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ق ر ب
Qaf-Ra-Ba
General Root Meaning
to be near to, approach, offer, be near in relationship or rank, be at hand, draw near. qurbatun - proximity, means of drawing nigh, kindred, relationship.
qurubatan (pl. qurubatun) - pious works and good deeds which draw people nigh to Allah, means by which an approach is sought.
qaribun - night, near at hand (either in time or place). min
qaribin - soon after.
qurba - affinity, relationship.
qurban - sacrifice, offer made for God, means of access to God.
aqrabu - closer, closest.
aqrabun - kinsfolk, kindred, those most nearly related.
qarrab (vb. 2) - to set before, cause to draw nigh, make an offering, offer (sacrifice).
muqarrabun (pl. maqarrabuna) - one who is made or permitted to approach, who is brought nigh.
   aqrabu   (5)

50:16
And certainly We created man and We know what whispers to him his soul, and We (are) nearer to him than (his) vein jugular.

56:85
And We (are) nearer to him than you but not (do) you see,

22:13
He calls (one) who - his harm (is) closer than his benefit. Surely, an evil protector and surely an evil friend!

2:237
And if you divorce them from before [that] you (have) touched them while already you have specified for them an obligation (dower), then (give) half (of) what you have specified, unless [that] they (women) forgo (it) or forgoes the one in whose hands (is the) knot (of) the marriage. And that you forgo, (is) nearer to [the] righteousness. And (do) not forget the graciousness among you. Indeed, Allah of what you do (is) All-Seer.

4:11
Instructs you Allah concerning your children - for the male like (the) portion (of) two females. But if there are (only) women more (than) two, then for them two thirds (of) what he left. And if (there) is (only) one, then for her (is) half. And for his parents, for each one of them a sixth of what (is) left, if is for him a child. But if not is for him any child and inherit[ed] him his parents, then for his mother (is) one third. And if are for him brothers and sisters, then for his mother (is) the sixth from after any will he has made [of which] or any debt. Your parents and your children - not you know which of them (is) nearer to you (in) benefit. An obligation from Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

5:8
O you who believe! Be steadfast for Allah (as) witnesses in justice, and not let prevent you hatred (of) a people [upon] that not you do justice. Be just it (is) nearer to [the] piety. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah (is) All-Aware of what you do.

16:77
And to Allah (belongs) (the) unseen (of) the heavens and the earth. And not (is the) matter (of) the Hour but as a twinkling (of) the eye or it (is) nearer. Indeed, Allah on every thing (is) All-Powerful.

17:57
Those whom they call, seek to their Lord the means of access, which of them (is) nearest, and they hope (for) His mercy and fear His punishment. Indeed, (the) punishment (of) your Lord is (ever) feared.

3:167
And that He (might) make evide those who (are) hypocrites. And it was said to them, "Come, fight in (the) way (of) Allah or defend." They said, "If we knew fighting certainly we (would have) foll They - to disbelief that day (were) nearer than [them] to the faith, saying with their mouths what was not in their hearts. And Allah (is) Most Knowing of what they conceal.

   aqrabahum   (1)

5:82
Surely you will find strongest (of) the people (in) enmity to those who believe, the Jews and those who (are) polytheists; and surely you will find nearest of them (in) affection to those who believe, those who say, "We (are) Christians." That (is) because among them (are) priests and monks, and that they (are) not arrogant.

   aqarībun   (1)

21:109
But if they turn away then say, "I (have) announced to you over equally And not I know whether is near or far what you are promised.

72:25
Say, "Not I know whether is near what you are promised or (whether) will appoint for it my Lord a (distant) term.

   iq'taraba   (2)

21:1
(Has) approached for [the] mankind their account, while they (are) in heedlessness turning away.

7:185
Do not they look in (the) dominion (of) the heavens and the earth and what Has created Allah of (every)thing and that perhaps [that] has verily come near - their term? So in what statement after this will they believe?

   iq'tarabati   (1)

54:1
Has come near the Hour and has split the moon.

   l-aqrabīna   (1)

26:214
And warn your kindred [the] closest.

   l-qur'bā   (8)

4:36
And worship Allah And (do) not associate with Him anything, and to the parents (do) good, and with the relatives, and the orphans, and the needy and the neighbor (who is) near, and the neighbor (who is) farther away, and the companion by your side and the traveler and what possess[ed] your right hands. Indeed, Allah (does) not love (the one) who is [a] proud (and) [a] boastful.

