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at-Taubah (Repentance)
as rendered by N J Dawood (draft)

N J Dawood (draft) rendition of Surah Repentance(at-Taubah)
9:1 A declaration of immunity from God and His Apostle to the idolaters with whom you have made agreements:
9:2 For four months you shall go unmolested in the land. But know that you shall not escape God's judgement, and that God will humble the unbelievers.
9:3 A proclamation to the people from God and His Apostle on the day of the greater pilgrimage: God and His Apostle are under no obligation to the idolaters. If you repent, it shall be well with you; but if you pay no heed, know that you shall not be immune from God's judgement. Proclaim a woeful punishment to the unbelievers,
9:4 except to those idolaters who have honoured their treaties with you in every detail and aided none against you. With these keep faith, until their treaties have run their term. God loves the righteous.
9:5 When the sacred months are over slay the idolaters wherever you find them. Arrest them, besiege them, and lie in ambush everywhere for them. If they repent and take to prayer and render the alms levy, allow them to go their way. God is forgiving and merciful.
9:6 If an idolater seeks asylum with you, give him protection so that he may hear the Word of God, and then convey him to safety. For the idolaters are ignorant men.
9:7 God and His Apostle repose no trust in idolaters, save those with whom you have made treaties at the Sacred Mosque. So long as they keep faith with you, keep faith with them. God loves the righteous.
9:8 How can you trust them? If they prevail against you, they will respect neither agreements nor ties of kindred. They flatter you with their tongues, but their hearts reject you. Most of them are evil–doers.
9:9 They sell God's revelations for trifling gain and debar others from His path. Evil is what they do.
9:10 They break faith with the believers and set at nought all ties of kindred. Such are the transgressors.
9:11 If they repent and take to prayer and render the alms levy, they shall become your brothers in the Faith. Thus do We make plain Our revelations to men of knowledge.
9:12 But if, after coming to terms with you, they break their oaths, and revile your faith, make war on the leaders of unbelief for no oaths are binding with them –– so that they may desist.
9:13 Will you not fight against those who have broken their oaths and conspired to banish the Apostle? They were the first to attack you. Do you fear them? Surely God is more deserving of your fear, if you are true believers.
9:14 Make war on them: God will chastise them at your hands and humble them. He will grant you victory over them and heal the spirit of the faithful.
9:15 He will take away all rancour from their hearts: God shows mercy to whom He pleases. God is all–knowing and wise.
9:16 Did you imagine you would be forsaken before God has had time to know those of you who have fought valiantly and served none but God, His Apostle and the faithful? God is cognizant of all your actions.
9:17 It ill becomes the idolaters to visit the mosques of God, for they are unbelievers, self–confessed. Vain shall be their works, and in the Fire they shall abide for ever.
9:18 None should visit the mosques of God except those who believe in God and the Last Day, attend to their prayers and render the alms levy and fear none but God. These shall be rightly guided.
9:19 Do you pretend that he who gives a drink to the pilgrims and pays a visit to the Sacred Mosque is as worthy as the man who believes in God and the Last Day, and fights for God's cause? These are not held equal by God. God does not guide the wrongdoers.
9:20 Those that have embraced the Faith, and left their homes, and fought for God's cause with their wealth and with their persons, are held in higher regard by God. It is they who shall triumph.
9:21 Their Lord has promised them mercy from Himself, and His pleasure and gardens of eternal bliss
9:22 where they shall dwell for ever. God's recompense is great indeed.
9:23 Believers, do not befriend your fathers or your brothers if they choose unbelief in preference to faith. Wrongdoers are those that befriend them.
9:24 Say: 'If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your tribes, the property you have acquired, the merchandise you fear may not be sold, and the homes you love, are dearer to you than God, His Apostle and the struggle for His cause, then wait until God shall fulfil His decree. God does not guide the evil–doers.'
9:25 God has aided you on many a battlefield. In the Battle of Hunain[1] you set great store by your numbers, but they availed you nothing: the earth, for all its vastness, seemed to close in upon you, and you turned your backs and fled.
9:26 Then God caused His tranquillity[2] to descend upon His Apostle and the faithful: He sent to your aid invisible warriors and sternly punished the unbelievers. Thus were the infidels rewarded.
9:27 Yet God will show mercy to whom He will. God is forgiving and merciful.
