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Ghafir (The Forgiver, The Forgiving One)
as rendered by The Study Quran
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The Study Quran rendition of Surah The Forgiver, The Forgiving One(Ghafir)
40:1 ?a. Mim.
40:2 The revelation of the Book from God, the Mighty, the Knower,
40:3 Forgiver of sins, Accepter of Repentance, severe in retribution, Possessed of Bounty. There is no god but He; unto Him is the journey’s end.
40:4 None but those who disbelieve dispute concerning the signs of God. So let it not delude thee that they are free to come and go in the land.
40:5 The people of Noah denied before them, as did the parties after them. And every community contrived against its messenger, to take him. They disputed by means of falsehood in order to refute the truth thereby; so I seized them. How, then, was My Retribution!
40:6 Likewise did the Word of thy Lord come due for those who disbelieve, that they are the inhabitants of the Fire.
40:7 Those who bear the Throne and those who dwell nigh unto it hymn the praise of their Lord and believe in Him and seek forgiveness for those who believe: “Our Lord, Thou dost encompass all things in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive those who repent and follow Thy way, and shield them from the punishment of Hellfire.
40:8 Our Lord, make them enter Gardens of Eden that Thou hast promised them and those among their fathers, their spouses, and their progeny who were righteous. Truly Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.
40:9 And protect them from evil deeds. Whosoever Thou shieldest from evil deeds on that Day, upon him hast Thou had mercy. And that indeed is the great triumph.”
40:10 Truly those who disbelieve shall be addressed: “God’s odium is greater than your odium for yourselves when you were called to belief, but then disbelieved.”
40:11 They will say, “Our Lord, Thou hast caused us to die twice over, and given us life twice over; so we admit our sins. Is there any way out?”
40:12 That is because when God was invoked as One, you disbelieved, and when partners were ascribed unto Him, you believed. Judgment lies with God, the Exalted, the Great.
40:13 He it is Who shows you His signs and sends down provision for you from Heaven. And none reflect, save those who turn in repentance.
40:14 So call upon God, devoting religion entirely to Him, though the disbelievers be averse.
40:15 The Raiser of degrees, the Possessor of the Throne, He casts the Spirit from His Command upon whomsoever He will among His servants to warn of the Day of the Meeting,
40:16 the Day when they come forth with naught concerning them hidden from God. Whose is the sovereignty this Day? It is God’s, the One, the Paramount.
40:17 On that Day every soul shall be recompensed for that which it has earned. No wrong will be done that Day. Truly God is swift in reckoning.
40:18 So warn them of the Day of the Imminent Event, when hearts will be in throats, choking in agony. The wrongdoers shall have no loyal friend, nor any intercessor to be obeyed.
40:19 He knows the treachery of eyes and that which breasts conceal.
40:20 God decrees with truth, and those upon whom they call apart from Him do not decree by means of aught. Truly God is the Hearer, the Seer.
40:21 Have they not journeyed upon the earth and observed how those before them fared in the end? They were greater than them in strength and left firmer traces upon the earth; yet God seized them for their sins, and they had none to shield them from God.
40:22 That is because their messengers brought them clear proofs, yet they disbelieved; so God seized them. Truly He is Strong, severe in retribution.
40:23 And indeed We sent Moses with Our signs and a manifest authority
40:24 unto Pharaoh, Haman, and Korah. And they said, “A lying sorcerer.”
40:25 So when he came unto them with the truth from Us, they said, “Slay the sons of those who believe with him and spare their women.” The scheming of the disbelievers is naught but astray.
40:26 And Pharaoh said, “Leave me to kill Moses, and let him call upon his Lord. Truly I fear that he will alter your religion or that he will cause corruption to appear in the land.”
40:27 And Moses said, “Truly I have sought refuge in my Lord and your Lord from everyone who is arrogant and believes not in the Day of Reckoning.”
40:28 And a believing man from the House of Pharaoh who was concealing his belief said, “Will you kill a man for saying, ‘My Lord is God,’ though he has brought you clear proofs from your Lord? If he is a liar, then his lying is to his own detriment. But if he is truthful, some of that which he promises you will befall you. Truly God guides not one who is a prodigal liar.
40:29 O my people! Sovereignty is yours this day, while you prevail over the land. But who will help us against God’s Might should it come upon us?” Pharaoh said, “I show you naught but what I see, and I guide you unto naught but the way of rectitude.”
40:30 And he who believed said, “O my people! Truly I fear for you [a day] like the day of the parties [of old],
40:31 like the plight of the people of Noah, ?Ad, and Thamud, and those after them. Yet God does not desire wrong for His servants.
40:32 O my people! Truly I fear for you the Day of Mutual Calling,
40:33 the Day you will turn away to flee, having none to protect you from God. And whomsoever God leads astray, no guide has he.
40:34 And Joseph brought you clear proofs before; yet still you were in doubt regarding that which he brought unto you, so much so that when he perished, you said, ‘God will not send a messenger after him.’ Thus does God lead astray whosoever is a prodigal doubter,
40:35 those who dispute concerning God’s signs without any authority having come to them, grievously odious is it in the sight of God and in the sight of those who believe. Thus does God put a seal upon the heart of every arrogant tyrant.”
40:36 And Pharaoh said, “O Haman! Build for me a tower, that perhaps I may attain the means—
40:37 the means to reach the heavens—that I may look upon the God of Moses. Truly I deem him a liar.” Thus was the evil of his conduct made to seem fair unto Pharaoh, and he was turned from the way. Pharaoh’s scheming led to naught but ruin.
40:38 And he who believed said, “O my people! Follow me; I shall guide you unto the way of rectitude.
40:39 O my people! The life of this world is but fleeting enjoyment, whereas the Hereafter is truly the Abode of Permanence.
