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Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic

Fa-Ta-Ya



to be young, full-grown, brave, generous, manly qualities, bold, courageous, fine fellow, gallant, young comrade, young slave, servant.


afta

to advise, give an opinion/instruction, decision, judgement or decision in a matter of law, give a formal legal decree, announce of inform a legal order, issue a (divine) decree or sacred law, explain the meaning, pronounce, furnish explanation.


fata

n.m. (pl. fityan)

12:30
وَقَالَ نِسْوَة ٌ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ امْرَأَتُ الْعَزِيزِ تُرَاوِدُ فَتَاهَا عَنْ نَفْسِه ِِ قَدْ شَغَفَهَا حُبّا ً إِنَّا لَنَرَاهَا فِي ضَلاَل ٍ مُبِين ٍ
Wa Qāla Niswatun Fī Al-Madīnati Amra'atu Al-`Azīzi Turāwidu Fatāhā `An Nafsihi Qad Shaghafahā Ĥubbāan 'Innā Lanarāhā Fī Đalālin Mubīnin

And some women in the city said: "The wife of the governor is trying to seduce her young man from himself; she is taken by love. We see her clearly misguided."

12:36
وَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ السِّجْنَ فَتَيَانِ قَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا إِنِّي أَرَانِي أَعْصِرُ خَمْرا ً وَقَالَ الآخَرُ إِنِّي أَرَانِي أَحْمِلُ فَوْقَ رَأْسِي خُبْزا ً تَأْكُلُ الطَّيْرُ مِنْهُ نَبِّئْنَا بِتَأْوِيلِهِ~ِ إِنَّا نَرَاكَ مِنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
Wa Dakhala Ma`ahu As-Sijna Fatayāni Qāla 'Aĥaduhumā 'Innī 'Arānī 'A`şiru Khamrāan Wa Qāla Al-'Ākharu 'Innī 'Arānī 'Aĥmilu Fawqa Ra'sī Khubzāan Ta'kulu Aţ-Ţayru Minhu Nabbi'nā Bita'wīlihi 'Innā Narāka Mina Al-Muĥsinīna

And with him in the prison entered two young men. One of them said: "I dreamt that I was pressing wine," and the other said: "I dreamt that I was carrying bread on top of my head, and that the birds were eating from it." "Tell us its interpretation, for we see that you are of the good doers."

12:62
وَقَالَ لِفِتْيَانِهِ اجْعَلُوا بِضَاعَتَهُمْ فِي رِحَالِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَعْرِفُونَهَا إِذَا انقَلَبُوا إِلَى أَهْلِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ
Wa Qāla Lifityānihi Aj`alū BiĐā`atahum Fī Riĥālihim La`allahum Ya`rifūnahā 'Idhā Anqalabū 'Ilá 'Ahlihim La`allahum Yarji`ūna

And he said to his servants: "Return their goods into their saddlebags, so that they may recognize it when they return to their family so that they may come back."

18:10
إِذْ أَوَى الْفِتْيَةُ إِلَى الْكَهْفِ فَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا آتِنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَة ً وَهَيِّئْ لَنَا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا رَشَدا ً
'Idh 'Awá Al-Fityatu 'Ilá Al-Kahfi Faqālū Rabbanā 'Ātinā Min Ladunka Raĥmatan Wa Hayyi' Lanā Min 'Amrinā Rashadāan

When the youths hid in the cave, and they said: "Our Lord, bring us a mercy from Yourself, and help us in our affair!"

18:13
نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ نَبَأَهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ إِنَّهُمْ فِتْيَة ٌ آمَنُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ وَزِدْنَاهُمْ هُدى ً
Naĥnu Naquşşu `Alayka Naba'ahum Bil-Ĥaqqi 'Innahum Fityatun 'Āmanū Birabbihim Wa Zidnāhum Hudáan

We tell to you their news with the truth. They were youths who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance.

18:60
وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ لاَ أَبْرَحُ حَتَّى أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِيَ حُقُبا ً
Wa 'Idh Qāla Mūsá Lifatāhu Lā 'Abraĥu Ĥattá 'Ablugha Majma`a Al-Baĥrayni 'Aw 'AmĐiya Ĥuqubāan

And Moses said to his youth: "I will not stop until I reach the junction of the two seas, or I spend a lifetime trying."

