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Dr. Kamal Omar

al-Baqarah (The Cow)
as rendered by Dr. Kamal Omar

Dr. Kamal Omar rendition of Surah The Cow(al-Baqarah)
2:1  A.L.M.
2:2 This is Al-Kitab (The Scripture, The Divine Book, The Legitimate Bible, Allah’s Book), no raib (doubtful matter or interpolation) therein, guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious and the righteous).
2:3 Those who Believe in Al-Ghaib (What is hidden), and establish As-Salat (The Canonical Prayers, in a specified format at fixed timings), and they spend out of what We have provided them.
2:4 And who Believe in what has been delivered to you and what was delivered before you, and they have firm faith in Al-Akhirat (that which comes Hereafter, like Resurrection, Accountability, Reward and Punishment).
2:5 They are on guidance from their Rabb (Nourisher-Sustainer), and they, they (are the very ones) who shall prosper.
2:6 Certainly, those who have disbelieved, it is the same to them whether you warn them or you did not warn them, they will not Believe.
2:7 Allah has set a seal (of closure) on their hearts (as they use not their faculty of understanding, to grasp the Message) and their hearing (since they remain inattentive to the Teachings propagated from within the Scripture), and on their eyes (is) a covering (as they see not the statements in the Codex); and for them (is) a grievous punishment.
2:8 And of mankind, there are some who say: “We Believe in Allah and the Last Day” while in fact they are not Believers.
2:9 They deceive Allah and those who have Believed, in reality they deceive not but their ownselves and they realise not.
2:10 In their understandings is a sickness, so Allah has intensified their sickness; and a grievous punishment awaits them because they used to utter lies.
2:11 And when it was said to them: “Make no mischief on the earth,” they said: “We are only peace-makers.”
2:12 Beware! They are those who make mischief, but they realise not.
2:13 And when it was said to them: “Believe as the people have Believed,” they said: “Shall we Believe as the fools have Believed?” Verily, they are the fools, but they know not.
2:14 And when they met those who Believe, they said: “We Believe,” and when they happened to be alone with their devils, they said: “Certainly, we are with you; verily, we are those who mock.”
2:15 Allah mocks at them, and allows them to continue in their transgression, wandering blindly.
2:16 Those are they who have purchased ignorance in place of guidance, so their business brought no profit, and they were not those who find guidance.
2:17 Their case is like the case of that who kindled a fire, and when it lighted up all around him, Allah took away their sight and left them in thick darkness, they see not.
2:18 Deaf, dumb, blind, so they do not revert.
2:19 Or like a rainstorm from the sky, in it is darkness, thunder and lightening. They thrust their fingers in their ears due to the stunning thunder-clap, fearing death; and Allah has full surveillance over the rejectors.
2:20 The lightening almost snatches away their sights, whenever it flashed for them, they walked therein, and whenever it caused darkness over them, they came to a halt. And if Allah willed, He could have moved away with their hearing and their sights. Certainly Allah has full control over everything.
2:21 O mankind! Obey your Nourisher-Sustainer Who brought into being you and those before you so that you become Al-Muttaqun (the pious and the righteous ones) —
2:22 Who has made for you the earth as a bed, and the sky as a roof, and sent down water from towards the sky and brought therewith fruits as food for you. Then, do not set up rivals unto Allah while you know.
2:23 And if you people are in doubt about what We have delivered to Our Abd (human subject), then come forward with one Surah having similarity to this; and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you are those who speak the truth.
2:24 And if you do (it) not, and you can never do (it) — then guard against the Fire whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.
2:25 And give good news to those who have Believed and did righteous acts, that for them are orchards under which flow streams. Every time they were provided fruits therefrom, they said: “This is what we were provided before.” And they were provided in resemblance to it. And for them therein (are) companions, cleansed and purified; and they shall abide therein.
2:26 Certainly Allah does not hesitate to put up a point whether it is of least importance or even beyond it. Then those who have Believed, soon shall they know that it is a reality from their Nourisher-Sustainer; and those who have disbelieved soon shall they say: “What did Allah intend by this point?” By it, He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He misleads thereby only those who are Al-Fasiqun
2:27 those who break Allah’s Covenant after ratifying it, and disconnect what Allah has ordered to be joined, and do mischief on the earth, it is they who are the losers.
2:28 How do you disbelieve concerning Allah and you were dead and He gave you life; then He will give you death, then He will bring you to life, then unto Him you will be returned?
2:29 He It is Who created, in your interest, all that is on the earth. Then He paid full attention to the sky, so He perfected them into many heavens and He is perfectly aware of every thing.
2:30 And when your Nourisher-Sustainer said to the angels: “I am about to place Khalifa on earth.” They said: “Will you place therein one who makes disorder therein and sheds blood, while we are steadfast in Your glorification and propagate Your Highness?” (Allah) said: “Certainly I know more, what you do not know.”
2:31 And He taught Adam characteristics of every thing of that (earth) and He brought them in view to the angels and said: “Tell me the characteristics of all this if you are truthful.”
2:32 They said: “Glory to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily You, You (are) the All-Knower, the All-Wise.”
2:33 (Allah) said: “O Adam! Inform these (angels) about their characteristics.” Then while (Adam) informed them about their characteristics, (Allah) said: “Did I not tell you that I know the ghaib (unseen and hidden) of the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?”
2:34 And when We said to the angels: “Prostrate (to Me) for Adam.” So they prostrated except Iblis; he refused and (being of the Jinn) exhibited undesirable pride and was of the disbelievers.
2:35 And We said: “O Adam! Stay you and your wife in the orchard and eat both of you freely as you two desired. And you two must not approach this particular tree, otherwise you two become of the transgressors.”
2:36 Then did Satan make both of them slip therefrom, and got these two out from that in which the two were. We said: “Get you shifted, some of you (are) enemy to some. And in the earth (is) a dwelling place for you and a livelihood for a time.”
2:37 Then Adam received in inspiration, words from his Nourisher-Sustainer. And (Allah) pardoned him. Verily, He is the One Who accepts repentance, continuously Merciful.
2:38 We said: “Get you all shifted from this (orchard), then whenever comes to you guidance from Me, so whoever adopts My Guidance, no apprehensions will disturb them and they will not be down with anxiety.
2:39 And those who have disbelieved and belied Our statements, such are the companions of the Fire, they shall abide therein.
2:40 O progeny of Israiel! Remember My Grace which I bestowed upon you and fulfil (your obligations to) My covenant, so that I fulfil (My obligations to) your covenant and only to Me — to Me be mindful.
2:41 And Believe in what I have delivered in confirmation (and as re-revelation) to what is with you, and be not the first to disbelieve therein. And do not earn a meagre price by overruling My statements and only to Me, to Me you pay obedience.
2:42 And do not cover the truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth when you are aware.
2:43 And establish Salat (canonical Prayers) and pay off Zakat (specified charity), and bow down your heads with those who bow down.
2:44 Do you enjoin right conduct on the people and forget (to practice it) yourselves, and you continue to recite Al-Kitab (without understanding it), what then? Don’t you use your sense?
2:45 And invoke assistance (of Allah) through perseverance and Salat, and indeed it is very hard except to those who are devoted —
2:46 the people who are certain that they are to meet their Nourisher-Sustainer, and that unto Him they are about to return.
2:47 O progeny of Israiel! Remember My Grace upon you which I bestowed upon you and that I preferred you over the worlds.
2:48 And guard against the Day when no Nafs (self) shall serve as a substitute for another Nafs at all; nor shall intercession be accepted from her; nor shall ransom be taken from her; nor shall they be provided assistance.
2:49 And (remember the time) when We delivered you from the followers of Firaun (Pharaoh) — they afflict you with grievous torment, they slaughter your sons and spare your women; and in that (is) a great trial from your Nourisher-Sustainer.
2:50 And when We separated with you the sea and provided you safe passage and drowned the followers of Firaun while you are loohead of state on.
2:51 And when We promised Musa (Moses) forty nights, afterwards you picked up the young of the cow in his absence and you are transgressors.
2:52 Then We forgave you thereafter that you may be grateful.
2:53 And when We gave Musa Al-Kitab and Al-Furqan so that you may be guided aright.
