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ar-Rum (The Romans, The Byzantines)
as rendered by [Al-Muntakhab]

[Al-Muntakhab] rendition of Surah The Romans, The Byzantines(ar-Rum)
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30:1 A. (Alef), L. (lam), M. (Meem) the Surah open with these introductory letters from the Arabic Alphabet to draw attention to the miracle of the Quran which though written in the people's tongue, cannot be emulated.
30:2 3, 4, 5, The Romans -Christians- have been defeated (by the Persians) - Atheists-, in the land near by - (the near end of the Roman Empire, Syria). but the tide of battle shall turn and following their defeat shall victory and fortune sit on their helm, in some few years from hence. to Allah alone. The Ultimate Authority, are committed and submitted all matters and all affairs for consideration, decision and execution in the beginning and the end, past, present and time to come; there and then shall the Muslims rejoice beyond a common joy for the victory of the Romans. Allah gives mastery and triumph to whom. He will and He is AL-Aziz and AL-Rahim (the Almighty and the Merciful). Tide of battle
30:3 3, 4, 5, The Romans -Christians- have been defeated (by the Persians) - Atheists-, in the land near by - (the near end of the Roman Empire, Syria). but the tide of battle shall turn and following their defeat shall victory and fortune sit on their helm, in some few years from hence. to Allah alone. The Ultimate Authority, are committed and submitted all matters and all affairs for consideration, decision and execution in the beginning and the end, past, present and time to come; there and then shall the Muslims rejoice beyond a common joy for the victory of the Romans. Allah gives mastery and triumph to whom. He will and He is AL-Aziz and AL-Rahim (the Almighty and the Merciful). Tide of battle
30:4 3, 4, 5, The Romans -Christians- have been defeated (by the Persians) - Atheists-, in the land near by - (the near end of the Roman Empire, Syria). but the tide of battle shall turn and following their defeat shall victory and fortune sit on their helm, in some few years from hence. to Allah alone. The Ultimate Authority, are committed and submitted all matters and all affairs for consideration, decision and execution in the beginning and the end, past, present and time to come; there and then shall the Muslims rejoice beyond a common joy for the victory of the Romans. Allah gives mastery and triumph to whom. He will and He is AL-Aziz and AL-Rahim (the Almighty and the Merciful). Tide of battle
30:5 3, 4, 5, The Romans -Christians- have been defeated (by the Persians) - Atheists-, in the land near by - (the near end of the Roman Empire, Syria). but the tide of battle shall turn and following their defeat shall victory and fortune sit on their helm, in some few years from hence. to Allah alone. The Ultimate Authority, are committed and submitted all matters and all affairs for consideration, decision and execution in the beginning and the end, past, present and time to come; there and then shall the Muslims rejoice beyond a common joy for the victory of the Romans. Allah gives mastery and triumph to whom. He will and He is AL-Aziz and AL-Rahim (the Almighty and the Merciful).
30:6 Such is the promise of Allah Who never breaks His promise but most people fail to realize this fact.
30:7 They -people- only look at things in life with respect to the aspect presenting itself to a slight or casual mental view and they are deceived by the smiling surface of the deep. They fail to take into account what the deep end affecting them profoundly is like. They are allured by the mundane, and oblivious of the Hereafter.
30:8 Do they -people- not weigh matters mentally and think deeply that Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them but in truth and for just ends for a predetermined point of time, notwithstanding that many among the people deny the assemblage before Allah, not to mention the Day of Judgement.
30:9 Have they -the Meccans- not journeyed through the land and looked with their minds' eyes to see what was the end of those who preceded them, who wore far mightier and their diligence never wearied! They broke up the earth and turned over the soil and populated and peopled the land far more than these people have done! Their Messengers presented them with convincing divine signs and revelations -but they closed their, minds' eyes and counselled deaf-. Therefore it was not Allah Who would wrong them but it was they who wronged themselves.
30:10 Then there came the evil end of those who perpetuated mischief and discord, moral depravity and the antithesis of good. They denied Allah's evident signs and His divine revelations and they mocked them and laughed them to scorn.
30:11 Allah starts creation and reproduces it. He creates and recreates* and to Him shall all of you be sent back.