24:22
And not let swear those of virtue among you and the amplitude of means that they give (to) the near of kin, and the needy and the emigrants in (the) way (of) Allah. And let them pardon and let them overlook. (Do) not you like that should forgive Allah you? And Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

8:41
And know that what you obtain (as) spoils of war of anything, then that, for Allah (is) one fifth of it and for the Messenger and for the near relatives, and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah, and (in) what We sent down to Our slave (on the) day (of) the criterion, (the) day (when) met the two forces. And Allah (is) on every thing All-Powerful.

2:83
And when We took (the) covenant (from the) Children (of) Israel, "Not you will worship except Allah, and with [the] parents (be) good and (with) relatives and [the] orphans and the needy, and speak to [the] people good, and establish the prayer and give the zakah." Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you (were) refusing.

59:7
What restored Allah to His Messenger from (the) people (of) the towns, (it is) for Allah and His Messenger and for the kindred and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, that not it becomes a (perpetual) circulation between the rich among you. And whatever gives you the Messenger, take it and whatever he forbids you from it, refrain. And fear Allah. Indeed, Allah (is) severe (in) penalty.

2:177
It is not [the] righteousness that you turn your faces towards the east and the west, [and] but the righteous[ness] (is he) who believes in Allah and the Day [the] Last, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Prophets, and gives the wealth in spite of his love (for it) (to) those the near relatives, and the orphans, and the needy, and (of) the wayfarer, and those who ask, and in freeing the necks (slaves) and (who) establish the prayer, and give the zakah, and those who fulfill their covenant when they make it; and those who are patient in [the] suffering and [the] hardship, and (the) time (of) [the] stress. Those (are) the ones who are true and those, [they] (are) the righteous.

30:38
So give (from) the relative his right and the poor and the wayfarer. That (is) best for those who desire (the) Countenance (of) Allah. And those, they (are) the successful ones.

4:8
And when present (at) the (time of) division (of) the relatives and the orphans and the poor, then provide them from it and speak to them words (of) kindness.

4:36
And worship Allah And (do) not associate with Him anything, and to the parents (do) good, and with the relatives, and the orphans, and the needy and the neighbor (who is) near, and the neighbor (who is) farther away, and the companion by your side and the traveler and what possess[ed] your right hands. Indeed, Allah (does) not love (the one) who is [a] proud (and) [a] boastful.

16:90
Indeed, Allah commands justice and the good, and giving (to) the relatives, and forbids [from] the immorality and the bad and the oppression. He admonishes you so that you may take heed.

17:26
And give (one of) the relatives his right, and the needy, and the wayfarer, and (do) not spend wastefully.

42:23
That (is of) which gives glad tidings Allah (to) His slaves - those who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, "Not I ask you for it any payment except the love among the relatives." And whoever earns any good, We increase for him therein good. Indeed, Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, All-Appreciative.

   l-muqarabūna   (3)

56:11
Those (are) the nearest ones.

4:172
Never will disdain the Messiah to be a slave of Allah and not the Angels, the ones who are near (to Alla And whoever disdains from His worship and is arrogant then He will gather them towards Him all together.

83:21
Witness it those brought near.

83:28
A spring, will drink from it, those brought near.

   l-muqarabīna   (4)

26:42
He said, "Yes, and indeed you then surely (will be) of the ones who are brought near.

7:114
He said, "Yes, and indeed you surely (will be) of the ones who are near."

56:88
Then if he was of those brought near,

3:45
When said the Angels, "O Maryam! Indeed, Allah gives you glad tidings of a word from Him, his name (is) the Messiah, Isa, son (of) Maryam, honored in the world and (in) the Hereafter, and of those brought near (to Allah).

   biqur'bānin   (1)

3:183
Those who said, "Indeed Allah (has) taken promise from us that not we (should) believe in a Messenger until he brings to us a sacrifice - consumes it the fire." Say, "Surely came to you Messengers from before me with the clear Signs and with what you speak. So why you killed them, if you are truthful.

   biqarībin   (1)

11:81
They said, "O Lut! Indeed, we (are) messengers (of) your Lord, never they will reach you. So travel with your family in a part of the night and (let) not look back anyone of you, except your wife. Indeed, it will strike her what will strike them. Indeed, their appointed time (is) morning. Is not the morning near?"

   taqrabā   (2)

2:35
And We said, "O Adam! Dwell you and your spouse (in) Paradise, and [you both] eat from it freely (from) wherever you [both] wish. But do not [you two] approach this [the] tree, lest you [both] be of the wrongdoers."

