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س ن و
General Root Meaning
to blaze (fire, lightning), flash.
sana - brightness, splendour, gleaming, light.
sanatun - year, sinin - years..
There is a difference between the words sinatun & AAam (2:259) both words are used for year but sinatun is used for years with drought/death/hard/distresing and AAam are those years in which there is ampleness/abundance/life/herbage.
   l-sinīna   (1)

He (is) the One Who made the sun a shining light, and the moon a reflected light and determined for it phases, that you may know (the) number (of) the years and the count (of time). Not created Allah that except in truth. He explains the Signs for a people (who) know.

And We have made the night and the day (as) two signs. Then We erased (the) sign (of) the night, and We made (the) sign (of) the day visible, that you may seek bounty from your Lord, and that you may know (the) number (of) the years, and the account. And every thing - We have explained it (in) detail.

   bil-sinīna   (1)

And certainly, We seized (the) people (of) Firaun with years (of famine) and a deficit of [the] fruits, so that they may receive admonition.

   sanā   (1)

Do not you see that Allah drives clouds then joins between them then makes them (into) a mass, then you see the rain come forth from their midst? And He sends down from (the) sky, [from] mountains within it [of] (is) hail and He strikes with it whom He wills and averts it from whom He wills. Nearly (the) flash (of) its lighting takes away the sight.

   sanatan   (2)

And We have enjoined (on) man to his parents kindness. Carried him his mother (with) hardship and gave birth to him (with) hardship. And (the) bearing of him and (the) weaning of him (is) thirty month(s) until, when he reaches his maturity and reaches forty year(s), he says, "My Lord, grant me (the) power that I may be grateful (for) Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and that I do righteous (deeds) which please You, and make righteous for me among my offspring, indeed, I turn to You and indeed, I am of those who submit."

(Allah) said, "Then indeed it (will be) forbidden to them (for) forty years, they will wander in the earth. So (do) not grieve over the people the defiantly disobedient."

   sanatin   (2)

And surely you will find them (the) most greedy (of) [the] mankind for life, and (greedier) than those who associate[d] partners (with Al Loves (each) one of them if he could be granted a life (of) a thousand year(s). But not it (will) remove him from the punishment that he should be granted life. And Allah (is) All-Seer of what they do.

And they ask you to hasten the punishment. But never will fail Allah (in) His Promise. And indeed, a day with your Lord (is) like a thousand year(s) of what you count.

And verily, We sent Nuh to his people, and he remained among them a thousand year(s), save fifty year(s), then seized them the flood, while they (were) wrongdoers.

Ascend the Angels and the Spirit to Him in a Day, [is] its measure (is) fifty thousand year(s).

He regulates the affair of the heaven to the earth; then it will ascend to Him in a Day, that is (the) measure of which is a thousand years of what you count.

   sinīna   (4)

Then have you seen if We let them enjoy (for) years

He will say, "How long did you remain in the earth, (in) number (of) years?"

When was going your sister and she said, "Shall, I show you [to] (one) who will nurse and rear him?" So We returned you to your mother that may be cooled her eyes and not she grieves. And you killed a man, but We saved you from the distress, and We tried you (with) a trial. Then you remained (some) years with (the) people (of) Madyan. Then you came at the decreed (time) O Musa!

And he said to the one whom he thought that he (would be) saved of both of them, "Mention me to your master." But made him forget the Shaitaan (the) mention (to) his master, so he remained in the prison several years.

He said, "You will sow (for) seven years, as usual, and that which you reap so leave it in its ears except a little from which you (will) eat.

So We cast over their ears in the cave years - a number.

And they remained in their cave (for) three hundred years and add nine.

He said, "Did not we bring you up among us (as) a child, and you remained among us of your life years?

Within a few years. For Allah (is) the command from before and from after. And that day will rejoice the believers

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