2:54 And when Musa addressed his nation: “O my nation! certainly you people have wronged yourselves in pichead of state up young of the cow. So turn in repentance to your Benefactor, and Iqtilu anfusakum; that is the best for you with your Benefactor.” Then He pardoned you. Verily, He is the One Who accepts repentance, continuously Merciful.
2:55 And when you said: “O Musa! We will never Believe (in Allah) because of you, till we see Allah manifestly.” Consequently thunderbolt with lightening struck you people as you are loohead of state on.
2:56 Then We revived you after your ‘death’, so that you may be grateful.
2:57 And We caused the clouds to overshadow you and sent down on you Al-Manna and As-Salwa, (saying): eat of the good lawful things whatever We provided for you.” And they did not wrong Us but they were doing wrong to their own souls.
2:58 And when We said: “Enter this Al-Qaryah (The City), and eat therefrom, as you wish, without restriction, and enter the gate with humility and utter Hittatun (obedience/submission), We shall forgive you your faults and soon We shall increase those who happily do good.
2:59 Then the transgressors replaced the word which was specified for them, so we sent on the transgressors Rijzan (detestable punishment) from the direction of the sky, for they were going arrogant.
2:60 And when Musa asked for water for his nation, so We said: “Strike the stone with your rod.” Then gushed forth therefrom twelve springs. All the people fully knew their place of water. “Eat and drink from the providence of Allah and do not roam on the land as mischief mongers.”
2:61 And when you said: “O Musa! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Nourisher-Sustainer for us to bring forth for us of what the land grows, from its herbs, and its cucumbers and its wheat/garlic and its lentils and its onions.” (Musa) said: “Would you exchange the high for the lower? Go back to Egypt, so certainly (exists) for you (therein) what you have requested for". And they were covered with humiliation and misery, and they drew on themselves the wrath of Allah. This, because they went on rejecting the statements of Allah and assassinating the Prophets without cause. This, because they rebelled and went on crossing the limits.
2:62 Those who have Believed (in Al-Kitab) and those who Hadoo (became Jews) and Nasaaraa (Christians) and Saabioon, whoever Believed in Allah and the Last Day and acted righteously — then, for them (is) their reward with their Nourisher-Sustainer and there shall be no apprehensions to them, nor shall they go in depression and anxiety.
2:63 And when We took your covenant and We slided over you (a portion of) the mount (saying): “Hold firmly what we have given you (as Al-Kitab), and be reminded to that which is therein so that you may become Al-Muttaqun.”
2:64 Then you turned back thereafter. Had it not been for the grace and mercy of Allah upon you, indeed you would have been among the losers.
2:65 And certainly you knew amongst you who crossed the limits in the matter of As-Sabth. We said to them: “Be you apes, despised and rejected.”
2:66 So We made this a warning sign for what was in between its two hands (contemporary era) and that which came after it, and a reminder to those who are Al-Muttaqun.
2:67 And when Musa said to his nation: “Without doubt, Allah commands you that you should sacrifice the cow.” They said: "Do you make fun of us?” (Musa) said: “I seek protection in Allah from being an ignorant."
2:68 They said: “Call upon your Nourisher-Sustainer for us that He may make plain to us what (kind of cow) it is!” (Musa) said: “He says, verily, it is ' a cow neither too old nor too young, ideally growing between these (two extremes)’: so do what you are commanded.”
2:69 They said: “Call upon your Nourisher-Sustainer for us to make plain to us what is its colour.” (Musa) said: “Verily, He says 'verily, it is a yellow cow, bright is its colour. She delights the beholders.' ”
2:70 They said: “Call upon your Nourisher-Sustainer for us to make plain to us what she is: certainly this particular cow has become undefined for us. And certainly, if Allah wished, we shall soon be those who find the clue.”
2:71 (Musa) said: “He says in certainty, without doubt, she is a cow, not trained to till the soil; and she does not water the field; fully sound, (there is) no defect in her.” They said: “Now you came with the truth!” Then they sacrificed it. And they had no intention that they would do it.
2:72 And when you killed a person, then you created a dispute among yourselves about it; and Allah was to expose what you were hiding.
2:73 So We said: “Strike him (on his chest) by means of a part (i.e., the upper limb) of this (his own deadbody). In this way Allah revives the (apparently) lifeless and He (thus) explains to you His (natural scientific) laws so that you may use your intellect.
2:74 Thenceforth your hearts were hardened so they (became) like stones or even more in hardness. For certainly among the stones are some from which gush forth streams; and certainly out of these there are those who split asunder, so that water flows from them; and certainly of them are those which slide in obedience to (the natural law of) Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
2:75 Do you covet that they may Believe because of you? And certainly a group of them listen to the speech of Allah and then commit Tahreef therein after they understood it, and they know (they are indulging in mischief).
2:76 And when they came across those who have become Believers, they said: “We have Believed,” but when they met one another in privacy they said: “ Shall you describe to them what Allah has unveiled on you that they may engage you in argument about it in presence of your Nourisher-Sustainer? What then! Don’t you understand?”
2:77 What then? Don’t they know that certainly Allah knows what they hide and what they announce.
2:78 And amongst them are Ummiyyun; they do not know Al-Kitab except (adhering to their) desires and they are not but those who nourish conjecture.
2:79 Then woe to those who write the book with their own hands and then say: “This is from Allah,” so that they may earn therewith a miserable sum. Woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they earn.
2:80 And they said: “The Fire shall not touch us but for a few numbered days.” Say: “Have you taken a covenant from Allah, for Allah never breaks His covenant? Or you say of Allah what you know not?”
2:81 Yes! Whosoever has earned evil and his sin engulfed him, so they are dwellers of the Fire; they will abide therein.
2:82 And those who have Believed and did righteous acts, they are dwellers of Paradise, they will abide therein.
2:83 And when We took covenant from the progeny of Israiel: "Do not pay obedience but to Allah, and be dutiful and kind to parents and to close relations and to the members of the weaker class and those in need. (We also advised you): “Speak fair to the people, and establish Salat and pay off Zakat". Then you turned back except a minority amongst you and you stay aloof (of the teachings in Al-Kitab).
2:84 And when We took your covenant: Shed not the blood of your people, and turn not out your own people from your homes." Then you ratified (this agreement) and (to this) you bear witness.
2:85 After this, it is you who kill your own people and you turn out a group of your own from their houses; you assist (their enemies) against them in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives (having been kidnapped) you demand ransom (for their release), although this, their expulsion, was forbidden to you. Then do you Believe in a portion of Al-Kitab and you disbelieve in the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in immediate life, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be consigned to the more grievous punishment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
2:86 These are the people who have purchased the immediate life at the cost of the Hereafter. So the punishment shall not be lightened from them, nor shall they be helped.
2:87 And indeed, We gave Musa Al-Kitab and continued to send Messengers after him. And We gave Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary) Al-Bayyinat and We strengthened him with Ruh-ul-Qudus. Is it that whenever a Messenger came to you with what your selves desired not, you puffed up with undue pride. Then a group (of Messengers) you belied, and a group you assassinate.
2:88 And they said: “Our hearts are wrapped in multiple coverings.” Nay! Allah has cursed them for their blasphemy; so little is that (portion in Al-Kitab) which they Believe.
2:89 And when there came to them ‘Book from Allah’, confirming and rehearsing what is with them — although since before they were mahead of state evident on the people who have disbelieved (that the Last Prophet with the Last revelation of the Original Al-Kitab is yet to come), but when that(Al-Kitab) came to them which they recognised, they refused to Believe in it. So (let) the curse of Allah (be) on the disbelievers.
2:90 Bad is that for which they have sold their selves — that they should disbelieve, grudging that Allah should send down from His grace on whom He thinks proper out of His Ibad. So they have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. And for those who reject Al-Kitab is a punishment, most humiliating.
2:91 And when it is said to them, “Believe in what Allah has sent down (in its original),” they said: “We Believe what has been sent down to us.” And they reject what is after it, although it is The Truth confirming and rehearsing what is with them. Say: “Why then you assassinate the Prophets of Allah aforetime if you are Believers?”
2:92 And indeed Musa came to you with Al-Bayyinat yet you picked up the young of the cow in his absence, and you are transgressors.