9:28 Believers, know that the idolaters are unclean. Let them not approach the Sacred Mosque after this year is ended. If you fear poverty, God, if He pleases, will enrich you through His own bounty. God is all–knowing and wise.
9:29 Fight against such of those to whom the Scriptures were given as believe in neither God nor the Last Day, who do not forbid what God and His Apostle have forbidden, and do not embrace the true Faith, until they pay tribute out of hand and are utterly subdued.
9:30 The Jews say Ezra is the son of God, while the Christians say the Messiah is the son of God. Such are their assertions, by which they imitate the infidels of old. God confound them! How perverse they are!
9:31 They make of their clerics and their monks, and of the Messiah, the son of Mary, Lords besides God; though they were ordered to serve one God only. There is no god but Him. Exalted be He above those they deify besides Him!
9:32 They would extinguish the light of God with their mouths: but God seeks only to perfect His light, though the infidels abhor it.
9:33 It is He who has sent forth His Apostle with guidance and the True Faith that He may exalt it above all religions, though the idolaters abhor it.
9:34 Believers, many are the clerics and the monks who defraud men of their possessions and debar them from the path of God. To those that hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in God's cause, proclaim a woeful punishment.
9:35 The day will surely come when their treasures shall be heated in the fire of Hell, and their foreheads, sides, and backs branded with them. They will be told: 'These are the riches which you hoarded. Taste then what you were hoarding.'
9:36 God ordained the months twelve in number when He created the heavens and the earth. Of these, four are sacred, according to the true Faith. Therefore do not sin against yourselves by violating them. But you may fight against the idolaters in all these months, since they themselves fight against you in all of them. Know that God is with the righteous.
9:37 The postponement of sacred months is a grossly impious practice, in which the unbelievers are misguided. They allow it one year and forbid it in the next, so that they may make up for the months which God has sanctified, thus making lawful what God has forbidden. Their foul acts seem fair to them: God does not guide the unbelievers.
9:38 Believers, why is it that when you are told: 'March in the cause of God,' you linger slothfully in the land? Are you content with this life in preference to the life to come? Few indeed are the blessings of this life, compared with those of the life to come.
9:39 If you do not go to war, He will punish you sternly, and will replace you by other men. You will in no way harm Him: for God has power over all things.
9:40 If you do not help him, God will help him as He helped him when he was driven out by the unbelievers with one other. In the cave he said to his companion: 'Do not despair, God is with us.' God caused His tranquillity to descend upon him and sent to his aid invisible warriors, so that he routed the unbelievers and exalted the Word of God. God is mighty and wise.
9:41 Whether unarmed or well–equipped, march on and fight for the cause of God, with your wealth and with your persons. This will be best for you, if you but knew it.
9:42 Had the gain been immediate or the journey short, they would have followed you: but the distance seemed too far to them. Yet they will swear by God: 'Had we been able, we would have marched with you.' They bring ruin upon themselves. God knows that they are surely lying.
9:43 God forgive you! Why did you give them leave to stay behind before you knew those who spoke the truth from those who invented false excuses?
9:44 Those that believe in God and the Last Day will not beg you to exempt them from fighting with their wealth and with their persons. God best knows the righteous.
9:45 Only those seek exemption who disbelieve in God and the Last Day, and whose hearts are filled with doubt. Because they doubt, they waver.
9:46 Had they intended to set forth, they would have prepared themselves for war. But God was loth to let them go, and held them back. They were bidden to stay with those who stayed behind.
9:47 Had they taken the field with you, they would have only added to your burden. They would have wormed their way through your ranks, seeking to sow discord among you: and among you there were some who would have been willing listeners. God knows the evil–doers.
9:48 They had sought before this to sow dissension, and hatched plots against you. But in the end the truth prevailed and the will of God triumphed, much as they disliked it.
9:49 Some of them say: 'Give us leave to stay behind, and do not expose us to temptation.' Surely they have already succumbed to temptation. Hell shall engulf the unbelievers.
9:50 If you meet with success, it grieves them; but if a disaster befalls you, they say: 'We have taken our precautions.' And they turn away, rejoicing.
9:51 Say: 'Nothing will befall us except what God has ordained. He is our Guardian. In God let the faithful put their trust.'
9:52 Say: 'Are you waiting for anything to befall us except victory or martyrdom? We are waiting for God's scourge to smite you, direct from Him or at our hands. Wait if you will; we too are waiting.'
9:53 Say: 'Whether you give willingly or with reluctance, your offerings shall not be accepted from you; for you are wicked men.'
9:54 Their offerings shall not be accepted from them because they have denied God and His Apostle. They pray half–heartedly and begrudge their contributions.
9:55 Let neither their riches nor their children rouse your envy. Through these God seeks to punish them in this life, so that their souls shall depart while still in unbelief.
9:56 They swear by God that they are believers like you. Yet they are not. They are afraid of you.
9:57 If they could find a shelter or a cave, or any hiding–place, they would run in frantic haste to seek refuge in it.
9:58 There are some among them who speak ill of you concerning the distribution of alms. If a share is given them, they are contented: but if they receive nothing, they grow resentful.
9:59 Would that they were satisfied with what God and His Apostle have given them, and said: 'God is all–sufficient for us. God will provide for us from His own abundance, and so will His Apostle. To God we will submit.'
9:60 Alms shall be only for the poor and the destitute, for those that are engaged in the management of alms and those whose hearts are sympathetic to the Faith, for the freeing of slaves and debtors, for the advancement of God's cause, and for the traveller in need. That is a duty enjoined by God. God is all–knowing and wise.
9:61 And there are others among them who speak ill of the Prophet, saying: 'He believes everything he hears.' Say: 'He hears only what is good for you. He believes in God and puts his trust in the faithful. He is a blessing to the true believers among you. Those that wrong the Apostle of God shall be sternly punished.'
9:62 They swear in the name of God in order to please you. But it is more just that they should please God and the Apostle, if they are true believers.
9:63 Are they not aware that the man who defies God and His Apostle shall abide for ever in the fire of Hell? That surely is the supreme humiliation.
9:64 The hypocrites are afraid lest a Chapter be revealed to them, telling them what is in their hearts. Say: 'Scoff if you will; God will surely bring to light what you are dreading.'
9:65 If you question them, they will say: 'We were only jesting and making merry.' Say: 'Would you mock God, His revelations, and His Apostle?
9:66 Make no excuses. You have renounced the faith after embracing it. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others, for they are guilty men.'
9:67 Be they men or women, the hypocrites are all alike. They enjoin what is evil, forbid what is just, and tighten their fists. They forgot God, so God forgot them. Surely the hypocrites are evil–doers.
9:68 God has promised the hypocrites, both men and women, and the unbelievers, the fire of Hell. They shall abide in it for ever: a sufficient recompense. The curse of God is upon them; lasting torment awaits them.
9:69 Your ways are like the ways of those who have gone before you. They were mightier than you, and were blessed with greater riches and more children. Like them, you have enjoyed your earthly lot and, like them, you have engaged in idle talk. But vain were their works in this life, and vain they shall be in the life to come. These will surely be the losers.
9:70 Have they not heard the histories of those who have gone before them? The fate of Noah's people and of Thamud and 'And of Abraham's people and the people of Midian and the Ruined Cities? Their apostles showed them veritable signs. God did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves.
9:71 The true believers, both men and women, are friends to one another. They enjoin what is just and forbid what is evil; they attend to their prayers, and render the alms levy, and obey God and His Apostle. On these God will have mercy. God is mighty and wise.
9:72 God has promised the men and women who believe in Him gardens watered by running streams, in which they shall abide for ever: goodly mansions in the gardens of Eden: and, what is more, they shall have grace in God's sight. That is the supreme triumph.
9:73 Prophet, make war on the unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal rigorously with them. Hell shall be their home: an evil fate.
9:74 They swear by God that they said nothing. Yet they uttered the word of unbelief and renounced Islam after embracing it. They sought to do what they could not attain. Yet they had no reason to be spiteful; except perhaps because God and His Apostle had enriched them through His bounty. If they repent, it will indeed be better for them; but if they pay no heed, God will sternly punish them, both in this world and in the world to come. They shall have none on earth to protect or help them.
9:75 Some pledged themselves, saying: 'If God is bountiful to us, we will give alms and live like righteous men.'
9:76 But when God had bestowed His favours on them they tightened their fists and, turning their backs, hurried away.
9:77 He has caused hypocrisy to reign in their hearts till the day they meet Him, because they have been untrue to the pledge they gave Him and because of the lies they told.
