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Go Back                                Abbreviations

Laleh Bakhtiar - Concordance of the Sublime Quran
Hans Wehr - Dictionary of Modern Arabic

Ayn-Ra-Fa


he knew it, had cognition of it, to discern, became acquainted with it, perceiving a thing by reflection and by consideration of the effect, he requited, to acknowledge a part, manager/orderer/overseer, become submissive/tractable/pleasant, the making to know, fragrant, to inform oneself, learn/discover, seek/desire knowledge, benefaction/goodness, mane (of a horse) waves (of the sea), elevated place/portion, higher/highest, first/foremost, a question or questioning respecting a subject of information in order to know it, commonly received/known, to confess/acknowledge/indicate, high mountain, Mount Arafat.
The difference between arafa & alima is that the former refers to distinct and specific knowledge, while the latter is more general. Opposite to arafa is ankara (to deny) and opposite ot alima is jahila (to be ignorant).
al araf - the elevated place, high dignity, distinguished position, place of discernment or acknowledgement, highest or most elevated faculties of discernment or ma'rifah (knowledge of right and wrong).
ma'ruf - honourable, known, recognised, good, befitting, fairness, kindness, custom of society, usage.
'arafaat (pl. of 'arafat, masculine 'araf, being a version of 'aarif, the active form of 'arafa and/or 'arfun, the informational noun of 'arafa) means 'familiarizations, approbations, recognitions.'



'
Arafa

(prf. 3rd. m. sing.)


He recognized, acknowledged.


'Arafuu

(prf. 3rd. m. plu.)


They recognized.


'Arafta

(prf. 2nd. m. sing.)


Thou knew.


Ta'rifu

(imp. 2nd. m. sing.)


Thou recognize.


Ya'rifuuna

(imp. 3rd. m. plu.)


They recognize.


Ya'rifuu

(imp. 3rd. m. plu. juss. Nun at the end dropped).


Ta'rifanna

(imp. 2nd. m. sing, imp.)


Thou should surely recognize.


Ta'rifuuna

(imp. 2nd. m. plu.)


You shall recognize.


Yu'rafu

(pip. 3rd. m. sing.)


He is recognized.


Yu'rafna

(pip. 3rd. f. plu.)


They (f) are/will be recognized.


'
Arrafa

(prf. 2nd. m. sing. II)


Made known.


Ta'aarafuu

(prf. 3rd. m. plu.)


You know each other, recognize each other, do good to each other.


Yata'aarafuuna

(imp. 3rd. m. plu.)


They will recognize one another.


I'tarafuu

(prf. 3rd. m. pl. vb. VIII)


they have confessed.


I'tarafnaa

(prf. 1st. m. pl.)


we have confessed.


mar'uufun

(pct. pic.)


known or recognized thing that which is good as an universally accepted fact, reputable, fairness, kindness, equity, according to usage, custom of the society, courteous, right.


ma'ruufatun

(pct. pic. f. sing.)


recognized.


'
urfun

(n.)


seemliness, good.


'
urfan

(n. acc.)


beneficence, goodness, kindness.


arafa

vb. (1) perf. act.


2:89
وَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ كِتَاب ٌ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّق ٌ لِمَا مَعَهُمْ وَكَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ مَا عَرَفُوا كَفَرُوا بِه ِِ فَلَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ
Wa Lammā Jā'ahum Kitābun Min `Indi Allāhi Muşaddiqun Limā Ma`ahum Wa Kānū Min Qablu Yastaftiĥūna `Alá Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Falammā Jā'ahum Mā `Arafū Kafarū Bihi Fala`natu Allāhi `Alá Al-Kāfirīna

And when a Book came to them from God, authenticating what is with them; while before that they were mocking those who rejected; so when what they knew came to them, they rejected it! The curse of God be upon the rejecters.

5:83
وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ تَرَى أَعْيُنَهُمْ تَفِيضُ مِنَ الدَّمْعِ مِمَّا عَرَفُوا مِنَ الْحَقِّ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا آمَنَّا فَاكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ
Wa 'Idhā Sami`ū Mā 'Unzila 'Ilá Ar-Rasūli Tará 'A`yunahum TafīĐu Mina Ad-Dam`i Mimmā `Arafū Mina Al-Ĥaqqi Yaqūlūna Rabbanā 'Āmannā Fāktubnā Ma`a Ash-Shāhidīna

And if they hear what was sent down to the messenger you see their eyes flooding with tears, for what they have known as the truth, they say: "Our Lord, we believe, so record us with the witnesses."

12:58
وَجَاءَ إِخْوَةُ يُوسُفَ فَدَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَعَرَفَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَه ُُ مُنكِرُونَ
Wa Jā'a 'Ikhwatu Yūsufa Fadakhalū `Alayhi Fa`arafahum Wa Hum Lahu Munkirūna

And the brothers of Joseph came and entered upon him, and he recognized them, but they did not recognize him.

47:30
وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَأَرَيْنَاكَهُمْ فَلَعَرَفْتَهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ وَلَتَعْرِفَنَّهُمْ فِي لَحْنِ الْقَوْلِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَعْمَالَكُمْ
Wa Law Nashā'u La'araynākahum Fala`araftahum Bisīmāhum Wa Lata`rifannahum Fī Laĥni Al-Qawli Wa Allāhu Ya`lamu 'A`mālakum

And if We wished, We would show them to you so you would recognize them by their looks. However, you can recognize them by their speech. And God is fully aware of your works.



impf. act.


2:146
الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَه ُُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقا ً مِنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
Al-Ladhīna 'Ātaynāhumu Al-Kitāba Ya`rifūnahu Kamā Ya`rifūna 'Abnā'ahum Wa 'Inna Farīqāan Minhum Layaktumūna Al-Ĥaqqa Wa Hum Ya`lamūna

Those to whom We have given the Book know it as they know their own children; and a group of them hides the truth while they know.

2:146
الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَه ُُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقا ً مِنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
Al-Ladhīna 'Ātaynāhumu Al-Kitāba Ya`rifūnahu Kamā Ya`rifūna 'Abnā'ahum Wa 'Inna Farīqāan Minhum Layaktumūna Al-Ĥaqqa Wa Hum Ya`lamūna

Those to whom We have given the Book know it as they know their own children; and a group of them hides the truth while they know.

2:273
لِلفُقَرَاءِ الَّذِينَ أُحْصِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لاَ يَسْتَطِيعُونَ ضَرْبا ً فِي الأَرْضِ يَحْسَبُهُمُ الْجَاهِلُ أَغْنِيَاءَ مِنَ التَّعَفُّفِ تَعْرِفُهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ لاَ يَسْأَلُونَ النَّاسَ إِلْحَافا ً وَمَا تُنفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْر ٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِه ِِ عَلِيم ٌ
Lilfuqarā'i Al-Ladhīna 'Uĥşirū Fī Sabīli Allāhi Lā Yastaţī`ūna Đarbāan Fī Al-'ArĐi Yaĥsabuhumu Al-Jāhilu 'Aghniyā'a Mina At-Ta`affufi Ta`rifuhum Bisīmāhum Lā Yas'alūna An-Nāsa 'Ilĥāfāan Wa Mā Tunfiqū Min Khayrin Fa'inna Allāha Bihi `Alīmun

For the poor who face hardship in the cause of God, they cannot go forth in the land; the ignorant ones think they are rich from their modesty; you know them by their features, they do not ask the people repeatedly. And what you spend out of goodness, God is fully aware of it.

6:20
الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَه ُُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمُ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ
Al-Ladhīna 'Ātaynāhumu Al-Kitāba Ya`rifūnahu Kamā Ya`rifūna 'Abnā'ahumu Al-Ladhīna Khasirū 'Anfusahum Fahum Lā Yu'uminūna

Those to whom We have given the Book know it as they know their children. Those who lost their souls, they do not believe.