2:93 And when We took your covenant and We slided over you the mount (saying): “Hold firmly to what We have given you (in Al-Kitab) and listen to (Our words).” They said: “We have heard and disobeyed.” And because of their disbelief the young of the cow was allowed to be absorbed in their hearts. Say: “Bad is that which your faith enjoins on you if you are Believers.”
2:94 Say: “If the House in the Hereafter with Allah is exclusively for you leaving other mankind, then desire death if you are truthful.”
2:95 But they will never desire it till eternity on account of what their hands have sent before, and Allah is All-Aware of the transgressors.
2:96 And indeed, you will find them the greediest of mankind for life and even greedier than those who have ascribed partners to God. Every one of them wishes that he could be given a life of a thousand years. But that will not protect him from the punishment if he is given long life. And Allah is All-Seer of what they do.
2:97 Say: “Whoever is an enemy to Jibriel (Gabriel), for indeed he has delivered this (Al-Kitab) to your heart by Allah’s permission, confirming as true what is in between its two hands (i.e., already there), and (it is) guidance and good news for the Believers.
2:98 Whoever is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His Messengers and Jibriel and Mikal (Michael), then verily, Allah is enemy to the disbelievers.
2:99 And certainly We delivered to you Ayaatin Bayyinat, and reject it not except Fasiqun.
2:100 What then! Every time they made a covenant, a group amongst them threw it aside? Nay! Most of them do not Believe.
2:101 And whenever came to them a Messenger from Allah confirming and rehearsing what is with them, a group of the people who were given Al-Kitab threw away the Book of Allah (Kitabullah) behind their backs, as if they do not know.
2:102 And they accepted (without investigation) what the satans propagated against the empire of Sulaiman (Solomon), although Sulaiman did no blasphemy, rather the devils rejected (the Original). They teach magic to people and what was delivered at Babel (Babylon) to two angels - Harut and Marut. And these two provided no knowledge (to counteract magic) to any one till the twain warned: “We are on trial, so do not blaspheme (by misusing this knowledge).” Then they gain knowledge from the two by which they cause separation between man and his wife. And they could not thus harm any one except by Allah’s permission. And they are learning which harms them and does not benefit them. And they certainly knew that whoever purchased this (magic) would have no happiness in the Hereafter. And filthy it is for which they have sold their selves, if they had been knowing (the punishment).
2:103 And if they had Believed and obeyed, the reward from Allah would have been better if they but knew.
2:104 O you people who have Believed! Say not Ra’ina but say Unzurna and listen. And for the disbelievers is a punishment grievous. [Both these words are used to say: ‘Pay attention to us’. But the word Ra’ina with a little twist of the tongue could be disrespectful to some one by adopting another meaning].
2:105 The disbelievers from the people of Al-Kitab do not desire, and nor the polytheists that any thing good should descend on you from your Nourisher-Sustainer. And Allah selects out of His mercy whom He thinks proper. And Allah is the possessor of Mighty Grace.
2:106 Whatever We cancel out of an Ayat (practice, ritual) or We make it forgotten, We come with better than that, or the like thereof. Don’t you know that Allah is All-Assessing to every thing?
2:107 Don’t you know that it is Allah to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth? And besides Allah there is no protector or helper for you.
2:108 Do you intend that you may question your Messenger as Musa was questioned in times before? And he who changes Faith for disbelief, verily, he has lost rightness of the path.
2:109 Majority from the people of Al-Kitab loved if they could turn you back as disbelievers after your (attaining) Faith, out of envy from their ownselves even after the truth has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook till Allah brings His command. Verily, Allah is All-Assessing to every thing.
2:110 And establish Salat and pay off Zakat and what ever good you send beforehand for your souls, you shall find it with Allah. Certainly Allah is Fully Watchful of what you do.
2:111 And they said: “None shall enter Paradise except one who is hood (Jew) or Nasaaraa (Christians). These are their vain desires. Say: “Bring forth your proof if you are truthful.”
2:112 Nay! Whoever submitted his attention to Allah and he is a doer of good — then his reward for him is with his Nourisher-Sustainer. No apprehensions to them, and they shall have no depression or anxiety.
2:113 And Al-Yahood (the Jews) said: “An-Nasaaraa have nothing definite to stand upon. ” And An-Nasaaraa said: “Al-Yahood have nothing definite to stand upon” although they recite Al-Kitab. Thus said those who do not know — similar to their statement. So Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they have been differing.
2:114 And who is more unjust than he who forbids that His name may be remembered in the Mosques of Allah; and he made efforts to damage them? Such people! It is not (proper) for them that they should enter these (mosques) except as those who are in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and for them there is a grievous punishment in the Hereafter.
2:115 And to Allah belong the East and the West. Whithersoever you adopt direction, then and there is the attention of Allah. Verily Allah is Omnipresent, Omniscient.
2:116 And they said: “Allah has picked up a son.” He is free of such (needs and desires). Nay! To Him belongs what is in the heavens or on the earth: every one is subservient to Him.
2:117 Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decreed a matter, He only says to it: “Be”! And it comes into existence.
2:118 And those who do not know said: “Why does not Allah speak to us (face to face) and why does not a sign come to us?” Thus said the people before them — similar to their utterance. Their hearts became similar (in approach). We have indeed explained the Ayaat for the nation who firmly Believe.
2:119 Verily! We have sent you with Al-Haqq as a bearer of good news and as a warner. And you shall not be put to question about the dewellers of the blazing Fire.
2:120 And Al-Yahood will never make peace with you; and nor An-Nasaaraa unless you adopted their ‘millat’. Say: “Verily, the Guidance of Allah: that is the original Guidance. And if you adopted their vain desires after what has come to you of Knowledge, (then) there is no protector or helper to you against Allah.
2:121 Those to whom We have delivered Al-Kitab: they study it as it should be studied, they are the ones who Believe therein. And whosoever disbelieves in it, then, those people: they (very ones are) the losers.
2:122 O progeny of Israiel! Bring to mind My Grace which I bestowed upon you and that, I preferred you over the worlds.
2:123 And guard against the Day when one soul shall not avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from her, nor shall intercession profit her, nor shall they be helped.
2:124 And when Ibrahim (Abraham) was put to test by his Nourisher-Sustainer through certain commands — so he fulfilled them. (Allah) said: “Without doubt I am about to install you as Imam to mankind.” (Ibrahim) said: “And also from my off spring?” (Allah) said: “My promise does not cover the transgressors.”
2:125 And when We appointed The House as a place of congregation for mankind and as a place of tranquility, peace and security. And PICK UP FROM THE STANDING PLACE OF IBRAHIM THE OFFERED SALAT. And We gave a contract to Ibrahim and Ismaiel (Abraham and Ishmael) that ‘you two sanctify My House for those who make Tawaf and those who stay in I’tikaf and for Sujood with Rukus’.
2:126 And when Ibrahim said: “My Nourisher-Sustainer! Make this ‘a city of peace and security’ and feed its people with fruits — such of them who Believed in Allah and the Last Day.” (Allah) said: “And who ever disbelieved I will grant him a little pleasure, then I will make him helpless to the punishment of Fire, and bad indeed is that destination.”
2:127 And when Ibrahim raises the foundations from The House, also Ismaiel (saying). “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! Accept from us. Verily You! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”
2:128 Our Nourisher-Sustainer! And make us two Muslims, submissive to You and of our progeny a Muslim Ummah, submissive to You, and show us our Manasik (Religious Rites), and be attentive to us. Verily You! You are the Oft-Attentive, the continuously Merciful.
2:129 Our Nourisher-Sustainer! Raise amongst these (members of the Muslim Ummah) a Messenger from amongst themselves who shall rehearse to them Your Ayaat and teach them Al-Kitab and Al-Hikmay and sanctify them. Verily You, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”
2:130 And who turns away from the Millat of Ibrahim except one who befools himself? And certainly! We chose him in this world, and verily, he will be in the Hereafter, only in the ranks of the righteous.
2:131 When his Nourisher-Sustainer said to him: “Accept Islam!” He said: “I have accepted Islam under submission to the Nourisher-Sustainer of the worlds.”