9:78 Are they not aware that God knows what they conceal and what they talk about in secret? That God knows what is hidden?
9:79 As for those that taunt the believers who give freely, and deride those who give according to their means, God will deride them. Woeful punishment awaits them.
9:80 It is the same whether or not you beg forgiveness for them. If seventy times you beg forgiveness for them, God will not forgive them, for they have denied God and His Apostle. God does not guide the evil–doers.
9:81 Those that stayed at home were glad that they were left behind by God's apostle, for they had no wish to fight for the cause of God with their wealth and with their persons. They said to each other: 'Do not go to war, the heat is fierce.' Say to them: 'More fierce is the heat of Hell–fire!' Would that they understood!
9:82 They shall laugh but little and shed many tears. Thus shall they be rewarded for their misdeeds.
9:83 If God brings you back in safety and some of them ask leave to march with you, say: 'You shall not march with me, nor shall you fight with me against an enemy. You chose to stay at home on the first occasion; therefore you shall now stay with those who will remain behind.'
9:84 You shall not pray for any of their dead, nor shall you attend their burial. For they denied God and His Apostle and remained sinners to the last.
9:85 Let neither their riches nor their children rouse your envy. Through these God seeks to punish them in this life, so that their souls shall depart while still in unbelief.
9:86 Whenever a Chapter was revealed, saying: 'Believe in God and fight alongside His Apostle,' the rich among them excused themselves to you, saying: 'Leave us with those who are to stay behind.'
9:87 They were content to be with those who stayed behind: a seal was set upon their hearts, leaving them bereft of understanding.
9:88 But the Apostle and the men who shared his faith fought with their goods and with their persons. These shall be rewarded with good things. These shall surely prosper.
9:89 God has prepared for them gardens watered by running streams, in which they shall abide for ever. That is the supreme triumph.
9:90 Some Arabs of the desert turned up with excuses, begging leave to stay behind; while those who denied God and His Apostle remained idle at home. A woeful scourge shall fall on those of them that disbelieved.
9:91 It shall be no offence for the disabled, the sick, and those lacking the means to stay behind: if they are true to God and His Apostle; The righteous shall not be blamed: God is forgiving and merciful.
9:92 Nor shall those be blamed who, when they came to you demanding conveyances to the battle–front and you could find none to carry them, went away in tears grieving that they had not the means to contribute.
9:93 The offenders are those that seek exemption although they are men of wealth. They are content to be with those who stay behind. God has set a seal upon their hearts; they are devoid of knowledge.
9:94 When you return to them they will come up to you with excuses. Say: 'Make no excuses: we will not believe you. God has revealed to us the truth about you. God and His Apostle will watch your actions. Then you shall return to Him who knows alike the unknown and the manifest, and He will declare to you what you have done.'
9:95 When you return they will appeal to you in God's name to let them be. So let them be: they are unclean. Hell shall be their home, the punishment for their misdeeds.
9:96 They will swear to you in order to gain your acceptance. But if you accept them, God will not accept the evil–doers.
9:97 The desert Arabs surpass others in unbelief and hypocrisy, and have more cause to be ignorant of the laws which God has revealed to His Apostle. But God is all–knowing and wise.
9:98 Some desert Arabs regard what they give as a compulsory fine and wait for some misfortune to befall you. May ill–fortune befall them! God hears all and knows all.
9:99 Yet there are others among the desert Arabs who believe in God and the Last Day, and regard what they give as a means of bringing them close to God and to the Apostle's prayers. Indeed, closer they shall be brought; God will admit them to His mercy. God is forgiving and merciful.
9:100 As for those who led the way, the first of the muhajirin and the ansar, and those who nobly followed them, God is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens watered by running streams, where they shall dwell for ever. That is the supreme triumph.
9:101 Some of the desert Arabs around you are hypocrites, and so are some of the citizens of Madinah, who are indeed fanatical in their hypocrisy. You do not know them, but We know them well. Twice We will chastise them: then shall they return to a grievous torment.
9:102 Others there are who have confessed their sins; their good works had been intermixed with evil. Perchance God will turn to them in mercy.
9:103 God is forgiving and merciful. Take alms from them, so that they may thereby be cleansed and purified, and pray for them: for your prayers will give them comfort. God hears all and knows all.
