them rather) go on seeking refuge in Allah (against their mischiefs). Surely, He alone is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing
40:57  Of course, the creation of the heavens and the earth is (a) greater (performance) than the creation of mankind but most people do not know (it)
40:58  The blind and the seeing are not alike, nor are those who believe and do deeds of righteousness (like) the evil doers; yet little is the heed you give
40:59  (O disbelievers!) the Hour (of your destruction) is about to come. There is no doubt about it. Yet most people do not believe
40:60  And your Lord says, `Call on Me, I will answer your prayer. But those who wax too proud to worship Me will surely enter Gehenna, humbled and despised.
40:61  It is Allah who made for your benefit the night so that you may repose in it, and the day giving light (enabling you to see). Verily, Allah is full of Grace to mankind, but most people do not give thanks
40:62  Such (Gracious Being) is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of everything. There is no other, cannot be and will never be One worthy of worship but He. Whither, then, are you being turned away
40:63  Thus indeed were turned away those who persistently denied the Messages of Allah
40:64  It is Allah Who made for you the earth a resting place, and the heaven a means of protection; and physically shaped you (endowing you with special faculties of reasoning and wisdom) and perfected your shapes and faculties (making them excellent in every respect), and provided you with good and pure things. Such is Allah, your Lord. So blessed be Allah, Lord of the worlds
40:65  He alone is the Ever Living and the Fountain head of all life. There is no other, cannot be and will never be One worthy of worship but He. So pray to Him; being sincere to Him in obedience (saying), `All true and perfect praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
40:66  Say, `I have, of course, been forbidden to worship those whom you call upon apart from Allah; (how can I,) since there have come to me clear proofs (of their worthlessness) from my Lord. And I have been justly commanded to submit myself solely to the will of the Lord of the worlds.
40:67  It is He Who created you from dust then from a sperm drop, then from a blood clot, then He brings you forth as an infant, (then He lets you live and grow,) with the result, that you attain to your young age of full strength. Afterwards it so happens that you become old. Though there are some of you who are called to death earlier. Indeed, He lets you live that you may reach (and complete your) appointed term and that you may refrain (from evil)
40:68  He it is Who gives life and causes death. And when He decides a thing to be, He says to it only, `Be' and it comes to be (in due course)
40:69  Have you not considered the case of those who dispute about the teachings of Allah? How they are being turned away (from the right course)
40:70  Those who cried lies to the Book and to that (Message) with which We sent Our Messengers, shall soon come to know (the consequences of their denial)
40:71  When the shackles and the chains are (put) round their necks (and) they shall be dragged
40:72  Into boiling water, then they shall be burnt in the Fire
40:73  It will be said to them then, `Where are those (false deities) whom you associated (with Him)
40:74  `(And worshipped them) apart from Allah?' They will say, `They are lost to us. Infact, we never prayed to anything (beside Allah) before this.' Thus does Allah adjudge the disbelievers to be lost
40:75  (It will be said to them,) `That is because you exulted in the land without any justification and because you behaved with vanity
40:76  `(Now) enter the gates of Gehenna to abide therein for long. So (you see) how evil will be the resort of the arrogant!
40:77  Patiently persevere then. Verily, the promise of Allah is bound to be fulfilled, whether We let you see (descend on them in your lifetime) a part of that punishment We have promised them, and whether We cause you to die before (you see it, it matters little), to Us they will be brought back
40:78  And indeed We have already sent (Our) Messengers before you. There are some of them whom We have mentioned to you and of them there are some whom We have not mentioned to you. And it is not given to a Messenger to bring a Message by himself except by the leave of Allah. But when the judgment of Allah comes to pass the issues are settled in all fairness, and it is then that who endeavour to nullify the truth suffer the loss
40:79  It is Allah Who made for you the cattle so that you may ride on some of them and you obtain your food through some of them
40:80  And indeed these (cattle) are of much use to you and through them you (satisfy other) desire which rests in your hearts. You are borne on them (by land) and on the ships (by sea)
40:81  And He is showing you His signs. Which of the signs of Allah will you then deny
40:82  Have they never travelled in the land so that they could see how (miserable) the end of their predecessors was? They were superior to them in numbers, mightier in force and stronger in respect of the (firm) marks, (fortification and monumental buildings) in the land; yet all their acquisitions were of no avail to them
40:83  And when their Messengers (of God) came to them with clear proofs they (vainly) boasted of their own partial knowledge. But they were caught by the very thing (- the calamity) which they used to treat very lightly
40:84  So when they saw Our punishment they said, `We believe in Allah alone, and We reject (all) that we used to associate with Him.
40:85  But their belief was of little use to them when they have (actually) seen Our calamity. Such is the law of Allah that has ever been in vogue in respect of His servants. It is at such times that the disbelievers suffer a loss (and are reminded)