6:20
الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَه ُُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمُ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ
Al-Ladhīna 'Ātaynāhumu Al-Kitāba Ya`rifūnahu Kamā Ya`rifūna 'Abnā'ahumu Al-Ladhīna Khasirū 'Anfusahum Fahum Lā Yu'uminūna

Those to whom We have given the Book know it as they know their children. Those who lost their souls, they do not believe.

7:46
وَبَيْنَهُمَا حِجَاب ٌ وَعَلَى الأَعرَافِ رِجَال ٌ يَعْرِفُونَ كُلاّ ً بِسِيمَاهُمْ وَنَادَوْا أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ أَنْ سَلاَمٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَمْ يَدْخُلُوهَا وَهُمْ يَطْمَعُونَ
Wa Baynahumā Ĥijābun Wa `Alá Al-'A`rāfi Rijālun Ya`rifūna Kullāan Bisīmāhum Wa Nādaw 'Aşĥāba Al-Jannati 'An Salāmun `Alaykum Lam Yadkhulūhā Wa Hum Yaţma`ūna

And between them is a barrier, and on the elevated platform are men who recognized others by their features. And they called out to the dwellers of the Paradise: "Peace be upon you!" They have not yet entered it, but they are hoping.

7:48
وَنَادَى أَصْحَابُ الأَعرَافِ رِجَالا ً يَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ قَالُوا مَا أَغْنَى عَنْكُمْ جَمْعُكُمْ وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَسْتَكْبِرُونَ
Wa Nādá 'Aşĥābu Al-'A`rāfi Rijālāan Ya`rifūnahum Bisīmāhum Qālū Mā 'Aghná `Ankum Jam`ukum Wa Mā Kuntum Tastakbirūna

And the people standing on the elevated platform called on men they recognized by their features, they said: "What good did your large number do for you, or what you were arrogant for?"

12:62
وَقَالَ لِفِتْيَانِهِ اجْعَلُوا بِضَاعَتَهُمْ فِي رِحَالِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَعْرِفُونَهَا إِذَا انقَلَبُوا إِلَى أَهْلِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ
Wa Qāla Lifityānihi Aj`alū BiĐā`atahum Fī Riĥālihim La`allahum Ya`rifūnahā 'Idhā Anqalabū 'Ilá 'Ahlihim La`allahum Yarji`ūna

And he said to his servants: "Return their goods into their saddlebags, so that they may recognize it when they return to their family so that they may come back."

16:83
يَعْرِفُونَ نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنكِرُونَهَا وَأَكْثَرُهُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ
Ya`rifūna Ni`mata Allāhi Thumma Yunkirūnahā Wa 'Aktharuhumu Al-Kāfirūna

They recognize the blessings of God, then they deny them. And most of them are rejecters.

22:72
وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَات ٍ تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الْمُنْكَرَ يَكَادُونَ يَسْطُونَ بِالَّذِينَ يَتْلُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِنَا قُلْ أَفَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِشَرّ ٍ مِنْ ذَلِكُمُ النَّارُ وَعَدَهَا اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ
Wa 'Idhā Tutlá `Alayhim 'Āyātunā Bayyinātin Ta`rifu Fī Wujūhi Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Al-Munkara Yakādūna Yasţūna Bial-Ladhīna Yatlūna `Alayhim 'Āyātinā Qul 'Afa'unabbi'ukum Bisharrin Min Dhalikumu An-Nāru Wa`adahā Allāhu Al-Ladhīna Kafarū Wa Bi'sa Al-Maşīru

And if Our clear revelations are recited to them, you see denial in the faces of those who have rejected. They are nearly close to attacking those who are reciting to them Our revelations! Say: "Shall I inform you of what is worse than this? The Fire, which God has promised to those who have rejected. What a miserable destiny!"

23:69
أَمْ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا رَسُولَهُمْ فَهُمْ لَه ُُ مُنكِرُونَ
'Am Lam Ya`rifū Rasūlahum Fahum Lahu Munkirūna

Or did they not know their messenger? For they are in denial of him.

27:93
وَقُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ سَيُرِيكُمْ آيَاتِه ِِ فَتَعْرِفُونَهَا وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ
Wa Quli Al-Ĥamdu Lillāhi Sayurīkum 'Āyātihi Fata`rifūnahā Wa Mā Rabbuka Bighāfilin `Ammā Ta`malūna

Say: "Praise be to God, He will show you His signs and you will know them. And your Lord is not unaware of what you do."

47:30
وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَأَرَيْنَاكَهُمْ فَلَعَرَفْتَهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ وَلَتَعْرِفَنَّهُمْ فِي لَحْنِ الْقَوْلِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَعْمَالَكُمْ
Wa Law Nashā'u La'araynākahum Fala`araftahum Bisīmāhum Wa Lata`rifannahum Fī Laĥni Al-Qawli Wa Allāhu Ya`lamu 'A`mālakum

And if We wished, We would show them to you so you would recognize them by their looks. However, you can recognize them by their speech. And God is fully aware of your works.

83:24
تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ نَضْرَةَ النَّعِيمِ
Ta`rifu Fī Wujūhihim NaĐrata An-Na`īmi

You will recognize in their faces the look of bliss.



impf. pass.


33:59
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلاَبِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلاَ يُؤْذَيْنَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورا ً رَحِيما ً
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu Qul Li'zwājika Wa Banātika Wa Nisā'i Al-Mu'uminīna Yudnīna `Alayhinna Min Jalābībihinna Dhālika 'Adná 'An Yu`rafna Falā Yu'udhayna Wa Kāna Allāhu Ghafūrāan Raĥīmāan

O prophet, tell your wives, your daughters, and the women of the believers that they should lengthen upon themselves their outer garments. That is better so that they will not be recognized and harmed.God is Forgiver, Merciful.

55:41
يُعْرَفُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ بِسِيمَاهُمْ فَيُؤْخَذُ بِالنَّوَاصِي وَالأَقْدَامِ
Yu`rafu Al-Mujrimūna Bisīmāhum Fayu'ukhadhu Bin-Nawāşī Wa Al-'Aqdāmi

The guilty will be recognized by their features; they will be taken by the forelocks and the feet.



pcple. pass.



2:178
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِصَاصُ فِي الْقَتْلَى الْحُرُّ بِالْحُرِّ وَالْعَبْدُ بِالْعَبْدِ وَالأُنثَى بِالأُنثَى فَمَنْ عُفِيَ لَه ُُ مِنْ أَخِيه ِِ شَيْء ٌ فَاتِّبَاع ٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَأَدَاء ٌ إِلَيْهِ بِإِحْسَان ٍ ذَلِكَ تَخْفِيف ٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَرَحْمَة ٌ فَمَنِ اعْتَدَى بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَلَه ُُ عَذَابٌ أَلِيم ٌ
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Kutiba `Alaykumu Al-Qişāşu Fī Al-Qatlá Al-Ĥurru Bil-Ĥurri Wa Al-`Abdu Bil-`Abdi Wa Al-'Unthá Bil-'Unthá Faman `Ufiya Lahu Min 'Akhīhi Shay'un Fa Attibā`un Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa 'Adā'un 'Ilayhi Bi'iĥsānin Dhālika Takhfīfun Min Rabbikum Wa Raĥmatun Famani A`tadá Ba`da Dhālika Falahu `Adhābun 'Alīmun

O you who believe, equivalence has been decreed for you in the case of those who are slain; the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. Whoever is forgiven anything by his brother, then it is to be followed with kindness and goodness towards him; that is an alleviation from your Lord, and a mercy. Whoever transgresses after that, he will have a painful retribution.

2:180
كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ إِنْ تَرَكَ خَيْرا ً الْوَصِيَّةُ لِلْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالأَقْرَبِينَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقّاً عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ
Kutiba `Alaykum 'Idhā ĤaĐara 'Aĥadakumu Al-Mawtu 'In Taraka Khayrāan Al-Waşīyatu Lilwālidayni Wa Al-'Aqrabīna Bil-Ma`rūfi Ĥaqqāan `Alá Al-Muttaqīna

It is decreed for you that if death should come to any of you, that it is best if he leaves a will for his family and relatives out of goodness; this is a truth for the righteous.

2:228
وَالْمُطَلَّقَاتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُوء ٍ وَلاَ يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَنْ يَكْتُمْنَ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ فِي أَرْحَامِهِنَّ إِنْ كُنَّ يُؤْمِنَّ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَبُعُولَتُهُنَّ أَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ إِنْ أَرَادُوا إِصْلاَحا ً وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَة ٌ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيم ٌ
Wa Al-Muţallaqātu Yatarabbaşna Bi'anfusihinna Thalāthata Qurū'in Wa Lā Yaĥillu Lahunna 'An Yaktumna Mā Khalaqa Allāhu Fī 'Arĥāmihinna 'In Kunna Yu'uminna Billāhi Wa Al-Yawmi Al-'Ākhiri Wa Bu`ūlatuhunna 'Aĥaqqu Biraddihinna Fī Dhālika 'In 'Arādū 'Işlāĥāan Wa Lahunna Mithlu Al-Ladhī `Alayhinna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Lilrrijāli `Alayhinna Darajatun Wa Allāhu `Azīzun Ĥakīmun

And those divorced shall wait for three menstruation periods; and it is not lawful for them to conceal what God has created in their wombs, if they believe in God and the Last Day. And their husbands would then have just cause to return together, if they both wish to reconcile. And the obligations owed to them are to be fulfilled, as are the obligations owed by them. But the men will have a greater responsibility over them in this. And God is Noble, Wise.

2:229
الطَّلاَقُ مَرَّتَانِ فَإمْسَاك ٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيح ٌ بِإِحْسَان ٍ وَلاَ يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَأْخُذُوا مِمَّا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ شَيْئا ً إِلاَّ أَنْ يَخَافَا أَلاَّ يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلاَّ يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا فِيمَا افْتَدَتْ بِه ِِ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَنْ يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ اللَّهِ فَأُوْلَائِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ
Aţ-Ţalāqu Marratāni Fa'imsākun Bima`rūfin 'Aw Tasrīĥun Bi'iĥsānin Wa Lā Yaĥillu Lakum 'An Ta'khudhū Mimmā 'Ātaytumūhunna Shay'āan 'Illā 'An Yakhāfā 'Allā Yuqīmā Ĥudūda Allāhi Fa'in Khiftum 'Allā Yuqīmā Ĥudūda Allāhi Falā Junāĥa `Alayhimā Fīmā Aftadat Bihi Tilka Ĥudūdu Allāhi Falā Ta`tadūhā Wa Man Yata`adda Ĥudūda Allāhi Fa'ūlā'ika Humu Až-žālimūna

The divorce is allowed twice. So, either they remain together equitably, or they part ways with goodness. And it is not lawful for you to take back anything you have given them unless you fear that they will not uphold the boundaries of God. So if you fear that they will not uphold the boundaries of God, then there is no sin upon them for what is given back. These are the boundaries of God so do not transgress them. And whoever shall transgress the boundaries of God, then these are the wicked.

2:231
وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ النِسَاء فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ سَرِّحُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوف ٍ وَلاَ تُمْسِكُوهُنَّ ضِرَارا ً لِتَعْتَدُوا وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَه ُُ وَلاَ تَتَّخِذُوا آيَاتِ اللَّهِ هُزُوا ً وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَا أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَالْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُمْ بِه ِِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيم ٌ
Wa 'Idhā Ţallaqtumu An-Nisā' Fabalaghna 'Ajalahunna Fa'amsikūhunna Bima`rūfin 'Aw Sarriĥūhunna Bima`rūfin Wa Lā Tumsikūhunna Đirārāan Lita`tadū Wa Man Yaf`al Dhālika Faqad žalama Nafsahu Wa Lā Tattakhidhū 'Āyāti Allāhi Huzūan Wa Adhkurū Ni`mata Allāhi `Alaykum Wa Mā 'Anzala `Alaykum Mina Al-Kitābi Wa Al-Ĥikmati Ya`ižukum Bihi Wa Attaqū Allāha Wa A`lamū 'Anna Allāha Bikulli Shay'in `Alīmun

And if you have divorced the women, and they have reached their required interim period, then either you remain together equitably, or part ways equitably. And do not reconcile with them so you can harm them out of animosity; whoever does so is doing wrong to his soul; and do not take the revelations of God as mockery. And remember the blessings of God upon you, and what was sent down to you of the Book and the wisdom, He warns you with it. And be aware of God and know that God is knowledgeable of all things.

2:231
وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ النِسَاء فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ سَرِّحُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوف ٍ وَلاَ تُمْسِكُوهُنَّ ضِرَارا ً لِتَعْتَدُوا وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَه ُُ وَلاَ تَتَّخِذُوا آيَاتِ اللَّهِ هُزُوا ً وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَا أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَالْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُمْ بِه ِِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيم ٌ
Wa 'Idhā Ţallaqtumu An-Nisā' Fabalaghna 'Ajalahunna Fa'amsikūhunna Bima`rūfin 'Aw Sarriĥūhunna Bima`rūfin Wa Lā Tumsikūhunna Đirārāan Lita`tadū Wa Man Yaf`al Dhālika Faqad žalama Nafsahu Wa Lā Tattakhidhū 'Āyāti Allāhi Huzūan Wa Adhkurū Ni`mata Allāhi `Alaykum Wa Mā 'Anzala `Alaykum Mina Al-Kitābi Wa Al-Ĥikmati Ya`ižukum Bihi Wa Attaqū Allāha Wa A`lamū 'Anna Allāha Bikulli Shay'in `Alīmun

And if you have divorced the women, and they have reached their required interim period, then either you remain together equitably, or part ways equitably. And do not reconcile with them so you can harm them out of animosity; whoever does so is doing wrong to his soul; and do not take the revelations of God as mockery. And remember the blessings of God upon you, and what was sent down to you of the Book and the wisdom, He warns you with it. And be aware of God and know that God is knowledgeable of all things.

2:232
وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ النِسَاء فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَلاَ تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ أَنْ يَنكِحْنَ أَزْوَاجَهُنَّ إِذَا تَرَاضَوْا بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ذَلِكَ يُوعَظُ بِه ِِ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ ذَلِكُمْ أَزْكَى لَكُمْ وَأَطْهَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتُمْ لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ
Wa 'Idhā Ţallaqtumu An-Nisā' Fabalaghna 'Ajalahunna Falā Ta`Đulūhunna 'An Yankiĥna 'Azwājahunna 'Idhā TarāĐaw Baynahum Bil-Ma`rūfi Dhālika Yū`ažu Bihi Man Kāna Minkum Yu'uminu Billāhi Wa Al-Yawmi Al-'Ākhiri Dhālikum 'Azká Lakum Wa 'Aţharu Wa Allāhu Ya`lamu Wa 'Antum Lā Ta`lamūna

And if you divorce the women, and they reach their required interim period, then do not make difficulty for them if they wish to remarry their husbands if they have amicably agreed among themselves out of what is best. This is to remind any of you who believe in God and the Last Day, this is better for you and purer; and God knows while you do not know.