7:19
And O Adam! Dwell, you and your wife, (in) the Garden, and you both eat from wherever you both wish, but (do) not approach [both of you] this [the] tree lest you both be among the wrongdoers."

   taqrabū   (2)

17:34
And (do) not come near (the) wealth (of) the orphan, except with what [it] is best until he reaches his maturity. And fulfil the covenant. Indeed, the covenant will be questioned.

4:43
O you who believe[d]! (Do) not go near the prayer while you (are) intoxicated until you know what you are saying and not (when you are) impure except (when) passing (through) a way until you have bathed. And if you are ill or on a journey or came one of you from the toilet, or you have touched the women and not you find water, then do tayammum (with) earth clean and wipe (with it) your faces and your hands. Indeed, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving.

6:151
Say, "Come, I will recite what has prohibited your Lord to you. That (do) not associate with Him anything, and with the parents (be) good, and (do) not kill your children (out) of poverty, We provide for you and for them. And (do) not go near [the] immoralities what (is) apparent of them and what (is) concealed. And (do) not kill the soul which has forbidden Allah except by (legal) right. That (He) has enjoined on you with it, so that you may use reason."

6:152
And (do) not go near wealth (of) the orphans except with that which (is) best until he reaches his maturity. And give full [the] measure and the weight with justice. Not We burden any soul except (to) its capacity. And when you speak then be just even if he is (one of) a near relative. And (the) Covenant (of) Allah fulfil. That (He) has enjoined on you with it so that you may remember.

17:32
And (do) not go near adultery. Indeed, it is an immorality and (an) evil way.

   taqrabūni   (1)

12:60
But if not you bring to me him then (there will be) no measure for you from me, and not you will come near me."

   taqrabūhā   (1)

2:187
Permitted for you (in the) nights (of) fasting (is) the approach to your wives. They (are) garments for you and you (are) garments for them. Knows Allah that you used to deceive yourselves, so He turned towards you and He forgave [on] you. So now have relations with them and seek what has ordained Allah for you. And eat and drink until becomes distinct to you the thread [the] white from the thread [the] black of [the] dawn. Then complete the fast till the night. And (do) not have relations with them while you (are) secluded in the masajid. These (are the) limits (set by) Allah, so (do) not approach them. Thus makes clear Allah His verses for [the] people so that they may (become) righteous.

   taqrabūhunna   (1)

2:222
And they ask you about [the] menstruation. Say, "It (is) a hurt, so keep away (from) [the] women during (their) [the] menstruation. And (do) not approach them until they are cleansed Then when they are purified, then come to them from where has ordered you Allah." Indeed, Allah loves those who turn in repentance and loves those who purify themselves.

   tuqarribukum   (1)

34:37
And not your wealth and not your children [that] will bring you close to Us (in) position, but whoever believes and does righteousness, then those, for them (will be) reward two-fold for what they did, and they (will be) in the high dwellings secure.

   faqarrabahu   (1)

51:27
And he placed it near [to] them, he said, "Will not you eat?"

   qurubātin   (1)

9:99
But among the bedouins (is he) who, believes in Allah and the Day the Last, and takes what he spends (as) means of nearness with Allah and blessings (of) the Messenger. Behold! Indeed, it (is) a means of nearness for them. will admit them Allah to His Mercy. Indeed, Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

   qur'bānan   (2)

5:27
And recite to them the story (of) two sons (of) Adam, in truth, when both offered a sacrifice, and it was accepted from one of them and not was accepted from the other. Said (the latter), "Surely I will kill you." Said (the former), "Only accepts Allah from the God fearing.

46:28
Then why (did) not help them those whom they had taken from besides Allah sacrifice (to their) gods? Nay, they were lost from them. And that (was) their falsehood and what they were inventing.

   qur'batun   (1)

9:99
But among the bedouins (is he) who, believes in Allah and the Day the Last, and takes what he spends (as) means of nearness with Allah and blessings (of) the Messenger. Behold! Indeed, it (is) a means of nearness for them. will admit them Allah to His Mercy. Indeed, Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

   qur'bā   (2)

5:106
O you who believe! (Take) testimony among you when approaches one of you [the] death, (at the) time (of making) [the] a will two men, just, among you, or two others from other than you if you (are) travel(ing) in the earth then befalls you calamity (of) [the] death. Detain both of them from after the prayer and let them both swear by Allah if you doubt, "Not we will exchange it for a price even if he is (of) a near relative, and not we will conceal testimony (of) Allah. Indeed, we then (will) surely (be) of the sinners."