18:62
فَلَمَّا جَاوَزَا قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبا ً
Falammā Jāwazā Qāla Lifatāhu 'Ātinā Ghadā'anā Laqad Laqīnā Min Safarinā Hādhā Naşabāan

And when they passed further on, he said to his youth: "Bring us our lunch; we have found much fatigue in this journey of ours."

21:60
قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا فَتى ً يَذْكُرُهُمْ يُقَالُ لَهُ~ُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ
Qālū Sami`nā Fatáan Yadhkuruhum Yuqālu Lahu 'Ibrāhīmu

They said: "We heard a young man mentioning them. He was called Abraham."



fatayat

n.f. (pl. of fatat)

4:25
وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ مِنْكُمْ طَوْلاً أَنْ يَنكِحَ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ فَمِنْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ مِنْ فَتَيَاتِكُمُ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِإِيمَانِكُمْ بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْض ٍ فَانكِحُوهُنَّ بِإِذْنِ أَهْلِهِنَّ وَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ مُحْصَنَاتٍ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحَات ٍ وَلاَ مُتَّخِذَاتِ أَخْدَان ٍ فَإِذَا أُحْصِنَّ فَإِنْ أَتَيْنَ بِفَاحِشَة ٍ فَعَلَيْهِنَّ نِصْفُ مَا عَلَى الْمُحْصَنَاتِ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ الْعَنَتَ مِنْكُمْ وَأَنْ تَصْبِرُوا خَيْر ٌ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ
Wa Man Lam Yastaţi` Minkum Ţawlāan 'An Yankiĥa Al-Muĥşanāti Al-Mu'umināti Famin Mā Malakat 'Aymānukum Min Fatayātikumu Al-Mu'umināti Wa Allāhu 'A`lamu Bi'īmānikum Ba`Đukum Min Ba`Đin Fānkiĥūhunna Bi'idhni 'Ahlihinna Wa 'Ātūhunna 'Ujūrahunna Bil-Ma`rūfi Muĥşanātin Ghayra Musāfiĥātin Wa Lā Muttakhidhāti 'Akhdānin Fa'idhā 'Uĥşinna Fa'in 'Atayna Bifāĥishatin Fa`alayhinna Nişfu Mā `Alá Al-Muĥşanāti Mina Al-`Adhābi Dhālika Liman Khashiya Al-`Anata Minkum Wa 'An Taşbirū Khayrun Lakum Wa Allāhu Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

And whoever of you cannot afford to marry the independent female believers, then from those maintained by your oaths of the believing young women. And God is more aware of your faith, some of you to each other. You shall marry them with the permission of their parents and give them their dowries in kindness; to be independent, not for illicit sex or taking lovers. When they become independent, then any of them who come with lewdness shall have half of what is the punishment for those independent. This is for those who are concerned about deviating from among you. But if you are patient it is better for you, and God is Forgiver, Merciful.

24:33
وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحاً حَتَّى يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِه ِِ وَالَّذِينَ يَبْتَغُونَ الْكِتَابَ مِمَّا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ فَكَاتِبُوهُمْ إِنْ عَلِمْتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْرا ً وَآتُوهُمْ مِنْ مَالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي آتَاكُمْ وَلاَ تُكْرِهُوا فَتَيَاتِكُمْ عَلَى الْبِغَاءِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَ تَحَصُّنا ً لِتَبْتَغُوا عَرَضَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَمَنْ يُكْرِهُّنَّ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مِنْ بَعْدِ إِكْرَاهِهِنَّ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ
Wa Līasta`fifi Al-Ladhīna Lā Yajidūna Nikāĥāan Ĥattá Yughniyahumu Allāhu Min FaĐlihi Wa Al-Ladhīna Yabtaghūna Al-Kitāba Mimmā Malakat 'Aymānukum Fakātibūhum 'In `Alimtum Fīhim Khayrāan Wa 'Ātūhum Min Māli Allāhi Al-Ladhī 'Ātākum Wa Lā Tukrihū Fatayātikum `Alá Al-Bighā'i 'In 'Aradna Taĥaşşunāan Litabtaghū `AraĐa Al-Ĥayāati Ad-Dunyā Wa Man Yukrihhunna Fa'inna Allāha Min Ba`di 'Ikrāhihinna Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

And let those who are not able to marry continue to be chaste until God enriches them of His Bounty. And if those who are maintained by your oaths seek to consummate the marriage, then document it with them if you find that they are ready, and give them from the wealth of God which He has bestowed upon you. And do not force your young women to need if they have desired to be independent, in order that you may make a gain in the goods of this worldly life. And if anyone has compelled them, then for their compulsion, God is Forgiving, Merciful.



afta

vb. (4) impf. act.