2:233
وَالْوَالِدَاتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلاَدَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ وَعَلَى الْمَوْلُودِ لَه ُُ رِزْقُهُنَّ وَكِسْوَتُهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ لاَ تُكَلَّفُ نَفْس ٌ إِلاَّ وُسْعَهَا لاَ تُضَارَّ وَالِدَة ٌ بِوَلَدِهَا وَلاَ مَوْلُود ٌ لَه ُُ بِوَلَدِه ِِ وَعَلَى الْوَارِثِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَإِنْ أَرَادَا فِصَالاً عَنْ تَرَاض ٍ مِنْهُمَا وَتَشَاوُر ٍ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمْ أَنْ تَسْتَرْضِعُوا أَوْلاَدَكُمْ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا سَلَّمْتُمْ مَا آتَيْتُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِير ٌ
Wa Al-Wālidātu YurĐi`na 'Awlādahunna Ĥawlayni Kāmilayni Liman 'Arāda 'An Yutimma Ar-RaĐā`ata Wa `Alá Al-Mawlūdi Lahu Rizquhunna Wa Kiswatuhunna Bil-Ma`rūfi Lā Tukallafu Nafsun 'Illā Wus`ahā Lā TuĐārra Wa A-Datun Biwaladihā Wa Lā Mawlūdun Lahu Biwaladihi Wa `Alá Al-Wārithi Mithlu Dhālika Fa'in 'Arādā Fişālāan `An TarāĐin Minhumā Wa Tashāwurin Falā Junāĥa `Alayhimā Wa 'In 'Aradtum 'An TastarĐi`ū 'Awlādakum Falā Junāĥa `Alaykum 'Idhā Sallamtum Mā 'Ātaytum Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Attaqū Allāha Wa A`lamū 'Anna Allāha Bimā Ta`malūna Başīrun

And the divorced mothers are allowed to suckle their children two full years, if they wish to complete the suckling. And the man for whom the child is born is responsible for both their provisions and clothing equitably. A soul is not burdened except with what it can bear. No mother shall be harmed because of her child, nor shall a father be harmed because of his child. And for the guardian is the same requirement. So if they wish to separate out of mutual agreement and counsel, then there is no sin upon them. And if you want to hire nursing mothers, then there is no sin upon you if you return what you have been given equitably. And be aware of God, and know that God is watching over what you do.

2:233
وَالْوَالِدَاتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلاَدَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ وَعَلَى الْمَوْلُودِ لَه ُُ رِزْقُهُنَّ وَكِسْوَتُهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ لاَ تُكَلَّفُ نَفْس ٌ إِلاَّ وُسْعَهَا لاَ تُضَارَّ وَالِدَة ٌ بِوَلَدِهَا وَلاَ مَوْلُود ٌ لَه ُُ بِوَلَدِه ِِ وَعَلَى الْوَارِثِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَإِنْ أَرَادَا فِصَالاً عَنْ تَرَاض ٍ مِنْهُمَا وَتَشَاوُر ٍ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمْ أَنْ تَسْتَرْضِعُوا أَوْلاَدَكُمْ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذَا سَلَّمْتُمْ مَا آتَيْتُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِير ٌ
Wa Al-Wālidātu YurĐi`na 'Awlādahunna Ĥawlayni Kāmilayni Liman 'Arāda 'An Yutimma Ar-RaĐā`ata Wa `Alá Al-Mawlūdi Lahu Rizquhunna Wa Kiswatuhunna Bil-Ma`rūfi Lā Tukallafu Nafsun 'Illā Wus`ahā Lā TuĐārra Wa A-Datun Biwaladihā Wa Lā Mawlūdun Lahu Biwaladihi Wa `Alá Al-Wārithi Mithlu Dhālika Fa'in 'Arādā Fişālāan `An TarāĐin Minhumā Wa Tashāwurin Falā Junāĥa `Alayhimā Wa 'In 'Aradtum 'An TastarĐi`ū 'Awlādakum Falā Junāĥa `Alaykum 'Idhā Sallamtum Mā 'Ātaytum Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Attaqū Allāha Wa A`lamū 'Anna Allāha Bimā Ta`malūna Başīrun

And the divorced mothers are allowed to suckle their children two full years, if they wish to complete the suckling. And the man for whom the child is born is responsible for both their provisions and clothing equitably. A soul is not burdened except with what it can bear. No mother shall be harmed because of her child, nor shall a father be harmed because of his child. And for the guardian is the same requirement. So if they wish to separate out of mutual agreement and counsel, then there is no sin upon them. And if you want to hire nursing mothers, then there is no sin upon you if you return what you have been given equitably. And be aware of God, and know that God is watching over what you do.

2:234
وَالَّذِينَ يُتَوَفَّوْنَ مِنْكُمْ وَيَذَرُونَ أَزْوَاجا ً يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُر ٍ وَعَشْرا ً فَإِذَا بَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا فَعَلْنَ فِي أَنفُسِهِنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِير ٌ
Wa Al-Ladhīna Yutawaffawna Minkum Wa Yadharūna 'Azwājāan Yatarabbaşna Bi'anfusihinna 'Arba`ata 'Ash/hurin Wa `Ashrāan Fa'idhā Balaghna 'Ajalahunna Falā Junāĥa `Alaykum Fīmā Fa`alna Fī 'Anfusihinna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Allāhu Bimā Ta`malūna Khabīrun

And for those of you whose lives are terminated and they leave widows behind, then their widows will have a required interim period of four months and ten. So when they reach their required interim, then there is no sin upon you for what they do with themselves in goodness. And God is Expert to what you do.

2:235
وَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا عَرَّضْتُمْ بِه ِِ مِنْ خِطْبَةِ النِسَاء أَوْ أَكْنَنتُمْ فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ سَتَذْكُرُونَهُنَّ وَلَكِنْ لاَ تُوَاعِدُوهُنَّ سِرّا ً إِلاَّ أَنْ تَقُولُوا قَوْلا ً مَعْرُوفا ً وَلاَ تَعْزِمُوا عُقْدَةَ النِّكَاحِ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْكِتَابُ أَجَلَه ُُ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوه ُُ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ حَلِيم ٌ
Wa Lā Junāĥa `Alaykum Fīmā `ArraĐtum Bihi Min Khiţbati An-Nisā' 'Aw 'Aknantum Fī 'Anfusikum `Alima Allāhu 'Annakum Satadhkurūnahunna Wa Lakin Lā Tuwā`idūhunna Sirrāan 'Illā 'An Taqūlū Qawlāan Ma`rūfāan Wa Lā Ta`zimū `Uqdata An-Nikāĥi Ĥattá Yablugha Al-Kitābu 'Ajalahu Wa A`lamū 'Anna Allāha Ya`lamu Mā Fī 'Anfusikum Fāĥdharūhu Wa A`lamū 'Anna Allāha Ghafūrun Ĥalīmun

And there is no sin upon you if you openly propose marriage to the women, or you keep it between yourselves. God knows that you will be thinking about them, but do not meet them secretly, unless you have something righteous to say. And do not finalize the marriage contract until the book interim is reached. And know that God knows what is in your souls, so be aware of Him, and know that God is Forgiving, Compassionate.

2:236
لاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِنْ طَلَّقْتُمُ النِسَاء مَا لَمْ تَمَسُّوهُنَّ أَوْ تَفْرِضُوا لَهُنَّ فَرِيضَة ً وَمَتِّعُوهُنَّ عَلَى الْمُوسِعِ قَدَرُه ُُ وَعَلَى الْمُقْتِرِ قَدَرُه ُُ مَتَاعا ً بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقّاً عَلَى الْمُحْسِنِينَ
Lā Junāĥa `Alaykum 'In Ţallaqtumu An-Nisā' Mā Lam Tamassūhunna 'Aw TafriĐū Lahunna FarīĐatan Wa Matti`ūhunna `Alá Al-Mūsi`i Qadaruhu Wa `Alá Al-Muqtiri Qadaruhu Matā`āan Bil-Ma`rūfi Ĥaqqāan `Alá Al-Muĥsinīna

There is no sin upon you if you divorce the women before having sexual intercourse with them, or before setting the dowry for them. Let them have recompense, the rich according to his means, and the poor according to his means. A recompense in kindness, a responsibility for the good doers.

2:240
وَالَّذِينَ يُتَوَفَّوْنَ مِنْكُمْ وَيَذَرُونَ أَزْوَاجا ً وَصِيَّة ً لِأزْوَاجِهِمْ مَتَاعا ً إِلَى الْحَوْلِ غَيْرَ إِخْرَاج ٍ فَإِنْ خَرَجْنَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي مَا فَعَلْنَ فِي أَنفُسِهِنَّ مِنْ مَعْرُوف ٍ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيم ٌ
Wa Al-Ladhīna Yutawaffawna Minkum Wa Yadharūna 'Azwājāan Waşīyatan Li'zwājihim Matā`āan 'Ilá Al-Ĥawli Ghayra 'Ikhrājin Fa'in Kharajna Falā Junāĥa `Alaykum Fī Mā Fa`alna Fī 'Anfusihinna Min Ma`rūfin Wa Allāhu `Azīzun Ĥakīmun

And for those of you whose lives are terminated and they leave widows behind; a testimony to them that they may enjoy for one year without being made to vacate. If they leave then there is no sin upon you for what they do with themselves of goodness; and God is Noble, Wise.

2:241
وَلِلْمُطَلَّقَاتِ مَتَاع ٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقّاً عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ
Wa Lilmuţallaqāti Matā`un Bil-Ma`rūfi Ĥaqqāan `Alá Al-Muttaqīna

And for those divorced to have a recompense is an obligation upon the righteous.

2:263
قَوْل ٌ مَعْرُوف ٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ خَيْر ٌ مِنْ صَدَقَة ٍ يَتْبَعُهَا أَذى ً وَاللَّهُ غَنِيٌّ حَلِيم ٌ
Qawlun Ma`rūfun Wa Maghfiratun Khayrun Min Şadaqatin Yatba`uhā 'Adháan Wa Allāhu Ghanīyun Ĥalīmun

Kind words and forgiveness are far better than a charity that is followed by harm. God is Rich, Compassionate.

3:104
وَلْتَكُنْ مِنْكُمْ أُمَّة ٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَأُوْلَائِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
Wa Ltakun Minkum 'Ummatun Yad`ūna 'Ilá Al-Khayri Wa Ya'murūna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Yanhawna `Ani Al-Munkari Wa 'Ūlā'ika Humu Al-Mufliĥūna

And let there be a nation from among you who calls towards goodness, and orders kindness, and prohibits vice. And these are the successful ones.

3:110
كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَلَوْ آمَنَ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ لَكَانَ خَيْرا ً لَهُمْ مِنْهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَأَكْثَرُهُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Kuntum Khayra 'Ummatin 'Ukhrijat Lilnnāsi Ta'murūna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Tanhawna `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Tu'uminūna Billāhi Wa Law 'Āmana 'Ahlu Al-Kitābi Lakāna Khayrāan Lahum Minhumu Al-Mu'uminūna Wa 'Aktharuhumu Al-Fāsiqūna

You were the best nation that emerged for the people, you ordered kindness and prohibited vice, and believed in God. If the people of the Book believed it would have been better for them; from among them are the believers, but the majority are the wicked.

3:114
يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَأُوْلَائِكَ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
Yu'uminūna Billāhi Wa Al-Yawmi Al-'Ākhiri Wa Ya'murūna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Yanhawna `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Yusāri`ūna Fī Al-Khayrāti Wa 'Ūlā'ika Mina Aş-Şāliĥīna

They believe in God and the Last Day and order kindness and prohibit vice, and they hasten in goodness; these are of the good doers.

4:5
وَلاَ تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَاما ً وَارْزُقُوهُمْ فِيهَا وَاكْسُوهُمْ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلا ً مَعْرُوفا ً
Wa Lā Tu'utū As-Sufahā'a 'Amwālakumu Allatī Ja`ala Allāhu Lakum Qiyāmāan Wa Arzuqūhum Fīhā Wa Aksūhum Wa Qūlū Lahum Qawlāan Ma`rūfāan

And do not give the immature ones your money for which God has made you overseers, and spend on them from it and clothe them, and speak to them in goodness.

4:6
وَابْتَلُوا الْيَتَامَى حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغُوا النِّكَاحَ فَإِنْ آنَسْتُمْ مِنْهُمْ رُشْدا ً فَادْفَعُوا إِلَيْهِمْ أَمْوَالَهُمْ وَلاَ تَأْكُلُوهَا إِسْرَافا ً وَبِدَاراً أَنْ يَكْبَرُوا وَمَنْ كَانَ غَنِيّا ً فَلْيَسْتَعْفِفْ وَمَنْ كَانَ فَقِيرا ً فَلْيَأْكُلْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ فَإِذَا دَفَعْتُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فَأَشْهِدُوا عَلَيْهِمْ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ حَسِيبا ً
Wa Abtalū Al-Yatāmá Ĥattá 'Idhā Balaghū An-Nikāĥa Fa'in 'Ānastum Minhum Rushdāan Fādfa`ū 'Ilayhim 'Amwālahum Wa Lā Ta'kulūhā 'Isrāfāan Wa Bidārāan 'An Yakbarū Wa Man Kāna Ghanīyāan Falyasta`fif Wa Man Kāna Faqīrāan Falya'kul Bil-Ma`rūfi Fa'idhā Dafa`tum 'Ilayhim 'Amwālahum Fa'ash/hidū `Alayhim Wa Kafá Billāhi Ĥasībāan

And test the orphans when they reach puberty, then, if you have determined from them comprehension, then give them their money, and do not deliberately consume it wastefully or quickly before they grow up. And whoever is rich, then let him not claim anything, and if he is poor then let him consume in kindness. If you give to them their money, then make a witness for them, and God is enough for Reckoning.

4:8
وَإِذَا حَضَرَ الْقِسْمَةَ أُوْلُوا الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينُ فَارْزُقُوهُمْ مِنْهُ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلا ً مَعْرُوفا ً
Wa 'Idhā ĤaĐara Al-Qismata 'Ūlū Al-Qurbá Wa Al-Yatāmá Wa Al-Masākīnu Fārzuqūhum Minhu Wa Qūlū Lahum Qawlāan Ma`rūfāan

And if the distribution is attended by the relatives and the orphans and the needy, then you shall give them part of it and say to them a kind saying.

4:19
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لاَ يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَرِثُوا النِسَاء كَرْها ً وَلاَ تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ لِتَذْهَبُوا بِبَعْضِ مَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَأْتِينَ بِفَاحِشَة ٍ مُبَيِّنَة ٍ وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ فَإِنْ كَرِهْتُمُوهُنَّ فَعَسَى أَنْ تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئا ً وَيَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيه ِِ خَيْرا ً كَثِيرا ً
Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Lā Yaĥillu Lakum 'An Tarithū An-Nisā' Karhāan Wa Lā Ta`Đulūhunna Litadh/habū Biba`Đi Mā 'Ātaytumūhunna 'Illā 'An Ya'tīna Bifāĥishatin Mubayyinatin Wa `Āshirūhunna Bil-Ma`rūfi Fa'in Karihtumūhunna Fa`asá 'An Takrahū Shay'āan Wa Yaj`ala Allāhu Fīhi Khayrāan Kathīrāan

O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to inherit from the women by force. And do not make difficulty for them so that you may take away some of what you have given them, unless they commit a clear lewdness. And live with them in kindness. If you dislike them, then perhaps you dislike something while God makes in it much good.

