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31:1  Alif. La’am. Mi’em!
31:2  These are ‘Verses’ of the judicious ‘Book’,
31:3  A source of spiritual insight and a clemency for those whose Faith is placed in Allâh:
31:4  Who establish the regular Prayer, pay Zakāt (i.e. the Prescribed Purifying Alms), and who have a definite in the ‘Hereafter’.
31:5  It is they who receive spiritual insight from their Lord and it is they who will ultimately achieve a blissful life/or gain eternal salvation.
31:6  And among people there is he who purchases idle tale so as to mislead others from the way of Allâh without knowledge, and take it in mockery; for those is a humiliating chastisement.
31:7  When Our ‘Revelations’ are recited to the one of them, he takes no heed and displays an arrogant attitude as if he heard them not, as if there were deafness in his ears. So announce to him the tidings of an agonizing chastisement.
31:8  Indeed, for those who adhere firmly to Islamic Monotheism and do righteous acts, there will be ‘Gardens of Bliss’
31:9  Wherein they will abide. (It is) a promise of Allâh in truth. He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
31:10  He created the heavens without pillars that you see, placed on the earth firm mountains so that it may not quake with you, and dispersed therein all kinds of beasts. We send down water from the sky, and then We cause all kinds of plants to grow in gracious pairs.
31:11  This is the creation of Allâh. Show me what those besides Him have created! Nay, those who are grossly unfair and morally wrong are in utter deception.
31:12  Verily, We endowed Luq'mān with wisdom, (commanding him to) show his gratitude to Allâh. Whoever shows his gratitude (to Allâh) does it actually for the benefit of his own self. But whoever is ungrateful (needs to know that) Allâh is indeed Self-Sufficient, Worthy of all praise.
31:13  Luq'mān said unto his son while admonishing him: "O’ my son, ascribe no partner to Allâh. Indeed, Polytheism is a great iniquity.”
31:14  We have enjoined on man to (be kind and dutiful) to his parents. His mother bears him in atonality upon atonality, and his weaning takes two years. Be grateful to Me, and to your parents. To Me is the definitive course.
31:15  If it happens that they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but maintain good relation with them in this ‘worldly life’ and follow the path of him who turns unto Me in repentance. Eventually, you are destined to return unto Me, then I will inform you of what you used to do.
31:16  (Luq'mān said unto his son): “O’ my son, even if it is the weight of a grain of mustard-seed hidden in a rock or (anywhere) in the heaven or on the earth, Allâh will bring it. Indeed, Allâh is All-Subtle, All-Aware.
31:17  O’ my son, establish Prayer, enjoin whatever is right, forbid whatever is evil, and be patient over whatever befalls you. Indeed, these traits are parts of resoluteness.
31:18  Turn not your face away from people in contemptuousness, neither do you walk exultantly in the land. Allâh demonstrates not his own love for anyone who is supercilious boaster.
31:19  Be moderate in your walking and lower your voice. Indeed, the most repugnant sound is the braying of donkeys.”
31:20  Do you not see that Allâh has made subservient unto you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth, and copiously bestowed upon you His Favors, both conspicuous, and invisible? Yet of mankind is he who disputes concerning Allâh without knowledge, or spiritual insight, or an illuminating book.
31:21  When it is said unto them: “Follow what Allâh has sent down,” they say, “Nay, we only follow that wherein we found our fathers.” What! Even though the devil is inviting them to the chastisement of the blazing Fire?
31:22  Whoever submits (himself completely to the authority of Allâh), and attains perfection in righteousness /or in Faith, has indeed taken hold of the firmest handle. And unto Allâh belongs the sequel of all matters.
31:23  But as for him who is inclined to disbelief, let not his atheism grieve you:. Unto Us shall be their return, then We will inform them of what they used to do . Indeed, Allâh is the All-Knowing of what is in the hearts.
31:24  We let them enjoy for a little while, then We will impose on them a vehement chastisement.
31:25  If it happens that you ask them: "Who has created the heavens and earth," they will definitely say: "Allâh." Say: "All the praises and gratitude belong to Allâh!" But most of them do lack knowledge (of Allâh) .
31:26  Unto Allâh belongs whatever is in the heavens and on the earth. Indeed, Allâh is the Self-Sufficient, Worthy of all praise.
31:27  If all the trees in the earth were pens, and the sea with seven more seas added to it (were ink), the Words of Allâh would not be exhausted. Indeed, Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
31:28  Your creation or your resurrection is only like a single breath. Indeed, Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Seer.
31:29  Have you not seen that Allâh causes the night to pass into the day and causes the day to pass into the nigh; and He has made the sun and the moon subservient (unto you), each running to an appointed term, and that Allâh is All-Aware of what you do?
31:30  That is because Allâh is the Truth, and that which they implore and pray besides Him is falsehood. Indeed, Allâh, the One Who is the Most High, the Most Great.
31:31  Do you not see that the ships run on the sea by the grace of Allâh so as to show you some of His Sings? Definitely, there are signs in this for everyone who is forbearing and grateful.
31:32  When a wave enshrouds them like awnings, they implore and pray to Allâh, being totally sincere to Him in their faith. But when He brings them safe to land, some of them are moderate. No one can repudiate Our signs but every traitor, impious.
31:33  O’ people, act piously towards your Lord, and fear a day when no father can avail his own son in aught, nor will the child avail this own father. The promise of Allâh is absolutely true. Thus, let not this ‘worldly life’ delude you, nor do let the the Arch-Deceiver (i.e. the devil ) delude you concerning Allâh.
31:34  Allâh! With Him is the knowledge of the (Inevitable) ‘Hour’. He sends down the rain, and He knows what is in the wombs. No ‘Human Self’ is aware of what it will earn tomorrow, and no ‘Human Self’ is aware of what land it will die. Indeed, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware.