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د ب ر
General Root Meaning
to turn the back, flee, follow after, be behind, become old, take a thing away, veer to the west wind, elapse (day, night), follow with respect.
al-dubur and al-dubr pl. adbaar – the back; the back or hind part of anything; the latter, or last, part, of a thing, an affair, or an event, or of anything. Back, hinder part, the last, extremity, that which comes after, at the end of, extreme, last remnant, uttermost part.
To dispose, manage, govern, consider, the issues or results of the affairs or the case, perform or execute the affair with thought or consideration, devise or plan the affair with thought or consideration, devise or plan the affair, regulate.
Consequence, result.
2nd Form: to consider and forecast the issues, or results, of the affair, or event, or case; to perform or execute a thing or affair with thought and consideration; to manage, conduct, and regulate affairs;
4th Form: to die; to go away turning one’s back/to turn back/to go back/to take a backward course/to retreat/to retire/to retrograde/to decline; to go/depart (said of the day and night); to make someone behind one’s back; 5th Form: to think, or meditate, upon a thing and endeavour to understand it; to look to what would, or might, be the result of an issue, or affair, or event.

daabir – following behind the back; following the back; following, with respect to place, and also with respect to time, and also with respect to rank or station; the last that remains of a people or party; he who comes at the end of a people or party; those who remain after them: and one who comes after, or follows, another.
idbar = retreat, withdrawal, setting, turning away, passing by.

Yudabbiru (imp. 3rd. p.m. sing. II.): He disposes, manages the affairs continuously.
Adbara (prf. 3rd. p.m. sing. IV.): Turned back; drew back.
Yatadabbaruuna (imp. 3rd. p.m. plu. V.): They ponder.
Yadabbaruu/Yatadabbaruu (V. acc.): They ponder.
Duburun (n.): Behind; back.
Adbaar (plu. of dubar.): after; backs.
Idbaar (v. n. IV.): Declinings; setting.
Daabirun (act. pic.) last remnant root.
Mudabbiraat (ap-der. f. plu.): Those f. who manage the affairs, who administer the affairs in an excellent manner.
Mudbir (ap-der. m. sing. IV): Retreating one.
Mudbiriin (ap-der. m. plu. IV.): Retreating ones.

   adbārikum   (1)

"O my people! Enter the land the Holy which has ordained Allah for you and (do) not turn on your backs, then you will turn back (as) losers."

   adbārihā   (1)

O you who (have) been given the Book, believe in what We (have) revealed confirming what is with you, from before [that] We efface faces and turn them on their backs or We curse them as We cursed companions (of) the Sabbath. And is (the) command (of) Allah (always) executed.

   adbārahum   (1)

So travel with your family in a portion of the night and follow their backs, and not let look back among you anyone, and go on where you are ordered."

   adbārihim   (1)

And We have placed over their hearts coverings, lest they understand it, and in their ears deafness. And when you mention your Lord in the Quran Alone, they turn on their backs (in) aversion.

Indeed, those who return on their backs from after what (has) become clear to them (of) the guidance, Shaitaan enticed [for] them and prolonged hope for them.

   adbara   (4)

Then he turned back and was proud,

Then he turned his back, striving,

And the night when it departs,

Inviting (him) who turned his back and went away

   l-adbāra   (3)

If they are expelled, not they will leave with them, and if they are fought not they will help them. And if they help them, certainly they will turn (their) backs; then not they will be helped.

Never will they harm you except a hurt. And if they fight you, they will turn (towards) you the backs, then not they will be helped.

O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve advancing, then (do) not turn to them the backs.

And if, fight you, those who disbelieve, surely they would turn the backs. Then not they would find any protector and not any helper.

And certainly they had promised Allah from before, not they would turn their backs. And is (the) promise (to) Allah to be questioned.

   l-dubura   (1)

Soon will be defeated (their) assembly, and they will turn (their) backs.

   dābira   (3)

And We conveyed to him [that] the matter that (the) root (of) these would be cut off (by) early morning.