4:127
وَيَسْتَفْتُونَكَ فِي النِسَاء قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِيهِنَّ وَمَا يُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ فِي يَتَامَى النِسَاء اللاَّتِي لاَ تُؤْتُونَهُنَّ مَا كُتِبَ لَهُنَّ وَتَرْغَبُونَ أَنْ تَنكِحُوهُنَّ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الْوِلْدَانِ وَأَنْ تَقُومُوا لِلْيَتَامَى بِالْقِسْطِ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْر ٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِه ِِ عَلِيما ً
Wa Yastaftūnaka Fī An-Nisā' Quli Allāhu Yuftīkum Fīhinna Wa Mā Yutlá `Alaykum Fī Al-Kitābi Fī Yatāmá An-Nisā' Al-Lātī Lā Tu'utūnahunna Mā Kutiba Lahunna Wa Targhabūna 'An Tankiĥūhunna Wa Al-MustaĐ`afīna Mina Al-Wildāni Wa 'An Taqūmū Lilyatāmá Bil-Qisţi Wa Mā Taf`alū Min Khayrin Fa'inna Allāha Kāna Bihi `Alīmāan

And they seek a ruling regarding the women, say: "God will give you a ruling regarding them and what is being recited to you in the Book regarding the orphans' mothers whom you wish to marry but have not given them what was decreed for them, and the oppressed from the children: That you stand for the orphans in equality." Whatever good you do, then God is aware of it.

4:176
يَسْتَفْتُونَكَ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِي الْكَلاَلَةِ إِنِ امْرُؤٌ هَلَكَ لَيْسَ لَه ُُ وَلَد ٌ وَلَهُ~ُ أُخْت ٌ فَلَهَا نِصْفُ مَا تَرَكَ وَهُوَ يَرِثُهَا إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا وَلَد ٌ فَإِنْ كَانَتَا اثْنَتَيْنِ فَلَهُمَا الثُّلُثَانِ مِمَّا تَرَكَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا إِخْوَة ً رِجَالا ً وَنِسَاء ً فَلِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأُنثَيَيْنِ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَضِلُّوا وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيم ٌ
Yastaftūnaka Quli Allāhu Yuftīkum Fī Al-Kalālati 'Ini Amru'uun Halaka Laysa Lahu Waladun Wa Lahu 'Ukhtun Falahā Nişfu Mā Taraka Wa Huwa Yarithuhā 'In Lam Yakun Lahā Waladun Fa'in Kānatā Athnatayni Falahumā Ath-Thuluthāni Mimmā Taraka Wa 'In Kānū 'Ikhwatan Rijālāan Wa Nisā'an Falildhdhakari Mithlu Ĥažži Al-'Unthayayni Yubayyinu Allāhu Lakum 'An TaĐillū Wa Allāhu Bikulli Shay'in `Alīmun

They seek a ruling from you, say: "God gives you the ruling for those who have no descendants. If a person passes away and has no children but has a sister, then she shall receive half of what he leaves behind. And he will inherit from her if she has no child. However, if he has two sisters, then they will receive two thirds of what he left behind; and if he has siblings, men and women, then the male shall receive twice what the female receives." God makes clear to you that you do not stray; God is aware of all things.



impv.

12:43
وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ إِنِّي أَرَى سَبْعَ بَقَرَات ٍ سِمَان ٍ يَأْكُلُهُنَّ سَبْعٌ عِجَاف ٌ وَسَبْعَ سُنْبُلاَتٍ خُضْر ٍ وَأُخَرَ يَابِسَات ٍ يَاأَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ أَفْتُونِي فِي رُؤْيَايَ إِنْ كُنتُمْ لِلرُّؤْيَا تَعْبُرُونَ
Wa Qāla Al-Maliku 'Innī 'Ará Sab`a Baqarātin Simānin Ya'kuluhunna Sab`un `Ijāfun Wa Sab`a Sunbulātin KhuĐrin Wa 'Ukhara Yā Bisātin Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Mala'u 'Aftūnī Fī Ru'uyā Ya 'In Kuntum Lilrru'uyā Ta`burūna

And the king said: "I continue to dream of seven fat cows being eaten by seven thin ones, and seven green pods and others which are dry. O you commanders, tell me what my vision means if you are able to interpret the visions."