6:152
And (do) not go near wealth (of) the orphans except with that which (is) best until he reaches his maturity. And give full [the] measure and the weight with justice. Not We burden any soul except (to) its capacity. And when you speak then be just even if he is (one of) a near relative. And (the) Covenant (of) Allah fulfil. That (He) has enjoined on you with it so that you may remember.

9:113
Not (it) is for the Prophet and those who believe that they ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they be (from) near of kin, from after [what] has become clear to them, that they (are the) companions (of) the Hellfire.

35:18
And not will bear bearer of burdens burden (of) another. And if calls a heavily laden to (carry) its load, not will be carried of it anything even if he be (from) near of kin. Only you can warn those who fear their Lord - unseen and establish the prayer. And whoever purifies himself, then only he purifies for his own self. And to Allah (is) the destination.

   qarrabā   (1)

5:27
And recite to them the story (of) two sons (of) Adam, in truth, when both offered a sacrifice, and it was accepted from one of them and not was accepted from the other. Said (the latter), "Surely I will kill you." Said (the former), "Only accepts Allah from the God fearing.

   qarībun   (4)

2:214
Or (do) you think that you will enter Paradise while not (has) come to you like (came to) those who passed away from before you? Touched them [the] adversity and [the] hardship, and they were shaken until said the Messenger and those who believed with him, "When [will] (the) help (of) Allah (come) Unquestionably, [Indeed] help (of) Allah (is) near.

7:56
And (do) not cause corruption in the earth after its reformation. And call Him (in) fear and hope. Indeed, (the) Mercy (of) Allah (is) near for the good-doers.

11:61
And to Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih. He said, "O my people! Worship Allah, not you have any god other than Him. He produced you from the earth and settled you in it. So ask forgiveness of Him, then turn in repentance to Him. Indeed, my Lord (is) near, All-Responsive."

42:17
Allah (is) the One Who (has) sent down the Book in truth, and the Balance. And what will make you know? Perhaps the Hour (is) near.

34:50
Say, "If I err, then only I will err against myself. But if I am guided, then it is by what reveals to me my Lord. Indeed, He (is) All-Hearer, Ever-Near."

11:64
And O my people! This she-camel (of) Allah (is) for you a Sign, so leave her to eat in the earth (of) Allah, and (do) not touch her with harm, lest will seize you a punishment impending."

2:186
And when ask you My servants about Me, then indeed I am near. I respond (to the) invocation (of) the supplicant when he calls Me. So let them respond to Me and let them believe in Me, so that they may (be) led aright.

61:13
And another that you love - a help from Allah and a victory near; and give glad tidings (to) the believers.

   qarībin   (3)

4:77
Have not you seen [towards] those who (when) it was said to them, "Restrain your hands and establish the prayer and give the zakah?" Then when was ordained on them the fighting, then a group of them [they] fear the people as (they) fear Allah or more intense fear, and they said, "Our Lord why have You ordained upon us [the] fighting? Why not You postpone (it for) us to a term, near." Say, "Enjoyment (of) the world (is) little and the Hereafter (is) better for whoever fears (Allah) and not you will be wronged (even as much as) a hair on a

34:51
And if you (could) see when they will be terrified but (there will be) no escape, and they will be seized from a place near.

50:41
And listen! (The) Day will call the caller from a place near,

63:10
And spend from what We have provided you from before [that] comes (to) one of you the death and he says, "My Lord! Why not You delay me for a term near so I would give charity and be among the righteous."

14:44
And warn the mankind (of) a Day (when) will come to them the punishment, then will say those who did wrong, "Our Lord! Respite us for a term short; we will answer Your call and we will follow the Messengers." "Had not you sworn from before not for you any end?

4:17
Only the acceptance of repentance by Allah (is) for those who do the evil in ignorance, then they repent from soon after. Then those will have forgiveness (from) Allah upon them, and is Allah All-Knowing, All-Wise.

   qarīban   (4)

13:31
And if that was any Quran, could be moved by it the mountains, or could be cloven asunder by it the earth, or could be made to speak by it the dead. Nay, with Allah (is) the command all. Then do not know those who believe that if had willed Allah surely, He would have guided (of) the mankind all? And not will cease those who disbelieve to strike them for what they did a disaster, or it settles close from their homes until comes (the) Promise (of) Allah. Indeed, Allah (will) not fail (in) the Promise.

