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az-Zumar (The Troops, Throngs, The Companies)
as rendered by Aisha Bewley
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Aisha Bewley rendition of Surah The Troops, Throngs, The Companies(az-Zumar)
39:1 The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise.
39:2 We have sent down the Book to you with truth. So worship Allah, making your deen sincerely His.
39:3 Indeed is the sincere deen not Allah´s alone? If people take protectors besides Him — ´We only worship them so that they may bring us nearer to Allah´ — Allah will judge between them regarding the things about which they differed. Allah does not guide anyone who is an ungrateful liar.
39:4 If Allah had desired to have a son He would have chosen whatever He wished from what He has created. Glory be to Him! He is Allah, the One, the All-Conquering.
39:5 He created the heavens and the earth with truth. He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night, and has made the sun and moon subservient, each one running for a specified term. Is He not indeed the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving?
39:6 He created you from a single self, then produced its mate from it, and sent down livestock to you — eight kinds in pairs. He creates you stage by stage in your mothers´ wombs in a threefold darkness. That is Allah, your Lord. Sovereignty is His. There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate?
39:7 If you are ungrateful, Allah is rich beyond need of any of you and He is not pleased with ingratitude in His slaves. But if you are grateful, He is pleased with you for that. No burden-bearer can bear another´s burden. Then you will return to your Lord and He will inform you of what you did. He knows what the heart contains.
39:8 When harm touches man he calls upon his Lord, making tawba to Him. Then when He grants him a blessing from Him, he forgets what he was calling for before and ascribes rivals to Allah, so as to misguide others from His Way. Say: ´Enjoy your kufr for a little while. You are among the Companions of the Fire.´
39:9 What of him who spends the night hours in prayer, prostrating and standing up, mindful of the Next World, hoping for the mercy of his Lord? Say: ´Are they the same — those who know and those who do not know?´ It is only people of intelligence who pay heed.
39:10 Say: ´Slaves of Mine who have iman! have taqwa of your Lord. For those who do good in this world there is good and Allah´s earth is spacious. The steadfast will be paid their wages in full without any reckoning.´
39:11 Say: ´I am commanded to worship Allah, making my deen sincerely His.
39:12 And I am commanded to be the first of the Muslims.´
39:13 Say: ´I fear, were I to disobey my Lord, the punishment of a Terrible Day.´
39:14 Say: ´It is Allah I worship, making my deen sincerely His,
39:15 so worship anything you will apart from Him!´ Say: ´The real losers are those who lose themselves and their families on the Day of Rising.´ Is not that clear loss?
39:16 They will have awnings of Fire above them and awnings below them. By that Allah strikes fear into His slaves: ´So have taqwa, My slaves, of Me!´
39:17 Those who shun the worship of false gods and turn towards Allah will have good news. So give good news to My slaves.
39:18 Those who listen well to what is said and follow the best of it, they are the ones whom Allah has guided, they are the people of intelligence.
39:19 But as for those against whom the decree of Punishment is justly carried out, can you rescue those who are in the Fire?
39:20 But those who have taqwa of their Lord will have high-ceilinged Halls, and more such Halls built one above the other, and rivers flowing under them. That is Allah´s promise. Allah does not break His promise.
39:21 Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and threads it through the earth to emerge as springs and then by it brings forth crops of varying colours, which then wither and you see them turning yellow and then He makes them into broken stubble? There is a reminder in that for people of intelligence.
39:22 Is he whose breast is opened to Islam, and who is therefore illuminated by his Lord . . . ? Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah! Such people are clearly misguided.
39:23 Allah has sent down the Supreme Discourse, a Book consistent in its frequent repetitions. The skins of those who fear their Lord tremble at it and then their skins and hearts yield softly to the remembrance of Allah. That is Allah´s guidance by which He guides whoever He wills. And no one can guide those whom Allah misguides.
39:24 Is someone who tries to shield himself with his face from the worst of the torment on the Day of Rising . . . ? The wrongdoers will be told, ´Taste what you have earned.´
39:25 Those before them also denied the truth and the punishment came upon them from where they did not expect.
39:26 So Allah made them taste disgrace in the life of this world and the punishment of the Next World is far worse if they only knew.
39:27 We have given all kinds of examples to people in this Qur´an, so that hopefully they will pay heed —
39:28 an Arabic Qur´an with no distortion in it, so that hopefully they will have taqwa.
39:29 Allah has made a metaphor for them of a man owned by several partners in dispute with one another and another man wholly owned by a single man. Are they the same? Praise be to Allah! The fact is that most of them do not know.
39:30 You will die and they too will die.
39:31 Then on the Day of Rising you will argue in the presence of your Lord.
39:32 Who could do greater wrong than those who lie about Allah and deny the truth when it comes to them? Do the kuffar not have a dwelling place in Hell?
39:33 He who brings the truth and those who confirm it — those are the people who have taqwa.
39:34 They will have anything they wish for with their Lord. That is the recompense of the good-doers.
39:35 So that Allah may erase from them the worst of what they did and pay them their wages for the best of what they did.
39:36 Is Allah not enough for His slave? Yet they try to scare you with others apart from Him. If Allah misguides someone, he has no guide
39:37 and if Allah guides someone, he cannot be misguided. Is Allah not Almighty, Exactor of Revenge?