12:46
يُوسُفُ أَيُّهَا الصِّدِّيقُ أَفْتِنَا فِي سَبْعِ بَقَرَات ٍ سِمَان ٍ يَأْكُلُهُنَّ سَبْعٌ عِجَاف ٌ وَسَبْعِ سُنْبُلاَتٍ خُضْر ٍ وَأُخَرَ يَابِسَات ٍ لَعَلِّي أَرْجِعُ إِلَى النَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
Yūsufu 'Ayyuhā Aş-Şiddīqu 'Aftinā Fī Sab`i Baqarātin Simānin Ya'kuluhunna Sab`un `Ijāfun Wa Sab`i Sunbulātin KhuĐrin Wa 'Ukhara Yā Bisātin La`allī 'Arji`u 'Ilá An-Nāsi La`allahum Ya`lamūna

"Joseph, O man of truth, explain to us the matter regarding seven fat cows being eaten by seven thin ones, and seven green pods and others which are dry? Then perhaps I may go back to the people so they will know."

27:32
قَالَتْ يَاأَيُّهَا المَلَأُ أَفْتُونِي فِي أَمْرِي مَا كُنتُ قَاطِعَةً أَمْراً حَتَّى تَشْهَدُونِ
Qālat Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Mala'u 'Aftūnī Fī 'Amrī Mā Kuntu Qāţi`atan 'Amrāan Ĥattá Tash/hadūni

She said: "O commanders, advise me in this matter of mine, for I will not take a decision until you give testimony."



istafta

vb. (10) impf. act.

4:127
وَيَسْتَفْتُونَكَ فِي النِسَاء قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِيهِنَّ وَمَا يُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ فِي يَتَامَى النِسَاء اللاَّتِي لاَ تُؤْتُونَهُنَّ مَا كُتِبَ لَهُنَّ وَتَرْغَبُونَ أَنْ تَنكِحُوهُنَّ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الْوِلْدَانِ وَأَنْ تَقُومُوا لِلْيَتَامَى بِالْقِسْطِ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْر ٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِه ِِ عَلِيما ً
Wa Yastaftūnaka Fī An-Nisā' Quli Allāhu Yuftīkum Fīhinna Wa Mā Yutlá `Alaykum Fī Al-Kitābi Fī Yatāmá An-Nisā' Al-Lātī Lā Tu'utūnahunna Mā Kutiba Lahunna Wa Targhabūna 'An Tankiĥūhunna Wa Al-MustaĐ`afīna Mina Al-Wildāni Wa 'An Taqūmū Lilyatāmá Bil-Qisţi Wa Mā Taf`alū Min Khayrin Fa'inna Allāha Kāna Bihi `Alīmāan

And they seek a ruling regarding the women, say: "God will give you a ruling regarding them and what is being recited to you in the Book regarding the orphans' mothers whom you wish to marry but have not given them what was decreed for them, and the oppressed from the children: That you stand for the orphans in equality." Whatever good you do, then God is aware of it.

4:176
يَسْتَفْتُونَكَ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِي الْكَلاَلَةِ إِنِ امْرُؤٌ هَلَكَ لَيْسَ لَه ُُ وَلَد ٌ وَلَهُ~ُ أُخْت ٌ فَلَهَا نِصْفُ مَا تَرَكَ وَهُوَ يَرِثُهَا إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا وَلَد ٌ فَإِنْ كَانَتَا اثْنَتَيْنِ فَلَهُمَا الثُّلُثَانِ مِمَّا تَرَكَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا إِخْوَة ً رِجَالا ً وَنِسَاء ً فَلِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأُنثَيَيْنِ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَضِلُّوا وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيم ٌ
Yastaftūnaka Quli Allāhu Yuftīkum Fī Al-Kalālati 'Ini Amru'uun Halaka Laysa Lahu Waladun Wa Lahu 'Ukhtun Falahā Nişfu Mā Taraka Wa Huwa Yarithuhā 'In Lam Yakun Lahā Waladun Fa'in Kānatā Athnatayni Falahumā Ath-Thuluthāni Mimmā Taraka Wa 'In Kānū 'Ikhwatan Rijālāan Wa Nisā'an Falildhdhakari Mithlu Ĥažži Al-'Unthayayni Yubayyinu Allāhu Lakum 'An TaĐillū Wa Allāhu Bikulli Shay'in `Alīmun