9:42
If it had been a gain near and a journey easy, surely they (would) have follo but was long for them the distance. And they will swear by Allah, "If we were able, certainly we (would) have come with you." They destroy their own selves and Allah knows (that) indeed, they (are) surely liars.

33:63
Ask you the people about the Hour. Say, "Only its knowledge (is) with Allah. And what will make you know? Perhaps the Hour is near."

48:18
Certainly was pleased Allah with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you under the tree, and He knew what (was) in their hearts, so He sent down the tranquility upon them and rewarded them (with) a victory near,

48:27
Certainly, has fulfilled Allah His Messenger's vision in truth. Surely, you will enter Al-Masjid Al-Haraam if wills Allah, secure, having shaved your heads and shortened, not fearing. But He knew what not you knew, and He made from besides that a victory near.

70:7
But We see it near.

78:40
Indeed We [We] have warned you (of) a punishment near (the) Day will see the man what have sent forth his hands and will say the disbeliever, "O I wish! I were dust!"

59:15
Like (the) example (of) those from before them shortly, they tasted (the) evil result (of) their affair, and for them (is) a punishment painful.

17:51
Or a creation of what (is) great in your breasts." Then they will say, "Who will restore us?" Say, "He Who created you (the) first time." Then they will shake at you their heads and they say, "When (will) it (be)?" Say, "Perhaps that (it) will be soon."

   li-aqraba   (1)

18:24
Except, "If wills Allah." And remember your Lord when you forget and say, "Perhaps [that] will guide me my Lord to a nearer (way) than this right way."

   liyuqarribūnā   (1)

39:3
Unquestionably, for Allah (is) the religion the pure. And those who take from besides Him protectors, "Not we worship them except that they may bring us near to Allah (in) nearness." Indeed, Allah will judge between them in what they [in it] differ. Indeed, Allah (does) not guide (one) who [he] (is) a liar and a disbeliever.

   maqrabatin   (1)

90:15
An orphan of near relationship,

   wa-aqraba   (1)

18:81
So we intended that would change for them their Lord, a better than him (in) purity and nearer (in) affection.

   wa-iq'taraba   (1)

21:97
And has approached the promise [the] true then behold, [it] (are) staring (the) eyes (of) those who disbelieved, "O woe to us! Verily, we had been in heedlessness of this; nay, we were wrongdoers."

   wa-iq'tarib   (1)

96:19
Nay! (Do) not obey him. But prostrate and draw near (to Allah).

   wal-aqrabūna   (2)

4:7
For the men a portion of what (is) left (by) the parents, and the near relatives and for the women a portion of what (is) left (by) parents and the near relatives of what (is) little of it or much - a portion obligatory.

4:7
For the men a portion of what (is) left (by) the parents, and the near relatives and for the women a portion of what (is) left (by) parents and the near relatives of what (is) little of it or much - a portion obligatory.

4:33
And for all We (have) made heirs of what (is) left (by) the parents and the relatives. And those whom pledged your right hands - then give them their share. Indeed, Allah is over every thing a Witness.

   wal-aqrabīna   (2)

2:180
Prescribed for you when approaches any of you [the] death, if he leaves good (making) the will for the parents and the near relatives with due fairness a duty on the righteous ones.

2:215
They ask you what they (should) spend. Say, "Whatever you spend of good, (is) for parents, and the relatives, and the orphans, and the needy, and (of) the wayfarer. And whatever you do of good. So indeed, Allah of it (is) All-Aware.

4:135
O you who believe[d]! Be custodians of justice (as) witnesses to Allah, even if (it is) against yourselves or the parents and the relatives. if he be rich or poor, for Allah (is) nearer to both of them. So (do) not follow the desire lest you deviate. And if you distort or refrain, then indeed, Allah is of what you do All-Aware.

   waqarrabnāhu   (1)

19:52
And We called him from (the) side (of) the Mount the right, and brought him near (for) conversation.

   yaqrabū   (1)

9:28
O you who believe! Indeed, the polytheists (are) unclean, so not let them come near Al-Masjid Al-Haraam after their year (final) this And if you fear poverty, then soon will enrich you Allah from His Bounty, if He wills. Indeed, Allah (is) All-Knower, All-Wise.

Acknowledgements
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