2:132 And Ibrahim (Abraham) bequeathed this to his sons, and (also) Yaqub (Jacob): “O my sons! Certainly Allah has specified for you The Religion, die not except while you are Muslims.”
2:133 Were you witnesses when death approached Yaqub? When he said to his sons: “Whom will you obey after me?” They said: “We obey and shall obey your Ilah and the Ilah of your fathers, Ibrahim, and Ismaiel, and Ishaque (Issac), the One and Only Ilah and we are Muslims to Him.”
2:134 This is the Ummah which has certainly passed away. For it (awaits) what it earned and for you (awaits) what you have earned. And you would not be questioned for what they had been doing.
2:135 And they said: “Become Hood or Nasaaraa — you would be guided.” Say: “Nay! (only) Millat of Ibrahim, the Unitarian. And he was not of Al-Mushrikun.
2:136 Say: “We have Believed in Allah and what has been delivered to us and what was delivered to Ibrahim and Ismaiel and Ishaque and Yaqub and Al-Asbat, and that which was given to Musa and Iesa (Jesus); and what was given to (other) Prophets from their Nourisher-Sustainer, WE MAKE NO DISTINCTION BETWEEN ANY OF THEM and we are Muslims to Him. ”
2:137 So if they have Believed in the same way as you have Believed, then verily, they are guided. And if they have turned away, then they are only in opposition. So very soon Allah will suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
2:138 Colour (System or Religion) of Allah! And who is better than Allah in respect of Colour (System or Religion)? And we are obedient to Him alone.
2:139 Say: “Would you cut arguments with us about Allah, and He is our Nourisher-Sustainer and your Nourisher-Sustainer. And my actions are for me and your actions for you. And we are sincere to Him".
2:140 Do you say that certainly Ibrahim and Ismaiel and Ishaque and Yaqub and Al-Asbat were hood or Nasaaraa? Say: “Do you know better or Allah? And who is more unjust than one who has concealed the evidence (received) from Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.”
2:141 That was the Ummah which has passed away. For it is what it earned and for you, what you earned. And you will not be asked of what they used to do.
2:142 Soon the fools among the people would say: “What had made them revert from their Qiblah which they were attached to.” Say: “To Allah belong the East and the West. He guides whom He thinks proper to Sirat-al-Mustaqim.
2:143 And thus We evolved you as an ideal Ummah so that you become witnesses over mankind and the Messenger becomes a witness over you. And We did not prescribe the Qiblah which you patronise except that We might know who copies the Messenger, from that who turns away upon his two heels. And certainly it is extremely hard except for those whom Allah has guided. And Allah would never be one who may make your faith of no effect. Verily Allah is Full of Kindness, continuously Merciful to mankind.
2:144 Certainly, We take notice of the turning of your face in heaven. So, without doubt, We shall appoint you the governor of the Qiblah and this shall please you. So do turn your face (to the) Nucleus of Al-Masjid-al-Haram and wheresoever you people are, do turn your faces (towards) its nucleus. And certainly the people who were given Al-Kitab fully know that it is Al-Haqq from their Nourisher-Sustainer. And Allah is not unaware of what they practice.
2:145 And even if you came to the people who were given Al-Kitab with a proof of every sort, they did not adopt your Qiblah. And you are not the follower of their Qiblah; and some of them are not the followers of the Qiblah of some others (among them). And verily, if you followed their vain desires, after what has come to you from Al-Ilm, then indeed you are from the transgressors.
2:146 Those whom We gave Al-Kitab, recognise it as they recognise their sons. And certainly a group among them clearly conceal the truth while they know.
2:147 Al-Haqq from your Nourisher-Sustainer, so be not of those who doubt.
2:148 And to every one (is a) ‘site of attention,’ he being one who turns to it. So vie with one another in good works. Wheresoever you may be, Allah will bring you altogether. Truly Allah is All-Powerful for every thing.
2:149 And from wheresoever you have come out, turn your face (to the) Nucleus of Al-Masjid-al-Haram. And that indeed is the original truth from your Nourisher-Sustainer. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.
2:150 And from wheresoever you start forth, turn your face (to the) Nucleus of Al-Masjid-al-Haram. And wheresoever you are, do turn your faces (towards) its nucleus so that there be no ground with the people against you except those of them who committed transgression. So pay no allegiance to them and pay allegiance to Me; and that I may complete My grace on you and perchance you may be guided.
2:151 Similarly We have sent among you a Messenger of your own. He recites to you Our Ayaat and sanctifies you and teaches you Al-Kitab and Al-Hikmah and gives you knowledge which you were not knowing.
2:152 Then be mindful of Me, I will be attentive to you; and be grateful to Me and do not blaspheme Me.
2:153 O you people who have Believed! Invoke assistance with patience and Salat. Indeed Allah is with those who patiently persevere.
2:154 And say not to that who is killed in the Cause of Allah: “(they are) dead ones.” Nay! They are living; although you do not perceive.
2:155 And certainly, We shall test you with a little of fear and hunger and loss in wealth, lives and fruits (of your orchards, till and labour). And give good news to those who bear with patience.
2:156 Those, when a calamity afflicted them said: “Verily! We are because of Allah and certainly we are returnees to Him.”
2:157 Those people: (descend) on them greetings from their Nourisher-Sustainer and (also) mercy. And they are the ones who receive guidance.
2:158 Verily, As-safa and Al-Marwah (are) among the symbols of Allah. So one who has attended the Hajj at The House or has performed Umra — there is no blame on him if he made rounds in between these two. And that who voluntarily did a desirable act, then verily, Allah is All-Recogniser, All-Aware.
2:159 Verily, those who conceal what We have sent down from the clear signs and guidance after what We explained for mankind in Al-Kitab — such are the people Allah curses them and curse them those entitled to curse —
2:160 except those who made amends and reformed and openly propagated (the statements of Al-Kitab). So these, I will accept their repentance. And I am Oft-Attentive, Continuously Merciful.
2:161 Verily, those who rejected and died while they were disbelievers — on them is curse of Allah and angels and mankind, combined.
2:162 They abide in this (condition). The punishment shall not be lightened upon them and nor they will be given (any) respite.
2:163 And your Ilah is One Ilah. There is no god except He. Bestower of unlimited mercy, Continuously Merciful.
2:164 Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of the night and the day, and in the ship which sails in the sea through which mankind benefits, and what Allah sent down from the direction of the sky as water, and then He gave life to the earth after its death, and He scattered therein all sorts of moving creatures, and the rapid movements of the winds, and the clouds hanging between the sky and the earth — indeed (there are) signs for the people who use intellect.
2:165 And of mankind is that who picks up rivals besides Allah. They feel attachment to them, the attachment which suits Allah (alone). And those who have Believed are overflowing in their love for Allah. If only those who have transgressed could see when they come across the punishment — that to Allah belongs all power and that Allah is extremely strict in punishment.
2:166 When disowned those who were obeyed, those who obeyed; and they witnessed the punishment, and all the relationships among them got severed.
2:167 And those who obeyed said: “If only we had one more chance we would detach ourselves from them (whom we have obeyed unduly) as they have detached themselves from us.” Thus Allah will show them their deeds as regrets for them. And they will never get out of the Fire.
2:168 O you mankind! Eat of what is lawful and palatable in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Satan. Certainly he is to you an evident enemy.
2:169 It is so, that (Satan) commands you sin and obscenity and that you should utter about Allah what you do not know.
2:170 And when it is said to them: “Adopt what Allah has sent down.” They said: “Nay! We shall adopt on what we found our fathers.” What, even if their fathers were not understanding anything and were not getting guidance?
2:171 The example of those who disbelieved is like the example of that who calls the one who does not listen (to the contents of the Message) but as a call and a sound: deaf, dumb and blind, so they will not understand.
2:172 O you who have Believed! Eat of the palatable things what We have provided to you and be grateful to Allah if it is Him you pay obedience.
2:173 He has only forbidden you ‘the dead’, and the blood, and the flesh of swine and what has been pronounced, along with Him, for other than Allah. But if one is helpless, free of rebellion and is not the one who knowingly breaks the limits — then there is no sin on him. Certainly Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Continuously Merciful.
2:174 Verily, those who hide what Allah has delivered in Al-Kitab and thus they earn a little sum, they swallow in their bellies nothing but Fire; and Allah will not talk to them on the Day of Resurrection, and will not sanctify them. And for them is a penalty grievous.