30:12 And on the Day the Final Hour has come, the wicked shall despair of making an earnest supplication begging and imploring Allah's forgiveness.
30:13 And none of their predominant partners can present himself or itself to intercede on their behalf nor interpose a veto upon Allah's decision. On the contrary, they -the guilty- shall themselves deny, curse and condemn those partners.
30:14 So that the Day the Final Hour comes to pass shall all of them be segregated.
30:15 Then those who conformed to Allah's system of faith and worship and imprinted their deeds with wisdom and piety shall be rejoicing beyond a common joy in the bliss and the beatitude of heaven's realm.
30:16 But as for those who denied Allah and/or His system of faith and worship and dismissed the idea of assembling before Him Hereafter, they shall have much to answer for. They shall be overtaken by the torment laid upon the damned.
30:17 Therefore, praise Allah and extoll His glorious attributes at the close of the day and when you rise in the morning.
30:18 And to Him is addressed the grateful acknowledgement of benefits and favours in the heavens and on earth and when darkness prevails and when the day has climbed its peak of highest noon.
30:19 He causes the living to issue Jorth from the dead and He causes the dead to fall from the living and He revives the earth after it has suffered death; similarly shall you be resurrected.
30:20 And among His visible signs and His marvels displaying Omnipotence and Authority is that He brought you to being from dust by special creation and you evolved as human beings spreading throughout the earth in various directions.
30:21 And among His marvels is that by a special creation did He evolve from you and of your own kind mates to form the complement to you as your counterparts in whom you seek consolation and find comfort, and between you both He implanted affection and mercy. These are tokens emblematic indeed of Allah's Omnipotence and Authority that are observed by people who ponder.
30:22 And among his marvels is the creation* of the heavens and the earth* and the variation in your tongues when you express your thoughts in words and in your colour -the skin, the eyes and the hair-, marvels symbolizing Allah's Omnipotence and Authority, apprehended by those who know the facts
30:23 And among His marvels is the phenomenon of sleep* or the unconscious state, the condition regularly and naturally assumed by man and other created beings during the night and during the day to recuperate power and ability to accomplish objects which are sought after of His bounty; signs so significant as to impress those who open their hearts' ears.
30:24 And among His marvels is that He exhibits to view lightening or the electrical discharges between groups of clouds and between the clouds and the ground -mountains- which actuate you with the feeling of fear -might bring you suffering, strike you dead or engender a cyclonic storm and with the feeling of hope- of rainfalls to revive the land which has been pined with drought- And from the floor of the vault of heaven He sends water reviving the earth after it had suffered death. All precepts concerning Allah's Omnipotence and Authority are in effect comprehended in these signs by those who exercise sound judgment and have the ability to perceive and adopt the best means for accomplishing an end and who are characterized by good sense and prudence.
30:25 And among His marvels is the stability of the heavens and the earth and the precision* with which they perform at Allah's command (moons regions, spheres, celestial bodies galaxies and realms of space describing their orbits, each in its own path suspended in the immense expanse by the invisible force which you cannot see) This is besides the fact that when He summons you -people- to appear before Him for Judgement you emerge from the graves in response to His command.
30:26 And to Allah belong all created beings* in the heavens and on earth, each and all being obedient and submissive to His will.
30:27 And it is He Who begins creation and reproduce it and creates and recreates, a process that is indeed quite easy for Him to do -all it takes is "Be" and it is- Idealism, subjective and objective is exclusively an attribute of His, for nothing is like unto Him in the heavens and on earth, and He is the AL-Aziz and AL-Hakim (the Source of wisdom and wise mysterious dispensations.)
30:28 Do you -people- have part- owners among those you have on hand, be they captives or reduced to a servile state who go shares with you in what We bestowed on you of affluence and stand with you on equal terms and you fear them as you fear yourselves - for injustice and temptation for ill-gotten gain! Then how could you relate to Allah partners of His created beings?. Thus do We expound Our revelations distinctly expressing all that they meant leaving nothing merely implied to those who exercise sound judgment and have the ability to perceive and adopt the best means for accomplishing an end.
