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This is a chapter (of the Qur’an) which We have sent down, which We have enjoined, and We have revealed in it clear Verses that you may remember.
The woman and the man, who are guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with 100 lashes. Let not pity with them withhold you in the religion of Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment.
The adulterer shall not marry any but an adulteress or an idolatress and an adulteress shall not marry but an adulterer or an idolater. Such a thing is forbidden to the believers.
And those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and can not produce 4 witnesses (to support allegation), then flog them with 80 lashes, and don’t accept their testimony forever, they are indeed the disobedient (to Allah)
except those who repent thereafter and do righteous deeds; so surely, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Those who accuse their own wives but have no witnesses for them except themselves, then the testimony of each of them is made to swear 4 testimonies by Allah that he is one of those who speaks the truth,
and the 5th (testimony) is that the Curse of Allah is on him, if he is of those who tells a lie (against her).
But the punishment (of stoning to death) shall avert from her, if she testifies 4 testimonies by Allah that he (her husband) is one of those who tells a lie,
and the 5th (testimony) is that the anger of Allah be upon her if he (her husband) is one of those who speaks the truth.
And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you (that you have a solution of this situation), and that Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, the All-Wise.
Surely! Those who brought forth the slander (against Aisha, the wife of the Prophet) are a group among you. Consider it is not a bad thing for you but it is a good (lesson) for you. Every person among them (who took part) has earned its sin, and as for the one among them who had the greater share (leading part) in it, shall have a great punishment.
Why then, when you heard it (the slander), did not the believing men and believing women of their own people think good and say: “This (charge) is an obvious lie?”
Why did they not produce 4 witnesses for it? Since they (the slanderers) have not produced the witnesses, then they are the liars with Allah.
Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His Mercy to you in this world and in the Hereafter, a great punishment would have touched you for what you had spoken
when you propagated it with your tongues, and uttered with your mouths about which there was no knowledge for you. You took it as a little thing while it was very great (serious offence) with Allah.
And why did you not, when you heard it, say: “It is not right for us to speak of this, glory be to You (O Allah)! This is a great lie.”
Allah warns you that you never ever repeat (mistake) like this, if you are believers.
Allah has made the Verses clear for you, and Allah is the All-Knower, the All-Wise.
Surely, those who like that (the crime of) slander should be propagated among those who believe, they will have a painful punishment in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allah knows and you don’t know.
And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you (this slander would have very bad impact). Allah is full of Kindness, Merciful.
O you who believe! Don’t follow the footsteps of Satan. Whoever follows the footsteps of Satan, then surely he commands to commit indecency, and evil deeds. Had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, no one of you would ever have been purified from sins. But Allah purifies whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
And let not those among you with blessings and wealth swear to withhold help to their kinsmen, the poor, and the emigrants in the Way of Allah. Let them pardon and forgive. Don’t you love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Surely, those who accuse chaste but careless believing (women), are cursed in this world and in the Hereafter, and there will be a great punishment for them.
On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs will bear witness against them as to what they used to do.
On that Day, Allah will pay them their recompense in full, and they will know that Allah, He is the one who Manifests the Truth.
Bad women are for bad men and bad men are for bad women. Good women are for good men and good men are for good women. Those good people are innocent of what they (slanderers) say; there is forgiveness, and generous provision for them.
O you who believe! Don’t enter houses other than your houses until you have asked permission and greeted by their people in it; that is better for you so that you may remember.
And if you don’t find anyone in it, then don’t enter them (houses) until permission has been given to you. If you are asked to return (go back), then go back; for it is purer for you. Allah is All-Knower of what you do.
There is no sin on you if you enter (without permission) houses not inhabited, in which there is some usefulness for you. And Allah knows what you reveal and what you conceal.
Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and protect their private parts. That is purer for them. Surely, Allah is All-Aware of what they do.
And tell the believing women to lower their gazes, protect their private parts, not expose their beauty except what is apparent (like hands or eyes) of it; let them draw their veils over their hearts and not reveal their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their Muslim women, or the female captives whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigor of men (sexual desire), or children who have no sense of the sexual parts of women. Don’t let them strike their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their beauty. All of you repent to Allah, O you believers so that you may become successful.
And marry the single (man who has no wife and woman who has no husband) among you and the pious of your male captives and female captives. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. Allah is All-Sufficient, All-Knower.
Let those who don’t find (financial means to) marry be chaste until Allah enriches them out of His Bounty. Those captives who seek a writing (of setting free) whom you possesses, give them in writing, if you find good in them, and give them from Allah’s wealth which He has bestowed upon you. Don’t force your maid captives into prostitution in order that you may seek gain of the worldly life, if they desire chastity. If anyone compels them (to prostitution), then surely after their compulsion, Allah will be Forgiving, Merciful (to those who are forced).
And indeed We have sent down clear Verses to you, examples of those who passed away before you, and an admonition for the pious.
Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as a niche within it is a lamp, the lamp (is enclosed) in a glass, the glass as if it were a brilliant star, it is lit from oil of a blessed olive tree which is neither of the east nor of the west, its oil would almost glow forth, though no fire touched it. Light upon light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And He sets forth such parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.