2:175 They are the people who have purchased ignorance in place of guidance, and punishment in place of forgiveness. Ah! What has made them bold against the Fire?
2:176 This is because indeed Allah delivered Al-Kitab in original, and certainly those who created difference of opinion in Al-Kitab, are definitely broken in splinters, remote (from the Message).
2:177 It is not righteousness that you turn your faces to the East and the West (as Qiblah); but righteousness is this: one who has Believed in Allah and the Last Day, and the angels and Al-Kitab and the Prophets; and he gave his wealth out of His love to close relations, and members of the weaker class and the needy and who has become unpossessed while in travel, and those who are compelled to put up a request; and for giving freedom to one who is in bondage, and he established Salat and he paid off Zakat; and who fulfill their promises and contracts when they have ratified (any); and the patient and perseverent in states of pain and suffering and throughout states of panic — such are the people who have proved (their Belief in Allah) and these are the ones who are Al-Muttaqun.
2:178 O you who have Believed! Al-Qisas is prescribed to you in murders. (Kill) the free when the killer happens to be the free, and the bondman when he is a bondman, and the woman when (the killer) is the woman. But who has forgiven something on his (victim’s) behalf to his brother (i.e., to the killer), then fulfil (it) in a desirable way and compensate him with gratitude. This is a concession and mercy from your Nourisher-Sustainer. After this whoever committed any transgression — so, for him, is a penalty most grievous.
2:179 And in (the law of) Al-Qisas (is enshrined) protection to life, O you men of understanding, perchance you may learn to control emotions and restrain (yourselves).
2:180 It is written as law to you when death approached any of you if he has left any wealth: a bequest in the interest of the parents and the next of kin in an acceptable way; this is necessary for Al-Muttaqun.
2:181 So one who changed this (bequest) after listening to it, then definitely its guilt is on those who have changed it. Certainly Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.
2:182 But who feared partiality or sin on one who is mahead of state the bequest, and made desirable understandings among the recipient parties, there is no blame on him. Certainly Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Continuously Merciful.
2:183 O you who have Believed! Fasts are prescribed to you as (they are) prescribed to people before you that you may become Al-Muttaqun.
2:184 Fixed number of days; so one amongst you who is sick or on a journey, then the prescribed number (is to be completed) from days later; and for those who completely exhaust their physical power to it and become in a bad shape, is (sanctioned) a ransom: one-time food for one indigent. So one who did some additional voluntary good, then it is better for him. And that you fast (it would be) good for you (and would not hurt you, rather it must benefit you) if you only knew.
2:185 The month of Ramazan, in which is sent down Al-Quran, a Guidance for mankind, and clear proofs for the guidance and Al-Furqan. So one of you who has witnessed the month must pass it in fasting. And who became sick or is in travel — then the prescribed period (is to be completed) from days later. Allah desires ease for you, He does not intend difficulty for you; and that you shall complete the prescribed number, and that you may glorify Allah realising that He has guided you and that you may pay thanks.
2:186 And when My Ibad ask you concerning Me, so indeed I am very close (to them). I respond to the call of one who calls when he has given a call to Me. So they must respond to Me and must Believe in Me so that they may walk in the right way.
2:187 Has been made lawful to you, during the night of the Fasts the sexual approach to your wives. They are a garment to you and you are a garment to them. Allah knew that you: you continued to curtail from the rights of yourselves, so He turned in attention to you and forgave you. So now have sexual relations with them and seek (the pleasure or progeny) whatever Allah has written for you. And continue to eat and drink until becomes evident to you the white linear area from the dark linear area (on the sky) at the break of dawn. Then complete the fasts till it is night (and the sun is no more visible). And do not have sexual relations with them while you are in Itikaf in the mosques. These are the limits (set) by Allah, so don’t stand at its edge. Thus Allah explains His statements for mankind so that they may become Al-Muttaqun.
2:188 And do not devour your wealth among yourselves in an undesirable way, and do not reach through them the officials (bribing them) so that you may be able to get something which belongs to other people — committing sin, while you clearly know (what belongs to the others as their wilful right).
2:189 They ask you about the crescents (new moons). Say: They are signs to mark periods of time for mankind and for Al-Hajj. And it is no virtue that (if you have watched a crescent) you may enter the houses from their backs, but virtue is: one who has paid obedience. And enter the houses through their entrances. And obey Allah so that you may prosper.
2:190 And fight to kill, in the Cause of Allah, those who fight you to kill and do not transgress the limits (of justice and retribution). Certainly Allah does not like those who cross the limits.
2:191 And kill them wherever you overpower them and extern them from where they have externed you. And tumult and oppression (are) worse than slaughter. And fight them not to kill near Al-Masjid-al-Haram until they fight you to kill inside it, so if they fight you to kill, slay them — such is the retribution for the disbelievers.
2:192 But if they ceased, then certainly Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Continuously Merciful.
2:193 And fight them to kill until there is no more tumult and oppression and the Religion becomes exclusively of Allah. But if they ceased, then there should be no hostility except against those who are transgressors.
2:194 A Prohibited Month goes with a prohibited month; and for all Prohibitions the law of Qisas is a must. And whoever transgresses (in Prohibitions) against you, you (too) transgress against him likewise, as he transgresses against you. And pay obedience to Allah and know that Allah is on the side of Al-Muttaqun.
2:195 And spend in the cause of Allah. And make not your hands contribute towards (your) destruction; and do good, for Allah loves those who are Al-Muhsinun.
2:196 And complete Hajj and Umra for Allah. Then if you are prevented from completing it, then there is an Offering (Hadiya) as you could afford; and do not shave your scalps until the Offering (animal sacrifice) reaches the place (of sacrifice) specified for it. Then whoever amongst you falls sick or there is an injury to him somewhere in his scalp (necessitating shaving), then (he will pay) Fidyah in the form of Siyam (Fasts), or Sadaqa (payment to the needy) or Nusuk (Offering in the form of animal sacrifice). Then when you find peace and one (of you) performed Umra in combination to Hajj, then (such a one shall pay ransom) in the form of Hady (animal sacrifice) as one could easily afford. But if one did not find, then Siyam (Fasts), three days during the Hajj and seven when you have returned. These are ten, complete. This (performance of pre-Hajj Umra in Hajj-Season) is permissible for that — did not become his household — residents in (the precincts i.e., the Harem around) Al-Masjid-al-Haram. And pay obedience to Allah and know that Allah is strict in retribution.
2:197 The Hajj (is in the) well known (last three) months (of the lunar year). So one who makes therein Hajj compulsory on himself — then during Hajj there shall be no Rafus (indulging in sex), and no Fusuq (acts of wickedness and disobedience) and no Jidal (involvement in disputes, arguments or fights). And whatever good you do, Allah knows it, and do take a provision (for the Hajj-journey) and verily, the best of provision is At-Taqwa. And pay obedience to Me, O men of understanding.
2:198 There is no blame on you that (while you are attending the Hajj) you may seek (trade) benefits from your Nourisher-Sustainer. So when you have come back from Arafat, glorify Allah at the Mashar-al-Haram. And do glorify Him as He has directed you, and verily, you were, before this, definitely out of those who had lost the track.
2:199 Then return from the same (route) as people returned and ask forgiveness from Allah. Verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Continuously Merciful.
2:200 So when you have completed your Manasik (Religious Rites), glorify Allah as your glorification regarding your fore fathers, or even more powerful glorification. So there is amongst mankind who says: “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! Give us in this immediate world!” And for him is no share in the Hereafter.
2:201 And amongst them is the one who says: “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! Give us good in this immediate world and good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the punishment of Fire."
2:202 Those people: for them is a share from what they have earned and Allah is swift in accountability.
2:203 And glorify Allah during the Days Appointed. So one who hastened (to leave) in two days, there is no blame on him; and one who stayed on, there is no blame on him — for him who remained obedient. And pay obedience to Allah and be careful that certainly you would be gathered to Him.
2:204 And amongst the people (there) is (one) whose speech about the life of this world dazzles you and he makes Allah as Witness to whatever is in his heart, yet he is most perverted enemy.