40:40 Whosoever commits an evil deed will not be requited, save with the like thereof; but whosoever, whether male or female, performs a righteous deed and is a believer shall enter the Garden wherein they will be provided for without reckoning. A
40:41 my people! How is it that I call you unto salvation while you call me unto the Fire?
40:42 You call upon me to disbelieve in God and to ascribe as a partner unto Him that whereof I have no knowledge, whereas I call you unto the Mighty, the Forgiving.
40:43 There is no doubt that that unto which you call me has no call in this world or in the Hereafter, and that our return will be unto God, and that the prodigal are the inhabitants of the Fire.
40:44 You will soon remember what I have said to you. I entrust my affair to God. Truly God sees His servants.”
40:45 So God shielded him from the evils of that which they had plotted, while a terrible punishment beset the House of Pharaoh—
40:46 the Fire, to which they are exposed morning and evening. And on the Day when the Hour is come, [it will be said], “Cause the House of Pharaoh to enter the punishment most severe!”
40:47 And when they are arguing with one another in the Fire, the weak will say to those who waxed arrogant, “Truly we were your followers; so can you avail us against any portion of the Fire?”
40:48 Those who waxed arrogant will say, “Truly we are all in it. God has indeed judged between His servants.”
40:49 And those who are in the Fire will say to the keepers of Hell, “Call upon your Lord to relieve us from a day of the punishment.”
40:50 They will reply, “Did not your messengers bring you clear proofs?” They will say, “Yea, indeed.” They will say, “Then make supplications!” But the supplication of the disbelievers is naught but astray.
40:51 Truly We shall help Our messengers and those who believe during the life of this world and on the Day when the witnesses arise,
40:52 the Day when the excuses of the wrongdoers will not benefit them, and theirs will be the curse, and theirs will be the evil abode.
40:53 And indeed We gave Moses guidance, and We bequeathed the Book unto the Children of Israel,
40:54 as a guidance, and as a reminder for possessors of intellect.
40:55 So be patient. Surely God’s Promise is true. And ask forgiveness for thy sin, and hymn the praise of thy Lord at eventide and at dawn.
40:56 Truly those who dispute concerning the signs of God without any authority having come to them, there is naught in their breasts but a sense of greatness that they will never attain. So seek refuge in God. Truly He is the Hearer, the Seer.
40:57 Surely the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind. But most of mankind know not.
40:58 And the blind and the seer are not equal; nor are those who believe and perform righteous deeds and the evildoer. Little do you reflect!
40:59 Surely the Hour is coming; in it there is no doubt. But most of mankind believe not.
40:60 And your Lord has said, “Call upon Me, and I shall respond to you. Truly those who are too arrogant to worship Me shall enter Hell debased.”
40:61 God it is Who made the night for you, that you might rest therein, and the day by which to see. Truly God is Possessed of Bounty for mankind, but most of mankind does not give thanks.
40:62 That is God, your Lord, Creator of all things; there is no god but He. How, then, are you perverted?
40:63 In this way were those who used to reject the signs of God perverted.
40:64 God it is Who made the earth a dwelling place for you and the sky a canopy. And He formed you and made beautiful your forms, and provided you with good things. That is God, your Lord; so blessed is God, Lord of the worlds.
40:65 He is the Living; there is no god but He. So call upon Him, devoting religion entirely to Him. Praise be to God, Lord of the worlds.
40:66 Say, “I have been forbidden to worship those upon whom you call apart from God, since clear proofs have come unto me from my Lord, and I am commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds.”
40:67 He it is Who created you from dust, then from a drop, then from a blood clot. Then He brings you forth as infants, that you may then reach maturity, then that you may grow old—though some of you are taken earlier—that you may reach a term appointed, and that haply you may understand.
40:68 He it is Who gives life and causes death. So when He decrees a thing, He only says to it, “Be!” and it is.
40:69 Hast thou not considered those who dispute concerning the signs of God, how they are turned away,
40:70 those who deny the Book, and that wherewith We have sent Our messengers? But soon they will know,
40:71 since they will be dragged, with shackles and chains around their necks,
40:72 into boiling liquid; then they will be set aflame in the Fire.
40:73 Then it will be said unto them, “Where are those whom you used to ascribe as partners
40:74 apart from God?” They will reply, “They have forsaken us. Nay, but we were not calling upon aught before.” Thus does God lead astray the disbelievers.
40:75 “That is because you used to exult upon the earth without right and because you were insolent.
40:76 Enter the gates of Hell, therein to abide.” How evil is the abode of the arrogant!
40:77 So be patient. Surely God’s Promise is true. And whether We show thee a part of that which We promise them, or We take thee, unto Us will they be returned.
40:78 Indeed We have sent messengers before thee. Among them are those whom We have recounted unto thee, and among them are those whom We have not recounted unto thee. And it was not for a messenger to bring a sign, save by God’s Leave. So when God’s Command comes, judgment is passed in truth; and those who make false claims will then be losers.
40:79 God it is Who made cattle for you, that some of them you may ride and some of them you may eat—
40:80 and there are benefits for you therein—and that through them you may attain any need that is in your breasts. And upon them and upon ships are you carried.
40:81 And He shows you His signs. So which of God’s signs do you reject?
40:82 Have they not journeyed upon the earth and observed how those before them fared in the end? They were more numerous than them, greater than them in strength, and left firmer traces upon the earth. But that which they used to earn availed them not.
40:83 And when their messengers brought them clear proofs, they exulted in the knowledge they possessed, and that which they used to mock beset them.
40:84 Then, when they saw Our Might, they said, “We believe in God alone, and we disavow that which we used to ascribe as partners unto Him.”
40:85 But their believing benefited them not when they saw Our Might. [That is] the wont of God which has passed among His servants; and the disbelievers were then lost.


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