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م ر ض
Miim-Ra-Dad
General Root Meaning
To be diseased/disordered, distempered, to be ill or sick, languid or weak or feeble, deficient in strength, defective or deficient, to be right or nearly right (in judgement or opinion).
   l-marḍā   (1)

9:91
Not on the weak and not on the sick and not on those who not they find what they (can) spend any blame if they (are) sincere to Allah and His Messenger. Not (is) on the good-doers any way (for blame). And Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

   l-marīḍi   (1)

24:61
Not is on the blind any blame and not on the lame any blame and not on the sick any blame and not on yourselves that you eat from your houses or houses (of) your fathers or houses (of) your mothers or houses (of) your brothers or houses (of) your sisters or houses (of) your paternal uncles or houses (of) your paternal aunts or houses (of) your maternal uncles or houses (of) your maternal aunts or what you possess its keys or your friend. Not is on you any blame that you eat together or separately. But when you enter houses then greet [on] yourselves a greeting from that Allah blessed (and) good. Thus makes clear Allah for you the Verses so that you may understand.

48:17
Not is upon the blind any blame and not on the lame any blame and not on the sick any blame. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, He will admit him (to) Gardens flow from underneath them the rivers, but whoever turns away, He will punish him (with) a punishment painful.

   maraḍun   (3)

2:10
In their hearts (is) a disease, so has increased them Allah (in) disease; and for them (is) a punishment painful because they used to [they] lie.

5:52
And you see those - in their hearts (is) a disease they hasten to them saying, "We fear that (may) strike us a misfortune." But perhaps Allah [that] will bring the victory or a decision from Him. Then they will become for what they had concealed within themselves, regretful.

9:125
But as for those, in their hearts (is) a disease, (it) increases them (in) evil to their evil. And they die while they (are) disbelievers.

22:53
That He may make what throws the Shaitaan a trial for those in their hearts (is) a disease, and (are) hardened their hearts. And indeed, the wrongdoers (are) surely, in schism far.

33:32
O wives (of) the Prophet! You are not like anyone among the women. If you fear (Allah), then (do) not be soft in speech, lest should be moved with desi he who, in his heart (is) a disease, but say a word appropriate.

33:60
If (do) not cease the hypocrites and those who in their hearts (is) a disease and those who spread rumors in the city, We will let them overpower you, then not they will remain your neighbor therein except (for) a little,

47:20
And say those who believe, "Why not has been revealed a Surah?" But when is revealed a Surah precise and is mentioned in it the fighting, you see those who, in their hearts, (is) a disease looking at you - a look (of) fainting over them from the death. But more appropriate for them

47:29
Or do think those who in their hearts (is) a disease that never will bring forth Allah their hatred?

74:31
And not We have made keepers (of) the Fire except Angels. And not We have made their number except (as) a trial for those who disbelieve - that may be certain those who were given the Scripture and may increase those who believe (in) faith, and not may doubt those who were given the Scripture and the believers, and that may say those in their hearts (is) a disease and the disbelievers "What (does) intend Allah by this example?" Thus does let go astray Allah whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And none knows (the) hosts (of) your Lord except Him. And not it (is) but a reminder to (the) human beings.

8:49
When said the hypocrites and those who - in their hearts (was) a disease, "(Had) deluded these (people) their religion." But whoever puts (his) trust in Allah then indeed, Allah (is) All-Mighty, All-Wise."

33:12
And when said the hypocrites and those in their hearts (was) a disease, "Not promised us Allah and His messenger except delusion."

24:50
Is (there) in their hearts a disease or do they doubt or they fear that will be unjust Allah to them and His Messenger? Nay, those [they] (are) the wrongdoers.

   maraḍan   (1)

2:10
In their hearts (is) a disease, so has increased them Allah (in) disease; and for them (is) a punishment painful because they used to [they] lie.

   mariḍ'tu   (1)

26:80
And when I am ill, then He cures me,

   marḍā   (2)

4:43
O you who believe[d]! (Do) not go near the prayer while you (are) intoxicated until you know what you are saying and not (when you are) impure except (when) passing (through) a way until you have bathed. And if you are ill or on a journey or came one of you from the toilet, or you have touched the women and not you find water, then do tayammum (with) earth clean and wipe (with it) your faces and your hands. Indeed, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.

5:6
O you who believe! When you stand up for the prayer, then wash your faces and your hands till the elbows and wipe your heads and your feet till the ankles. But if you are (in) a state of ceremonial imp then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or has come anyone of you from the toilet or has (had) contact (with) the women and not you find water, then do (with) earth clean, then wipe your faces and your hands with it. Does Not intend Allah to make for you any difficulty but He intends to purify you and to complete His Favor upon you so that you may (be) grateful.

4:102
And when you are among them and you lead for them the prayer, then let stand a group of them with you and let them take their arms. Then when they have prostrated, then let them be from behind you and let come (forward) a group - other, (which has) not prayed, and let them pray with you and let them take their precautions and their arms. Wished those who disbelieved if you neglect [about] your arms and your baggage so (that) they (can) assault [upon] you (in) an attack, single. But (there is) no blame upon you if was with you any trouble (because) of rain or you are sick that you lay down your arms, but take your precautions. Indeed, Allah has prepared for the disbelievers a punishment humiliating.

73:20
Indeed, your Lord knows that you stand (a little) less than two-thirds (of) the night, and half of it and a third of it and (so do) a group of those who (are) with you. And Allah determines the night and the day. He knows that not you count it, so He has turned to you, so recite what is easy of the Quran. He knows that there will be among you sick and others traveling in the land seeking of (the) Bounty (of) Allah, and others fighting in (the) way (of) Allah. So recite what is easy of it, and establish the prayer and give the zakah and loan Allah a loan goodly. And whatever you send forth for yourselves of good, you will find it with Allah. It (will be) better and greater (in) reward. And seek forgiveness (of) Allah. Indeed, Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

   marīḍan   (2)

2:196
And complete the Hajj and the Umrah for Allah. And if you are held back then (offer) whatever (can be) obtained with ease of the sacrificial animal. And (do) not shave your heads until reaches the sacrificial animal (to) its destination. Then whoever is among you ill or he (has) an ailment of his head then a ransom of fasting or charity or sacrifice. Then when you are secure then whoever took advantage of the Umrah followed (by) the Hajj, then (offer) whatever (can be) obtained with ease of the sacrificial animal. But whoever (can) not find - then a fast (of) three days during the Hajj and seven (days) when you return. This (is) ten (days) in all. That (is) for (the one) whose, not is his family present (near) Al-Masjid Al-Haraam. And fear Allah and know that Allah (is) severe (in) retribution.

2:184
(Fasting for) days numbered. So whoever is among you sick or on a journey, then a prescribed number of days other. And on those who can afford it, a ransom (of) feeding a poor. And whoever volunteers good then it (is) better for him. And to fast (is) better for you, if you know.

2:185
Month (of) Ramadhaan (is) that was revealed therein the Quran, a Guidance for mankind and clear proofs of [the] Guidance and the Criterion. So whoever witnesses among you the month, then he should fast in it, and whoever is sick or on a journey then prescribed number (should from days other. Intends Allah for you [the] ease and not intends for you [the] hardship, so that you complete the prescribed period and that you magnify Allah for [what] He guided you so that you may (be) grateful.

Acknowledgements
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In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...