9:104 Do they not know that God accepts the repentance of His servants and takes their alms, and that God is the Forgiving One, the Merciful?
9:105 Say: 'Do as you will. God will behold your works, and so will His Apostle and the faithful; then shall you return to Him who knows alike the unknown and the manifest, and He will declare to you all that you have done.'
9:106 There are yet others who must await God's decree. He will either punish or pardon them. God is all–knowing and wise.
9:107 And there are those who built a mosque from mischievous motives, to spread unbelief and disunite the faithful, in expectation of him who had made war on God and His Apostle. They swear that their intentions were good, but God bears witness that they are lying.
9:108 You shall not set foot in it. It is more fitting that you should pray in a mosque founded on piety from the very first. There you shall find men who would keep themselves pure. God loves those that purify themselves.
9:109 Who is a better man, he who founds his house on the fear of God and His good pleasure, or he who builds on the brink of a crumbling precipice, so that his house will fall with him into the fire of Hell? God does not guide the wrongdoers.
9:110 The edifice which they have built shall ever inspire their hearts with doubt, until their hearts are cut in pieces. God is all–knowing and wise.
9:111 God has purchased from the faithful their lives and worldly goods, and in return has promised them the Garden. They will fight for the cause of God, they will slay and be slain. Such is the true promise which He has made them in the Torah, the Gospel and the Koran. And who is more true to his pledge than God? Rejoice then in the bargain you have made. That is the supreme triumph.
9:112 Those that repent and those that serve and praise Him; those that fast and those that kneel and prostrate themselves; those that enjoin justice, forbid evil, and observe the commandments of God [shall be richly recompensed]. Proclaim the good tidings to the faithful.
9:113 It is not for the Prophet or the believers to beg forgiveness for idolaters, even though they be related to them, after it has become manifest that they have earned the punishment of Hell.
9:114 Abraham prayed for his father only to fulfil a promise he had made him. But when he realized he was an enemy of God, he disowned him. Yet Abraham was a compassionate and tender–hearted man.
9:115 Nor will God confound men after He has given them guidance until He has made plain to them all that they should avoid. God has knowledge of all things.
9:116 God has sovereignty over the heavens and the earth; He ordains life and death. You have none besides God to protect or help you.
9:117 God turned in mercy to the Prophet, the muhajirin and the ansar, who stood by him in the hour of adversity, when some were on the point of losing heart. He turned to them in mercy. He took pity on them and was merciful.
9:118 And to the three who had been left behind. So despondent were they that the earth, for all its vastness, and their own souls, seemed to close in upon them. They knew there was no refuge from God except in Him. Therefore He turned to them in mercy, so that they might repent. God is the Forgiving One, the Merciful.
9:119 Believers, have fear of God and stand with those who uphold the cause of truth.
9:120 No cause have the people of Madinah and the desert Arabs who dwell around them to forsake God's apostle or to jeopardize his life so as to safeguard their own; for they do not expose themselves to thirst or hunger or to any ordeal for the sake of God,
9:121 nor do they take any step which may provoke the unbelievers, nor do they inflict any loss on an enemy, but shall be noted down for them as a good deed: God will not deny the righteous their reward. Each sum they give, be it small or large, and each valley they traverse, shall be noted down, so that God may requite them for their noblest deeds.
9:122 It is not right that all the faithful should go to war at once. A band from each community should stay behind to instruct themselves in religion and to admonish their men when they return, so that they may take heed.
9:123 Believers, make war on the infidels who dwell around you. Deal firmly with them. Know that God is with the righteous.
9:124 Whenever a Chapter is revealed, some of them ask: 'Whose faith will this increase?' It will surely increase the believers' faith and give them joy.
9:125 As for those whose hearts are tainted, it will add uncleanness to their uncleanness, so that they shall die while still in unbelief.
9:126 Do they not see how every year they were afflicted once or twice? Yet they neither repent nor take warning.
9:127 Whenever a Chapter is revealed, they glance at each other, asking: 'Is anyone watching you?' Then they turn away. God has turned away their hearts, for they are senseless men.
9:128 There has now come to you an apostle of your own, one who grieves at your sinfulness and cares for you; one who is benevolent and merciful to true believers.
9:129 If they pay no heed, say: 'God is all–sufficient for me. There is no god but Him. In Him I have put my trust. He is the Lord of the Glorious Throne.'


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