And when promised you Allah one (of) the two groups - that it (would be) for you - and you wished that (one) other than that (of) the armed would be for you. But intended Allah to justify the truth by His words, and cut off (the) roots (of) the disbelievers

So We saved him and those with him by Mercy from Us. And We cut off the roots (of) those who denied Our Signs, and not they were believers.

   dābiru   (1)

So was cut off (the) remnant (of) the people [those] who did wrong. And all praises and thanks (be) to Allah Lord (of) the worlds.

   duburin   (2)

But if [is] his shirt (is) torn from (the) back then she has lied and he (is) of the truthful."

So when he saw his shirt torn from (the) back he said, "Indeed, it (is) of your plot. Indeed, your plot (is) great.

And they both raced (to) the door and she tore his shirt from the back, and they both found her husband at the door. She said, "What (is) the recompense (of one) who intended for your wife evil except that he be imprisoned or a punishment painful?"

   duburahu   (1)

And whoever turns to them that day his back except (as) a strategy of war or (to) join to a group, certainly (he has) incurred wrath of Allah and his abode (is) Hell, a wretched destination.

   fal-mudabirāti   (1)

And those who arrange (the) matter.

   liyaddabbarū   (1)

(This is) a Book We have revealed it to you, blessed, that they may ponder (over) its Verses and may be reminded those of understanding.

   mud'biran   (1)

And, "Throw your staff." But when he saw it moving as if it (were) a snake he turned back (in) flight and (did) not look back. "O Musa! (Do) not fear. Indeed, [I] (do) not fear (in) My presence the Messengers.

And [that] throw your staff." But when he saw it moving as if it (were) a snake he turned (in) flight and (did) not return. "O Musa! Draw near and (do) not fear. Indeed, you (are) of the secure.

   mud'birīna   (4)

So they turned away from departing.

Verily, helped you Allah in regions many, and (on the) day (of) Hunain, when pleased you your multitude, but not availed you anything and (was) straitened for you the earth (in spite) of (what) its vastness, then you turned back, fleeing.

A Day you will turn back fleeing; not for you from Allah any protector. And whoever lets go astray Allah, then not for him any guide.

Indeed, you (can) not cause to hear the dead and not can you cause to hear the deaf the call when they turn back retreating.

So indeed, you (can) not make hear the dead and not make hear the dead the call when they turn, retreating.

And by Allah surely, I will plan (against) your idols after [that] you go away turning (your) backs."

   wa-adbāra   (1)

And of the night glorify Him and after the prostration.

   wa-id'bāra   (1)

And of the night, glorify Him, and after the stars.

   wa-adbārahum   (1)

And if you (could) see when take away souls (of) those who disbelieve the Angels, striking their faces and their backs "Taste (the) punishment (of) the Blazing Fire."

Then how, when take them in death the Angels, striking their faces and their backs?

   yatadabbarūna   (1)

Then (do) not they ponder (on) the Quran? And if it had (been) (of) from other than Allah, surely they (would have) found in it contradiction much.

Then do not they ponder (over) the Quran or upon (their) hearts (are) locks?

   yudabbiru   (4)

Say, "Who provides for you from the sky and the earth? Or who controls the hearing and the sight? And who brings out the living from the dead, and brings forth the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?" Then they will say, "Allah." Then say, "Then will not you fear (Him)?"

Indeed, your Lord (is) Allah the One Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods, then He established on the Throne, disposing the affairs. Not (is) any intercessor except from after His permission. That (is) Allah, your Lord, so worship Him. Then will not you remember?

Allah (is) the One Who raised the heavens without pillars that you see, then He established on the Throne and subjected the sun and the moon each running for a term appointed, He arranges the matter; He details the Signs so that you may in the meeting (with) your Lord believe with certainty.

He regulates the affair of the heaven to the earth; then it will ascend to Him in a Day, that is (the) measure of which is a thousand years of what you count.

   yaddabbarū   (1)

Then, do not they ponder the Word or has come to them what not (had) come (to) their forefathers (of) the former (people)

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