30:29 In effect the wrongful of actions have carried to excess their evil line of conduct by following their own wishes and by acting upon their own desires, a disposition reflecting ignorance and want of knowledge. Therefore, who can guide those whom Allah has justly destined to deviate from sense and miss the path of righteousness and who can afford them help!
30:30 And so set your heart and thoughts O Muhammad upon the Faith and rest your eyes upon Allah with sincere feeling and actions and with firmness in fidelity and allegiance and in the fulfillment of all duties owed to Him. This is the natural instinct and the innate propensity Allah has implanted in mankind and no change ever shall there be nor should there be. This right and commendable religion is the only system of faith and worship that leads directly to Allah, but most people fail to realize this fact.
30:31 Turn to Allah and have recourse to Him for guidance and entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Him and engage in the act of worship and never be among those who incorporate with Him other deities,
30:32 who divided their same religion -Polytheism- into various denominations, each forming a bigoted adherence of a sect and each holding certain views and rejoicing at its distinctive name and its own place of worship (some worship the Jinn, others the angels, others the priests, the rabbins, stones and trees, stars, planets, fire, day, night and kings).
30:33 And when people are touched or befallen with a misfortune or wedded to a calamity they invoke Allah, their Creator, turning to Him exclusively and when He extends to them His mercy and delivers them from what was burdensome and exhaustive to the mind, some of them incorporate with Him other deities
30:34 They sink under the vexations of their minds and deny all that We have given them. You may enjoy yourselves, you people, it shall not be for long, then shall you come to know the sad truth.
30:35 Or did We send down to them an authorization or someone with delegated authority to enforce polytheism and defend their course of action for incorporating with Allah other deities!
30:36 And should We extend to people Our mercy and make them taste benediction they rejoice beyond a common joy and if they happen to meet with a misfortune as a result of what their wrongful and unclean hands have committed they nurse despair.
30:37 Do they -the infidels- not see that Allah gives livelihood generously and confers support gratuitously on whom He will and He also gives with restraint and by measure to whom He will. These divine actions are the best interpreters of Allah's Omnipotence and Authority that are apprehended by the senses of those whose hearts have been touched with the divine hand.
30:38 Therefore, give your kindred what is benevolently due and be glad to do your benevolence to the needy and to the wayfarer specially the one who journeys on foot -due to lack or want of means-. This is better and advantageous indeed for those who wish to fulfill their obligation to Allah and to satisfy their conscience and their hearts.
30:39 And whatever you invest of money expecting interest or profit by way of usury to appropriate people's property wrongfully to yourselves is an ill- gotten gain which shall never yield an increment with Allah nor shall it ever grow with Him, like benevolence does and excessively. Whereas what you invest in charity or benevolence as an obligation to Allah and to satisfy your conscience shall Allah increase immeasurably and such persons are those to whom what is saved with Allah shall be redoubled to their credit.
30:40 Allah is He Who brought you to being and caused you to exist and provisioned you with livelihood. He then deprives you of animate existence and at a predetermined point of time He shall resurrect you. Is there any among your predominant partners who is able to do that! Glory be to Him and extolled are His glorious attributes, He is infinitely beyond those you incorporate with Him.
30:41 Evil is wrought by want of thought; there has come about the age of mischief and discord on land and at sea as a result of what the peoples' wrongful and unclean hands have committed. Allah shall make them taste and suffer the consequence that they might hopefully turn to Him in repentance.
30:42 Say to them: "Journey through the land and use your minds' eyes to see what was the end of those who came to this world before you; most of them were polytheists who incorporated with Allah other deities.
30:43 And set your face and your thoughts O Muhammad upon Allah and set your eyes and your heart sincerely upon His system of faith and worship, the right, the correct and the true religious system that is in accordance with what is authoritatively established. Be a firm adherent thereto, before the inevitable Day which no one can avert nor will it be revoked by Allah. This shall be the Day when they -these people and all people- shall be separated from each other and divided into aggregates of like persons.
30:44 And he who denies Allah's system of faith and worship or incorporates with Him other deities shall find that the consequence of his infidelity rebounds back on him. And those who imprint their deeds with wisdom and piety, simply pave the way for a blissful abode in the beatitude of heaven, Allah willing,
30:45 For He rewards those whose hearts reflect the image of religious and spiritual virtues and their deeds wisdom and piety, in contrast to the infidels whom He simply detests.