39:38 If you ask them, ´Who created the heavens and the earth?´ they will say, ´Allah.´ Say: ´So what do you think? If Allah desires harm for me, can those you call upon besides Allah remove His harm? Or if He desires mercy for me, can they withhold His mercy?´ Say: ´Allah is enough for me. All those who truly trust put their trust in Him.´
39:39 Say: ´My people, do as you think best; that is what I am doing. You will soon know
39:40 who will receive a punishment which disgraces him and will unleash against himself an everlasting punishment.´
39:41 We have sent down to you the Book for mankind with truth. So whoever is guided is guided to his own good and whoever is misguided, it is to his detriment. You are not set over them as a guardian.
39:42 Allah takes back people´s souls when their death arrives and those who have not yet died, while they are asleep. He keeps hold of those whose death has been decreed and sends the others back for a specified term. There are certainly Signs in that for people who reflect.
39:43 Or have they adopted intercessors besides Allah? Say: ´Even though they do not control a thing and have no awareness?´
39:44 Say: ´Intercession is entirely Allah´s affair. The kingdom of the heavens and earth is His. Then you will be returned to Him.´
39:45 When Allah is mentioned on His own, the hearts of those who do not believe in the akhira shrink back shuddering, but when others apart from Him are mentioned, they jump for joy.
39:46 Say: ´O Allah, Originator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the Unseen and the Visible, You will judge between Your slaves regarding what they differed about.´
39:47 If those who did wrong owned everything on earth, and the same again with it, they would offer it as a ransom to save themselves from the evil of the punishment on the Day of Rising. What confronts them from Allah will be something they did not reckon with.
39:48 What confronts them will be the evil actions which they earned and what they used to mock at will engulf them.
39:49 When harm touches man he calls on Us. Then when We grant him a blessing from Us he says, ´I have only been given this because of my knowledge.´ In fact it is a trial but most of them do not know it.
39:50 Those who came before them also said that, but what they earned did not avail them.
39:51 The evil deeds they earned caught up with them. And the evil deeds which the wrongdoers among these people earn will also catch up with them and they can do nothing to prevent it.
39:52 Do they not know that Allah expands the provision of anyone He wills and restricts it? There are certainly Signs in that for people who have iman.
39:53 Say: ´My slaves, you who have transgressed against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Truly Allah forgives all wrong actions. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.´
39:54 Turn in repentance to your Lord and submit to Him before punishment comes upon you, for then you cannot be helped.
39:55 Follow the best that has been sent down to you from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly when you are not expecting it;
39:56 lest anyone should say, ´Alas for me for neglecting what Allah was due, and being one of the scoffers!´
39:57 or lest they should say, ´If only Allah had guided me, I would have had taqwa,´
39:58 or lest he should say, when he sees the punishment, ´If only I could have another chance so that I could be a good-doer!´
39:59 ´No, the fact is that My Signs came to you but you denied them and were arrogant and were one of the kafirun.´
39:60 On the Day of Rising you will see those who lied against Allah with their faces blackened. Do not the arrogant have a dwelling place in Hell?
39:61 Allah will give security those who had taqwa in their victorious Safe Haven. No evil will touch them and they will know no sorrow.
39:62 Allah is the Creator of everything and He is Guardian over everything.
39:63 The keys of the heavens and earth belong to Him. It is those who reject Allah´s Signs who are the losers.
39:64 Say: ´Do you order me to worship something other than Allah, you ignorant people?´
39:65 It has been revealed to you and those before you: ´If you associate others with Allah, your actions will come to nothing and you will be among the losers.´
39:66 No! Worship Allah and be among the thankful.
39:67 They do not measure Allah with His true measure. The whole earth will be a mere handful for Him on the Day of Rising, the heavens folded up in His right hand. Glory be to Him! He is exalted above the partners they ascribe!
39:68 The Trumpet will be blown and those in the heavens and those in the earth will all lose consciousness, except those Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time and at once they will be standing upright, looking on.
39:69 And the earth will shine with the Pure Light of its Lord; the Book will be put in place; the Prophets and witnesses will be brought; it will be decided between them with the truth; and they will not be wronged.
39:70 Every self will be repaid in full for what it did. He knows best what they are doing.
39:71 Those who are kafir will be driven to Hell in companies and when they arrive there and its gates are opened its custodians will say to them, ´Did Messengers from yourselves not come to you, reciting your Lord´s Signs to you and warning you of the meeting on this Day of yours?´ They will say, ´Indeed they did, but the decree of punishment is justly carried out against the kafirun.´
39:72 They will be told, ´Enter the gates of Hell and stay there timelessly, for ever. How evil is the abode of the arrogant!´
39:73 And those who have taqwa of their Lord will be driven to the Garden in companies and when they arrive there, finding its gates open, its custodians will say to them, ´Peace be upon you! You have done well so enter it timelessly, for ever.´
39:74 They will say, ´Praise be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to us and made us the inheritors of this land, letting us settle in the Garden wherever we want. How excellent is the wage of those who work!´
39:75 You will see the angels circling round the Throne, glorifying their Lord with praise. It will be decided between them with truth. And it will be said: ´Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.´


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