2:205 And when he diverted (away from Islam) he made efforts on the land that he may spread mischief therein and destroy the crops and the generation (of men and animals). And Allah likes not mischief.
2:206 And when it was said to him: “Pay obedience to Allah,” the arrogance (of false pride and honour) involved him in sin, and enough for him is Hell and definitely an evil place to rest.
2:207 And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seehead of state the desires of Allah. And Allah is full of kindness to (His) Ibad.
2:208 O you who have Believed! Enter in submission (in Islam) wholly and completely. And do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Definitely, he is to you an evident enemy.
2:209 Then if you slided back after Al-Bayyinat has come to you, then know that Allah is Exalted in power, All-Wise.
2:210 Are they waiting until Allah comes to them in the shadows of the clouds and the angels and the matter gets settled? And to Allah all matters are made to return.
2:211 Ask the progeny of Israiel how many clear signs we have given them. And whoever substitutes the favour of Allah which has reached him, then surely, Allah is strict in retribution.
2:212 The life of this world has been made alluring to those who have disbelieved and they scoff at those who have Believed. And those who have become obedient would be higher to them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah bestows providence whom He thinks proper without measure.
2:213 Mankind is one single community: so Allah raised Prophets — those who gave good news as well as warnings; and He delivered with them Al-Kitab in original so that (The Book) may give verdict to mankind in matters wherein they had conflicting opinions. And differed not therein except those who had received this (Book) — when Al-Bayyinat had reached them. (This they did as) a mutual rebellion among themselves (against each other). So Allah gave guidance to those who Believed in what they differed therein deviating from the original. And Allah guides whom He thinks proper to Sirat-al-Mustaqim.
2:214 Have you assessed that you can enter Paradise but the conditions (of trial) have not yet touched you — what went with the people before you. Suffering and adversity afflicted them and they were completely shaken, until the Messenger and the people who Believed with him come to say: “At what stage (comes) the help from Allah?” Behold! Certainly, the help from Allah is very near!
2:215 They ask you what they should spend (in the way of Allah). Say: whatever you spend out of (your) possessions — so (it is) for parents and close relations and the weaker class of people and those in need and who has become penniless while in travel. And whatever good you do, then indeed, Allah is fully Aware of it.
2:216 Qital is ordained for you and it appears unpalatable to you! And it is possible that you dislike a thing and it is good for you; and that you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah knows and you do not know.
2:217 They ask you concerning the Shahr-al-Haram, (regarding) Qital therein. Say: “Qital therein is a grave (offence); but to prevent from the Way of Allah, to disbelieve in Him, to prevent access to Al-Masjid-al-Haram, and to drive out its people from it — (are) greater (sins) in the Sight of Allah. And tumult and oppression are worse than murder. And they will not cease mahead of state war with you until they turn you away from your Religion if they could. And whoever amongst you who leaves his Religion and dies while he is a disbeliever — then these are those whose deeds became of no use in the world as well as in the Hereafter, and they are the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein.
2:218 Verily, those who have Believed and those who migrated and did Jihad in the cause of Allah — all these expect the mercy of Allah. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, continuously Merciful.
2:219 They ask you concerning Khamr and Maisir. Say: “In either of them is a great sin as well as benefits to men. But the sin in these two is greater than the benefits in these two.” And they ask you what would they spend (in the cause of Allah). Say: “What is very easy to spare.” Thus Allah explains you the statements in order that you may do research and thinhead of state —
2:220 on this world and the Hereafter. And they ask you about Al-Yatama (the weaker class in the society). Say: “Improvements and reforms for them (are) desirable and if you make them mix as your own, then they are your brothers. And Allah knows him who desires mischief from those who wish reform. And if Allah had wished He could have placed you in difficulties and weaknesses. Certainly Allah is Exalted in Power, All-Wise
2:221 And do not marry Al-Mushrikat till they Believe. A bond-woman who is a Believer is better than a Mushrikah even if she allured you. And do not give (your girls) in marriage to Al-Mushrikun till they Believe (in One God only). And surely a bond-man who is a Believer (in One God) is better than a Mushrik even if he has allured you. They invite you to the Fire while Allah invites to the Bliss and Forgiveness by His Leave. And He explains His Ayaat to mankind so that they may propagate the Message.
2:222 They ask you about periods (in women — their menstruations). Say: “It is a state of injury (damage to the tissues). So avoid (sexual approach to) women during menstruations and do not approach them (for mahead of state sexual relations) until these women have become free (of menses). Then when they have cleansed themselves (at the cessation of their menstruation), approach them from where Allah has ordained you (in the coming Verse). Verily, Allah loves those who turn (to Him) constantly, and loves those who keep themselves clean and pure.
2:223 Your women are (also acting) as a tillage for you. So come unto your tillage, as and when, you wished (through the route leading to the uterus) and send (pious deeds) beforehand for your persons and pay obedience to Allah and beware, surely you are those who meet Him. And transmit good news to the Believers.
2:224 And do not make Allah an excuse (a barrier, or a target) in your oaths against your doing good and becoming obedient and mahead of state reforms among people. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
2:225 Allah will not call you to account for unintentional matter in your oaths. But, of course He will call you to account what your hearts did intend. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
2:226 For those who take an oath not to have sexual relations with their wives is a waiting period extending to four months. Then if they made amends (within this period), verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, continuously Merciful.
2:227 And if they have firmly decided about divorce, then certainly Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
2:228 And the women on whom divorce has been pronounced shall wait concerning themselves for three menstrual flows. And it is not lawful for them that they may conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they happen to Believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have a better right to take them back (as wives) during this (waiting period) if they intended for reconciliation. And in the interest of those women (are rights for honourable residence and living expenses and personality-protection) similar to those imposed on these women (that they would obey their husbands, respect him and exclusively guard their own chastity) — (all) in a most desirable way. And for men, in comparison to these women, is one point (being Qawwam of the family unit, and having a right of rejoining with the wife during the waiting period). And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
2:229 Such a divorce is permissible twice: after that either a permanent stay together, or a separation with kindness. And it is not lawful to you that you may retain anything out of what you have given to these women (any time in married life) except when a (particular) pair apprehends that the pair can not honour the conditions ordained by Allah (as the requirements of a married life). Then if you feared that these two would not abide by the ordainments of Allah, then there is no sin on (either of) these two in what she (i.e., the wife) paid to him (i.e., the husband) as ransom to this (pronouncement of divorce by husband against his will, only on wife’s initiative). These are the limits set by Allah, then override them not. And one who overrides the limits set by Allah, then such are those who are transgressors.
2:230 So if (in such a case the woman pays ransom and only then) he divorced her, then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she has married a husband other than him. Then, if (this other husband) divorced her, then there is no obstruction for these two (i.e., the woman and her first husband) if they approach each other (for a new marriage between themselves), provided both are certain that both will abide the ordainments of Allah. And these are the limits set by Allah. He explains them for the people who have knowledge.
2:231 And when you have divorced women (on your own initiatives, against the desire of the wife) and they have completed the period prescribed to them (as iddat), then take them back on equitable terms or let them go on honourable terms. And you shall not take them back to torture them or to take undue advantage. And whosoever does this — then certainly he has wronged his own self. And do not ridicule Allah’s statements. And bring to mind Allah’s grace on you and whatever He delivered to you as Al-Kitab and Al-Hikmah. He guides you through it. And pay obedience to Allah and beware that verily, Allah is Aware of every thing.
2:232 And when you divorced women (on your initiatives, against their desires) and they have reached the term prescribed to them (as iddat, and the marriage-bond gets broken), then do not prevent them if they marry their husbands (who have divorced these women) when they have made agreement between themselves in an honourable way. This, He propounds with for the one amongst you who Believes in Allah and the Last Day. This to you is more pious to you and more sanctified. And Allah knows and you do not know.
2:233 And the mothers shall breast-feed their own offsprings for two whole years for that who desired that the breast-feeding should complete itself. And one, to whom the delivered one belongs, is himself responsible for the food and dress expenditure for such women on desirable terms. No soul shall be burdened except to its capacity. Mother shall not be subjected to unfair treatment on account of her child; nor he whom the child belongs on account of his child. And on the heir lies the same responsibility. And if they two decide on weaning by mutual consent and consultation, there is no blame on these two. And if you intended that you provide a foster-mother to your child, then there is no blame on you when you paid in full (as initially agreed upon) whatever you paid in a desirable way. And pay obedience to Allah and beware that verily, Allah is All-Seer of what you do.