30:46 And among His marvels is that He sends forth the winds as a forerunner heralding a joyful event -rain and the propulsion by its action upon the sails- And the ships move on the surface of the water by His invisible acting force which produces their buoyancy and their motion, to accomplish your objects sought after of His bounty to the end that your bosoms may hopefully surge forth and answer thanks.
30:47 And before you. O Muhammad We sent Messengers conveying Our divine message to their people. They presented them with clear and plain revelations guiding out of darkness and superstitions of later times and out of want of spiritual and intellectual sight into illumination and enlightenment -but they counselled deaf and closed their hearts' ears-. And by consequence We avenged our right by inflicting retributive punishment upon those who were steeped in crime. At the same time it was incumbent on Us to save and deliver to safety those whose hearts reflected the image of religious and spiritual virtues.
30:48 It is Allah Who sends the winds -carrying water vapour extracted* chiefly from the water mass on the surface of the earth- to raise clouds He spreads in the floor of the vault of heaven as He wills. Then He makes a cumulus or rounded masses heaped upon each other like towers or mountains where you see the rain drops issuing from within; And when He makes it light upon whom He wills of His servants they rejoice beyond a common joy,
30:49 Albeit before it rained they had lost hope and nursed despair.
30:50 Therefore, look with your minds' eyes into the effect of Allah's mercy when extended to the people how He revives the land after it had suffered death! And it is He who shall bring the dead back to life, for He is indeed Qadirun (Omnipotent) over all things.
30:51 And should We send a wind drying up moisture and depriving plants and fruits of their natural colour making it turn yellow, they would be actuated with the feeling of ingratitude and ungratefulness and turn renegades
30:52 And so, you just shall not be able O Muhammad to make your voice reach the spiritually dead nor shall you be able to make it reach the worthless who counsel deaf and do not open their hearts' ears when they turn their backs.
30:53 Nor shall you be able to guide those who lack intellectual or spiritual perception and their minds' eyes are blind nor can you extricate them or disengage out of the entangled wood of error. You will be audible only to those who acknowledge Our signs and Our divine revelations betokening Omnipotence and Authority and they have conformed to Islam.
30:54 Allah is He Who created you and delivered you over to this world in a stage of utter weakness then from weakness to strength He evolved you, then He reversed the stage of strength to a stage of weakness and gray hair. He creates and evolves what He will and He is AL-Alim (the Omniscient), AL-Qadir (the Omnipotent).
30:55 And the Day when the Final Hour has come to pass, the wicked steeped in crime shall swear they only reposed for an hour. And just as they shall make the wrong estimate of time, similarly they will have done in life, they wrongly estimate the truth and they favour declination from religion.
30:56 But those to whose minds was imparted divine and spiritual knowledge and in whose bosoms was implanted faith as a conviction operative on their character and will, shall express the true estimate of time, thus: "But," they say to the infidels, "you were reposed in the grave as is registered in the archetypal Book of Allah till the Day of Resurrection and this is it, the promised Day which you did not realize was the truth personified "
30:57 There and then no excuse shall be accepted from the wrongful of actions nor shall they be reproved nor be graced now by repentance.
30:58 We have quoted in this Quran examples of typical instances that form particular cases of principle, rule and state of things, examples illustrating qualities and signal instances of punishment, action or conduct inducing imitation, examples discoursed in parables of persons whose fate serves as a deterrent., Yet if you should present them with divine signs emblematic of Allah's Omnipotence and Authority, the infidels label them fictitious, worthless and vain.
30:59 Thus does Allah imprint an objectionable disposition on the hearts of those who do not realize the object of thought nor do they bring it vividly and clearly before their minds.
30:60 Therefore, be patient O Muhammad and be unwearied in the face of difficulties and hindrances, and quietly await the course of events; the promise of Allah is the truth personified. Let not their disdainful attitude and their unsettled allegiance and belief influence your firm mind and your firm thoughts nor should you let them disturb or discompose your peace of mind.


   


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