4:25
وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ مِنْكُمْ طَوْلاً أَنْ يَنكِحَ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ فَمِنْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ مِنْ فَتَيَاتِكُمُ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِإِيمَانِكُمْ بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْض ٍ فَانكِحُوهُنَّ بِإِذْنِ أَهْلِهِنَّ وَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ مُحْصَنَاتٍ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحَات ٍ وَلاَ مُتَّخِذَاتِ أَخْدَان ٍ فَإِذَا أُحْصِنَّ فَإِنْ أَتَيْنَ بِفَاحِشَة ٍ فَعَلَيْهِنَّ نِصْفُ مَا عَلَى الْمُحْصَنَاتِ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ الْعَنَتَ مِنْكُمْ وَأَنْ تَصْبِرُوا خَيْر ٌ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ
Wa Man Lam Yastaţi` Minkum Ţawlāan 'An Yankiĥa Al-Muĥşanāti Al-Mu'umināti Famin Mā Malakat 'Aymānukum Min Fatayātikumu Al-Mu'umināti Wa Allāhu 'A`lamu Bi'īmānikum Ba`Đukum Min Ba`Đin Fānkiĥūhunna Bi'idhni 'Ahlihinna Wa 'Ātūhunna 'Ujūrahunna Bil-Ma`rūfi Muĥşanātin Ghayra Musāfiĥātin Wa Lā Muttakhidhāti 'Akhdānin Fa'idhā 'Uĥşinna Fa'in 'Atayna Bifāĥishatin Fa`alayhinna Nişfu Mā `Alá Al-Muĥşanāti Mina Al-`Adhābi Dhālika Liman Khashiya Al-`Anata Minkum Wa 'An Taşbirū Khayrun Lakum Wa Allāhu Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

And whoever of you cannot afford to marry the independent female believers, then from those maintained by your oaths of the believing young women. And God is more aware of your faith, some of you to each other. You shall marry them with the permission of their parents and give them their dowries in kindness; to be independent, not for illicit sex or taking lovers. When they become independent, then any of them who come with lewdness shall have half of what is the punishment for those independent. This is for those who are concerned about deviating from among you. But if you are patient it is better for you, and God is Forgiver, Merciful.

4:114
لاَ خَيْرَ فِي كَثِير ٍ مِنْ نَجْوَاهُمْ إِلاَّ مَنْ أَمَرَ بِصَدَقَةٍ أَوْ مَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ إِصْلاَح ٍ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاةِ اللَّهِ فَسَوْفَ نُؤْتِيهِ~ِ أَجْراً عَظِيما ً
Lā Khayra Fī Kathīrin Min Najwāhum 'Illā Man 'Amara Bişadaqatin 'Aw Ma`rūfin 'Aw 'Işlāĥin Bayna An-Nāsi Wa Man Yaf`al Dhālika Abtighā'a MarĐāati Allāhi Fasawfa Nu'utīhi 'Ajrāan `Ažīmāan

There is no good in most of what they privately confer, except whoever orders a charity or kindness or reconciliation between the people. And whoever does this seeking the grace of God, We will give him a great recompense.

7:157
الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَه ُُ مَكْتُوباً عِنْدَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالأَغْلاَلَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِه ِِ وَعَزَّرُوه ُُ وَنَصَرُوه ُُ وَاتَّبَعُوا النُّورَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ مَعَهُ~ُ أُوْلَائِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
Al-Ladhīna Yattabi`ūna Ar-Rasūla An-Nabīya Al-'Ummīya Al-Ladhī Yajidūnahu Maktūbāan `Indahum Fī At-Tawrāati Wa Al-'Injīli Ya'muruhum Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Yanhāhum `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Yuĥillu Lahumu Aţ-Ţayyibāti Wa Yuĥarrimu `Alayhimu Al-Khabā'itha Wa YaĐa`u `Anhum 'Işrahum Wa Al-'Aghlāla Allatī Kānat `Alayhim Fa-Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū Bihi Wa `Azzarūhu Wa Naşarūhu Wa Attaba`ū An-Nūra Al-Ladhī 'Unzila Ma`ahu 'Ūlā'ika Humu Al-Mufliĥūna

"Those who follow the Gentile messenger prophet whom they find written for them in the Torah and the Gospel; he orders them to kindness, and prohibits them from vice, and he makes lawful for them the good things, and he makes unlawful for them the evil things, and he removes their burden and the shackles that are upon them. So those who believe in him, and support him, and help him persevere, and follow the light that was sent down with him; these are the successful ones."

9:67
الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ بَعْض ٍ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمُنْكَرِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَقْبِضُونَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَنَسِيَهُمْ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Al-Munāfiqūna Wa Al-Munāfiqātu Ba`Đuhum Min Ba`Đin Ya'murūna Bil-Munkari Wa Yanhawna `Ani Al-Ma`rūfi Wa YaqbiĐūna 'Aydiyahum Nasū Allāha Fanasiyahum 'Inna Al-Munāfiqīna Humu Al-Fāsiqūna

The hypocrite males and the hypocrite females, they are to each other. They order vice and prohibit good, and they close their hands. They forgot God, so He will forget them; indeed, the hypocrites are the wicked.

9:71
وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْض ٍ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ~ُ أُوْلَائِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُمُ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيم ٌ
Wa Al-Mu'uminūna Wa Al-Mu'uminātu Ba`Đuhum 'Awliyā'u Ba`Đin Ya'murūna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Yanhawna `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Yuqīmūna Aş-Şalāata Wa Yu'utūna Az-Zakāata Wa Yuţī`ūna Allāha Wa Rasūlahu 'Ūlā'ika Sayarĥamuhumu Allāhu 'Inna Allāha `Azīzun Ĥakīmun

And the believing males and the believing females, they are allies to one another. They order good and prohibit vice, and they hold the contact prayer, and they contribute towards purification and they obey God and His messenger. God will have mercy on them; God is Noble, Wise.

9:112
التَّائِبُونَ الْعَابِدُونَ الْحَامِدُونَ السَّائِحُونَ الرَّاكِعُونَ السَّاجِدُونَ الآمِرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّاهُونَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَالْحَافِظُونَ لِحُدُودِ اللَّهِ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
At-Tā'ibūna Al-`Ābidūna Al-Ĥāmidūna As-Sā'iĥūna Ar-Rāki`ūna As-Sājidūna Al-'Āmirūna Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa An-Nāhūna `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Al-Ĥāfižūna Liĥudūdi Allāhi Wa Bashshiri Al-Mu'uminīna

They are the repenters, the worshipers, the thankful, the devout, the kneeling, the prostrating, the advocates of good and the prohibiters of vice, and the caretakers of the boundaries of God; and give good news to the believers.

22:41
الَّذِينَ إِنْ مَكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَآتَوْا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَمَرُوا بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَوْا عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَلِلَّهِ عَاقِبَةُ الأُمُورِ
Al-Ladhīna 'In Makkannāhum Fī Al-'ArĐi 'Aqāmū Aş-Şalāata Wa 'Ātaw Az-Zakāata Wa 'Amarū Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Nahaw `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Lillahi `Āqibatu Al-'Umūri

Those whom, if We allow them to have authority in the land, they hold the bond, and they contribute towards purification, and they prohibit vice. And to God is the conclusion of all matters.

24:53
وَأَقْسَمُوا بِاللَّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ لَئِنْ أَمَرْتَهُمْ لَيَخْرُجُنَّ قُلْ لاَ تُقْسِمُوا طَاعَة ٌ مَعْرُوفَة ٌ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِير ٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
Wa 'Aqsamū Billāhi Jahda 'Aymānihim La'in 'Amartahum Layakhrujunna Qul Lā Tuqsimū Ţā`atun Ma`rūfatun 'Inna Allāha Khabīrun Bimā Ta`malūna

And they swear by God with their strongest oaths that if you would only command them they would mobilize. Say: "Do not swear, for obedience is an obligation. God is Expert over what you do."

31:15
وَإِنْ جَاهَدَاكَ عَلى أَنْ تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِه ِِ عِلْم ٌ فَلاَ تُطِعْهُمَا وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفا ً وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ
Wa 'In Jāhadāka `Alá 'An Tushrika Bī Mā Laysa Laka Bihi `Ilmun Falā Tuţi`humā Wa Şāĥibhumā Fī Ad-Dunyā Ma`rūfāan Wa Attabi` Sabīla Man 'Anāba 'Ilayya Thumma 'Ilayya Marji`ukum Fa'unabbi'ukum Bimā Kuntum Ta`malūna

If they strive to make you set up any partners besides Me, then do not obey them. But continue to treat them amicably in this world. You shall follow only the path of those who have sought Me. Ultimately, you all return to Me, then I will inform you of everything you have done.

