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48:1  Surely, We have provided you success, an evidently manifest success
48:2  that Allah may forgive whatever preceded of your sin and whatever occurred later; and He may complete His Favour on you, and He may guide you to the Permanent Path
48:3  and Allah may provide you help, aid and assistance — a mighty and powerful assistance
48:4  He it is Who sent down As-Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) into the hearts of the Believers so that they may increase Faith-wise alongwith their (existing depth of) Faith. And to Allah belong the forces of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise
48:5  so that He may admit the Believing males and the Believing females to Gardens, flow beneath them rivers, abiders therein; and (so that) He may write-off from them their misdeeds. And became this, in the sight of Allah, a supreme gain
48:6  And He may submit to torment the hypocrite males and the hypocrite females,and the polytheistic males and the polytheistic females who harbour thoughts against Allah — evil thoughts. On them has descended a calamity of evil, and Allah became angry with them and He cursed them, and prepared for them Hell; and it happened to be evil as a place of stay
48:7  And to Allah belong the forces of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is All-Powerful, All-Wise
48:8  Verily We, We have sent you as a witness, and as a bearer of glad-tidings, and as a warner
48:9  in order that you (entire mankind) may Believe in Allah and His Messenger; and you may assist him, and you may protect his honour; and (that) you may glorify Him at the break of dawn and in the late afternoon. [This refers to Fajr and Asr Prayers]
48:10  Verily, those who swear allegiance to you, surely what (is the fact is that) they swear allegiance to Allah. The Hand of Allah is over their hands. Then whosoever now broke (his pledge), then he breaks (the pledge) against the interest of his own Nafs; and whoever fulfilled (the covenant) on which he has made a pledge with Allah, then soon He will pay him a great reward
48:11  Soon will say unto you those who lagged behind out of the bedouins: “Our possessions kept us involved; so ask forgiveness for us.” They utter with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: “Who then will have any power at all (to intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if He intended you (any) harm or He intended you (any) benefit? Nay, Allah is All-Aware of what you do.
48:12  Nay, you thought that the Messenger and the Believers would never return back to their own people — something permanent, and that was made fair-seeming in your hearts, and you did think an evil thought, and you became a nation in bad shape
48:13  And whosoever did not Believe in Allah and His Messenger, then verily We, We have prepared for the disbelievers a blazing Fire
48:14  And to Allah belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He forgives for whom He thinks proper, and He will punish for whom He will think proper. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, continuously Merciful
48:15  Soon they who lagged behind (and did not volunteer for Qital) will say when you attended to the spoils (of war) that you may pick it up (as your share what you are allotted): “Allow us (so that) we may follow you.” They want that they may change (the wordings in) Kalamallah (‘Statement of Allah’.). Say: “You shall never follow us; thus Allah has said about you beforehand.” Then soon, they will utter: “Nay, you envy us.” Nay, they had not been understanding, except very little
48:16  Say to those who lagged behind out of the bedouins: “Soon you shall be called upon to a nation given to great warfare. They shall either fight you in an armed encounter, or they shall seek peace (with you). So if you pay obedience Allah will pay you a fair reward; and if you turned away as you have turned back on previous occasion, He will put you to punishment — of a painful torment.”
48:17  No blame (is applicable) to that who is blind, and nor there is blame upon that who is lame, and nor there is blame on one who is down with sickness (if they did not volunteer themselves for Qital,). And whosoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, He will admit him to Gardens, flow underneath them rivers. And whoever will turn back, He will punish him with a painful torment
48:18  Surely, indeed Allah gave His assent to the Believers when they swear a pledge to you under the tree. So He knew what is in their hearts, so He made to descend As-Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) over them and He rewarded them an immediate success
48:19  As far as abundant spoils of war (are concerned) they will pick it up in future. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise
48:20  Allah has given you a promise regarding abundant spoils of war; you will receive it (in some coming encounter); so He has hastened for you this (immediate success) and He has restrained the hands of (the enemical) people from you (through a treaty of peace signed within the belly of Makka. See Verse No. 24). And (this He appreciated) so that it (i.e., the signing of a peace treaty to overcome adverse conditions and periods) becomes a Sign for the Believers; and in order that He may guide you to Siratam Mustaqim
48:21  And the later one, you have definitely not made an assessment thereof, surely Allah has compassed it — and Allah is All-Capable over every thing
48:22  And if would have fought against you those who have disbelieved they certainly would have turned (their) backs (in spite of being greater in numbers), then they will not find a wali and nor a helper
48:23  That had been the Sunnah of Allah which definitely continued and persisted since before. And you will never find a change for the Sunnah (Practice) of Allah
48:24  And He it is Who restrained their hands from you and (withheld) your hands from them within (the) Batn (belly) of Makka; after that He had made you dominating over them. And Allah has remained Well-Acquainted of what you do
48:25  They happened to be those who have disbelieved and hindered you from Al-Masjid-al-Haram, and thus Al-Hadiya (the Gift of sacrificial animals) became detained — that it may reach its specified place. And had there not been Believing men and the Believing women, you people do not know them, so you will trample them; and because of them a serious deviation from the correct step inflicts you (and goes to your account as a sin) because of the absence of knowledge. (If the situation was not such, We would have allowed an armed encounter in place of a treaty of peace) — so that Allah may admit into His Mercy whom He may think proper. If (the two groups, i.e., the Believers and the disbelievers were not intermixed and had already) separated (to be recognised easily, then) surely We would have punished those who had disbelieved amongst you in the form of a painful torment (by the aided hands of the Believing army)
48:26  When those who disbelieved had placed in their hearts the pride and haughtiness — pride and haughtiness based on ignorance, then Allah made to descend His Sakinah upon His Messenger and upon the Believers. And He kept them attached to the statement of obedience (La-ilaha-ill-Allah Muhammadun Rasulullah. See Verses 37/35, 48/29), and they were more entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah is All-Knower of every thing
48:27  Surely, indeed Allah has fulfilled for His Messenger the vision with full justice. Certainly, you shall enter Al-Masjid-al-Haram, if Allah thought proper, as attainers of peace, (and as) those who have submitted their heads to a clean-shave, and (as) those who (got their scalp-hair) trimmed. You will feel no fear. So He knew what you knew not, that is why He sanctioned instead of this Fathan Qariban ['an immediate success.' (This Fathan Qariban is the treaty of peace signed in the belly of Makka which makes the Believers to interrupt the programme of attending the Hajj and also stops them from offering Animal-Sacrifice at the proper place meant and specified for it)][Please note that attending to the haircut is compulsory before initiating the 2nd part of the Hajj-Congregation]
48:28  He it is Who has sent His Messenger with Al-Hudah and the True, Legitimate, Original Religion that He may make it prevail over way of life — to each and every aspect of it, and sufficient is Allah as Witness
48:29  Muhammadun Rusulullah [Muhammad (is the) Messenger of Allah], and those who are with him are extremely strict against disbelievers, (and) highly merciful and concerned among themselves. You see them bowing, and falling down in prostration (while in Prayer). They seek the Bounty from Allah and (His) Assents and Agreements. Their marks (are evident) in their facies from the effect of the submissions. This (becomes) their example in At-Taurat, and (another) example for them in Al-Injeel: like a (sown) seed which sent out its shoot, then made it firm, then it became thick, then it stood (straight and stable) on its stem. (Now) it puts the sower to wonder — that He may enrage the disbelievers because of these (happy sowers). Allah has promised those who have Believed and performed righteous deeds amongst them — forgiveness and a mighty reward