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ص ف و
Sad-Fa-Waw
General Root Meaning
it became clear/limpid/pure (often said of a drink), opposite of Kaf-Dal-Ra, free from turbidness/thickness/muddiness, free from admixture, became cloudless (said of air/atmosphere, but also said of love/life/mind/heart), clear/pure/best/choice/favoured part/potion, clear/clarify, true/sincere, distinguish particularly/specially, select/elect/prefer, serenity of life, comfort, reciprocal sincerity/purity.
take the best of, to choose in preference to, grant to another a preference in the choice of anything.
abound with milk (said of a she-camel/ewe/goat/sheep), palm-tree heavy with fruit,
reached stone (said of a digger).
the portion of the spoil, which the chief/commander chooses for himself before the division.
become destitute/devoid.
stone, smooth stone/rock, stone that doesn't give growth to anything, hard broad stone, a certain place in Mekkeh.
   aṣṭafā   (1)

37:153
Has He chosen [the] daughters over sons?

   afa-aṣfākum   (1)

17:40
Then has chosen (for) you your Lord sons and He has taken from the Angels daughters? Indeed, you surely say a word grave.

   iṣ'ṭafāki   (1)

3:42
And when said the Angels, "O Maryam! Indeed, Allah (has) chosen you and purified you and chosen you over (the) women (of) the worlds."

   iṣ'ṭafāhu   (1)

2:247
And said to them their Prophet, "Indeed, Allah (has) surely raised for you Talut (as) a king." They said, How can be for him the kingship over us, while we (are) more entitled to kingship than him, and not he has been given abundance of [the] wealth?" He said, "Indeed, Allah has chosen him over you and increased him abundantly in [the] knowledge and [the] physique. And Allah gives His kingdom (to) whom He wills. And Allah (is) All-Encompassing, All-Knowing."

   iṣ'ṭafā   (3)

3:33
Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Nuh, and (the) family (of) Ibrahim and (the) family (of) Imran over the worlds.

2:132
And enjoined [it] Ibrahim (upon) his sons and Yaqub, "O my sons! Indeed, Allah has chosen for you the religion, so not (should) you die except while you (are) submissive."

27:59
Say, "All praise (be) to Allah, and peace (be) upon His slaves those whom He has chosen. Is Allah better or what they associate (with Him)?"

   iṣ'ṭafaytuka   (1)

7:144
He said, "O Musa! Indeed, I have chosen you over the people with My Messages and with My words. So take what I have given you and be among the grateful."

   iṣ'ṭafaynā   (1)

35:32
Then We caused to inherit the Book those whom We have chosen of Our slaves; and among them (is he) who wrongs himself, and among them (is he who is) moderate, and among them (is he who is) foremost in good deeds by permission (of) Allah. That is the Bounty the great.

   iṣ'ṭafaynāhu   (1)

2:130
And who will turn away from (the) religion (of) Ibrahim except who fooled himself? And indeed We chose him in the world, and indeed he, in, the Hereafter surely (will be) among the righteous.

   l-ṣafā   (1)

2:158
Indeed, the Safa and Marwah (are) from (the) symbols (of) Allah. So whoever performs Hajj (of) the House or performs Umrah, so no blame on him that he walks between [both of] them. And whoever voluntarily does good, then indeed, Allah (is) All-Appreciative, All-Knowing.

   l-muṣ'ṭafayna   (1)

38:47
And indeed, they to Us (are) from the chosen ones, the best.

   ṣafwānin   (1)

2:264
O you who believe[d]! (Do) not render in vain your charities with reminders (of it) or [the] hurt, like the one who spends his wealth (to) be seen (by) the people, and (does) not believe in Allah and the Day [the] Last. Then his example (is) like (that of a) smooth rock upon it (is) dust, then fell on it heavy rain, then left it bare. Not they have control on anything of what they (have) earned. And Allah (does) not guide the people [the] disbelieving.

   la-iṣ'ṭafā   (1)

39:4
If (had) intended Allah to take a son, surely, He (could) have chosen from what He creates whatever He willed. Glory be to Him! He (is) Allah the One, the Irresistible.

   muṣaffan   (1)

47:15
A parable (of) Paradise which is promised (to) the righteous. Therein (are) rivers of water not polluted, and rivers of milk not changes its taste, and rivers of wine delicious for (the) drinkers, and rivers of honey purified, and for them therein of all fruits and forgiveness from their Lord like he who (will) abide forever in the Fire and they will be given to drin water boiling so it cuts into pieces their intestines.

   wa-aṣfākum   (1)

43:16
Or has He taken of what, He has created, daughters and He has chosen (for) you sons.

   wa-iṣ'ṭafāki   (1)

3:42
And when said the Angels, "O Maryam! Indeed, Allah (has) chosen you and purified you and chosen you over (the) women (of) the worlds."

   yaṣṭafī   (1)

22:75
Allah chooses from the Angels Messengers, and from the mankind. Indeed, Allah (is) All-Hearer, All-Seer.

Acknowledgements
IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.
In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...