2:234 And those amongst you who are made to die and leave behind wives — these women shall wait concerning themselves four months and ten days. Then, when they have completed their prescribed waiting period, there is no blame on you people for what these women do in the interest of their ownselves (like arranging another marriage) in a desirable way. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
2:235 And there is no blame on you in whatever way you presented your proposal to such women or you kept it hidden to yourselves. Allah knows, soon you would discuss (the future of) such women. But do not make any secret promise to them (for marriage) except that you say honourable word. And do not take a firm decision about the bond of marriage until the prescribed waiting period comes to an end. And do realise that definitely Allah knows what is inside yourselves, then be careful of Him. And know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
2:236 There is no blame on you if you divorced such women with whom you have not established sexual relations, or you have not (yet) fixed the marriage gift (Fareeza, Sadaqa, Ajr or Mahr) for them. And bestow on them (a suitable bridal gift). This is due on the rich, according to his capacity; and on the poor, according to his capacity; (sending) a gift of a reasonable value is a must for the Muhsinun.
2:237 And if you divorced them before you start marital relations with them, and you have definitely specified a Fareeza (bridal-money or Mahr) for them, then half of what you have fixed (must be paid to them) except if they forego, or foregoes that one in whose control is the bond of marriage. And if you (as husband) forego( man’s share and pay them the entire amount — it is) nearer to Taqwa. And do not forget magnanimity between yourselves. Verily, Allah is All-Seer of what you do.
2:238 Guard strictly your As-Salawat (specified Prayers), and (try to offer them as) As-Salat-ul-Wusta (the most ideal Prayer) and stand before Allah as those who show deep devotion.
2:239 Then if you feared (an enemy attack or a state of lawlessness or panic) then (Pray) while marching or riding. Then when you attain peace then glorify Allah as He has taught you which you were not knowing (before).
2:240 And those among you who are given death and leave behind wives- is bequeathal (prescribed by Allah) for their wives: maintenance allowance for one full year without (being asked) to leave (their residences). Then if they (themselves) leave (the residence) there is no blame on you in what they did to themselves in an honourable way. And Allah is Exalted in Power, All-Wise.
2:241 And for the divorced women, maintenance in an honourable way, is a must for Al-Muttaqun.
2:242 Thus Allah explains to you His Ayaat perchance you may use your intelligence.
2:243 Didn’t you watch the people who abandoned their houses while they were in thousands (for) fear of death. So Allah said to them: “Do die.” Then He restored them to life. Certainly Allah is full of grace to mankind. But majority of the people do not pay thanks.
2:244 And ‘fight to kill’ in the way of Allah and beware that certainly Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
2:245 Who is he that gives to Allah a loan, a loan not subject to demand. So Allah will increase it to his credit, a very much increase. And it is Allah who constricts or expands and to Him you shall be returned.
2:246 Have you not looked towards the chiefs of the progeny of Israiel after (the time of) Musa when they said to a Prophet (appointed) over them: “Appoint for us an administrative head of state, we will do Qital in the cause of Allah.” (Their Prophet) said: “Would it happen with you that Qital is ordained on you (and) that you do not do Qital?” They said: “And what is with us that we do not make Qital in the cause of Allah when, without doubt, we have been turned out from our residences and our sons?” So when Qital was ordered for them, they turned back, except a minority among them. And Allah is fully Aware of the transgressors.
2:247 And their Prophet said to them: “Verily, Allah has without doubt appointed Talut (Saul) as head of state for you.” They said: “How could the state go to him leaving us (all), and we have a better right to the state than him. And he has not been given enough wealth!” (The Prophet) said: “Certainly Allah has chosen him over you and He has gifted him with abundance in knowledge and stature. And Allah hands over His country whom He thinks proper. And Allah is Omnipresent, Omniscient.”
2:248 And their Prophet said to them: “Verily, the sign of his authority is that there shall come to you At-Tabut (The ark of the Covenant). Therein is Sakinah from your Nourisher-Sustainer and Baqiyyatun out of what the followers of Musa and the followers of Harun (Aaron) left behind. The angels are loohead of state after it. Certainly in this is a proof for you if you happen to be Believers.
2:249 And when Talut marched forward with the military regiments, he said: “Verily, Allah is going to test you at the stream, so one who drank freely (from the water to completely quench his thirst) from it, he is not of my own (people), and one who does not drink to satisfaction from it, then certainly he is of my own (people) except one who made a cup-like shape in (the palm of) his hand (and then drank a palm-cup only). But they drank to their satisfaction from this (stream) except a minority among them. So when he crossed it, (i.e., ) he and the people who had Believed with him, they (who had failed the test) said: “Today (we find) no power in us in comparison to Jalut (Goliath) and his forces.” Those who were convinced that they are those who must meet Allah said: “How often a tiny force has overwhelmed an overflowing force with the permission of Allah, and Allah is on the side of those who are patient and perseverent.”
2:250 And when they advanced towards Jalut and his forces, they invoked: “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! Pour down on us patience and perseverance and make our steps firm and provide us assistance against the nation of disbelievers.”
2:251 So they routed them with the permission of Allah and Da’ud (David) killed Jalut. And Allah bestowed the country to him and wisdom (to govern) and He taught him from whatever He thought proper. And if there had not been removal of people by Allah, some of them by some others, the world would have become a victim to lawlessness. But Allah is full of grace for the worlds.
2:252 These are the statements of Allah, We recite them unto you in original and certainly, without doubt you are from among those who are sent (to mankind as Prophets).
2:253 Those Messengers, We gifted some of them over and above others: out of them is, whom Allah spoke (direct), some of them He raised in degrees: and to Iesa, son of Maryam, We gave Al-Bayyinat and We strengthened him with Ruh-ul-Qudus. And if Allah had so willed the succeeding generations would not have fought amongst each other, after Al-Bayyinat had come to them. But they differed in interpretation. So some of them Believed and some of them rejected. And if Allah had so willed they would not have fought each other. But Allah does what He thinks proper.
2:254 O you people who have Believed spend out of what We have provided you before comes the Day wherein will be no bargaining and no friendship and no intercession. And those who disbelieve — they are the transgressors.
2:255 Allah! La-ilaha-illa-Huwa, Ever-Alive, Eternal. Slumber does not overpower Him, and nor sleep. To Him owes existence whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedes with Him except under His permission? He knows whatever is in their two hands and whatever is behind them. They shall not grasp any thing out of His knowledge except whatever He permitted. His dominion extends and covers the heavens and the earth. The maintenance of these two brings Him no fatigue. And He is the Most High, the Supreme.
2:256 There is no compulsion in Religion. The desirable way has been fully explained and separated from the undesirable. So whoever rejects Taghut and Believes in Allah, so he has definitely grasped the most powerful pillar — there is no crumbling or breahead of state for it. And Allah is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
2:257 Allah is the Wali to those who have Believed. He brings them from darkness unto Light. And those who have disbelieved, their auliya (patrons) are Taghut. They bring them out from Light unto darkness. They will be dwellers of the Fire. They, therein, shall reside.
2:258 Didn’t you notice him who disputed with Ibrahim regarding his Nourisher-Sustainer just because Allah had given him the country (to rule)? When Ibrahim said: “My Nourisher-Sustainer is That Who gives life and He brings death.” (The ruler) said: “I give life and I give death." Ibrahim said: “So, certainly, Allah comes with the sun from the East. So do come you, with it, from the West!” Thus was made stunned who had rejected and disbelieved. And Allah does not guide the nation of transgressors.
2:259 Or like the one who passed through a city while this (habitation) stands destroyed upto over its roofs. He said: “How will Allah ever bring it to life after its death?” Then Allah gave him death lasting a hundred years. Then He revived and raised him up. (Allah) asked: “How long have you stayed?” He said: “I have stayed a day or part of a day.” Allah said: “Nay! You have stayed for a hundred years. So look at your food and your drink: it has not decomposed! And look at your ass (which is dead, the body is decomposed and the only remains are bare bones with no sign of flesh over them)! And so that We may make you a sign and proof for mankind (to understand the phenomenon of Resurrection). And look at the bones (of your ass) how We separate (to reset) them; then We cover them in flesh!” Then when the process got explained to him he said: “I do understand that certainly Allah is All-Capable over every thing.”
