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ar-Rum (The Romans, The Byzantines)
as rendered by N J Dawood (draft)

N J Dawood (draft) rendition of Surah The Romans, The Byzantines(ar-Rum)
30:1 Alif. Lam. Mim.
30:2 The Greeks have been defeated
30:3 in a neighbouring land. But in a few years they shall themselves gain victory:
30:4 such being the will of God before and after. On that day the believers will rejoice
30:5 in God's help. He gives victory to whom He will. He is the Mighty One, the Merciful.
30:6 That is God's promise; God will never break His promise. Yet most men do not know it.
30:7 They know the outward show of this nether life, but of the life to come they are heedless.
30:8 Have they not pondered within their own minds that God created the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them only for a worthy end, and for an appointed term? Yet many deny they will ever meet their Lord.
30:9 Have they never journeyed through the land and seen what was the fate of their forebears? Far mightier were they; they tilled the land and built upon it more than these have ever built. And to them, too, their apostles came with undoubted signs. God did not wrong them but they wronged themselves.
30:10 Evil was the end of those who did evil, because they had disbelieved God's revelations and derided them.
30:11 God brings the Creation into being and will then restore it. To Him shall you be recalled.
30:12 On the day the Hour strikes, the wrongdoers will be speechless with despair.
30:13 None of their idols will intercede for them: indeed, they will deny their idols.
30:14 On the day the Hour strikes, mankind will divide.
30:15 Those who have embraced the Faith and done good works will rejoice in a fair garden;
30:16 but those who have disbelieved and denied Our revelations and the life to come, shall be delivered up for punishment.
30:17 Therefore give glory to God evening and morning.
30:18 Praise be to Him in the heavens and the earth, at twilight and at noon.
30:19 He brings forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living: He resurrects the earth after its death. Likewise shall you be raised to life.
30:20 By one of His signs He created you from dust; and, behold, you became humans and multiplied throughout the earth.
30:21 By another sign He created for you spouses from among yourselves, that you might live in peace with them, and planted love and kindness in your hearts. Surely there are signs in this for thinking men.
30:22 Among His other signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your tongues and colours. Surely there are signs in this for all mankind.
30:23 By another sign of His you sleep at night and seek by day His bounty. Surely there are signs in this for those who hear.
30:24 Lightning is yet another of His signs, inspiring you with fear and hope. He sends down water from the sky, and with it He quickens the earth after its death. Surely in this there are signs for men of understanding.
30:25 By another sign heaven and earth stand firm at His bidding. And when with one shout He summons you out of the earth, you shall go forth to Him.
30:26 To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to Him.
30:27 It is He who brings the Creation into being, and will then restore it: that is easier for Him. His is the most exalted attribute in the heavens and the earth. He is the Mighty, the Wise One.
30:28 He makes you this comparison, drawn from your own lives. Do your slaves share with you on equal terms the riches which We have given you? Do you fear them as you fear one another? Thus do We make plain Our revelations to men of understanding.
30:29 Indeed, the wrongdoers are led unwittingly by their own appetites. And who can guide those whom God has led astray? There shall be none to help them.
30:30 Therefore, stand firm in your devotion to the true Faith, the upright Faith which God created for mankind to embrace. God's Creation cannot be changed. This is surely the right faith, although most men may not know it.
30:31 Turn to Him and fear Him. Be steadfast in prayer and serve no other god besides Him.
30:32 Do not divide your religion into sects, each exulting in its own doctrines.
30:33 When evil befalls men, they turn in prayer to their Lord. But no sooner does He let them taste a blessing from Himself than some among them take up other gods besides their Lord,
30:34 showing no gratitude for what We gave them. Take your pleasure now, and you shall learn.
30:35 Have We revealed to them a sanction enjoining them to serve idols?
30:36 When We give men the taste of a good thing they rejoice in it, but when evil befalls them through their own fault, they grow despondent.
30:37 Do they not see that God gives abundantly to whom He will and sparingly to whom He pleases? Surely there are signs in this for true believers.
30:38 Therefore give their due to the next of kin, to the destitute, and to the traveller in need. That is best for those that strive to please God; such men will surely prosper.
30:39 That which you seek to increase by usury will not be blessed by God; but the alms you give for His sake shall be repaid to you many times over.
30:40 It is God who has created you and given you your daily bread. He will cause you to die hereafter and will then bring you back to life. Can any of your idols do the least of these? God forbid! Exalted be He above their false gods!
30:41 Corruption has become rife on land and sea in consequence of mankind's misdeeds. [He has ordained it thus] so that they may taste the fruit of their own works and mend their ways.
30:42 Say: 'Roam the earth and see what was the end of those who came before you. Most of them worshipped false gods.'
30:43 Therefore stand firm in your devotion to the true Faith before that day arrives which none may put off against the will of God. On that day mankind will be parted in two.
30:44 The unbelievers will answer for their unbelief, while the righteous will make ready for their blissful home:
30:45 for then He will of His bounty recompense those who have embraced the Faith and done good works. He does not love the unbelievers.
30:46 By another sign He sends the winds as bearers of good tidings, so that you may rejoice in His mercy and your ships may sail at His bidding; so that you may seek His bounty and render thanks.
30:47 We sent before you apostles to their peoples, and they showed them veritable signs. We took vengeance on the guilty, and rightly succoured the true believers.
30:48 It is God who drives the winds that stir the clouds. He spreads them as He will in the heavens and breaks them up, so that you can see the rain falling from their midst. When He sends it down upon those of His servants whom he chooses they are filled with joy,
30:49 though before its coming they may have lost all hope.
30:50 Behold then the tokens of God's mercy; how He resurrects the earth after its death. It is He who will resurrect the dead. He has power over all things.
30:51 Yet if We let loose on them a searing wind they would return to unbelief.
30:52 You cannot make the dead hear you, nor can you make the deaf hear your call if they turn their backs and pay no heed;
30:53 nor can you guide the blind out of their error. None shall give ear to you save those who believe in Our revelations, and are submissive to Our will.
30:54 God creates you weak: after weakness He gives you strength, and after strength infirmity and grey hairs. He creates whatever He will. He is the All–knowing, the Almighty.
30:55 On the day the Hour strikes, the wrongdoers will swear that they had lingered but one hour. Thus are they ever deceived.
30:56 But those to whom knowledge and faith have been given will say: 'You lingered there, as God ordained, till the Day of Resurrection. This is the Day of Resurrection: yet you did not know it.'
30:57 On that day their pleas shall not avail the wrongdoers, nor shall they be asked to make amends.
30:58 In this Koran we have set forth for men all manner of arguments. Yet if you recite to them a single verse, the unbelievers will surely say: 'You preach nothing but falsehoods.'
30:59 Thus God seals the hearts of ignorant men.
30:60 30:60 Therefore have patience. God's promise is true. Let not those who disbelieve drive you to despair.


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