31:17
يَابُنَيَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَانْهَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَاصْبِرْ عَلَى مَا أَصَابَكَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الأُمُورِ
Yā Bunayya 'Aqimi Aş-Şalāata Wa 'Mur Bil-Ma`rūfi Wa Anha `Ani Al-Munkari Wa Aşbir `Alá Mā 'Aşābaka 'Inna Dhālika Min `Azmi Al-'Umūri

O my son, hold the contact prayer and advocate righteousness and prohibit vice, and be patient to what befalls you. These are the most honorable traits.

33:6
النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ~ُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ وَأُوْلُو الأَرْحَامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلَى بِبَعْض ٍ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُهَاجِرِينَ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَفْعَلُوا إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِكُمْ مَعْرُوفا ً كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَسْطُورا ً
An-Nabīyu 'Awlá Bil-Mu'uminīna Min 'Anfusihim Wa 'Azwājuhu 'Ummahātuhum Wa 'Ūlū Al-'Arĥāmi Ba`Đuhum 'Awlá Biba`Đin Fī Kitābi Allāhi Mina Al-Mu'uminīna Wa Al-Muhājirīna 'Illā 'An Taf`alū 'Ilá 'Awliyā'ikum Ma`rūfāan Kāna Dhālika Fī Al-Kitābi Masţūrāan

The prophet is closer to the believers than themselves, and his wives are mothers to them. And the decree of God to the believers and the emigrants is that before they help their relatives, they have taken care of their own families first. Such has been decreed in the Book.

33:32
يَانِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَد ٍ مِنَ النِسَاء إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلاَ تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِه ِِ مَرَض ٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلا ً مَعْرُوفا ً
Yā Nisā'a An-Nabīyi Lastunna Ka'aĥadin Mina An-Nisā' 'Ini Attaqaytunna Falā TakhĐa`na Bil-Qawli Fayaţma`a Al-Ladhī Fī Qalbihi MaraĐun Wa Qulna Qawlāan Ma`rūfāan

O women of the prophet, you are not like any other women. If you are righteous, then do not speak too softly, lest those with disease in their hearts will move with desire; you shall speak in an honorable manner.

47:21
طَاعَة ٌ وَقَوْل ٌ مَعْرُوف ٌ فَإِذَا عَزَمَ الأَمْرُ فَلَوْ صَدَقُوا اللَّهَ لَكَانَ خَيْرا ً لَهُمْ
Ţā`atun Wa Qawlun Ma`rūfun Fa'idhā `Azama Al-'Amru Falaw Şadaqū Allāha Lakāna Khayrāan Lahum

Obedience and to speak righteousness until the matter is decided, then if they trust God it would be better for them.

60:12
يَاأَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتُ يُبَايِعْنَكَ عَلَى أَنْ لاَ يُشْرِكْنَ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئا ً وَلاَ يَسْرِقْنَ وَلاَ يَزْنِينَ وَلاَ يَقْتُلْنَ أَوْلاَدَهُنَّ وَلاَ يَأْتِينَ بِبُهْتَان ٍ يَفْتَرِينَه ُُ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِنَّ وَأَرْجُلِهِنَّ وَلاَ يَعْصِينَكَ فِي مَعْرُوف ٍ فَبَايِعْهُنَّ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُنَّ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nabīyu 'Idhā Jā'aka Al-Mu'uminātu Yubāyi`naka `Alá 'An Lā Yushrikna Billāhi Shay'āan Wa Lā Yasriqna Wa Lā Yaznīna Wa Lā Yaqtulna 'Awlādahunna Wa Lā Ya'tīna Bibuhtānin Yaftarīnahu Bayna 'Aydīhinna Wa 'Arjulihinna Wa Lā Ya`şīnaka Fī Ma`rūfin Fabāyi`hunna Wa Astaghfir Lahunna Allāha 'Inna Allāha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

O you prophet, if the believing females come to make allegiance to you that they will not set up anything besides God, nor steal, nor commit adultery, nor kill their children, nor fabricate any falsehood, nor disobey you in any matter which is righteous, then you shall accept their allegiance, and ask God to forgive them. God is Forgiver, Merciful.

65:2
فَإِذَا بَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ فَارِقُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوف ٍ وَأَشْهِدُوا ذَوَي عَدْل ٍ مِنْكُمْ وَأَقِيمُوا الشَّهَادَةَ لِلَّهِ ذَلِكُمْ يُوعَظُ بِه ِِ مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَه ُُ مَخْرَجا ً
Fa'idhā Balaghna 'Ajalahunna Fa'amsikūhunna Bima`rūfin 'Aw Fāriqūhunna Bima`rūfin Wa 'Ash/hidū Dhaway `Adlin Minkum Wa 'Aqīmū Ash-Shahādata Lillāhi Dhālikum Yū`ažu Bihi Man Kāna Yu'uminu Billāhi Wa Al-Yawmi Al-'Ākhiri Wa Man Yattaqi Allāha Yaj`al Lahu Makhrajāan

Then, once the interim is fulfilled, either you remain together equitably, or part ways equitably and have it witnessed by two just people from among you; and give the testimony for God. This is to enlighten those who believe in God and the Last Day. And whoever reverences God, He will create a solution for him.

65:2
فَإِذَا بَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ فَارِقُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوف ٍ وَأَشْهِدُوا ذَوَي عَدْل ٍ مِنْكُمْ وَأَقِيمُوا الشَّهَادَةَ لِلَّهِ ذَلِكُمْ يُوعَظُ بِه ِِ مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَه ُُ مَخْرَجا ً
Fa'idhā Balaghna 'Ajalahunna Fa'amsikūhunna Bima`rūfin 'Aw Fāriqūhunna Bima`rūfin Wa 'Ash/hidū Dhaway `Adlin Minkum Wa 'Aqīmū Ash-Shahādata Lillāhi Dhālikum Yū`ažu Bihi Man Kāna Yu'uminu Billāhi Wa Al-Yawmi Al-'Ākhiri Wa Man Yattaqi Allāha Yaj`al Lahu Makhrajāan

Then, once the interim is fulfilled, either you remain together equitably, or part ways equitably and have it witnessed by two just people from among you; and give the testimony for God. This is to enlighten those who believe in God and the Last Day. And whoever reverences God, He will create a solution for him.

65:6
أَسْكِنُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ سَكَنتُمْ مِنْ وُجْدِكُمْ وَلاَ تُضَارُّوهُنَّ لِتُضَيِّقُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ وَإِنْ كُنَّ أُولاَتِ حَمْل ٍ فَأَنْفِقُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ حَتَّى يَضَعْنَ حَمْلَهُنَّ فَإِنْ أَرْضَعْنَ لَكُمْ فَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ وَأْتَمِرُوا بَيْنَكُمْ بِمَعْرُوف ٍ وَإِنْ تَعَاسَرْتُمْ فَسَتُرْضِعُ لَهُ~ُ أُخْرَى
'Askinūhunna Min Ĥaythu Sakantum Min Wujdikum Wa Lā TuĐārrūhunna LituĐayyiqū `Alayhinna Wa 'In Kunna 'Ūlāti Ĥamlin Fa'anfiqū `Alayhinna Ĥattá YaĐa`na Ĥamlahunna Fa'in 'ArĐa`na Lakum Fa'ātūhunna 'Ujūrahunna Wa 'Tamirū Baynakum Bima`rūfin Wa 'In Ta`āsartum FasaturĐi`u Lahu 'Ukhrá

You shall let them reside in the dwelling you were in when you were together, and do not coerce them to make them leave. And if they are pregnant, you shall spend on them until they give birth. Then, if they nurse the infant, you shall give them their due payment. And you shall maintain the amicable relations between you. If you disagree, then another woman may nurse the child.




a'raf

n.m. (pl. of urf)


7:46
وَبَيْنَهُمَا حِجَاب ٌ وَعَلَى الأَعرَافِ رِجَال ٌ يَعْرِفُونَ كُلاّ ً بِسِيمَاهُمْ وَنَادَوْا أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ أَنْ سَلاَمٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَمْ يَدْخُلُوهَا وَهُمْ يَطْمَعُونَ
Wa Baynahumā Ĥijābun Wa `Alá Al-'A`rāfi Rijālun Ya`rifūna Kullāan Bisīmāhum Wa Nādaw 'Aşĥāba Al-Jannati 'An Salāmun `Alaykum Lam Yadkhulūhā Wa Hum Yaţma`ūna

And between them is a barrier, and on the elevated platform are men who recognized others by their features. And they called out to the dwellers of the Paradise: "Peace be upon you!" They have not yet entered it, but they are hoping.