2:260 And when Ibrahim said: “My Nourisher-Sustainer! Show me how you give life to the dead.” (Allah) said: “What? Don’t you Believe?” (Ibrahim) said: “Definitely (I Believe, but) so that my heart feels satisfaction.” (Allah) said: "Take four, out of the birds; then train them to return to you (on your call). Then put, on every hill, out of these (four ones) a portion (thereof). Then give them a call, they will come to you (flying) with speed. And know that Allah is Exalted in Power, Ever-Wise.”
2:261 The example of those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah is the example of a grain seed which grew many ears, in each ear being a hundred grains. And Allah increases for whom He thinks proper. And Allah (is) Omnipresent, Omniscient.
2:262 Those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah, then do not follow up what they spent with show of generosity or insult, for them their reward is with their Nourisher-Sustainer. And there shall be no apprehension to them nor shall they be down with depression and anxiety.
2:263 Desirable words and forgiveness are better than Sadaqa to which follows an injury. And Allah is Free of all wants, Most Forbearing.
2:264 O you people who have Believed! Do not make of no effect your Sadaqat by reminders of generosity or acts of insult: like that who spends his wealth to be seen of men and he does not Believe in Allah and the Last Day. His likeness is the likeness of a smooth rock on which is dust; on it fell heavy rain which left it bare. They will not be able to utilize anything out of what they earned. And Allah guides not the nation of disbelievers.
2:265 And the example of those who spend their wealth seehead of state desires of Allah and the strengthening of their souls is like a hanging garden: heavy rain fell on it, then it produced its fruits double in number. And if heavy rain did not come to it, then light drizzle (suffices it). And Allah is All-Watchful of what you do.
2:266 Would any one of you desire that he should possess an orchard of date palms and vine-grapes, streams flowing underneath, in it all kinds of fruits are available to him, and old age has reached him and with him are weak offsprings of tender age — then a whirlwind with fire therein caught it and it got burnt to ashes. Thus Allah expounds His Signs to you so that you may think and ponder.
2:267 O you people who have Believed! Spend out of the palatable things which you have earned and whatever We have brought out for you from within the earth. And do not utilize the useless from it to spend although you would not accept it to yourself except that you may be blinded thereto. And beware! Verily, Allah is Free of wants, Worthy of Praise.
2:268 The Satan threatens you with poverty and recommends you obscenity; and Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is Omnipresent, Omniscient.
2:269 He grants wisdom to whom He thinks proper. And the one who is granted wisdom is indeed given abounding good. And does not receive admonition except men of understanding and intelligence.
2:270 And whatever you spent from that to be spent or you vouchsafed as a vow, then certainly Allah knows it. And for the transgressors there is none out of the helpers.
2:271 If you make your Sadaqat evident, even so it is well and if you keep it secret and give them to those who are really deserving, it is better for you. And He will write off some of your evil acts. And Allah is All-Aware of what you practice.
2:272 Their (attaining) guidance is not your responsibility, but Allah will guide whom He will think proper. And whatever you spend out of wealth, then it benefits your own souls. And you spend not (in good) except (when) seehead of state the attention of Allah. And whatever you spend out of wealth shall be rendered back to you; and you shall not be dealt unjustly.
2:273 (Spend) for those in need who got involved in the cause of Allah and have no capacity to move about on the land (earning money); the ignorant thinks them rich because of their attitude and behaviour, (but) you shall recognise them by their marks: they put no demand to the people with importunity (and show grace and integrity). And whatever you spend out of your wealth, then surely Allah is All-Aware of it.
2:274 Those who spend their possessions by night and by day secretly and evidently: so, for them is their reward with their Nourisher-Sustainer. No fear or apprehension would seize them and they will not go in depression and anxiety.
2:275 Those who devour Riba (usury) will not stand except as stands that whom the Satan by (his) touch makes devoid of intelligence. This is because they said: “Indeed! Even trade is similar to Riba.” Although Allah has permitted trade and has prohibited Riba. Then, to whom the Admonition came from his Nourisher-Sustainer and he desisted, then is (for and) to him whatever is past and his case (goes) to Allah (for decision). And one who repeated, then those are dwellers of Fire, they will reside therein.
2:276 Allah will destroy Riba and will increase in amount the Sadaqat. And Allah does not like all ungratefuls, sinners.
2:277 Certainly those who have Believed and have put up acts of righteousness and have established Salat and have paid off Zakat: for them, their reward is with their Nourisher-Sustainer. And no fear or apprehension would seize them; and they would not be down with depression and anxiety.
2:278 O you people who have Believed! Pay obedience to Allah and give up what remains (unpaid to you) out of Riba if you happen to be Believers.
2:279 And if you do not, then take notice of war from Allah and His Messenger. And if you agree to desist then for you is the original sum of your wealth. Neither you shall commit injustice, nor injustice would be done to you.
2:280 And if (the debtor) is in economic difficulties, then, respite (is his right) till he attains an easy state (to repay). And if you remit it by way of Sadaqa — it would be better for you if you have knowledge.
2:281 And guard against the Day wherein you shall be brought back to Allah: then shall every soul be paid justly whatever she earned (in her worldly life) and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
2:282 O you people who have Believed! When you provide a loan for a fixed period of time do bring it into writing. And the scribe must write for you (two parties) faithfully with justice. And the scribe shall not avoid that he may put to writing as Allah has taught him (the act of writing) — he must write. And let him dictate on whom comes the liability (to pay back) and he must be obedient to Allah, his Nourisher-Sustainer. And he must not hide any thing from that (which he has to pay back). And if the one who has the liability (to repay is) mentally deficient or weak or if he has no capacity to dictate himself, then his heir or guardian would dictate faithfully in justice. And get two witnesses out of your men. And if two men are not available, then one man and two women out of those on whom you agree as witnesses. If one of those two females errs or forgets, then the 2nd of these women would remind her. And the witnesses shall not avoid or refuse when they are called (for evidence). And do not avoid for reducing it into writing, whether small in amount or large in sum, for the period fixed. This action of yours is more just in the sight of Allah and stronger as a piece of evidence and nearer in mahead of state you immune to falling in disputes or doubts — except if it is a ready trade which you finalise among yourselves on the spot. Then it is no blame on you if you do not write it down. And do have witness whenever you make commercial contract. And neither the scribe nor the witness be put to any harm. And if you committed (this), then it would be a wickedness on your part. And pay obedience to Allah. And Allah teaches you knowledge. And Allah is All-Aware with each and every thing.
2:283 And if you are in travel and you find not a scribe, then mortgage (something) in custody. And if some of you relied on some other, then he must return who has been trusted by that to whom belongs the item (loaned). And he must pay obedience to Allah, his Nourisher-Sustainer. And do not conceal the evidence. And whoever conceals it, then indeed he: his heart (is) a sinner. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.
2:284 To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and whether you disclose what is in your ownselves or conceal it, Allah would make you accountable to it. Then He will forgive whom He will think proper and will punish him when He thinks proper. And Allah is All-Assessor over every thing.
2:285 The Messenger has Believed whatever has been sent down to him from his Nourisher-Sustainer and (also) the Believers. All Believed in Allah, and His angels, and His Writings, and His Messengers — (declaring): “We make no distinction amongst any of His Messengers.” And they said: “We listened and we obeyed. We seek Your Forgiveness, our Nourisher-Sustainer! And towards You is the final destination.”
2:286 Allah does not burden a soul except to its capacity. To her favour whatever (good) she has earned, and against her whatever (evil) she has earned. (Closing words for this Surah are): “Our Nourisher-Sustainer! Do not catch us if we forgot or made mistake, our Nourisher-Sustainer! And lay not on us a burden as you did lay on those before us, our Nourisher-Sustainer! And load us not that for which we have no strength and write off from us (our sins), and grant us forgiveness and have mercy on us. You are Protector for us, so help us against the nation of disbelievers.”


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