They seek a ruling from you, say: "God gives you the ruling for those who have no descendants. If a person passes away and has no children but has a sister, then she shall receive half of what he leaves behind. And he will inherit from her if she has no child. However, if he has two sisters, then they will receive two thirds of what he left behind; and if he has siblings, men and women, then the male shall receive twice what the female receives." God makes clear to you that you do not stray; God is aware of all things.

12:41
يَا صَاحِبَيِ السِّجْنِ أَمَّا أَحَدُكُمَا فَيَسْقِي رَبَّه ُُ خَمْرا ً وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَيُصْلَبُ فَتَأْكُلُ الطَّيْرُ مِنْ رَأْسِه ِِ قُضِيَ الأَمْرُ الَّذِي فِيه ِِ تَسْتَفْتِيَانِ
Yā Şāĥibayi As-Sijni 'Ammā 'Aĥadukumā Fayasqī Rabbahu Khamrāan Wa 'Ammā Al-'Ākharu Fayuşlabu Fata'kulu Aţ-Ţayru Min Ra'sihi QuĐiya Al-'Amru Al-Ladhī Fīhi Tastaftiyāni

"My fellow inmates, one of you will be serving wine for his lord, while the other will be crucified so that the birds will eat from his head. The matter which you have sought is now concluded."

18:22
سَيَقُولُونَ ثَلاَثَة ٌ رَابِعُهُمْ كَلْبُهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ خَمْسَة ٌ سَادِسُهُمْ كَلْبُهُمْ رَجْما ً بِالْغَيْبِ وَيَقُولُونَ سَبْعَة ٌ وَثَامِنُهُمْ كَلْبُهُمْ قُلْ رَبِّي أَعْلَمُ بِعِدَّتِهِمْ مَا يَعْلَمُهُمْ إِلاَّ قَلِيل ٌ فَلاَ تُمَارِ فِيهِمْ إِلاَّ مِرَاء ً ظَاهِرا ً وَلاَ تَسْتَفْتِ فِيهِمْ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدا ً
Sayaqūlūna Thalāthatun Rābi`uhum Kalbuhum Wa Yaqūlūna Khamsatun Sādisuhum Kalbuhum Rajmāan Bil-Ghaybi Wa Yaqūlūna Sab`atun Wa Thāminuhum Kalbuhum Qul Rabbī 'A`lamu Bi`iddatihim Mā Ya`lamuhum 'Illā Qalīlun Falā Tumāri Fīhim 'Illā Mirā'an žāhirāan Wa Lā Tastafti Fīhim Minhum 'Aĥadāan

They will say: "Three, the fourth is their dog." And they say: "Five, the sixth is their dog," guessing at what they do not know. And they say: "Seven, and the eighth is their dog." Say: "My Lord is fully aware of their number, none know them except for a few." So do not argue regarding them except with proof, and do not seek information regarding them from anyone.



impv.

37:11
فَاسْتَفْتِهِمْ أَهُمْ أَشَدُّ خَلْقاً أَمْ مَنْ خَلَقْنَا إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُمْ مِنْ طِين ٍ لاَزِب ٍ
Fāstaftihim 'Ahum 'Ashaddu Khalqāan 'Am Man Khalaqnā 'Innā Khalaqnāhum Min Ţīnin Lāzibin

So ask them:Are they the more powerful creation, or the others We created? We have created them from a clay that is sticky.

37:149
فَاسْتَفْتِهِمْ أَلِرَبِّكَ الْبَنَاتُ وَلَهُمُ الْبَنُونَ
Fāstaftihim 'Alirabbika Al-Banātu Wa Lahumu Al-Banūna

So ask them:Are the daughters for your Lord, while the sons are for them?

Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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Acknowledgements:

IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org