7:48
وَنَادَى أَصْحَابُ الأَعرَافِ رِجَالا ً يَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ قَالُوا مَا أَغْنَى عَنْكُمْ جَمْعُكُمْ وَمَا كُنتُمْ تَسْتَكْبِرُونَ
Wa Nādá 'Aşĥābu Al-'A`rāfi Rijālāan Ya`rifūnahum Bisīmāhum Qālū Mā 'Aghná `Ankum Jam`ukum Wa Mā Kuntum Tastakbirūna

And the people standing on the elevated platform called on men they recognized by their features, they said: "What good did your large number do for you, or what you were arrogant for?"




arafat

n.


2:198
لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَنْ تَبْتَغُوا فَضْلا ً مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ فَإِذَا أَفَضْتُمْ مِنْ عَرَفَات ٍ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ عِنْدَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ وَاذْكُرُوه ُُ كَمَا هَدَاكُمْ وَإِنْ كُنتُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِه ِِ لَمِنَ الضَّالِّينَ
Laysa `Alaykum Junāĥun 'An Tabtaghū FaĐlāan Min Rabbikum Fa'idhā 'AfaĐtum Min `Arafātin Fādhkurū Allāha `Inda Al-Mash`ari Al-Ĥarāmi Wa Adhkurūhu Kamā Hadākum Wa 'In Kuntum Min Qablihi Lamina AĐ-Đāllīna

There is no sin upon you to seek goodness from your Lord. So when you disperse from the elevated place, then remember God at the symbol which is restricted, and remember Him as He has guided you; for you were straying before that.



urf

n.m. (pl. a'raf)


7:199
خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ
Khudhi Al-`Afwa Wa 'Mur Bil-`Urfi Wa 'A`riĐ `Ani Al-Jāhilīna

Take to pardoning, and order what is good, and turn away from the ignorant ones.

77:1
وَالْمُرْسَلاَتِ عُرْفا ً
Wa Al-Mursalāti `Urfāan

By the winds which are sent.



arrafa

vb. (2) perf. act.


47:6
وَيُدْخِلُهُمُ الْجَنَّةَ عَرَّفَهَا لَهُمْ
Wa Yudkhiluhumu Al-Jannata `Arrafahā Lahum

And He will admit them into the Paradise, which He has described to them.

66:3
وَإِذْ أَسَرَّ النَّبِيُّ إِلَى بَعْضِ أَزْوَاجِه ِِ حَدِيثا ً فَلَمَّا نَبَّأَتْ بِه ِِ وَأَظْهَرَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ عَرَّفَ بَعْضَه ُُ وَأَعْرَضَ عَنْ بَعْض ٍ فَلَمَّا نَبَّأَهَا بِه ِِ قَالَتْ مَنْ أَنْبَأَكَ هَذَا قَالَ نَبَّأَنِيَ الْعَلِيمُ الْخَبِيرُ
Wa 'Idh 'Asarra An-Nabīyu 'Ilá Ba`Đi 'Azwājihi Ĥadīthāan Falammā Nabba'at Bihi Wa 'Ažharahu Allāhu `Alayhi `Arrafa Ba`Đahu Wa 'A`raĐa `An Ba`Đin Falammā Nabba'ahā Bihi Qālat Man 'Anba'aka Hādhā Qāla Nabba'aniya Al-`Alīmu Al-Khabīru

And when the prophet confided a narrative to some of his wives, then one of them spread it, and God revealed it to him, he recognized part of it and denied part. So when he informed her, she said: Who informed you of this? He said: I was informed by the Knowledgeable, the Expert.


ta'arafa

vb. (6) impf. act.


10:45
وَيَوْمَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ كَأَنْ لَمْ يَلْبَثُوا إِلاَّ سَاعَة ً مِنَ النَّهَارِ يَتَعَارَفُونَ بَيْنَهُمْ قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِلِقَاءِ اللَّهِ وَمَا كَانُوا مُهْتَدِينَ
Wa Yawma Yaĥshuruhum Ka'an Lam Yalbathū 'Illā Sā`atan Mina An-Nahāri Yata`ārafūna Baynahum Qad Khasira Al-Ladhīna Kadhdhabū Biliqā'i Allāhi Wa Mā Kānū Muhtadīna

And the Day He gathers them, it will be as if they had stayed but an hour of a day. They will get to know one another. Losers will be those who have denied meeting God, and they have not been guided.

49:13
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَر ٍ وَأُنثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبا ً وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِير ٌ
Yā 'Ayyuhā An-Nāsu 'Innā Khalaqnākum Min Dhakarin Wa 'Unthá Wa Ja`alnākum Shu`ūbāan Wa Qabā'ila Lita`ārafū 'Inna 'Akramakum `Inda Allāhi 'Atqākum 'Inna Allāha `Alīmun Khabīrun

O people, We created you from a male and female, and We made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Surely, the most honorable among you in the sight of God is the most righteous. God is Knowledgeable, Expert.


i'tarafa

vb. (8) perf. act.



9:102
وَآخَرُونَ اعْتَرَفُوا بِذُنُوبِهِمْ خَلَطُوا عَمَلا ً صَالِحا ً وَآخَرَ سَيِّئاً عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم ٌ
Wa 'Ākharūna A`tarafū Bidhunūbihim Khalaţū `Amalāan Şāliĥāan Wa 'Ākhara Sayyi'āan `Asá Allāhu 'An Yatūba `Alayhim 'Inna Allāha Ghafūrun Raĥīmun

And others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a good work with another that was bad. Perhaps God will pardon them. God is Forgiving, Merciful.

40:11
قَالُوا رَبَّنَا أَمَتَّنَا اثْنَتَيْنِ وَأَحْيَيْتَنَا اثْنَتَيْنِ فَاعْتَرَفْنَا بِذُنُوبِنَا فَهَلْ إِلَى خُرُوج ٍ مِنْ سَبِيل ٍ
Qālū Rabbanā 'Amattanā Athnatayni Wa 'Aĥyaytanā Athnatayni Fā`tarafnā Bidhunūbinā Fahal 'Ilá Khurūjin Min Sabīlin

They will say: Our Lord, You have made us die twice, and You have given us life twice. Now we have confessed our sins. Is there any way out of this state?

67:11
فَاعْتَرَفُوا بِذَنْبِهِمْ فَسُحْقا ً لِأصْحَابِ السَّعِيرِ
Fā`tarafū Bidhanbihim Fasuĥqāan Li'şĥābi As-Sa`īri

Thus, they confessed their sins. So away with the dwellers of the blazing Fire.


Lelah Bakhtiar
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Hans Wehr
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Acknowledgements:

IslamAwakened
would like to thank all those who made these Root Pages possible.

In their formulation we have drawn from the work of ...
 Hans Wehr 
  Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar
  All the believers at www.studyquran.org