(This light is found) in houses (Masjids) which Allah has permitted that they be built, and His Name is remembered in them; glorify Him in them in the mornings and in the evenings,
by such people whom neither trade nor sale diverts them from the remembrance of Allah, nor from establishing the prayer, nor from giving the obligatory charity. They fear the Day when the hearts and the eyes will be overturned,
so that Allah may reward them according to the best of what they have done, and add for them even more out of His Grace. And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.
As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until when he comes near it, finds it to be nothing, but finds Allah with him, Who pays (disbeliever’s) due (punishment). And Allah is Swift in taking account.
Or (another parable for a disbeliever) is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with waves topped by waves, topped by dark clouds, (layers of) darkness upon darkness, if a person stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! The one for whom Allah has not made light, there is no light for him.
Don’t you (O Muhammad) see that it is Allah Who is glorified by whoever is in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings outspread (in flight)? Each one knows its prayer and glorification, and Allah is All-Aware of what they do.
And to Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the return (of all).
Don’t you see that Allah drives the clouds, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them? He sends down hail like mountains from the sky, and strikes with them whom He wills, and averts from them whom He wills. The flash of its lightning nearly takes away the sight.
Allah causes to alternate the night and the Day. Truly, there is indeed a lesson in this for those who have insight.
Allah has created every moving living creature from water. Of them there are some who creep on their bellies, of them some who walk on 2 legs, and of them some who walk on 4. Allah creates what He wills. Surely! Allah is powerful over everything.
Indeed We have sent down clarifying Verses (the Qur’an). Allah guides whom He wills to the Right Way.
They (hypocrites) say: “We believe in Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad) and we obey,” then some of them turn away thereafter, and those are not believers.
And when they are called to Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) to judge between them, then some of them turn away.
But if the truth is with them, they come to him (Muhammad) with submission.
Is there a disease in their hearts? Or do they doubt or fear lest Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) should wrong them in judgment? Nay, it is they who are the wrongdoers.
The only saying of the believers, when they are called to Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) to judge between them is that they say: “We hear and we obey.” And such are the successful.
And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), fears Allah, and keeps his duty (to Him), such are the successful.
They swear by Allah their strong oaths if you would order them, they would leave (homes to fight in Allah’s cause). Say (O Muhammad): “Don’t swear; this obedience is better known. Surely, Allah knows well what you do.”
Say: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger. But if you turn away, then only on him (Muhammad) is what is placed on him (to convey Allah’s message), and on you what is placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be guided. It is not on the Messenger except clear conveying.”
Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will certainly make them vicegerent in the earth as He made vicegerent to those before them, and that He will establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them (Islam), and that He will surely give them a safe security in exchange of their fear provided they worship Me and don’t associate anything with Me. Those who disbelieve after that, they are the disobedient.
And establish prayers, pay obligatory charity, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad) so that you may be treated with Mercy (from Allah).
Don’t consider those who disbelieve that they can escape in the land. Their abode shall be the fire and worst indeed is that destination.
O you who believe! Let your servants and those among you who have not come to the age of puberty, should ask your permission (before they come to your presence) on 3 occasions: before Fajr (morning) prayer, while you put off your clothes for the noonday (rest) and after the Isha (late-night) prayer. These 3 times are for your privacy. There is no sin on you or on them afterwards to go around visiting one another. Thus Allah makes the Verses clear to you. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
And when the children among you attain the age of puberty, let them seek permission as those elders who seek permission. Thus Allah makes clear for you His Verses. Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.
And for the past child-bearing (elderly) women who don’t expect marriage, it is no sin on them if they discard their clothes without showing their beauty. But it is better for them that they refrain (don’t discard their outer clothing). Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
There is no restriction on the blind, nor restriction on the lame, nor restriction on the sick, nor on yourselves, to eat from your houses, or houses of your fathers, or houses of your mothers, or houses of your brothers, or houses of your sisters, or houses of your paternal uncles, or houses of your paternal aunts, or houses of your maternal uncles, or houses of your maternal aunts, or that house you hold its keys, or your friend. There is no sin on you that you eat together or apart. But when you enter the houses, then greet one another with a greeting (of peace) from Allah, blessed and good. Thus Allah makes clear the Verses for you so that you may understand.
Only the true believers are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and when they are with him on collective matter, they don’t go until they have asked his permission. Surely! Those who ask your permission, they are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger. So if they ask your permission for some of their affairs, give permission to whom you wish from them, and ask Allah for their forgiveness. Truly, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Don’t make the calling of the Messenger (Muhammad) among you as your calling of one another. Truly, Allah knows those of you who slip away (hide) under shelter (behind others). Let those be beware who oppose his (Muhammad’s) orders, should an affliction befall them or a painful punishment befall them.
Certainly, all that are in the heavens and the earth belong to Allah. Surely, He knows what you are on it (condition) and the Day when they will be brought back to Him, and then He will inform them of what they did. And Allah is All-Knower of everything.
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